Abstract

The investigation of nonlinear optical characteristics of ethanol solution doped with silver nanoparticles is presented. A large thermal-induced third-order nonlinear refractive index up to -1.94110<sup>?7</sup> cm<sup>2</sup>/W is obtained from the mixed solution under 488-nm continue wave (CW) laser irradiation, which may result from surface plasmon resonance (SPR) enhancement effect of silver nanoparticles as well as high thermo-optic coefficient and low thermal conductivity of ethanol. Obvious spatial self-phase modulation and influence of thermal-induced negative lens effect are observed when a beam propagates through this solution, indicating promising applications such as optical limiting, beam flattening, and so on.

© 2009 Chinese Optics Letters

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2008

X. Qu, J. Wang, C. Yao, and Z. Zhang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 879 (2008).

C. Zheng,Y. Du, M. Feng, and H. Zhan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 143108 (2008).

D. Rativa, R. E. de Araujo, and A. S. L. Gomes, Opt. Express 16, 19244 (2008).

T. Jia, T. He, P. Li, Y. Mo, and Y. Cui, Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 936 (2008).

R. C. Kamikawachi, I. Abe, A. S. Paterno, H. J. Kalinowski, M. Muller, J. L. Pinto, and J. L. Fabris, Opt. Commun. 281, 621 (2008).

2007

X. Qu, J. Liang, C. Yao, Z. Li, J. Mei, and Z. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1459 (2007).

C. Wang, Y. Fu, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181119 (2007).

E. L. Falc~ao-Filho, C. B. de Araujo, and J. J. Rodrigues, Jr., J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 24, 2948 (2007).

J. Yang, J. Zhou, K. Wang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 119 (2007).

2006

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, C. Marques, R. C. da Silva, and E. Alves, Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 615 (2006).

R. A. Ganeev and A. I. Ryasnyansky, Appl. Phys. B 84, 295 (2006).

2005

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Opt. Spectrosc. 99, 694 (2005).

2003

K. He and L. Deng, High Power Laser and Particle Beams (in Chinese) 15, 940 (2003).

2000

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pincon, D. Prot, C. Sella, and J. Venturini, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469 (2000).

J. Staromlynska, T. J. McKay, and P. Wilson, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1726 (2000).

1998

1996

X. Chen, Y. Chen, Q. Li, J. Zhang, and J. Huang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 16, 952 (1996).

1993

G. B. Al'tshuler and M. V. Inochkin, Phys. Usp. 36, 604 (1993).

1990

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

1982

P. C. Lee and D. Meisel, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 3391 (1982).

1981

S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, and Y. R. Shen, Opt. Lett. 6, 441 (1981).

Abe, I.

R. C. Kamikawachi, I. Abe, A. S. Paterno, H. J. Kalinowski, M. Muller, J. L. Pinto, and J. L. Fabris, Opt. Commun. 281, 621 (2008).

Al'tshuler, G. B.

G. B. Al'tshuler and M. V. Inochkin, Phys. Usp. 36, 604 (1993).

Alves, E.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, C. Marques, R. C. da Silva, and E. Alves, Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 615 (2006).

Arakelian, S. M.

S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, and Y. R. Shen, Opt. Lett. 6, 441 (1981).

Araujo, C. B. de

Araujo, R. E. de

Baba, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Opt. Spectrosc. 99, 694 (2005).

Chen, X.

X. Chen, Y. Chen, Q. Li, J. Zhang, and J. Huang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 16, 952 (1996).

Chen, Y.

X. Chen, Y. Chen, Q. Li, J. Zhang, and J. Huang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 16, 952 (1996).

Cheng, Y.

C. Wang, Y. Fu, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181119 (2007).

Cui, Y.

T. Jia, T. He, P. Li, Y. Mo, and Y. Cui, Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 936 (2008).

Debrus, S.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pincon, D. Prot, C. Sella, and J. Venturini, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469 (2000).

Deng, L.

K. He and L. Deng, High Power Laser and Particle Beams (in Chinese) 15, 940 (2003).

Du, Y.

C. Zheng,Y. Du, M. Feng, and H. Zhan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 143108 (2008).

Durand, O.

Durbin, S. D.

S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, and Y. R. Shen, Opt. Lett. 6, 441 (1981).

Fabris, J. L.

R. C. Kamikawachi, I. Abe, A. S. Paterno, H. J. Kalinowski, M. Muller, J. L. Pinto, and J. L. Fabris, Opt. Commun. 281, 621 (2008).

Falc~ao-Filho, E. L.

Feng, M.

C. Zheng,Y. Du, M. Feng, and H. Zhan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 143108 (2008).

Frey, R.

Fu, Y.

C. Wang, Y. Fu, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181119 (2007).

Ganeev, R. A.

R. A. Ganeev and A. I. Ryasnyansky, Appl. Phys. B 84, 295 (2006).

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, C. Marques, R. C. da Silva, and E. Alves, Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 615 (2006).

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Opt. Spectrosc. 99, 694 (2005).

Gomes, A. S. L.

Grolier-Mazza, V.

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

He, K.

K. He and L. Deng, High Power Laser and Particle Beams (in Chinese) 15, 940 (2003).

He, T.

T. Jia, T. He, P. Li, Y. Mo, and Y. Cui, Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 936 (2008).

Huang, J.

X. Chen, Y. Chen, Q. Li, J. Zhang, and J. Huang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 16, 952 (1996).

Inochkin, M. V.

G. B. Al'tshuler and M. V. Inochkin, Phys. Usp. 36, 604 (1993).

Jia, T.

T. Jia, T. He, P. Li, Y. Mo, and Y. Cui, Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 936 (2008).

Kalinowski, H. J.

R. C. Kamikawachi, I. Abe, A. S. Paterno, H. J. Kalinowski, M. Muller, J. L. Pinto, and J. L. Fabris, Opt. Commun. 281, 621 (2008).

Kamikawachi, R. C.

R. C. Kamikawachi, I. Abe, A. S. Paterno, H. J. Kalinowski, M. Muller, J. L. Pinto, and J. L. Fabris, Opt. Commun. 281, 621 (2008).

Kuroda, H.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Opt. Spectrosc. 99, 694 (2005).

Lafait, J.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pincon, D. Prot, C. Sella, and J. Venturini, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469 (2000).

Lee, P. C.

P. C. Lee and D. Meisel, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 3391 (1982).

Li, P.

T. Jia, T. He, P. Li, Y. Mo, and Y. Cui, Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 936 (2008).

Li, Q.

X. Chen, Y. Chen, Q. Li, J. Zhang, and J. Huang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 16, 952 (1996).

Li, Z.

X. Qu, J. Liang, C. Yao, Z. Li, J. Mei, and Z. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1459 (2007).

Liang, J.

X. Qu, J. Liang, C. Yao, Z. Li, J. Mei, and Z. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1459 (2007).

Marques, C.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, C. Marques, R. C. da Silva, and E. Alves, Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 615 (2006).

May, M.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pincon, D. Prot, C. Sella, and J. Venturini, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469 (2000).

McKay, T. J.

J. Staromlynska, T. J. McKay, and P. Wilson, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1726 (2000).

Mei, J.

X. Qu, J. Liang, C. Yao, Z. Li, J. Mei, and Z. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1459 (2007).

Meisel, D.

P. C. Lee and D. Meisel, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 3391 (1982).

Mo, Y.

T. Jia, T. He, P. Li, Y. Mo, and Y. Cui, Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 936 (2008).

Muller, M.

R. C. Kamikawachi, I. Abe, A. S. Paterno, H. J. Kalinowski, M. Muller, J. L. Pinto, and J. L. Fabris, Opt. Commun. 281, 621 (2008).

Paterno, A. S.

R. C. Kamikawachi, I. Abe, A. S. Paterno, H. J. Kalinowski, M. Muller, J. L. Pinto, and J. L. Fabris, Opt. Commun. 281, 621 (2008).

Pincon, N.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pincon, D. Prot, C. Sella, and J. Venturini, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469 (2000).

Pinto, J. L.

R. C. Kamikawachi, I. Abe, A. S. Paterno, H. J. Kalinowski, M. Muller, J. L. Pinto, and J. L. Fabris, Opt. Commun. 281, 621 (2008).

Prot, D.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pincon, D. Prot, C. Sella, and J. Venturini, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469 (2000).

Qu, X.

X. Qu, J. Wang, C. Yao, and Z. Zhang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 879 (2008).

X. Qu, J. Liang, C. Yao, Z. Li, J. Mei, and Z. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1459 (2007).

Rativa, D.

Rodrigues, J. J.

Ryasnyanski?i, A. I.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, C. Marques, R. C. da Silva, and E. Alves, Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 615 (2006).

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Opt. Spectrosc. 99, 694 (2005).

Ryasnyansky, A. I.

R. A. Ganeev and A. I. Ryasnyansky, Appl. Phys. B 84, 295 (2006).

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

Sella, C.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pincon, D. Prot, C. Sella, and J. Venturini, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469 (2000).

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

Shen, Y. R.

S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, and Y. R. Shen, Opt. Lett. 6, 441 (1981).

Silva, R. C. da

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, C. Marques, R. C. da Silva, and E. Alves, Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 615 (2006).

Staromlynska, J.

J. Staromlynska, T. J. McKay, and P. Wilson, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1726 (2000).

Stepanov, A. L.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, C. Marques, R. C. da Silva, and E. Alves, Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 615 (2006).

Stryland, E. W. van

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

Suzuki, M.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Opt. Spectrosc. 99, 694 (2005).

Usmanov, T.

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, C. Marques, R. C. da Silva, and E. Alves, Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 615 (2006).

Venturini, J.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pincon, D. Prot, C. Sella, and J. Venturini, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469 (2000).

Wang, C.

C. Wang, Y. Fu, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181119 (2007).

Wang, J.

Wang, K.

J. Yang, J. Zhou, K. Wang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 119 (2007).

Wei, T.-H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

Wilson, P.

J. Staromlynska, T. J. McKay, and P. Wilson, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1726 (2000).

Xu, Z.

C. Wang, Y. Fu, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181119 (2007).

Yang, J.

J. Yang, J. Zhou, K. Wang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 119 (2007).

Yao, C.

X. Qu, J. Wang, C. Yao, and Z. Zhang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 879 (2008).

X. Qu, J. Liang, C. Yao, Z. Li, J. Mei, and Z. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1459 (2007).

Zhan, H.

C. Zheng,Y. Du, M. Feng, and H. Zhan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 143108 (2008).

Zhang, J.

X. Chen, Y. Chen, Q. Li, J. Zhang, and J. Huang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 16, 952 (1996).

Zhang, Q.

J. Yang, J. Zhou, K. Wang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 119 (2007).

Zhang, Z.

X. Qu, J. Wang, C. Yao, and Z. Zhang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 879 (2008).

X. Qu, J. Liang, C. Yao, Z. Li, J. Mei, and Z. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1459 (2007).

Zheng, C.

C. Zheng,Y. Du, M. Feng, and H. Zhan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 143108 (2008).

Zhou, J.

J. Yang, J. Zhou, K. Wang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 119 (2007).

Zhou, Z.

C. Wang, Y. Fu, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181119 (2007).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese)

X. Chen, Y. Chen, Q. Li, J. Zhang, and J. Huang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 16, 952 (1996).

J. Yang, J. Zhou, K. Wang, and Q. Zhang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 119 (2007).

Appl. Phys. B

R. A. Ganeev and A. I. Ryasnyansky, Appl. Phys. B 84, 295 (2006).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

C. Zheng,Y. Du, M. Feng, and H. Zhan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 143108 (2008).

C. Wang, Y. Fu, Z. Zhou, Y. Cheng, and Z. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 181119 (2007).

Chin. Opt. Lett.

Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese)

X. Qu, J. Liang, C. Yao, Z. Li, J. Mei, and Z. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 1459 (2007).

High Power Laser and Particle Beams (in Chinese)

K. He and L. Deng, High Power Laser and Particle Beams (in Chinese) 15, 940 (2003).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T.-H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, E. W. van Stryland, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

J. Appl. Phys.

S. Debrus, J. Lafait, M. May, N. Pincon, D. Prot, C. Sella, and J. Venturini, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 4469 (2000).

J. Staromlynska, T. J. McKay, and P. Wilson, J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1726 (2000).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem.

P. C. Lee and D. Meisel, J. Phys. Chem. 86, 3391 (1982).

Opt. Commun.

R. C. Kamikawachi, I. Abe, A. S. Paterno, H. J. Kalinowski, M. Muller, J. L. Pinto, and J. L. Fabris, Opt. Commun. 281, 621 (2008).

Opt. Express

Opt. Laser Technol.

T. Jia, T. He, P. Li, Y. Mo, and Y. Cui, Opt. Laser Technol. 40, 936 (2008).

Opt. Lett.

S. D. Durbin, S. M. Arakelian, and Y. R. Shen, Opt. Lett. 6, 441 (1981).

O. Durand, V. Grolier-Mazza, and R. Frey, Opt. Lett. 23, 1471 (1998).

Opt. Spectrosc.

R. A. Ganeev, M. Baba, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, M. Suzuki, and H. Kuroda, Opt. Spectrosc. 99, 694 (2005).

R. A. Ganeev, A. I. Ryasnyanski?i, A. L. Stepanov, T. Usmanov, C. Marques, R. C. da Silva, and E. Alves, Opt. Spectrosc. 101, 615 (2006).

Phys. Usp.

G. B. Al'tshuler and M. V. Inochkin, Phys. Usp. 36, 604 (1993).

Other

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (2nd edn.) (Academic Press, London, 2003) p.220.

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