Abstract

A novel fiber-laser-based strain sensor is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The laser cavity is composed of a high-birefringence Sagnac fiber loop mirror (HiBi-SFLM) and a fiber Bragg grating (FBG) which also acts as a strain-sensing element. In the linear region of the HiBi-SFLM reflection spectrum, when the strain applied on the FBG makes the Bragg grating wavelength shift, the laser output power changes due to reflectivity variation of the HiBi-SFLM. Experimental results show that the laser output power varies almost linearly with the applied strain. The measurement of the output power can be performed by a conventional photo-detector.

© 2008 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1442 (1997).
  2. J. Wang, Y. Rao, and T. Zhu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 389 (2007).
  3. X. Luo, Y. Rao, and Z. Ran, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1393 (2007).
  4. R. Li, Y. Yu, W. Dai, and S. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1950 (2007).
  5. Z. Zhang, M. Zhang, and P. Ye, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1073 (2006).
  6. J. Mandal, Y. Shen, S. Pal, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and A. T. Augousti, Opt. Commun. 244, 111 (2005).
  7. Y. Yu, L. Lui, H. Tam, and W. Chung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 702 (2001).
  8. S. M. Melle, A. T. Alavie, S. Karr, T. Coroy, K. Liu, and R. M. Measures, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 263 (1993).
  9. X. Yang, S. Luo, Z. Chen, J. H. Ng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 271, 203 (2007).
  10. L.-Y. Shao, X. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H.-Y. Tam, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1598 (2007).
  11. X. Yang, C.-L. Zhao, Q. Peng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 250, 63 (2005).
  12. N. J. C. Libatique and R. K. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1283 (2001).

2007 (5)

J. Wang, Y. Rao, and T. Zhu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 389 (2007).

X. Luo, Y. Rao, and Z. Ran, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1393 (2007).

R. Li, Y. Yu, W. Dai, and S. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1950 (2007).

X. Yang, S. Luo, Z. Chen, J. H. Ng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 271, 203 (2007).

L.-Y. Shao, X. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H.-Y. Tam, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1598 (2007).

2006 (1)

Z. Zhang, M. Zhang, and P. Ye, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1073 (2006).

2005 (2)

J. Mandal, Y. Shen, S. Pal, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and A. T. Augousti, Opt. Commun. 244, 111 (2005).

X. Yang, C.-L. Zhao, Q. Peng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 250, 63 (2005).

2001 (2)

N. J. C. Libatique and R. K. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1283 (2001).

Y. Yu, L. Lui, H. Tam, and W. Chung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 702 (2001).

1997 (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1442 (1997).

1993 (1)

S. M. Melle, A. T. Alavie, S. Karr, T. Coroy, K. Liu, and R. M. Measures, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 263 (1993).

Alavie, A. T.

S. M. Melle, A. T. Alavie, S. Karr, T. Coroy, K. Liu, and R. M. Measures, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 263 (1993).

Askins, C. G.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1442 (1997).

Augousti, A. T.

J. Mandal, Y. Shen, S. Pal, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and A. T. Augousti, Opt. Commun. 244, 111 (2005).

Chen, Z.

X. Yang, S. Luo, Z. Chen, J. H. Ng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 271, 203 (2007).

Chung, W.

Y. Yu, L. Lui, H. Tam, and W. Chung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 702 (2001).

Coroy, T.

S. M. Melle, A. T. Alavie, S. Karr, T. Coroy, K. Liu, and R. M. Measures, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 263 (1993).

Dai, W.

R. Li, Y. Yu, W. Dai, and S. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1950 (2007).

Davis, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1442 (1997).

Dong, X.

L.-Y. Shao, X. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H.-Y. Tam, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1598 (2007).

Friebele, E. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1442 (1997).

Grattan, K. T. V.

J. Mandal, Y. Shen, S. Pal, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and A. T. Augousti, Opt. Commun. 244, 111 (2005).

He, S.

L.-Y. Shao, X. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H.-Y. Tam, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1598 (2007).

Jain, R. K.

N. J. C. Libatique and R. K. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1283 (2001).

Karr, S.

S. M. Melle, A. T. Alavie, S. Karr, T. Coroy, K. Liu, and R. M. Measures, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 263 (1993).

Kersey, A. D.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1442 (1997).

Koo, K. P.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1442 (1997).

LeBlanc, M.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1442 (1997).

Li, R.

R. Li, Y. Yu, W. Dai, and S. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1950 (2007).

Libatique, N. J. C.

N. J. C. Libatique and R. K. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1283 (2001).

Liu, K.

S. M. Melle, A. T. Alavie, S. Karr, T. Coroy, K. Liu, and R. M. Measures, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 263 (1993).

Liu, S.

R. Li, Y. Yu, W. Dai, and S. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1950 (2007).

Lu, C.

X. Yang, S. Luo, Z. Chen, J. H. Ng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 271, 203 (2007).

X. Yang, C.-L. Zhao, Q. Peng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 250, 63 (2005).

Lui, L.

Y. Yu, L. Lui, H. Tam, and W. Chung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 702 (2001).

Luo, S.

X. Yang, S. Luo, Z. Chen, J. H. Ng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 271, 203 (2007).

Luo, X.

X. Luo, Y. Rao, and Z. Ran, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1393 (2007).

Mandal, J.

J. Mandal, Y. Shen, S. Pal, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and A. T. Augousti, Opt. Commun. 244, 111 (2005).

Measures, R. M.

S. M. Melle, A. T. Alavie, S. Karr, T. Coroy, K. Liu, and R. M. Measures, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 263 (1993).

Melle, S. M.

S. M. Melle, A. T. Alavie, S. Karr, T. Coroy, K. Liu, and R. M. Measures, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 263 (1993).

Ng, J. H.

X. Yang, S. Luo, Z. Chen, J. H. Ng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 271, 203 (2007).

Pal, S.

J. Mandal, Y. Shen, S. Pal, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and A. T. Augousti, Opt. Commun. 244, 111 (2005).

Patrick, H. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1442 (1997).

Peng, Q.

X. Yang, C.-L. Zhao, Q. Peng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 250, 63 (2005).

Putnam, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1442 (1997).

Ran, Z.

X. Luo, Y. Rao, and Z. Ran, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1393 (2007).

Rao, Y.

X. Luo, Y. Rao, and Z. Ran, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1393 (2007).

J. Wang, Y. Rao, and T. Zhu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 389 (2007).

Shao, L.-Y.

L.-Y. Shao, X. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H.-Y. Tam, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1598 (2007).

Shen, Y.

J. Mandal, Y. Shen, S. Pal, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and A. T. Augousti, Opt. Commun. 244, 111 (2005).

Sun, T.

J. Mandal, Y. Shen, S. Pal, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and A. T. Augousti, Opt. Commun. 244, 111 (2005).

Tam, H.

Y. Yu, L. Lui, H. Tam, and W. Chung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 702 (2001).

Tam, H.-Y.

L.-Y. Shao, X. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H.-Y. Tam, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1598 (2007).

Wang, J.

J. Wang, Y. Rao, and T. Zhu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 389 (2007).

Yang, X.

X. Yang, S. Luo, Z. Chen, J. H. Ng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 271, 203 (2007).

X. Yang, C.-L. Zhao, Q. Peng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 250, 63 (2005).

Ye, P.

Z. Zhang, M. Zhang, and P. Ye, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1073 (2006).

Yu, Y.

R. Li, Y. Yu, W. Dai, and S. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1950 (2007).

Y. Yu, L. Lui, H. Tam, and W. Chung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 702 (2001).

Zhang, A. P.

L.-Y. Shao, X. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H.-Y. Tam, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1598 (2007).

Zhang, M.

Z. Zhang, M. Zhang, and P. Ye, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1073 (2006).

Zhang, Z.

Z. Zhang, M. Zhang, and P. Ye, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1073 (2006).

Zhao, C.-L.

X. Yang, C.-L. Zhao, Q. Peng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 250, 63 (2005).

Zhou, X.

X. Yang, C.-L. Zhao, Q. Peng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 250, 63 (2005).

Zhu, T.

J. Wang, Y. Rao, and T. Zhu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 389 (2007).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (2)

X. Luo, Y. Rao, and Z. Ran, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1393 (2007).

R. Li, Y. Yu, W. Dai, and S. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 27, 1950 (2007).

Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) (2)

Z. Zhang, M. Zhang, and P. Ye, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 33, 1073 (2006).

J. Wang, Y. Rao, and T. Zhu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 34, 389 (2007).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

Y. Yu, L. Lui, H. Tam, and W. Chung, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 702 (2001).

S. M. Melle, A. T. Alavie, S. Karr, T. Coroy, K. Liu, and R. M. Measures, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 263 (1993).

L.-Y. Shao, X. Dong, A. P. Zhang, H.-Y. Tam, and S. He, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1598 (2007).

N. J. C. Libatique and R. K. Jain, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 1283 (2001).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. J. Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1442 (1997).

Opt. Commun. (3)

X. Yang, S. Luo, Z. Chen, J. H. Ng, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 271, 203 (2007).

J. Mandal, Y. Shen, S. Pal, T. Sun, K. T. V. Grattan, and A. T. Augousti, Opt. Commun. 244, 111 (2005).

X. Yang, C.-L. Zhao, Q. Peng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, Opt. Commun. 250, 63 (2005).

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