Abstract

We propose two dense gas schemes of four-level 'Lambda'-type and V-type atoms based on the effect of quantum coherence. It is shown that under certain conditions the dense gas can simultaneously exhibit negative permittivity and negative permeability, and thus become a negative refractive-index material. Furthermore, by analyzing the absorption property of the left-handed materials, we find that the absoption can be reduced via choosing appropriate parameters. Such schemes might be used to fabricate isotropic and homogeneous left-handed material with vanishing absorption in a wider optical frequency band.

© 2007 Chinese Optics Letters

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2006 (1)

Q. Thommen and P. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053601 (2006).

2005 (1)

A. A. Zharovr, I. V. Shadrivov, and Y. S. Kivshar, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 113906 (2005).

2004 (3)

T. Y. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, Science 5663, 1494 (2004).

M. O. Oktel and O. E. Mustecapioglu, Phys. Rev. A 70, 053806 (2004).

J. Shen, Z. Ruan, and S. He, J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. 5, 1322 (2004).

2003 (6)

E. Cubukcu, K. Aydin, E. Ozbay, S. Foteinopoulou, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 207401 (2003).

C. G. Parazzoli, R. B. Greegor, K. Li, B. E. C. Kontenbah, and M. H. Tanielian, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107401 (2003).

J. Lu, T. M. Grzegorczyk, Y. Zhang, J. Pacheco, B. Wu, J. A. Kong, and M. Chen, Opt. Express 11, 723 (2003).

J. Pendry, Nature 423, 22 (2003).

G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. B 67, 035109 (2003).

J. B. Pendry and S. A. Ramakrishna, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15, 6345 (2003).

2002 (2)

M. Gorkunov, M. Lapine, E. Shamonina, and K. H. Ringhofer, Eur. Phys. J. B 28, 263 (2002).

J. A. Kong, B. I. Wu, and Y. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2084 (2002).

2001 (2)

G. Dewar, Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 15, 3258 (2001).

R. Shelby, D. Smith, and S. Schultz, Science 292, 77 (2001).

2000 (2)

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Shultz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184 (2000).

J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966 (2000).

1996 (2)

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996)

U. Votz and Schmoranzer, Physica Scripta T65, 48 (1996).

1968 (1)

V. G. Veselago, Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. A. Kong, B. I. Wu, and Y. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2084 (2002).

Eur. Phys. J. B (1)

M. Gorkunov, M. Lapine, E. Shamonina, and K. H. Ringhofer, Eur. Phys. J. B 28, 263 (2002).

Int. J. Mod. Phys. B (1)

G. Dewar, Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 15, 3258 (2001).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. A. Zharovr, I. V. Shadrivov, and Y. S. Kivshar, J. Appl. Phys. 97, 113906 (2005).

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

J. B. Pendry and S. A. Ramakrishna, J. Phys. Condens. Matter 15, 6345 (2003).

J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. (1)

J. Shen, Z. Ruan, and S. He, J. Zhejiang Univ. Sci. 5, 1322 (2004).

Nature (1)

J. Pendry, Nature 423, 22 (2003).

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. O. Oktel and O. E. Mustecapioglu, Phys. Rev. A 70, 053806 (2004).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

G. Shvets, Phys. Rev. B 67, 035109 (2003).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

D. R. Smith, W. J. Padilla, D. C. Vier, S. C. Nemat-Nasser, and S. Shultz, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4184 (2000).

Q. Thommen and P. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 053601 (2006).

J. B. Pendry, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3966 (2000).

C. G. Parazzoli, R. B. Greegor, K. Li, B. E. C. Kontenbah, and M. H. Tanielian, Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 107401 (2003).

J. B. Pendry, A. J. Holden, W. J. Stewart, and I. Youngs, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4773 (1996)

E. Cubukcu, K. Aydin, E. Ozbay, S. Foteinopoulou, and C. M. Soukoulis, Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 207401 (2003).

Physica Scripta (1)

U. Votz and Schmoranzer, Physica Scripta T65, 48 (1996).

Science (2)

T. Y. Yen, W. J. Padilla, N. Fang, D. C. Vier, D. R. Smith, J. B. Pendry, D. N. Basov, and X. Zhang, Science 5663, 1494 (2004).

R. Shelby, D. Smith, and S. Schultz, Science 292, 77 (2001).

Sov. Phys. Usp. (1)

V. G. Veselago, Sov. Phys. Usp. 10, 509 (1968).

Other (2)

J. D. Jackson, Classical Electrodynamics (2nd edn.) (Wiley, New York, 1975) p.155.

L. D. Laudau and E. M. Lifshitz, Quantum Mechanics (Non-Relativistic Theory) (3rd edn.) (Pergamon, Oxford, 1977) p.440.

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