Abstract

Many attempts have been made to standardize the calculation of whiteness. Whiteness formulas currently in use satisfactorily characterize the appearance of commercial whiteness. However, they have poor correlations with the observers' evaluations, and are often unsuccessful in assessing tinted white samples. A whiteness formula in the CIELAB uniform color space is developed in this paper. Several whiteness formulas are analyzed and compared. The experimental results show that the whiteness formula in the CIELAB uniform color space agrees well with the visual ranking, and it is superior to the CIE whiteness formula and the others in visual correlativity, uniformity and applicability.

© 2007 Chinese Optics Letters

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  4. D. D. Malthouse and S. J. Popson, Appita J. 48, 56 (1995).
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  9. G. He, Journal of China Textile University (in Chinese) 24, (3) 28 (1998).
  10. G. He and Z. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4922, 163 (2002).

2002

G. He and Z. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4922, 163 (2002).

1998

H. Uchida, Color Research and Application 23, 202 (1998).

G. He, Journal of China Textile University (in Chinese) 24, (2) 33 (1998).

G. He, Journal of China Textile University (in Chinese) 24, (3) 28 (1998).

1995

D. D. Malthouse and S. J. Popson, Appita J. 48, 56 (1995).

R. Hayhurst and K. Smith, J. Soc. Dyers and Colourists 111, 263 (1995).

E. Ganz and H. K. A. Pauli, Appl. Opt. 34, 2998 (1995).

1994

R. Griesser, Color Research and Application 19, 446 (1994).

1981

Ganz, E.

Griesser, R.

R. Griesser, Color Research and Application 19, 446 (1994).

E. Ganz and R. Griesser, Appl. Opt. 20, 1395 (1981).

Hayhurst, R.

R. Hayhurst and K. Smith, J. Soc. Dyers and Colourists 111, 263 (1995).

He, G.

G. He and Z. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4922, 163 (2002).

G. He, Journal of China Textile University (in Chinese) 24, (2) 33 (1998).

G. He, Journal of China Textile University (in Chinese) 24, (3) 28 (1998).

Malthouse, D. D.

D. D. Malthouse and S. J. Popson, Appita J. 48, 56 (1995).

Pauli, H. K. A.

Popson, S. J.

D. D. Malthouse and S. J. Popson, Appita J. 48, 56 (1995).

Smith, K.

R. Hayhurst and K. Smith, J. Soc. Dyers and Colourists 111, 263 (1995).

Uchida, H.

H. Uchida, Color Research and Application 23, 202 (1998).

Zhang, Z.

G. He and Z. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4922, 163 (2002).

Appita J.

D. D. Malthouse and S. J. Popson, Appita J. 48, 56 (1995).

Appl. Opt.

Color Research and Application

H. Uchida, Color Research and Application 23, 202 (1998).

R. Griesser, Color Research and Application 19, 446 (1994).

J. Soc. Dyers and Colourists

R. Hayhurst and K. Smith, J. Soc. Dyers and Colourists 111, 263 (1995).

Journal of China Textile University (in Chinese)

G. He, Journal of China Textile University (in Chinese) 24, (2) 33 (1998).

G. He, Journal of China Textile University (in Chinese) 24, (3) 28 (1998).

Proc. SPIE

G. He and Z. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 4922, 163 (2002).

Other

CIE Publication, No.15.2, Colorimetry (2nd edn.) (Commision Internationale de LEclairage, Vienna, 1986).

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