Abstract

In recent years face recognition has received substantial attention, but still remained very challenging in real applications. Despite the variety of approaches and tools studied, face recognition is not accurate or robust enough to be used in uncontrolled environments. Infrared (IR) imagery of human faces offers a promising alternative to visible imagery, however, IR has its own limitations. In this paper, a scheme to fuse information from the two modalities is proposed. The scheme is based on eigenfaces and probabilistic neural network (PNN), using fuzzy integral to fuse the objective evidence supplied by each modality. Recognition rate is used to evaluate the fusion scheme. Experimental results show that the scheme improves recognition performance substantially.

© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. W. Zhao, R. Chellappa, A. Rosenfeld, and P. J. Phillips, ACM Computing Survey 35, 399 (2003).
  2. F. Prokoski, in Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on Computer Vision Beyond the Visible Spectrum 5 (2000).
  3. D. A. Socolinsky and A. Selinger, in Proceedings of International Conference on Pattern Recognition 4, 217 (2002).
  4. J. Wilder, P. J. Phillips, C. H. Jiang, and S. Wiener, in Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Automatic Face & Gesture Recognition 182 (1996).
  5. S. Singh, A. Gyaourova, G. Bebis, and I. Pavlidis, Proc. SPIE 5404, 585 (2004).
  6. M. A. Turk and A. P. Pentland, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 586 (1991).
  7. D. F. Specht, IEEE Trans. Neural Networks 1, 111 (1990).
  8. J. M. Keller and J. Osborn, International Journal of Approximate Reasoning 15, 1 (1996).

2004

S. Singh, A. Gyaourova, G. Bebis, and I. Pavlidis, Proc. SPIE 5404, 585 (2004).

2003

W. Zhao, R. Chellappa, A. Rosenfeld, and P. J. Phillips, ACM Computing Survey 35, 399 (2003).

2002

D. A. Socolinsky and A. Selinger, in Proceedings of International Conference on Pattern Recognition 4, 217 (2002).

1996

J. M. Keller and J. Osborn, International Journal of Approximate Reasoning 15, 1 (1996).

1990

D. F. Specht, IEEE Trans. Neural Networks 1, 111 (1990).

Bebis, G.

S. Singh, A. Gyaourova, G. Bebis, and I. Pavlidis, Proc. SPIE 5404, 585 (2004).

Chellappa, R.

W. Zhao, R. Chellappa, A. Rosenfeld, and P. J. Phillips, ACM Computing Survey 35, 399 (2003).

Gyaourova, A.

S. Singh, A. Gyaourova, G. Bebis, and I. Pavlidis, Proc. SPIE 5404, 585 (2004).

Keller, J. M.

J. M. Keller and J. Osborn, International Journal of Approximate Reasoning 15, 1 (1996).

Osborn, J.

J. M. Keller and J. Osborn, International Journal of Approximate Reasoning 15, 1 (1996).

Pavlidis, I.

S. Singh, A. Gyaourova, G. Bebis, and I. Pavlidis, Proc. SPIE 5404, 585 (2004).

Phillips, P. J.

W. Zhao, R. Chellappa, A. Rosenfeld, and P. J. Phillips, ACM Computing Survey 35, 399 (2003).

Rosenfeld, A.

W. Zhao, R. Chellappa, A. Rosenfeld, and P. J. Phillips, ACM Computing Survey 35, 399 (2003).

Selinger, A.

D. A. Socolinsky and A. Selinger, in Proceedings of International Conference on Pattern Recognition 4, 217 (2002).

Singh, S.

S. Singh, A. Gyaourova, G. Bebis, and I. Pavlidis, Proc. SPIE 5404, 585 (2004).

Socolinsky, D. A.

D. A. Socolinsky and A. Selinger, in Proceedings of International Conference on Pattern Recognition 4, 217 (2002).

Specht, D. F.

D. F. Specht, IEEE Trans. Neural Networks 1, 111 (1990).

Zhao, W.

W. Zhao, R. Chellappa, A. Rosenfeld, and P. J. Phillips, ACM Computing Survey 35, 399 (2003).

ACM Computing Survey

W. Zhao, R. Chellappa, A. Rosenfeld, and P. J. Phillips, ACM Computing Survey 35, 399 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Neural Networks

D. F. Specht, IEEE Trans. Neural Networks 1, 111 (1990).

in Proceedings of International Conference on Pattern Recognition

D. A. Socolinsky and A. Selinger, in Proceedings of International Conference on Pattern Recognition 4, 217 (2002).

International Journal of Approximate Reasoning

J. M. Keller and J. Osborn, International Journal of Approximate Reasoning 15, 1 (1996).

Proc. SPIE

S. Singh, A. Gyaourova, G. Bebis, and I. Pavlidis, Proc. SPIE 5404, 585 (2004).

Other

M. A. Turk and A. P. Pentland, in Proceedings of IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition 586 (1991).

J. Wilder, P. J. Phillips, C. H. Jiang, and S. Wiener, in Proceedings of 2nd International Conference on Automatic Face & Gesture Recognition 182 (1996).

F. Prokoski, in Proceedings of IEEE Workshop on Computer Vision Beyond the Visible Spectrum 5 (2000).

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