Abstract

The clusters of Eu^(3+) ion in Eu(DBM)3Phen-doped polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) have been studied by three means. The relative fluorescence intensity ratio of the 5D0 -> 7F2 to 5D0 -> 7F1 transitions with different concentrations of Eu^(3+) in Eu(DBM)3Phen-doped PMMA and metastable-state (5D0) lifetime dependence on Eu^(3+) concentration are analyzed. The analysis indicates that there are no clustering effects in Eu^(3+) ions of Eu(DBM)3Phen-doped PMMA when the Eu^(3+) doping concentration is up to 1.0 wt.-%. At the same time, the clustering effect has not been observed by the scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM) in Eu(DBM)3Phen-doped PMMA with 1.0 wt.-% of Eu^(3+) ions. The analysis reveals that a high concentration of Eu^(3+) can be incorporated into polymer optical fiber (POF) without clustering effect.

© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters

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Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, X.-H. Han, G.-Z. Wang, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (2004).

Z. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 233, 149 (2004).

Z. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, Y. Yu, S. Lin, Y. Zhang, and J. Xie, Chin. Opt. Lett. 2, 67 (2004).

2003

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, B. Chen, X.-H. Sun, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 654 (2003).

2002

X. Sun, H. Ming, N. Dong, A. Xie, J. Hu, Q. Zhang, M. Yin, Z. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 208, 111 (2002).

A. Kumar, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, Spectrochimica Acta Part A 58, 2115 (2002).

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Q. J. Zhang, P. Wang, X. F. Sun, Y. Zhai, P. Dai, B. Yang, H. Ming, and J. P. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 407 (1998).

B. Yang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, and J. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 15, 272 (1998).

C. Koeppen, R. F. Shi, W. D. Chen, and A. F. Garito, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 727 (1998).

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T. Kobayashi, S. Nakatsuka, T. Iwafuji, K. Kuriki, N. Imai, and T. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2421 (1997).

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Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, B. Chen, X.-H. Sun, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 654 (2003).

Chen, W. D.

Dai, P.

Q. J. Zhang, P. Wang, X. F. Sun, Y. Zhai, P. Dai, B. Yang, H. Ming, and J. P. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 407 (1998).

Davis, M. K.

M. K. Davis, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. H. Pantell, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 120 (1995).

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M. K. Davis, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. H. Pantell, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 120 (1995).

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X. Sun, H. Ming, N. Dong, A. Xie, J. Hu, Q. Zhang, M. Yin, Z. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 208, 111 (2002).

Garito, A. F.

Han, X.-H.

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, X.-H. Han, G.-Z. Wang, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (2004).

Hu, J.

X. Sun, H. Ming, N. Dong, A. Xie, J. Hu, Q. Zhang, M. Yin, Z. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 208, 111 (2002).

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T. Kobayashi, S. Nakatsuka, T. Iwafuji, K. Kuriki, N. Imai, and T. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2421 (1997).

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T. Kobayashi, S. Nakatsuka, T. Iwafuji, K. Kuriki, N. Imai, and T. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2421 (1997).

Jiang, G.

Kobayashi, T.

T. Kobayashi, S. Nakatsuka, T. Iwafuji, K. Kuriki, N. Imai, and T. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2421 (1997).

Koeppen, C.

Kumar, A.

A. Kumar, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, Spectrochimica Acta Part A 58, 2115 (2002).

Kuriki, K.

T. Kobayashi, S. Nakatsuka, T. Iwafuji, K. Kuriki, N. Imai, and T. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2421 (1997).

Liang, H.

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, X.-H. Han, G.-Z. Wang, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (2004).

Z. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 233, 149 (2004).

Z. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, Y. Yu, S. Lin, Y. Zhang, and J. Xie, Chin. Opt. Lett. 2, 67 (2004).

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, B. Chen, X.-H. Sun, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 654 (2003).

Lin, S.

Ming, H.

Z. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, Y. Yu, S. Lin, Y. Zhang, and J. Xie, Chin. Opt. Lett. 2, 67 (2004).

Z. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 233, 149 (2004).

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, X.-H. Han, G.-Z. Wang, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (2004).

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, B. Chen, X.-H. Sun, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 654 (2003).

X. Sun, H. Ming, N. Dong, A. Xie, J. Hu, Q. Zhang, M. Yin, Z. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 208, 111 (2002).

B. Yang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, and J. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 15, 272 (1998).

Q. J. Zhang, P. Wang, X. F. Sun, Y. Zhai, P. Dai, B. Yang, H. Ming, and J. P. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 407 (1998).

Nakatsuka, S.

T. Kobayashi, S. Nakatsuka, T. Iwafuji, K. Kuriki, N. Imai, and T. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2421 (1997).

Pantell, R. H.

M. K. Davis, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. H. Pantell, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 120 (1995).

Rai, D. K.

A. Kumar, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, Spectrochimica Acta Part A 58, 2115 (2002).

Rai, S. B.

A. Kumar, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, Spectrochimica Acta Part A 58, 2115 (2002).

Shi, R. F.

Sun, X.

X. Sun, H. Ming, N. Dong, A. Xie, J. Hu, Q. Zhang, M. Yin, Z. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 208, 111 (2002).

Sun, X. F.

Q. J. Zhang, P. Wang, X. F. Sun, Y. Zhai, P. Dai, B. Yang, H. Ming, and J. P. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 407 (1998).

Sun, X.-H.

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, B. Chen, X.-H. Sun, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 654 (2003).

Wang, G.-Z.

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, X.-H. Han, G.-Z. Wang, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (2004).

Wang, P.

Q. J. Zhang, P. Wang, X. F. Sun, Y. Zhai, P. Dai, B. Yang, H. Ming, and J. P. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 407 (1998).

Xie, A.

X. Sun, H. Ming, N. Dong, A. Xie, J. Hu, Q. Zhang, M. Yin, Z. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 208, 111 (2002).

Xie, J.

Z. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, Y. Yu, S. Lin, Y. Zhang, and J. Xie, Chin. Opt. Lett. 2, 67 (2004).

Z. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 233, 149 (2004).

X. Sun, H. Ming, N. Dong, A. Xie, J. Hu, Q. Zhang, M. Yin, Z. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 208, 111 (2002).

B. Yang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, and J. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 15, 272 (1998).

Xie, J. P.

Q. J. Zhang, P. Wang, X. F. Sun, Y. Zhai, P. Dai, B. Yang, H. Ming, and J. P. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 407 (1998).

Xie, J.-P.

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, X.-H. Han, G.-Z. Wang, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (2004).

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, B. Chen, X.-H. Sun, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 654 (2003).

Yamada, S.

Yamamoto, T.

T. Kobayashi, S. Nakatsuka, T. Iwafuji, K. Kuriki, N. Imai, and T. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2421 (1997).

Yang, B.

Q. J. Zhang, P. Wang, X. F. Sun, Y. Zhai, P. Dai, B. Yang, H. Ming, and J. P. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 407 (1998).

B. Yang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, and J. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 15, 272 (1998).

Yin, M.

X. Sun, H. Ming, N. Dong, A. Xie, J. Hu, Q. Zhang, M. Yin, Z. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 208, 111 (2002).

Yu, Y.

Zhai, Y.

Q. J. Zhang, P. Wang, X. F. Sun, Y. Zhai, P. Dai, B. Yang, H. Ming, and J. P. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 407 (1998).

Zhang, Q.

Z. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, Y. Yu, S. Lin, Y. Zhang, and J. Xie, Chin. Opt. Lett. 2, 67 (2004).

Z. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 233, 149 (2004).

X. Sun, H. Ming, N. Dong, A. Xie, J. Hu, Q. Zhang, M. Yin, Z. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 208, 111 (2002).

B. Yang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, and J. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 15, 272 (1998).

Zhang, Q. J.

Q. J. Zhang, P. Wang, X. F. Sun, Y. Zhai, P. Dai, B. Yang, H. Ming, and J. P. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 407 (1998).

Zhang, Q.-J.

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, X.-H. Han, G.-Z. Wang, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (2004).

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, B. Chen, X.-H. Sun, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 654 (2003).

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Z.

X. Sun, H. Ming, N. Dong, A. Xie, J. Hu, Q. Zhang, M. Yin, Z. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 208, 111 (2002).

Zheng, Z.

Z. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, Y. Yu, S. Lin, Y. Zhang, and J. Xie, Chin. Opt. Lett. 2, 67 (2004).

Z. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 233, 149 (2004).

Zheng, Z.-Q.

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, X.-H. Han, G.-Z. Wang, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (2004).

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, B. Chen, X.-H. Sun, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 654 (2003).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Q. J. Zhang, P. Wang, X. F. Sun, Y. Zhai, P. Dai, B. Yang, H. Ming, and J. P. Xie, Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 407 (1998).

T. Kobayashi, S. Nakatsuka, T. Iwafuji, K. Kuriki, N. Imai, and T. Yamamoto, Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 2421 (1997).

Chin. Opt. Lett.

Chin. Phys. Lett.

B. Yang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, and J. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 15, 272 (1998).

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, B. Chen, X.-H. Sun, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 20, 654 (2003).

Z.-Q. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q.-J. Zhang, X.-H. Han, G.-Z. Wang, and J.-P. Xie, Chin. Phys. Lett. 21, 291 (2004).

J. Lightwave Technol.

M. K. Davis, M. J. F. Digonnet, and R. H. Pantell, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 120 (1995).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

X. Sun, H. Ming, N. Dong, A. Xie, J. Hu, Q. Zhang, M. Yin, Z. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 208, 111 (2002).

Z. Zheng, H. Liang, H. Ming, Q. Zhang, and J. Xie, Opt. Commun. 233, 149 (2004).

Spectrochimica Acta Part A

A. Kumar, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, Spectrochimica Acta Part A 58, 2115 (2002).

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