Abstract

Attacks to biometric data are the primary danger to the self-security of biometrics. To improve the iris feature template data security, a data hiding approach based on bit streams is proposed, in which an iris feature template is embedded into a face image. The proposed approach is applicable to present dominant techniques of iris recognition. With the low computation cost and the zero decoding-error-rate, this data hiding approach, embedding target biometric data into other biometric data for improving the security of target data in identity recognition, data storage and transmission, can deceive attackers more effectively. Furthermore, it does not degrade the iris recognition performances. Experimental results prove that the proposed approach can be used to protect iris feature templates and enhance the security of the iris recognition system itself.

© 2008 Chinese Optics Letters

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2007

X. Peng, W. Bai, and J. Tian, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1011 (2007).

2004

J. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Technol. 14, 21 (2004).

2003

A. K. Jain and U. Uludag, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 25, 1494 (2003).

2002

B. Gunsel, U. Uludag, and A. M. Teklap, Pattern Recogn. 35, 2739 (2002).

1999

F. Hartung and M. Kutter, Proc. IEEE 87, 1079 (1999).

S. Pankanti and M. M. Yeung, Proc. SPIE 3657, 66 (1999).

1997

M. Kutter, F. D. Jordan, and F. Bossen, Proc. SPIE 3022, 518 (1997).

1996

W. Bender, D. Gruhl, N. Morimoto, and A. Lu, IBM Systems Journal 35, 313 (1996).

Bai, W.

X. Peng, W. Bai, and J. Tian, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1011 (2007).

Bender, W.

W. Bender, D. Gruhl, N. Morimoto, and A. Lu, IBM Systems Journal 35, 313 (1996).

Bossen, F.

M. Kutter, F. D. Jordan, and F. Bossen, Proc. SPIE 3022, 518 (1997).

Daugman, J.

J. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Technol. 14, 21 (2004).

Gruhl, D.

W. Bender, D. Gruhl, N. Morimoto, and A. Lu, IBM Systems Journal 35, 313 (1996).

Gunsel, B.

B. Gunsel, U. Uludag, and A. M. Teklap, Pattern Recogn. 35, 2739 (2002).

Hartung, F.

F. Hartung and M. Kutter, Proc. IEEE 87, 1079 (1999).

Jain, A. K.

A. K. Jain and U. Uludag, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 25, 1494 (2003).

Jordan, F. D.

M. Kutter, F. D. Jordan, and F. Bossen, Proc. SPIE 3022, 518 (1997).

Kutter, M.

F. Hartung and M. Kutter, Proc. IEEE 87, 1079 (1999).

M. Kutter, F. D. Jordan, and F. Bossen, Proc. SPIE 3022, 518 (1997).

Lu, A.

W. Bender, D. Gruhl, N. Morimoto, and A. Lu, IBM Systems Journal 35, 313 (1996).

Morimoto, N.

W. Bender, D. Gruhl, N. Morimoto, and A. Lu, IBM Systems Journal 35, 313 (1996).

Pankanti, S.

S. Pankanti and M. M. Yeung, Proc. SPIE 3657, 66 (1999).

Peng, X.

X. Peng, W. Bai, and J. Tian, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1011 (2007).

Teklap, A. M.

B. Gunsel, U. Uludag, and A. M. Teklap, Pattern Recogn. 35, 2739 (2002).

Tian, J.

X. Peng, W. Bai, and J. Tian, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1011 (2007).

Uludag, U.

A. K. Jain and U. Uludag, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 25, 1494 (2003).

B. Gunsel, U. Uludag, and A. M. Teklap, Pattern Recogn. 35, 2739 (2002).

Yeung, M. M.

S. Pankanti and M. M. Yeung, Proc. SPIE 3657, 66 (1999).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese)

X. Peng, W. Bai, and J. Tian, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1011 (2007).

IBM Systems Journal

W. Bender, D. Gruhl, N. Morimoto, and A. Lu, IBM Systems Journal 35, 313 (1996).

IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Technol.

J. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Circ. Syst. Video Technol. 14, 21 (2004).

IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell.

A. K. Jain and U. Uludag, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 25, 1494 (2003).

Pattern Recogn.

B. Gunsel, U. Uludag, and A. M. Teklap, Pattern Recogn. 35, 2739 (2002).

Proc. IEEE

F. Hartung and M. Kutter, Proc. IEEE 87, 1079 (1999).

Proc. SPIE

S. Pankanti and M. M. Yeung, Proc. SPIE 3657, 66 (1999).

M. Kutter, F. D. Jordan, and F. Bossen, Proc. SPIE 3022, 518 (1997).

Other

A. K. Jain, S. Pankanti, S. Prabhahar, L. Hong, A. Ross, and J. L. Wayman, in Proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Pattern Recognition 935 (2004).

X. Ye, "Iris and face based multi-biometrics identification and fusion algorithm", Ph.D Thesis (University of Science and Technology of China, 2006).

S. Jain, in Proc. Indian Conf. Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing 139 (2000).

N. K. Ratha, J. H. Connell, and R. M. Bolle, in Proc. ACM Multimedia Workshops 127 (2000).

C. A. Shoniregun and S. Crosier, Securing Biometrics Applications (Springer, New York, 2007).

B. Schneier, Commun. ACM 42, (8) 136 (1999).

A. Adler, in Proceedings of IEEE CCECE 2003 2, 1163 (2003).

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