Abstract

The fluorescence spectra of synthetic food dyes of sunset yellow and tartrazine are analyzed. The fluorescence peak wavelengths of sunset yellow and tartrazine are 576 and 569 nm, respectively, while the fluorescence spectra widths are 480-750 and 500-750 nm induced by ultraviolet light between 310-400 nm. The fluorescence spectra of sunset yellow overlap heavily with those of tartrazine, so it is difficult to distinguish them. Based on the principle of radial basis function neural network, a neural network is obtained from the training of the 14 groups of experimental data. The results show that the species of sunset yellow and tartrazine could be recognized accurately. This method has potential applications in other synthetic food dyes detection and food safety inspection.

© 2009 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. L. Liu, J. Li, F. Guo, and C. Dong, Chin. J. Spectroscopy Laboratory (in Chinese) 24, 423 (2007).
  2. L. Liu, X. Xu, J. Yang, and Y. Bao, Chin. J. Pest Control (in Chinese) 23, 101 (2007).
  3. Z. Liu, T. Zhu, E. Gu, and Y. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1106 (2008).
  4. S. P. Alves, D. M. Brum, ´ E. C. B. de Andrade, and A. D. P. Netto, Food Chemistry 107, 489 (2008).
  5. N. Yoshioka and K. Ichihashi, Talanta 74, 1408 (2008).
  6. Y.-Z. Zhang, J. Dai, X.-P. Zhang, X. Yang, and Y. Liu, J. Mol. Struct. 888, 152 (2008).
  7. E. Gu, T. Zhu, A. Shi, and Z. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1579 (2008).
  8. Z. Ding, W. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, Q. Wei, N. Zhao, D. Chen, and L. Yang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 35, 217 (2006).
  9. N. Zhao, W. Liu, Z. Cui, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Liu, Z. Ding, and L. Yang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 25, 687 (2005).
  10. G. Chen, Y. Wu, T. Zhu, and Y. Zhang. J. At. Mol. Phys. (in Chinese) 24, 101 (2007).
  11. X. Lan, Y. Liu, S. Gao, J. Lu, and X. Ni, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 32, 1371 (2003).
  12. A. Shi, T. Zhu, E. Gu, Y. Zhang, and Z. Liu. Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2237 (2008).
  13. J. Wu, Q. Chen, M. Chen, and Y. L¨u, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2022 (2008).
  14. Y. Li and S. Zhu, Signal Processing (in Chinese) 23, 460 (2007).
  15. W. Ma, L. Liu, and J. Zhang, Computer Aided Engineering (in Chinese) 15, (3) 66 (2006).
  16. C. Dong, MATLAB Neural Network and Its Applications (2nd edn.) (National Defence Industry Press, Beijing, 2007) p.122.

2008 (7)

Z. Liu, T. Zhu, E. Gu, and Y. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1106 (2008).

S. P. Alves, D. M. Brum, ´ E. C. B. de Andrade, and A. D. P. Netto, Food Chemistry 107, 489 (2008).

N. Yoshioka and K. Ichihashi, Talanta 74, 1408 (2008).

Y.-Z. Zhang, J. Dai, X.-P. Zhang, X. Yang, and Y. Liu, J. Mol. Struct. 888, 152 (2008).

E. Gu, T. Zhu, A. Shi, and Z. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1579 (2008).

A. Shi, T. Zhu, E. Gu, Y. Zhang, and Z. Liu. Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2237 (2008).

J. Wu, Q. Chen, M. Chen, and Y. L¨u, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2022 (2008).

2007 (4)

Y. Li and S. Zhu, Signal Processing (in Chinese) 23, 460 (2007).

L. Liu, J. Li, F. Guo, and C. Dong, Chin. J. Spectroscopy Laboratory (in Chinese) 24, 423 (2007).

L. Liu, X. Xu, J. Yang, and Y. Bao, Chin. J. Pest Control (in Chinese) 23, 101 (2007).

G. Chen, Y. Wu, T. Zhu, and Y. Zhang. J. At. Mol. Phys. (in Chinese) 24, 101 (2007).

2006 (2)

Z. Ding, W. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, Q. Wei, N. Zhao, D. Chen, and L. Yang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 35, 217 (2006).

W. Ma, L. Liu, and J. Zhang, Computer Aided Engineering (in Chinese) 15, (3) 66 (2006).

2005 (1)

N. Zhao, W. Liu, Z. Cui, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Liu, Z. Ding, and L. Yang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 25, 687 (2005).

2003 (1)

X. Lan, Y. Liu, S. Gao, J. Lu, and X. Ni, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 32, 1371 (2003).

Alves, S. P.

S. P. Alves, D. M. Brum, ´ E. C. B. de Andrade, and A. D. P. Netto, Food Chemistry 107, 489 (2008).

Andrade, ´ E. C. B. de

S. P. Alves, D. M. Brum, ´ E. C. B. de Andrade, and A. D. P. Netto, Food Chemistry 107, 489 (2008).

Bao, Y.

L. Liu, X. Xu, J. Yang, and Y. Bao, Chin. J. Pest Control (in Chinese) 23, 101 (2007).

Brum, D. M.

S. P. Alves, D. M. Brum, ´ E. C. B. de Andrade, and A. D. P. Netto, Food Chemistry 107, 489 (2008).

Chen, D.

Z. Ding, W. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, Q. Wei, N. Zhao, D. Chen, and L. Yang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 35, 217 (2006).

Chen, G.

G. Chen, Y. Wu, T. Zhu, and Y. Zhang. J. At. Mol. Phys. (in Chinese) 24, 101 (2007).

Chen, M.

J. Wu, Q. Chen, M. Chen, and Y. L¨u, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2022 (2008).

Chen, Q.

J. Wu, Q. Chen, M. Chen, and Y. L¨u, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2022 (2008).

Cui, Z.

N. Zhao, W. Liu, Z. Cui, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Liu, Z. Ding, and L. Yang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 25, 687 (2005).

Dai, J.

Y.-Z. Zhang, J. Dai, X.-P. Zhang, X. Yang, and Y. Liu, J. Mol. Struct. 888, 152 (2008).

Ding, Z.

Z. Ding, W. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, Q. Wei, N. Zhao, D. Chen, and L. Yang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 35, 217 (2006).

N. Zhao, W. Liu, Z. Cui, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Liu, Z. Ding, and L. Yang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 25, 687 (2005).

Dong, C.

L. Liu, J. Li, F. Guo, and C. Dong, Chin. J. Spectroscopy Laboratory (in Chinese) 24, 423 (2007).

Gao, S.

X. Lan, Y. Liu, S. Gao, J. Lu, and X. Ni, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 32, 1371 (2003).

Gu, E.

Z. Liu, T. Zhu, E. Gu, and Y. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1106 (2008).

E. Gu, T. Zhu, A. Shi, and Z. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1579 (2008).

A. Shi, T. Zhu, E. Gu, Y. Zhang, and Z. Liu. Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2237 (2008).

Guo, F.

L. Liu, J. Li, F. Guo, and C. Dong, Chin. J. Spectroscopy Laboratory (in Chinese) 24, 423 (2007).

Ichihashi, K.

N. Yoshioka and K. Ichihashi, Talanta 74, 1408 (2008).

L¨u, Y.

J. Wu, Q. Chen, M. Chen, and Y. L¨u, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2022 (2008).

Lan, X.

X. Lan, Y. Liu, S. Gao, J. Lu, and X. Ni, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 32, 1371 (2003).

Li, H.

Z. Ding, W. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, Q. Wei, N. Zhao, D. Chen, and L. Yang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 35, 217 (2006).

N. Zhao, W. Liu, Z. Cui, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Liu, Z. Ding, and L. Yang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 25, 687 (2005).

Li, J.

L. Liu, J. Li, F. Guo, and C. Dong, Chin. J. Spectroscopy Laboratory (in Chinese) 24, 423 (2007).

Li, Y.

Y. Li and S. Zhu, Signal Processing (in Chinese) 23, 460 (2007).

Liu, J.

N. Zhao, W. Liu, Z. Cui, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Liu, Z. Ding, and L. Yang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 25, 687 (2005).

Liu, L.

L. Liu, X. Xu, J. Yang, and Y. Bao, Chin. J. Pest Control (in Chinese) 23, 101 (2007).

L. Liu, J. Li, F. Guo, and C. Dong, Chin. J. Spectroscopy Laboratory (in Chinese) 24, 423 (2007).

W. Ma, L. Liu, and J. Zhang, Computer Aided Engineering (in Chinese) 15, (3) 66 (2006).

Liu, W.

Z. Ding, W. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, Q. Wei, N. Zhao, D. Chen, and L. Yang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 35, 217 (2006).

N. Zhao, W. Liu, Z. Cui, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Liu, Z. Ding, and L. Yang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 25, 687 (2005).

Liu, Y.

Z. Liu, T. Zhu, E. Gu, and Y. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1106 (2008).

Y.-Z. Zhang, J. Dai, X.-P. Zhang, X. Yang, and Y. Liu, J. Mol. Struct. 888, 152 (2008).

X. Lan, Y. Liu, S. Gao, J. Lu, and X. Ni, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 32, 1371 (2003).

Liu, Z.

Z. Liu, T. Zhu, E. Gu, and Y. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1106 (2008).

E. Gu, T. Zhu, A. Shi, and Z. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1579 (2008).

Lu, J.

X. Lan, Y. Liu, S. Gao, J. Lu, and X. Ni, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 32, 1371 (2003).

Ma, W.

W. Ma, L. Liu, and J. Zhang, Computer Aided Engineering (in Chinese) 15, (3) 66 (2006).

Netto, A. D. P.

S. P. Alves, D. M. Brum, ´ E. C. B. de Andrade, and A. D. P. Netto, Food Chemistry 107, 489 (2008).

Ni, X.

X. Lan, Y. Liu, S. Gao, J. Lu, and X. Ni, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 32, 1371 (2003).

Shi, A.

E. Gu, T. Zhu, A. Shi, and Z. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1579 (2008).

A. Shi, T. Zhu, E. Gu, Y. Zhang, and Z. Liu. Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2237 (2008).

Wei, Q.

Z. Ding, W. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, Q. Wei, N. Zhao, D. Chen, and L. Yang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 35, 217 (2006).

Wu, J.

J. Wu, Q. Chen, M. Chen, and Y. L¨u, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2022 (2008).

Wu, Y.

G. Chen, Y. Wu, T. Zhu, and Y. Zhang. J. At. Mol. Phys. (in Chinese) 24, 101 (2007).

Xu, X.

L. Liu, X. Xu, J. Yang, and Y. Bao, Chin. J. Pest Control (in Chinese) 23, 101 (2007).

Yang, J.

L. Liu, X. Xu, J. Yang, and Y. Bao, Chin. J. Pest Control (in Chinese) 23, 101 (2007).

Yang, L.

Z. Ding, W. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, Q. Wei, N. Zhao, D. Chen, and L. Yang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 35, 217 (2006).

N. Zhao, W. Liu, Z. Cui, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Liu, Z. Ding, and L. Yang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 25, 687 (2005).

Yang, X.

Y.-Z. Zhang, J. Dai, X.-P. Zhang, X. Yang, and Y. Liu, J. Mol. Struct. 888, 152 (2008).

Yoshioka, N.

N. Yoshioka and K. Ichihashi, Talanta 74, 1408 (2008).

Zhang, J.

W. Ma, L. Liu, and J. Zhang, Computer Aided Engineering (in Chinese) 15, (3) 66 (2006).

Zhang, X.-P.

Y.-Z. Zhang, J. Dai, X.-P. Zhang, X. Yang, and Y. Liu, J. Mol. Struct. 888, 152 (2008).

Zhang, Y.

A. Shi, T. Zhu, E. Gu, Y. Zhang, and Z. Liu. Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2237 (2008).

Z. Ding, W. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, Q. Wei, N. Zhao, D. Chen, and L. Yang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 35, 217 (2006).

N. Zhao, W. Liu, Z. Cui, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Liu, Z. Ding, and L. Yang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 25, 687 (2005).

Zhang, Y.-Z.

Y.-Z. Zhang, J. Dai, X.-P. Zhang, X. Yang, and Y. Liu, J. Mol. Struct. 888, 152 (2008).

Zhao, N.

Z. Ding, W. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, Q. Wei, N. Zhao, D. Chen, and L. Yang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 35, 217 (2006).

N. Zhao, W. Liu, Z. Cui, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Liu, Z. Ding, and L. Yang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 25, 687 (2005).

Zhu, S.

Y. Li and S. Zhu, Signal Processing (in Chinese) 23, 460 (2007).

Zhu, T.

A. Shi, T. Zhu, E. Gu, Y. Zhang, and Z. Liu. Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2237 (2008).

E. Gu, T. Zhu, A. Shi, and Z. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1579 (2008).

Z. Liu, T. Zhu, E. Gu, and Y. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1106 (2008).

G. Chen, Y. Wu, T. Zhu, and Y. Zhang. J. At. Mol. Phys. (in Chinese) 24, 101 (2007).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (4)

Z. Liu, T. Zhu, E. Gu, and Y. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1106 (2008).

E. Gu, T. Zhu, A. Shi, and Z. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 1579 (2008).

N. Zhao, W. Liu, Z. Cui, Y. Zhang, H. Li, J. Liu, Z. Ding, and L. Yang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 25, 687 (2005).

J. Wu, Q. Chen, M. Chen, and Y. L¨u, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2022 (2008).

Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) (2)

X. Lan, Y. Liu, S. Gao, J. Lu, and X. Ni, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 32, 1371 (2003).

Z. Ding, W. Liu, Y. Zhang, H. Li, Q. Wei, N. Zhao, D. Chen, and L. Yang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 35, 217 (2006).

and Y. Zhang. J. At. Mol. Phys. (in Chinese) (1)

G. Chen, Y. Wu, T. Zhu, and Y. Zhang. J. At. Mol. Phys. (in Chinese) 24, 101 (2007).

and Z. Liu. Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (1)

A. Shi, T. Zhu, E. Gu, Y. Zhang, and Z. Liu. Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 28, 2237 (2008).

Chin. J. Pest Control (in Chinese) (1)

L. Liu, X. Xu, J. Yang, and Y. Bao, Chin. J. Pest Control (in Chinese) 23, 101 (2007).

Chin. J. Spectroscopy Laboratory (in Chinese) (1)

L. Liu, J. Li, F. Guo, and C. Dong, Chin. J. Spectroscopy Laboratory (in Chinese) 24, 423 (2007).

Computer Aided Engineering (in Chinese) (1)

W. Ma, L. Liu, and J. Zhang, Computer Aided Engineering (in Chinese) 15, (3) 66 (2006).

Food Chemistry (1)

S. P. Alves, D. M. Brum, ´ E. C. B. de Andrade, and A. D. P. Netto, Food Chemistry 107, 489 (2008).

J. Mol. Struct. (1)

Y.-Z. Zhang, J. Dai, X.-P. Zhang, X. Yang, and Y. Liu, J. Mol. Struct. 888, 152 (2008).

Signal Processing (in Chinese) (1)

Y. Li and S. Zhu, Signal Processing (in Chinese) 23, 460 (2007).

Talanta (1)

N. Yoshioka and K. Ichihashi, Talanta 74, 1408 (2008).

Other (1)

C. Dong, MATLAB Neural Network and Its Applications (2nd edn.) (National Defence Industry Press, Beijing, 2007) p.122.

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