Abstract

Electro-optic (EO) effect and thermo-optic (TO) effect are jointly considered on the basis of field-induced and temperature-affected perturbations of the operating point in waveguide components. TO coefficients of EO fluorinated polyimide films with side-chain azobenzene chromophore were measured by attenuated-total-reflection (ATR) technique at different temperatures with TE- and TM-polarized lights, respectively. It is found that the absolute values of TO coefficients increase with the increments of both chromophore concentration and film thickness, but the polarization dependence of TO coefficients increases with the increment of chromophore concentration and decreases with the increment of film thickness.

© 2007 Chinese Optics Letters

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  2. M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, Science 298, 1401 (2002).
  3. S. K. Yesodha, C. K. S. Pillai, and N. Tsutsumi, Prog. Polym. Sci. 29, 45 (2004).
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  5. L. Dalton, A. Harper, A. Ren, F. Wang, G. Todorova, J. Chen, C. Zhang, and M. Lee, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 38, 8 (1999).
  6. G. Gorachand, Handbook of Thermo-Optic Coefficients of Optical Materials with Applications (Academic, San Diego, 1997) pp.115-117.
  7. T. Yoshiharu and A. Shinji, Proc. SPIE 5724, 336 (2005).
  8. H. L. Saadon, N. Theofanous, M. Aillerie, and M. D. Fontana, Appl. Phys. B 83, 609 (2006).
  9. M. B. J. Diemeer, Opt. Mater. 9, 192 (1998).
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  11. X. Li, Z. Q. Cao, Q. S. Shen, and Y. F. Yang, Mater. Lett. 60, 1238 (2006).
  12. H. X. Song, C. X. Wu, B. Zhu, Z. Q. Cao, and X. X. Deng, in Proceedings of ICAFPM 231 (2005).
  13. D. W. V. Krevelen, Properties of Polymers (Elsevier, London, 1997) p.287.
  14. M. Osterfeld and H. Franke, Appl. Phys. A 58, 589 (1994).

2006 (2)

H. L. Saadon, N. Theofanous, M. Aillerie, and M. D. Fontana, Appl. Phys. B 83, 609 (2006).

X. Li, Z. Q. Cao, Q. S. Shen, and Y. F. Yang, Mater. Lett. 60, 1238 (2006).

2005 (1)

T. Yoshiharu and A. Shinji, Proc. SPIE 5724, 336 (2005).

2004 (1)

S. K. Yesodha, C. K. S. Pillai, and N. Tsutsumi, Prog. Polym. Sci. 29, 45 (2004).

2003 (1)

S. S. Sarkisov, C. Walton, M. J. Curley, L. Yarovoi, and J.-C. Wang, Proc. SPIE 4991, 589 (2003).

2002 (1)

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, Science 298, 1401 (2002).

2000 (1)

X. J. Lu, D. C. An, L. Sun, Q. J. Zhou, and R. T. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2155 (2000).

1999 (1)

L. Dalton, A. Harper, A. Ren, F. Wang, G. Todorova, J. Chen, C. Zhang, and M. Lee, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 38, 8 (1999).

1998 (1)

M. B. J. Diemeer, Opt. Mater. 9, 192 (1998).

1994 (1)

M. Osterfeld and H. Franke, Appl. Phys. A 58, 589 (1994).

Appl. Phys. A (1)

M. Osterfeld and H. Franke, Appl. Phys. A 58, 589 (1994).

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H. L. Saadon, N. Theofanous, M. Aillerie, and M. D. Fontana, Appl. Phys. B 83, 609 (2006).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. J. Lu, D. C. An, L. Sun, Q. J. Zhou, and R. T. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 2155 (2000).

Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. (1)

L. Dalton, A. Harper, A. Ren, F. Wang, G. Todorova, J. Chen, C. Zhang, and M. Lee, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 38, 8 (1999).

Mater. Lett. (1)

X. Li, Z. Q. Cao, Q. S. Shen, and Y. F. Yang, Mater. Lett. 60, 1238 (2006).

Opt. Mater. (1)

M. B. J. Diemeer, Opt. Mater. 9, 192 (1998).

Proc. SPIE (2)

S. S. Sarkisov, C. Walton, M. J. Curley, L. Yarovoi, and J.-C. Wang, Proc. SPIE 4991, 589 (2003).

T. Yoshiharu and A. Shinji, Proc. SPIE 5724, 336 (2005).

Prog. Polym. Sci. (1)

S. K. Yesodha, C. K. S. Pillai, and N. Tsutsumi, Prog. Polym. Sci. 29, 45 (2004).

Science (1)

M. Lee, H. E. Katz, C. Erben, D. M. Gill, P. Gopalan, J. D. Heber, and D. J. McGee, Science 298, 1401 (2002).

Other (4)

P. Gunter, Nonlinear Optical Effects and Materials (Springer, Berlin, 2000) p.1.

G. Gorachand, Handbook of Thermo-Optic Coefficients of Optical Materials with Applications (Academic, San Diego, 1997) pp.115-117.

H. X. Song, C. X. Wu, B. Zhu, Z. Q. Cao, and X. X. Deng, in Proceedings of ICAFPM 231 (2005).

D. W. V. Krevelen, Properties of Polymers (Elsevier, London, 1997) p.287.

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