Abstract

Single photon counting imaging technology has been widely used in space environment detection, astronomy observation, nuclear physics, and ultraweak bioluminescence. However, the distortion of the single photon counting image will badly affect the measurement results. Therefore, the correction of distortion for single photon counting image is very significant. Ultraviolet single photon imaging system with wedge and strip anode is introduced and the influence factor leading to image distortion is analyzed. To correct original distorted image, three different image correction methods, namely, the physical correction, the global correction, and the local correction, are applied. In addition, two parameters, i.e., the position index and the linearity index, are defined to evaluate the performance of the three methods. The results suggest that the correction methods can improve the quality of the initial image without losing gray information of each counting light spot. And the local correction can provide the best visual inspections and performance evaluation among the three methods.

© 2008 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. C. Buehler, K. H. Kim, U. Greuter, N. Schlumpf, and P. T. C. So, J. Fluorescence 15, 41 (2005).
  2. H. Li, Optoelectronic Technology (in Chinese) 20, 45 (2000).
  3. S. Wang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 1072 (2000).
  4. B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).
  5. H. A. MacQueen, C. A. Mattacks, and D. R. Roberts, J. Fluorescence 10, 301 (2000).
  6. R. Civitelli, A. Miyauchi, and K. A. Hruska, J. Tiss. Cult. Meth. 13, 217 (1991).
  7. C. Martin, P. Jelinsky, M. Lampton, R. F. Malina, and H. O. Anger, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1067 (1981).
  8. D. F. Ogletree, G. S. Balckman, R. Q. Hwang, U. Starke, G. A. Somorjai, and J. E. Katz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 104 (1992).
  9. J. V. Vallerga, G. C. Kaplan, O. H. W. Siegmund, M. Lampton, and R. F. Malina, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36, 881 (1989).
  10. Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, X. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 37, 11 (2008).
  11. Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, and X. Zhu, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 36, 2215 (2007).
  12. Y. J. Roh, W. S. Park, and H. Cho, Image and Vision Computing 21, 1063 (2003).
  13. P. Cerveri, C. Forlani, A. Pedotti, and G. Ferrigno, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41, 151 (2003).
  14. D. Soimu, C. Badea, and N. Pallikarakis, Computer. Med. Imag. Graph. 27, 79 (2003).

2008 (1)

Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, X. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 37, 11 (2008).

2007 (1)

Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, and X. Zhu, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 36, 2215 (2007).

2005 (1)

C. Buehler, K. H. Kim, U. Greuter, N. Schlumpf, and P. T. C. So, J. Fluorescence 15, 41 (2005).

2003 (3)

Y. J. Roh, W. S. Park, and H. Cho, Image and Vision Computing 21, 1063 (2003).

P. Cerveri, C. Forlani, A. Pedotti, and G. Ferrigno, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41, 151 (2003).

D. Soimu, C. Badea, and N. Pallikarakis, Computer. Med. Imag. Graph. 27, 79 (2003).

2000 (4)

H. Li, Optoelectronic Technology (in Chinese) 20, 45 (2000).

S. Wang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 1072 (2000).

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

H. A. MacQueen, C. A. Mattacks, and D. R. Roberts, J. Fluorescence 10, 301 (2000).

1992 (1)

D. F. Ogletree, G. S. Balckman, R. Q. Hwang, U. Starke, G. A. Somorjai, and J. E. Katz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 104 (1992).

1991 (1)

R. Civitelli, A. Miyauchi, and K. A. Hruska, J. Tiss. Cult. Meth. 13, 217 (1991).

1989 (1)

J. V. Vallerga, G. C. Kaplan, O. H. W. Siegmund, M. Lampton, and R. F. Malina, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36, 881 (1989).

1981 (1)

C. Martin, P. Jelinsky, M. Lampton, R. F. Malina, and H. O. Anger, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1067 (1981).

Allred, D. D.

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

Anger, H. O.

C. Martin, P. Jelinsky, M. Lampton, R. F. Malina, and H. O. Anger, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1067 (1981).

Badea, C.

D. Soimu, C. Badea, and N. Pallikarakis, Computer. Med. Imag. Graph. 27, 79 (2003).

Balckman, G. S.

D. F. Ogletree, G. S. Balckman, R. Q. Hwang, U. Starke, G. A. Somorjai, and J. E. Katz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 104 (1992).

Broadfoot, A. L.

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

Buehler, C.

C. Buehler, K. H. Kim, U. Greuter, N. Schlumpf, and P. T. C. So, J. Fluorescence 15, 41 (2005).

Cerveri, P.

P. Cerveri, C. Forlani, A. Pedotti, and G. Ferrigno, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41, 151 (2003).

Chen, J.

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

Cho, H.

Y. J. Roh, W. S. Park, and H. Cho, Image and Vision Computing 21, 1063 (2003).

Civitelli, R.

R. Civitelli, A. Miyauchi, and K. A. Hruska, J. Tiss. Cult. Meth. 13, 217 (1991).

Curtis, C. C.

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

Ferrigno, G.

P. Cerveri, C. Forlani, A. Pedotti, and G. Ferrigno, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41, 151 (2003).

Forlani, C.

P. Cerveri, C. Forlani, A. Pedotti, and G. Ferrigno, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41, 151 (2003).

Gallagher, D. L.

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

Greuter, U.

C. Buehler, K. H. Kim, U. Greuter, N. Schlumpf, and P. T. C. So, J. Fluorescence 15, 41 (2005).

Hill, R. H.

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

Hruska, K. A.

R. Civitelli, A. Miyauchi, and K. A. Hruska, J. Tiss. Cult. Meth. 13, 217 (1991).

Hwang, R. Q.

D. F. Ogletree, G. S. Balckman, R. Q. Hwang, U. Starke, G. A. Somorjai, and J. E. Katz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 104 (1992).

Jelinsky, P.

C. Martin, P. Jelinsky, M. Lampton, R. F. Malina, and H. O. Anger, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1067 (1981).

Kaplan, G. C.

J. V. Vallerga, G. C. Kaplan, O. H. W. Siegmund, M. Lampton, and R. F. Malina, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36, 881 (1989).

Katz, J. E.

D. F. Ogletree, G. S. Balckman, R. Q. Hwang, U. Starke, G. A. Somorjai, and J. E. Katz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 104 (1992).

Kim, K. H.

C. Buehler, K. H. Kim, U. Greuter, N. Schlumpf, and P. T. C. So, J. Fluorescence 15, 41 (2005).

King, R. A.

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

Lampton, M.

J. V. Vallerga, G. C. Kaplan, O. H. W. Siegmund, M. Lampton, and R. F. Malina, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36, 881 (1989).

C. Martin, P. Jelinsky, M. Lampton, R. F. Malina, and H. O. Anger, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1067 (1981).

Li, H.

H. Li, Optoelectronic Technology (in Chinese) 20, 45 (2000).

Liu, Y.

Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, X. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 37, 11 (2008).

Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, and X. Zhu, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 36, 2215 (2007).

MacQueen, H. A.

H. A. MacQueen, C. A. Mattacks, and D. R. Roberts, J. Fluorescence 10, 301 (2000).

Malina, R. F.

J. V. Vallerga, G. C. Kaplan, O. H. W. Siegmund, M. Lampton, and R. F. Malina, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36, 881 (1989).

C. Martin, P. Jelinsky, M. Lampton, R. F. Malina, and H. O. Anger, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1067 (1981).

Martin, C.

C. Martin, P. Jelinsky, M. Lampton, R. F. Malina, and H. O. Anger, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1067 (1981).

Mattacks, C. A.

H. A. MacQueen, C. A. Mattacks, and D. R. Roberts, J. Fluorescence 10, 301 (2000).

Miao, Z.

Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, X. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 37, 11 (2008).

Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, and X. Zhu, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 36, 2215 (2007).

Miyauchi, A.

R. Civitelli, A. Miyauchi, and K. A. Hruska, J. Tiss. Cult. Meth. 13, 217 (1991).

Ogletree, D. F.

D. F. Ogletree, G. S. Balckman, R. Q. Hwang, U. Starke, G. A. Somorjai, and J. E. Katz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 104 (1992).

Pallikarakis, N.

D. Soimu, C. Badea, and N. Pallikarakis, Computer. Med. Imag. Graph. 27, 79 (2003).

Park, W. S.

Y. J. Roh, W. S. Park, and H. Cho, Image and Vision Computing 21, 1063 (2003).

Pedotti, A.

P. Cerveri, C. Forlani, A. Pedotti, and G. Ferrigno, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41, 151 (2003).

Raffanti, R.

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

Roberts, D. R.

H. A. MacQueen, C. A. Mattacks, and D. R. Roberts, J. Fluorescence 10, 301 (2000).

Roh, Y. J.

Y. J. Roh, W. S. Park, and H. Cho, Image and Vision Computing 21, 1063 (2003).

Sandel, B. R.

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

Schlumpf, N.

C. Buehler, K. H. Kim, U. Greuter, N. Schlumpf, and P. T. C. So, J. Fluorescence 15, 41 (2005).

Siegmund, O. H. W.

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

J. V. Vallerga, G. C. Kaplan, O. H. W. Siegmund, M. Lampton, and R. F. Malina, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36, 881 (1989).

So, P. T. C.

C. Buehler, K. H. Kim, U. Greuter, N. Schlumpf, and P. T. C. So, J. Fluorescence 15, 41 (2005).

Soimu, D.

D. Soimu, C. Badea, and N. Pallikarakis, Computer. Med. Imag. Graph. 27, 79 (2003).

Somorjai, G. A.

D. F. Ogletree, G. S. Balckman, R. Q. Hwang, U. Starke, G. A. Somorjai, and J. E. Katz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 104 (1992).

Starke, U.

D. F. Ogletree, G. S. Balckman, R. Q. Hwang, U. Starke, G. A. Somorjai, and J. E. Katz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 104 (1992).

Stone, T. C.

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

Turley, R. S.

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

Vallerga, J. V.

J. V. Vallerga, G. C. Kaplan, O. H. W. Siegmund, M. Lampton, and R. F. Malina, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36, 881 (1989).

Wang, S.

S. Wang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 1072 (2000).

Zhang, X.

Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, X. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 37, 11 (2008).

Zhao, B.

Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, X. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 37, 11 (2008).

Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, and X. Zhu, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 36, 2215 (2007).

Zhu, X.

Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, X. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 37, 11 (2008).

Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, and X. Zhu, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 36, 2215 (2007).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (1)

S. Wang, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 1072 (2000).

Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) (2)

Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, X. Zhu, and X. Zhang, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 37, 11 (2008).

Z. Miao, B. Zhao, Y. Liu, and X. Zhu, Acta Photon. Sin. (in Chinese) 36, 2215 (2007).

Computer. Med. Imag. Graph. (1)

D. Soimu, C. Badea, and N. Pallikarakis, Computer. Med. Imag. Graph. 27, 79 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. (1)

J. V. Vallerga, G. C. Kaplan, O. H. W. Siegmund, M. Lampton, and R. F. Malina, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 36, 881 (1989).

Image and Vision Computing (1)

Y. J. Roh, W. S. Park, and H. Cho, Image and Vision Computing 21, 1063 (2003).

J. Fluorescence (2)

C. Buehler, K. H. Kim, U. Greuter, N. Schlumpf, and P. T. C. So, J. Fluorescence 15, 41 (2005).

H. A. MacQueen, C. A. Mattacks, and D. R. Roberts, J. Fluorescence 10, 301 (2000).

J. Tiss. Cult. Meth. (1)

R. Civitelli, A. Miyauchi, and K. A. Hruska, J. Tiss. Cult. Meth. 13, 217 (1991).

Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. (1)

P. Cerveri, C. Forlani, A. Pedotti, and G. Ferrigno, Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. 41, 151 (2003).

Optoelectronic Technology (in Chinese) (1)

H. Li, Optoelectronic Technology (in Chinese) 20, 45 (2000).

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

C. Martin, P. Jelinsky, M. Lampton, R. F. Malina, and H. O. Anger, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 52, 1067 (1981).

D. F. Ogletree, G. S. Balckman, R. Q. Hwang, U. Starke, G. A. Somorjai, and J. E. Katz, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 63, 104 (1992).

Space Sci. Rev. (1)

B. R. Sandel, A. L. Broadfoot, C. C. Curtis, R. A. King, T. C. Stone, R. H. Hill, J. Chen, O. H. W. Siegmund, R. Raffanti, D. D. Allred, R. S. Turley, and D. L. Gallagher, Space Sci. Rev. 91, 197 (2000).

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