Abstract

A master-slave configuration used to control the nonlinear behaviors arising in a vertical cavity surface emitting laser(VCSEL) with strong external optical feedback is established. In terms of bifurcation diagram, time and frequency domain, theinfluence of the continuous optical injection from the master VCSEL on the nonlinear characteristics of the slave is investigated theoretically. For relatively weak injection, the slave still keeps its intrinsic nonlinear state. With increasing the injection strength, these nonlinear behaviors evolve to periodic fluctuation, and at last are replaced by the steady-state (e.g. the critical injection parameter for steady-state is 1.2 when external cavity's reflectivity and length are 4% and 4 cm, respectively). During this evolution the bifurcation-contraction phenomena are also observed.

© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters

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  6. K. Hayasaka, Opt. Commun. 206, 401 (2002).
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  10. A. V. Naumenko and N. A. Loiko, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033805 (2003).
  11. M. Sondermann, H. Bohnet, and T. Ackemann, Phys. Rev. A 67, 021802 (2003).
  12. N. Fujiwara, Y. Takiguchi, and J. Ohtsubo, Opt. Lett. 28, 896 (2003).
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  15. X. F. Li, W. Pan, B. Luo, G. Deng, and Z. Zhao, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) (to be published).
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  20. J. H. Shin, Y. G. Ju, H. E. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2344 (1997).

2004 (2)

G. Deng, W. Pan, and B. Luo, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 31, 293 (2004).

X. F. Li, W. Pan, B. Luo, G. Deng, and Z. Zhao, Laser Journal (in Chinese) 25, 6 (2004).

2003 (5)

A. Murakami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 438 (2003).

A. V. Naumenko and N. A. Loiko, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033805 (2003).

M. Sondermann, H. Bohnet, and T. Ackemann, Phys. Rev. A 67, 021802 (2003).

M. Houssin, B. Ferrnigier, and M. Desaintfuscien, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 833 (2003).

N. Fujiwara, Y. Takiguchi, and J. Ohtsubo, Opt. Lett. 28, 896 (2003).

2002 (2)

K. Hayasaka, Opt. Commun. 206, 401 (2002).

J. Ohtsubo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1141 (2002).

2001 (1)

W. Pan, X. X. Zhang, B. Luo, H. C. Lu, and J. G. Chen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 21, 975 (2001).

1998 (1)

P. S. Spencer, C. R. Mirasso, and K. A. Shore, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 191 (1998).

1997 (3)

L. N. Langley and K. A. Shore, IEE Proceedings: Optoelectronics 144, 34 (1997).

Y. Liu and J. Ohtsubo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1163 (1997).

J. H. Shin, Y. G. Ju, H. E. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2344 (1997).

1996 (1)

S. F. Yu, W. N. Wong, P. Shum, and E. H. Li, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 2139 (1996).

1995 (1)

K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 480 (1995).

1994 (1)

A. T. Ryan, G. P. Agrawal, G. R. Gray, and E. C. Gage, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 668 (1994).

1991 (1)

Y. C. Chung and Y. H. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 597 (1991).

1983 (1)

F. Koyama, Y. Suematsu, S. Arai, and T. Tawee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1042 (1983).

Ackemann, T.

M. Sondermann, H. Bohnet, and T. Ackemann, Phys. Rev. A 67, 021802 (2003).

Agrawal, G. P.

A. T. Ryan, G. P. Agrawal, G. R. Gray, and E. C. Gage, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 668 (1994).

Arai, S.

F. Koyama, Y. Suematsu, S. Arai, and T. Tawee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1042 (1983).

Bohnet, H.

M. Sondermann, H. Bohnet, and T. Ackemann, Phys. Rev. A 67, 021802 (2003).

Chen, J. G.

W. Pan, X. X. Zhang, B. Luo, H. C. Lu, and J. G. Chen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 21, 975 (2001).

Chung, Y. C.

Y. C. Chung and Y. H. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 597 (1991).

Deng, G.

X. F. Li, W. Pan, B. Luo, G. Deng, and Z. Zhao, Laser Journal (in Chinese) 25, 6 (2004).

G. Deng, W. Pan, and B. Luo, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 31, 293 (2004).

Desaintfuscien, M.

M. Houssin, B. Ferrnigier, and M. Desaintfuscien, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 833 (2003).

Ferrnigier, B.

M. Houssin, B. Ferrnigier, and M. Desaintfuscien, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 833 (2003).

Fujiwara, N.

Gage, E. C.

A. T. Ryan, G. P. Agrawal, G. R. Gray, and E. C. Gage, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 668 (1994).

Gray, G. R.

A. T. Ryan, G. P. Agrawal, G. R. Gray, and E. C. Gage, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 668 (1994).

Hayasaka, K.

K. Hayasaka, Opt. Commun. 206, 401 (2002).

Houssin, M.

M. Houssin, B. Ferrnigier, and M. Desaintfuscien, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 833 (2003).

Ju, Y. G.

J. H. Shin, Y. G. Ju, H. E. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2344 (1997).

Koyama, F.

F. Koyama, Y. Suematsu, S. Arai, and T. Tawee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1042 (1983).

Langley, L. N.

L. N. Langley and K. A. Shore, IEE Proceedings: Optoelectronics 144, 34 (1997).

Lee, Y. H.

J. H. Shin, Y. G. Ju, H. E. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2344 (1997).

Y. C. Chung and Y. H. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 597 (1991).

Li, E. H.

S. F. Yu, W. N. Wong, P. Shum, and E. H. Li, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 2139 (1996).

Li, X. F.

X. F. Li, W. Pan, B. Luo, G. Deng, and Z. Zhao, Laser Journal (in Chinese) 25, 6 (2004).

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu and J. Ohtsubo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1163 (1997).

Loiko, N. A.

A. V. Naumenko and N. A. Loiko, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033805 (2003).

Lu, H. C.

W. Pan, X. X. Zhang, B. Luo, H. C. Lu, and J. G. Chen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 21, 975 (2001).

Luo, B.

G. Deng, W. Pan, and B. Luo, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 31, 293 (2004).

X. F. Li, W. Pan, B. Luo, G. Deng, and Z. Zhao, Laser Journal (in Chinese) 25, 6 (2004).

W. Pan, X. X. Zhang, B. Luo, H. C. Lu, and J. G. Chen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 21, 975 (2001).

Mirasso, C. R.

P. S. Spencer, C. R. Mirasso, and K. A. Shore, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 191 (1998).

Murakami, A.

A. Murakami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 438 (2003).

Naumenko, A. V.

A. V. Naumenko and N. A. Loiko, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033805 (2003).

Ohtsubo, J.

N. Fujiwara, Y. Takiguchi, and J. Ohtsubo, Opt. Lett. 28, 896 (2003).

J. Ohtsubo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1141 (2002).

Y. Liu and J. Ohtsubo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1163 (1997).

Pan, W.

X. F. Li, W. Pan, B. Luo, G. Deng, and Z. Zhao, Laser Journal (in Chinese) 25, 6 (2004).

G. Deng, W. Pan, and B. Luo, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 31, 293 (2004).

W. Pan, X. X. Zhang, B. Luo, H. C. Lu, and J. G. Chen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 21, 975 (2001).

Petermann, K.

K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 480 (1995).

Ryan, A. T.

A. T. Ryan, G. P. Agrawal, G. R. Gray, and E. C. Gage, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 668 (1994).

Shin, H. E.

J. H. Shin, Y. G. Ju, H. E. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2344 (1997).

Shin, J. H.

J. H. Shin, Y. G. Ju, H. E. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2344 (1997).

Shore, K. A.

P. S. Spencer, C. R. Mirasso, and K. A. Shore, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 191 (1998).

L. N. Langley and K. A. Shore, IEE Proceedings: Optoelectronics 144, 34 (1997).

Shum, P.

S. F. Yu, W. N. Wong, P. Shum, and E. H. Li, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 2139 (1996).

Sondermann, M.

M. Sondermann, H. Bohnet, and T. Ackemann, Phys. Rev. A 67, 021802 (2003).

Spencer, P. S.

P. S. Spencer, C. R. Mirasso, and K. A. Shore, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 191 (1998).

Suematsu, Y.

F. Koyama, Y. Suematsu, S. Arai, and T. Tawee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1042 (1983).

Takiguchi, Y.

Tawee, T.

F. Koyama, Y. Suematsu, S. Arai, and T. Tawee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1042 (1983).

Wong, W. N.

S. F. Yu, W. N. Wong, P. Shum, and E. H. Li, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 2139 (1996).

Yu, S. F.

S. F. Yu, W. N. Wong, P. Shum, and E. H. Li, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 2139 (1996).

Zhang, X. X.

W. Pan, X. X. Zhang, B. Luo, H. C. Lu, and J. G. Chen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 21, 975 (2001).

Zhao, Z.

X. F. Li, W. Pan, B. Luo, G. Deng, and Z. Zhao, Laser Journal (in Chinese) 25, 6 (2004).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (1)

W. Pan, X. X. Zhang, B. Luo, H. C. Lu, and J. G. Chen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 21, 975 (2001).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. H. Shin, Y. G. Ju, H. E. Shin, and Y. H. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 2344 (1997).

Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) (1)

G. Deng, W. Pan, and B. Luo, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 31, 293 (2004).

IEE Proceedings: Optoelectronics (1)

L. N. Langley and K. A. Shore, IEE Proceedings: Optoelectronics 144, 34 (1997).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (7)

A. T. Ryan, G. P. Agrawal, G. R. Gray, and E. C. Gage, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 668 (1994).

M. Houssin, B. Ferrnigier, and M. Desaintfuscien, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 833 (2003).

Y. Liu and J. Ohtsubo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1163 (1997).

J. Ohtsubo, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 38, 1141 (2002).

S. F. Yu, W. N. Wong, P. Shum, and E. H. Li, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 2139 (1996).

A. Murakami, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 438 (2003).

F. Koyama, Y. Suematsu, S. Arai, and T. Tawee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1042 (1983).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Petermann, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 480 (1995).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

P. S. Spencer, C. R. Mirasso, and K. A. Shore, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 191 (1998).

Y. C. Chung and Y. H. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 597 (1991).

Laser Journal (in Chinese) (1)

X. F. Li, W. Pan, B. Luo, G. Deng, and Z. Zhao, Laser Journal (in Chinese) 25, 6 (2004).

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Hayasaka, Opt. Commun. 206, 401 (2002).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

A. V. Naumenko and N. A. Loiko, Phys. Rev. A 68, 033805 (2003).

M. Sondermann, H. Bohnet, and T. Ackemann, Phys. Rev. A 67, 021802 (2003).

Other (1)

X. F. Li, W. Pan, B. Luo, G. Deng, and Z. Zhao, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) (to be published).

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