Abstract

As an optically pumped device, the lasing characteristics of a spherical microcavity laser depend on the optical pumping processes. These characteristics can be described in term of the Q factor and the optical field distribution in a microsphere. We derived analytical expressions and carried out numerical calculation for Q factor and optical field. The Q factor is found to be oscillatory functions of the radius of a microsphere and the pumping wavelength, and the pumpingefficiency for a resonating microsphere is much higher than that for an anti-resonating microsphere. Using tunable lasers as pumping sources is suggested in order to achieve a higher pumping efficiency. Numerical calculation on optical fielddistribution in spherical microcavities shows that a well focused Gaussian beam is a suitable incident wave for cavity quantum electrodynamics experiments in which strong confinement of optical field in the center of a microsphere is requested, but higher order spherical wave should be used instead for exciting whispering-gallery-mode (WGM) microsphere lasers, for the purpose of favoring optical energy transferring to WGM in optical microspheres.

© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).
  2. W. von Klitzing, R. Long, V. S. Ilchenko, J. Hare, and V. Lefevre-Seguin, Opt. Lett. 26, 166 (2001).
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  7. J. D. Jackson. Classical Electrodynamics (3rd edition) (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1999) p. 262.
  8. X. Peng, F. Song, S. B. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1497 (2003).
  9. X. D. Fan, M. C. Lonergan, Y. Z. Zhang, and H. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).
  10. R. Jia, D. S. Jiang, P. H. Tan, and B. Q. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 153 (2001).
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  12. W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745

  13. G. Z. Wu and B. X. Du, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 22, 563 (2002).
  14. J. F. Wu and L. Y. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 22, 447 (2002).
  15. H. D. Zhao and G. D. Shen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 592 (2000).

2003 (1)

X. Peng, F. Song, S. B. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1497 (2003).

2002 (3)

G. Z. Wu and B. X. Du, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 22, 563 (2002).

J. F. Wu and L. Y. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 22, 447 (2002).

K. Sasagawa, K. Kusawake, J. Ohta, and M. Nunoshita, Electron. Lett. 38, 1355 (2002).

2001 (4)

X. D. Fan, M. C. Lonergan, Y. Z. Zhang, and H. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).

R. Jia, D. S. Jiang, P. H. Tan, and B. Q. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 153 (2001).

W. von Klitzing, R. Long, V. S. Ilchenko, J. Hare, and V. Lefevre-Seguin, Opt. Lett. 26, 166 (2001).

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Slooff, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, Phys. Rev. A 64, 033807 (2001).

2000 (1)

H. D. Zhao and G. D. Shen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 592 (2000).

1998 (1)

V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).

Blaaderen, A. van

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Slooff, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, Phys. Rev. A 64, 033807 (2001).

Dood, M. J. A. de

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Slooff, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, Phys. Rev. A 64, 033807 (2001).

Du, B. X.

G. Z. Wu and B. X. Du, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 22, 563 (2002).

Fan, X. D.

X. D. Fan, M. C. Lonergan, Y. Z. Zhang, and H. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).

Gorodetsky, M. L.

V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).

Hare, J.

Hollberg, L.

V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).

Ilchenko, V. S.

W. von Klitzing, R. Long, V. S. Ilchenko, J. Hare, and V. Lefevre-Seguin, Opt. Lett. 26, 166 (2001).

V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).

Jia, R.

R. Jia, D. S. Jiang, P. H. Tan, and B. Q. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 153 (2001).

Jiang, D. S.

R. Jia, D. S. Jiang, P. H. Tan, and B. Q. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 153 (2001).

Jiang, S. B.

X. Peng, F. Song, S. B. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1497 (2003).

Klitzing, W. von

Kusawake, K.

K. Sasagawa, K. Kusawake, J. Ohta, and M. Nunoshita, Electron. Lett. 38, 1355 (2002).

Kuwata-Gonokami, M.

X. Peng, F. Song, S. B. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1497 (2003).

Lefevre-Seguin, V.

Liu, L. Y.

J. F. Wu and L. Y. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 22, 447 (2002).

Lonergan, M. C.

X. D. Fan, M. C. Lonergan, Y. Z. Zhang, and H. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).

Long, R.

Moroz, A.

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Slooff, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, Phys. Rev. A 64, 033807 (2001).

Nunoshita, M.

K. Sasagawa, K. Kusawake, J. Ohta, and M. Nunoshita, Electron. Lett. 38, 1355 (2002).

Ohta, J.

K. Sasagawa, K. Kusawake, J. Ohta, and M. Nunoshita, Electron. Lett. 38, 1355 (2002).

Peng, X.

X. Peng, F. Song, S. B. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1497 (2003).

Peyghambarian, N.

X. Peng, F. Song, S. B. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1497 (2003).

Polman, A.

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Slooff, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, Phys. Rev. A 64, 033807 (2001).

Sasagawa, K.

K. Sasagawa, K. Kusawake, J. Ohta, and M. Nunoshita, Electron. Lett. 38, 1355 (2002).

Shen, G. D.

H. D. Zhao and G. D. Shen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 592 (2000).

Slooff, L. H.

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Slooff, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, Phys. Rev. A 64, 033807 (2001).

Song, F.

X. Peng, F. Song, S. B. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1497 (2003).

Sun, B. Q.

R. Jia, D. S. Jiang, P. H. Tan, and B. Q. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 153 (2001).

Tan, P. H.

R. Jia, D. S. Jiang, P. H. Tan, and B. Q. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 153 (2001).

Vassiliev, V. V.

V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).

Velichansky, V. L.

V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).

Wang, H. L.

X. D. Fan, M. C. Lonergan, Y. Z. Zhang, and H. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).

Wu, G. Z.

G. Z. Wu and B. X. Du, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 22, 563 (2002).

Wu, J. F.

J. F. Wu and L. Y. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 22, 447 (2002).

Xu, L.

X. Peng, F. Song, S. B. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1497 (2003).

Yarovitsky, A. V.

V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).

Zhang, Y. Z.

X. D. Fan, M. C. Lonergan, Y. Z. Zhang, and H. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).

Zhao, H. D.

H. D. Zhao and G. D. Shen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 592 (2000).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) (3)

G. Z. Wu and B. X. Du, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 22, 563 (2002).

J. F. Wu and L. Y. Liu, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 22, 447 (2002).

H. D. Zhao and G. D. Shen, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 20, 592 (2000).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

R. Jia, D. S. Jiang, P. H. Tan, and B. Q. Sun, Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 153 (2001).

X. Peng, F. Song, S. B. Jiang, N. Peyghambarian, M. Kuwata-Gonokami, and L. Xu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 1497 (2003).

Electron. Lett. (1)

K. Sasagawa, K. Kusawake, J. Ohta, and M. Nunoshita, Electron. Lett. 38, 1355 (2002).

Opt. Commun. (1)

V. V. Vassiliev, V. L. Velichansky, V. S. Ilchenko, M. L. Gorodetsky, L. Hollberg, and A. V. Yarovitsky, Opt. Commun. 158, 305 (1998).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. J. A. de Dood, L. H. Slooff, A. Polman, A. Moroz, and A. van Blaaderen, Phys. Rev. A 64, 033807 (2001).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

X. D. Fan, M. C. Lonergan, Y. Z. Zhang, and H. L. Wang, Phys. Rev. B 64, 115310 (2001).

Other (6)

Z. L. Gong and C. H. Xu, Modern Electromagnetic Theory (in Chinese) (Peking University Press, Beijing, 1990) pp. 248-257.

J. D. Jackson. Classical Electrodynamics (3rd edition) (John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1999) p. 262.

D. W. Vernooy, A. Furusawa, N. Ph. Georgiades, V. S. Ilchenko, and H. J. Kimble, Phys. Rev. A 57, R2293 (1998).

V. Sandoghdar, F. Treussart, J. Hare, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J.-M. Raimond, and S. Haroche, Phys. Rev. A 54, R1777 (1996).

W. von Klitzing, E. Jahier, R. Long, F. Lissillour, V. Lefevre-Seguin, J. Hare, and S. Haroche, Electron. Lett. 35, 1745


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