Abstract

Within the associated framework of metal-dielectric films optics and the dual-metal-mirror microcavity structure, the effect of a cladding dielectric layer on the light outcoupling efficiency of the top emitting orgainic light-emitting devices (OLEDs) is analyzed. A combined evaluation followed by detailed design and optimization is proposed and described in detail. The analysis shows that this cladding layer affects the device's outcoupling efficiency with three different extents as the thickness of the metal layer in the multilayer cathode varying. The simulation results give a reasonable agreement with former experiment results.

© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. M. H. Lu, M. S. Weaver, T. X. Zhou, M. Rothman, R. C. Kwong, M. Hack, and J. J. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3921 (2002).
  2. S. Han, X. Feng, Z. H. Lu, D. Johnson, and R. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2715 (2003).
  3. T. Dobbertin, M. Kroeger, D. Heithecker, D. Schneider, D. Metzdorf, H. Neuner, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 284 (2003).
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  5. L. S. Hung, C. W. Tang, M. G. Mason, P. Raychaudhuri, and J. Madathil, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 544 (2001).
  6. H. Riel, S. Karg, T. Beierlein, B. Ruhstaller, and W. Riess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 466 (2003).
  7. H. A. Macleod, Thin-Film Optical Filters (2nd edition) (Adam Hilger, Bristol, 1986) p. 295.
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  9. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press Inc., San Diego and London, 1985) p. 250.
  10. K. A. Neyts, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 962 (1998).

2003 (3)

S. Han, X. Feng, Z. H. Lu, D. Johnson, and R. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2715 (2003).

T. Dobbertin, M. Kroeger, D. Heithecker, D. Schneider, D. Metzdorf, H. Neuner, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 284 (2003).

H. Riel, S. Karg, T. Beierlein, B. Ruhstaller, and W. Riess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 466 (2003).

2002 (2)

M. H. Lu, M. S. Weaver, T. X. Zhou, M. Rothman, R. C. Kwong, M. Hack, and J. J. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3921 (2002).

P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378 (2002).

2001 (1)

L. S. Hung, C. W. Tang, M. G. Mason, P. Raychaudhuri, and J. Madathil, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 544 (2001).

1998 (1)

Barnes, W. L.

P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378 (2002).

Becker, E.

T. Dobbertin, M. Kroeger, D. Heithecker, D. Schneider, D. Metzdorf, H. Neuner, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 284 (2003).

Beierlein, T.

H. Riel, S. Karg, T. Beierlein, B. Ruhstaller, and W. Riess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 466 (2003).

Brown, J. J.

M. H. Lu, M. S. Weaver, T. X. Zhou, M. Rothman, R. C. Kwong, M. Hack, and J. J. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3921 (2002).

Dobbertin, T.

T. Dobbertin, M. Kroeger, D. Heithecker, D. Schneider, D. Metzdorf, H. Neuner, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 284 (2003).

Feng, X.

S. Han, X. Feng, Z. H. Lu, D. Johnson, and R. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2715 (2003).

Hack, M.

M. H. Lu, M. S. Weaver, T. X. Zhou, M. Rothman, R. C. Kwong, M. Hack, and J. J. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3921 (2002).

Han, S.

S. Han, X. Feng, Z. H. Lu, D. Johnson, and R. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2715 (2003).

Heithecker, D.

T. Dobbertin, M. Kroeger, D. Heithecker, D. Schneider, D. Metzdorf, H. Neuner, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 284 (2003).

Hobson, P. A.

P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378 (2002).

Hung, L. S.

L. S. Hung, C. W. Tang, M. G. Mason, P. Raychaudhuri, and J. Madathil, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 544 (2001).

Johannes, H.-H.

T. Dobbertin, M. Kroeger, D. Heithecker, D. Schneider, D. Metzdorf, H. Neuner, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 284 (2003).

Johnson, D.

S. Han, X. Feng, Z. H. Lu, D. Johnson, and R. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2715 (2003).

Karg, S.

H. Riel, S. Karg, T. Beierlein, B. Ruhstaller, and W. Riess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 466 (2003).

Kowalsky, W.

T. Dobbertin, M. Kroeger, D. Heithecker, D. Schneider, D. Metzdorf, H. Neuner, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 284 (2003).

Kroeger, M.

T. Dobbertin, M. Kroeger, D. Heithecker, D. Schneider, D. Metzdorf, H. Neuner, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 284 (2003).

Kwong, R. C.

M. H. Lu, M. S. Weaver, T. X. Zhou, M. Rothman, R. C. Kwong, M. Hack, and J. J. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3921 (2002).

Lu, M. H.

M. H. Lu, M. S. Weaver, T. X. Zhou, M. Rothman, R. C. Kwong, M. Hack, and J. J. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3921 (2002).

Lu, Z. H.

S. Han, X. Feng, Z. H. Lu, D. Johnson, and R. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2715 (2003).

Madathil, J.

L. S. Hung, C. W. Tang, M. G. Mason, P. Raychaudhuri, and J. Madathil, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 544 (2001).

Mason, M. G.

L. S. Hung, C. W. Tang, M. G. Mason, P. Raychaudhuri, and J. Madathil, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 544 (2001).

Metzdorf, D.

T. Dobbertin, M. Kroeger, D. Heithecker, D. Schneider, D. Metzdorf, H. Neuner, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 284 (2003).

Neuner, H.

T. Dobbertin, M. Kroeger, D. Heithecker, D. Schneider, D. Metzdorf, H. Neuner, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 284 (2003).

Neyts, K. A.

Raychaudhuri, P.

L. S. Hung, C. W. Tang, M. G. Mason, P. Raychaudhuri, and J. Madathil, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 544 (2001).

Riel, H.

H. Riel, S. Karg, T. Beierlein, B. Ruhstaller, and W. Riess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 466 (2003).

Riess, W.

H. Riel, S. Karg, T. Beierlein, B. Ruhstaller, and W. Riess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 466 (2003).

Rothman, M.

M. H. Lu, M. S. Weaver, T. X. Zhou, M. Rothman, R. C. Kwong, M. Hack, and J. J. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3921 (2002).

Ruhstaller, B.

H. Riel, S. Karg, T. Beierlein, B. Ruhstaller, and W. Riess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 466 (2003).

Sage, I.

P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378 (2002).

Schneider, D.

T. Dobbertin, M. Kroeger, D. Heithecker, D. Schneider, D. Metzdorf, H. Neuner, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 284 (2003).

Tang, C. W.

L. S. Hung, C. W. Tang, M. G. Mason, P. Raychaudhuri, and J. Madathil, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 544 (2001).

Wasey, J. A. E.

P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378 (2002).

Weaver, M. S.

M. H. Lu, M. S. Weaver, T. X. Zhou, M. Rothman, R. C. Kwong, M. Hack, and J. J. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3921 (2002).

Wood, R.

S. Han, X. Feng, Z. H. Lu, D. Johnson, and R. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2715 (2003).

Zhou, T. X.

M. H. Lu, M. S. Weaver, T. X. Zhou, M. Rothman, R. C. Kwong, M. Hack, and J. J. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3921 (2002).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

M. H. Lu, M. S. Weaver, T. X. Zhou, M. Rothman, R. C. Kwong, M. Hack, and J. J. Brown, Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3921 (2002).

S. Han, X. Feng, Z. H. Lu, D. Johnson, and R. Wood, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 2715 (2003).

T. Dobbertin, M. Kroeger, D. Heithecker, D. Schneider, D. Metzdorf, H. Neuner, E. Becker, H.-H. Johannes, and W. Kowalsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 284 (2003).

L. S. Hung, C. W. Tang, M. G. Mason, P. Raychaudhuri, and J. Madathil, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 544 (2001).

H. Riel, S. Karg, T. Beierlein, B. Ruhstaller, and W. Riess, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 466 (2003).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. A. Hobson, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8, 378 (2002).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Other (3)

H. A. Macleod, Thin-Film Optical Filters (2nd edition) (Adam Hilger, Bristol, 1986) p. 295.

G. Hass and L Hadley, American Institute of Physics Handbook (McGraw Hill Book Company, New York and London, 1972) p. 6.124.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press Inc., San Diego and London, 1985) p. 250.

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