Abstract

A novel pseudo working-point control measurement scheme for the acoustic sensitivity of interferometric fiber-optic hydrophones is described and demonstrated. The measurement principle is introduced in detail. An experimental system, which interrogates an interferometric fiber-optic hydrophone with this method, is designed. The acoustic pressure phase sensitivity of the fiber-optic hydrophone is measured over the frequency range of 20-2500 Hz. The measured acoustic sensitivity is about -156.5 dB re 1 rad/μPa with a fluctuation lower than ±2 dB, which is in good agreement with the results obtained by the method of phase generated carrier. The experimental results testify the validity of this new method which has the advantages of no electric elements in the sensing head, the simplicity of signal processing, and wide working bandwidth.

© 2008 Chinese Optics Letters

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  2. T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, Jr. J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, and R. G. Priest, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 472 (1982).
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  4. X. Gao, Optical Fiber Electric Cable (in Chinese) (1) 48 (1996).
  5. G. A. Cranch, P. J. Nash, and C. K. Kirkendall, IEEE Sensors Journal 3, 19 (2003).
  6. C. Kang, Z. Huang, C. Tong, and K. Wei, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1156 (2007).
  7. Z. Song, X. Wang C. Cao, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 957 (2007).
  8. A. Dandridge, A. Tveten, and T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 1635 (1982).
  9. M. Ni, Y. Hu, Z. Meng, and S. Xiong, Laser Optoelectron. Progress (in Chinese) 42, (2) 33 (2005).
  10. Z. Meng, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Y. Liu, M. Ni, and X. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 29, 415 (2002).
  11. Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 654 (2007).
  12. Z. Wang, L. Huang, H. Luo, M. Ni, Z. Li, and Y. Hu, J. Optoelectron.Laser (in Chinese) 18, 977 (2007).
  13. L. B. Liokumovich and S. I. Markov, Proc. SPIE 4316, 56 (2000).
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  15. T. K. Lim, Y. Zhou, Y. Lin, Y. M. Yip, and Y. L. Lam, Opt. Commun. 159, 301 (1999).
  16. Z. Zhao, M. S. Demokan, and M. MacAlpine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2059 (1997).
  17. Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 105 (2007).
  18. Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).

2007 (6)

C. Kang, Z. Huang, C. Tong, and K. Wei, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1156 (2007).

Z. Song, X. Wang C. Cao, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 957 (2007).

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 654 (2007).

Z. Wang, L. Huang, H. Luo, M. Ni, Z. Li, and Y. Hu, J. Optoelectron.Laser (in Chinese) 18, 977 (2007).

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 105 (2007).

Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).

2005 (1)

M. Ni, Y. Hu, Z. Meng, and S. Xiong, Laser Optoelectron. Progress (in Chinese) 42, (2) 33 (2005).

2003 (1)

G. A. Cranch, P. J. Nash, and C. K. Kirkendall, IEEE Sensors Journal 3, 19 (2003).

2002 (1)

Z. Meng, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Y. Liu, M. Ni, and X. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 29, 415 (2002).

2000 (1)

L. B. Liokumovich and S. I. Markov, Proc. SPIE 4316, 56 (2000).

1999 (1)

T. K. Lim, Y. Zhou, Y. Lin, Y. M. Yip, and Y. L. Lam, Opt. Commun. 159, 301 (1999).

1997 (2)

Z. Zhao, M. S. Demokan, and M. MacAlpine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2059 (1997).

J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, and E. F. Carome, Appl. Opt. 16, 1761 (1997).

1996 (2)

P. Nash, IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. 143, 204 (1996).

X. Gao, Optical Fiber Electric Cable (in Chinese) (1) 48 (1996).

1982 (3)

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, Jr. J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, and R. G. Priest, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 472 (1982).

A. Dandridge, A. Tveten, and T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 1635 (1982).

J. H. Cole, B. A. Danver, and J. A. Bucaro, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 694 (1982).

Bucaro, J. A.

J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, and E. F. Carome, Appl. Opt. 16, 1761 (1997).

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, Jr. J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, and R. G. Priest, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 472 (1982).

J. H. Cole, B. A. Danver, and J. A. Bucaro, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 694 (1982).

Cao, C.

Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).

Cao, X. Wang C.

Z. Song, X. Wang C. Cao, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 957 (2007).

Carome, E. F.

Cole, J. H.

J. H. Cole, B. A. Danver, and J. A. Bucaro, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 694 (1982).

Cole, Jr. J. H.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, Jr. J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, and R. G. Priest, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 472 (1982).

Cranch, G. A.

G. A. Cranch, P. J. Nash, and C. K. Kirkendall, IEEE Sensors Journal 3, 19 (2003).

Dandridge, A.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, Jr. J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, and R. G. Priest, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 472 (1982).

A. Dandridge, A. Tveten, and T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 1635 (1982).

Danver, B. A.

J. H. Cole, B. A. Danver, and J. A. Bucaro, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 694 (1982).

Dardy, H. D.

Demokan, M. S.

Z. Zhao, M. S. Demokan, and M. MacAlpine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2059 (1997).

Gao, X.

X. Gao, Optical Fiber Electric Cable (in Chinese) (1) 48 (1996).

Giallorenzi, T. G.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, Jr. J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, and R. G. Priest, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 472 (1982).

A. Dandridge, A. Tveten, and T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 1635 (1982).

Hu, Y.

Z. Wang, L. Huang, H. Luo, M. Ni, Z. Li, and Y. Hu, J. Optoelectron.Laser (in Chinese) 18, 977 (2007).

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 105 (2007).

Z. Song, X. Wang C. Cao, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 957 (2007).

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 654 (2007).

Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).

M. Ni, Y. Hu, Z. Meng, and S. Xiong, Laser Optoelectron. Progress (in Chinese) 42, (2) 33 (2005).

Z. Meng, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Y. Liu, M. Ni, and X. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 29, 415 (2002).

Hu, Z.

Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).

Huang, L.

Z. Wang, L. Huang, H. Luo, M. Ni, Z. Li, and Y. Hu, J. Optoelectron.Laser (in Chinese) 18, 977 (2007).

Huang, Z.

C. Kang, Z. Huang, C. Tong, and K. Wei, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1156 (2007).

Kang, C.

C. Kang, Z. Huang, C. Tong, and K. Wei, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1156 (2007).

Kirkendall, C. K.

G. A. Cranch, P. J. Nash, and C. K. Kirkendall, IEEE Sensors Journal 3, 19 (2003).

Lam, Y. L.

T. K. Lim, Y. Zhou, Y. Lin, Y. M. Yip, and Y. L. Lam, Opt. Commun. 159, 301 (1999).

Li, Z.

Z. Wang, L. Huang, H. Luo, M. Ni, Z. Li, and Y. Hu, J. Optoelectron.Laser (in Chinese) 18, 977 (2007).

Lim, T. K.

T. K. Lim, Y. Zhou, Y. Lin, Y. M. Yip, and Y. L. Lam, Opt. Commun. 159, 301 (1999).

Lin, Y.

T. K. Lim, Y. Zhou, Y. Lin, Y. M. Yip, and Y. L. Lam, Opt. Commun. 159, 301 (1999).

Liokumovich, L. B.

L. B. Liokumovich and S. I. Markov, Proc. SPIE 4316, 56 (2000).

Liu, Y.

Z. Meng, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Y. Liu, M. Ni, and X. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 29, 415 (2002).

Luo, H.

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 105 (2007).

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 654 (2007).

Z. Wang, L. Huang, H. Luo, M. Ni, Z. Li, and Y. Hu, J. Optoelectron.Laser (in Chinese) 18, 977 (2007).

MacAlpine, M.

Z. Zhao, M. S. Demokan, and M. MacAlpine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2059 (1997).

Markov, S. I.

L. B. Liokumovich and S. I. Markov, Proc. SPIE 4316, 56 (2000).

Meng, Z.

Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).

M. Ni, Y. Hu, Z. Meng, and S. Xiong, Laser Optoelectron. Progress (in Chinese) 42, (2) 33 (2005).

Z. Meng, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Y. Liu, M. Ni, and X. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 29, 415 (2002).

Nash, P.

P. Nash, IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. 143, 204 (1996).

Nash, P. J.

G. A. Cranch, P. J. Nash, and C. K. Kirkendall, IEEE Sensors Journal 3, 19 (2003).

Ni, M.

Z. Wang, L. Huang, H. Luo, M. Ni, Z. Li, and Y. Hu, J. Optoelectron.Laser (in Chinese) 18, 977 (2007).

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 105 (2007).

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 654 (2007).

M. Ni, Y. Hu, Z. Meng, and S. Xiong, Laser Optoelectron. Progress (in Chinese) 42, (2) 33 (2005).

Z. Meng, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Y. Liu, M. Ni, and X. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 29, 415 (2002).

Priest, R. G.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, Jr. J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, and R. G. Priest, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 472 (1982).

Rashleigh, S. C.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, Jr. J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, and R. G. Priest, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 472 (1982).

Sigel, G. H.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, Jr. J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, and R. G. Priest, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 472 (1982).

Song, Z.

Z. Song, X. Wang C. Cao, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 957 (2007).

Tong, C.

C. Kang, Z. Huang, C. Tong, and K. Wei, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1156 (2007).

Tveten, A.

A. Dandridge, A. Tveten, and T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 1635 (1982).

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, L. Huang, H. Luo, M. Ni, Z. Li, and Y. Hu, J. Optoelectron.Laser (in Chinese) 18, 977 (2007).

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 654 (2007).

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 105 (2007).

Wei, K.

C. Kang, Z. Huang, C. Tong, and K. Wei, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1156 (2007).

Xiong, S.

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 105 (2007).

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 654 (2007).

Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).

M. Ni, Y. Hu, Z. Meng, and S. Xiong, Laser Optoelectron. Progress (in Chinese) 42, (2) 33 (2005).

Z. Meng, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Y. Liu, M. Ni, and X. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 29, 415 (2002).

Yip, Y. M.

T. K. Lim, Y. Zhou, Y. Lin, Y. M. Yip, and Y. L. Lam, Opt. Commun. 159, 301 (1999).

Zhang, X.

Z. Meng, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Y. Liu, M. Ni, and X. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 29, 415 (2002).

Zhao, Z.

Z. Zhao, M. S. Demokan, and M. MacAlpine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2059 (1997).

Zhou, Y.

T. K. Lim, Y. Zhou, Y. Lin, Y. M. Yip, and Y. L. Lam, Opt. Commun. 159, 301 (1999).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (2)

C. Kang, Z. Huang, C. Tong, and K. Wei, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1156 (2007).

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 654 (2007).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) (3)

Z. Meng, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, Y. Liu, M. Ni, and X. Zhang, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 29, 415 (2002).

Z. Wang, H. Luo, S. Xiong, M. Ni, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 105 (2007).

Z. Song, X. Wang C. Cao, and Y. Hu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 957 (2007).

IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. (1)

P. Nash, IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. 143, 204 (1996).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. H. Cole, B. A. Danver, and J. A. Bucaro, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 18, 694 (1982).

IEEE Sensors Journal (1)

G. A. Cranch, P. J. Nash, and C. K. Kirkendall, IEEE Sensors Journal 3, 19 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques (2)

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, Jr. J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, and R. G. Priest, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 472 (1982).

A. Dandridge, A. Tveten, and T. G. Giallorenzi, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 30, 1635 (1982).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Z. Zhao, M. S. Demokan, and M. MacAlpine, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 2059 (1997).

J. Optoelectron.Laser (in Chinese) (1)

Z. Wang, L. Huang, H. Luo, M. Ni, Z. Li, and Y. Hu, J. Optoelectron.Laser (in Chinese) 18, 977 (2007).

Laser Optoelectron. Progress (in Chinese) (1)

M. Ni, Y. Hu, Z. Meng, and S. Xiong, Laser Optoelectron. Progress (in Chinese) 42, (2) 33 (2005).

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. K. Lim, Y. Zhou, Y. Lin, Y. M. Yip, and Y. L. Lam, Opt. Commun. 159, 301 (1999).

Optical Fiber Electric Cable (in Chinese) (1)

X. Gao, Optical Fiber Electric Cable (in Chinese) (1) 48 (1996).

Proc. SPIE (2)

L. B. Liokumovich and S. I. Markov, Proc. SPIE 4316, 56 (2000).

Z. Meng, Z. Hu, Y. Hu, S. Xiong, and C. Cao, Proc. SPIE 6552, 65521C (2007).

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