Abstract

A novel fiber Bragg grating (FBG) based chemical sensor using hydrogel, a swellable polymer, as sensitive element is demonstrated. The sensing mechanism relies on the shift of Bragg wavelength due to the stress resulted from volume change of sensitive swellable hydrogel responding to the change of external environment. A polyacrylamide hydrogel fiber grating chemical sensor is made, and the experiments on its sensitivity to the salinity are performed. The sensitivity is low due to the less stress from the shrinking or swelling of hydrogels. Reducing the cross diameter of the grating through etching with hydrofluoric acid can greatly improve the sensitivity of the sensor.

© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. Joseph Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).
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  3. J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 24, 174 (2000).
  4. J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 28, 813 (2001).
  5. O. Okay and S. B. Sariisik, European Polymer Journal 36, 393 (2000).
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  8. X. M. Zhang, N. Hirota, T. Narita, J. P. Gong, Y. Osada, and K. S. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 6069 (1999).
  9. K. D. Yao, T. Peng, and W. Gao, Polymer Communications (in Chinese) 2, 103 (1994).
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  11. E. R. Lyons and H. P. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1626 (1999).

2002 (1)

C. Alvarez-Lorenzo and A. Concheiro, J. Controlled Release 80, 247 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 28, 813 (2001).

2000 (4)

O. Okay and S. B. Sariisik, European Polymer Journal 36, 393 (2000).

Y. J. Yang and J. B. F. N. Engberts, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 169, 85 (2000).

Y. Q. Liu, Z. Y. Guo, Z. G. Liu, C. F. Ge, D. H. Zhao, and X. Y. Dong, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 27, 211 (2000).

J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 24, 174 (2000).

1999 (2)

E. R. Lyons and H. P. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1626 (1999).

X. M. Zhang, N. Hirota, T. Narita, J. P. Gong, Y. Osada, and K. S. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 6069 (1999).

1997 (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. Joseph Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).

1996 (1)

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersy, J. R. Pedrozzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).

1994 (1)

K. D. Yao, T. Peng, and W. Gao, Polymer Communications (in Chinese) 2, 103 (1994).

Alvarez-Lorenzo, C.

C. Alvarez-Lorenzo and A. Concheiro, J. Controlled Release 80, 247 (2002).

Askins, C. G.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. Joseph Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).

Bao, J. L.

J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 28, 813 (2001).

J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 24, 174 (2000).

Chen, K. S.

J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 28, 813 (2001).

J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 24, 174 (2000).

X. M. Zhang, N. Hirota, T. Narita, J. P. Gong, Y. Osada, and K. S. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 6069 (1999).

Concheiro, A.

C. Alvarez-Lorenzo and A. Concheiro, J. Controlled Release 80, 247 (2002).

Davis, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. Joseph Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).

Dong, X. Y.

Y. Q. Liu, Z. Y. Guo, Z. G. Liu, C. F. Ge, D. H. Zhao, and X. Y. Dong, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 27, 211 (2000).

Engberts, J. B. F. N.

Y. J. Yang and J. B. F. N. Engberts, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 169, 85 (2000).

Friebele, E. Joseph

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. Joseph Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).

Gao, W.

K. D. Yao, T. Peng, and W. Gao, Polymer Communications (in Chinese) 2, 103 (1994).

Ge, C. F.

Y. Q. Liu, Z. Y. Guo, Z. G. Liu, C. F. Ge, D. H. Zhao, and X. Y. Dong, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 27, 211 (2000).

Gong, J. P.

X. M. Zhang, N. Hirota, T. Narita, J. P. Gong, Y. Osada, and K. S. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 6069 (1999).

Guo, Z. Y.

Y. Q. Liu, Z. Y. Guo, Z. G. Liu, C. F. Ge, D. H. Zhao, and X. Y. Dong, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 27, 211 (2000).

Hirota, N.

X. M. Zhang, N. Hirota, T. Narita, J. P. Gong, Y. Osada, and K. S. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 6069 (1999).

Kersey, A. D.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. Joseph Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).

Kersy, A. D.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersy, J. R. Pedrozzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).

Koo, K. P.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. Joseph Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).

LeBlanc, M.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. Joseph Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).

Lee, H. P.

E. R. Lyons and H. P. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1626 (1999).

Liu, Y. Q.

Y. Q. Liu, Z. Y. Guo, Z. G. Liu, C. F. Ge, D. H. Zhao, and X. Y. Dong, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 27, 211 (2000).

Liu, Z. G.

Y. Q. Liu, Z. Y. Guo, Z. G. Liu, C. F. Ge, D. H. Zhao, and X. Y. Dong, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 27, 211 (2000).

Lyons, E. R.

E. R. Lyons and H. P. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1626 (1999).

Narita, T.

X. M. Zhang, N. Hirota, T. Narita, J. P. Gong, Y. Osada, and K. S. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 6069 (1999).

Okay, O.

O. Okay and S. B. Sariisik, European Polymer Journal 36, 393 (2000).

Osada, Y.

X. M. Zhang, N. Hirota, T. Narita, J. P. Gong, Y. Osada, and K. S. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 6069 (1999).

Patrick, H. J.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. Joseph Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersy, J. R. Pedrozzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).

Pedrozzani, J. R.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersy, J. R. Pedrozzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).

Peng, T.

K. D. Yao, T. Peng, and W. Gao, Polymer Communications (in Chinese) 2, 103 (1994).

Putnam, M. A.

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. Joseph Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).

Sariisik, S. B.

O. Okay and S. B. Sariisik, European Polymer Journal 36, 393 (2000).

Vengsarkar, A. M.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersy, J. R. Pedrozzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).

Williams, G. M.

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersy, J. R. Pedrozzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).

Yang, Y. J.

Y. J. Yang and J. B. F. N. Engberts, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 169, 85 (2000).

Yao, K. D.

K. D. Yao, T. Peng, and W. Gao, Polymer Communications (in Chinese) 2, 103 (1994).

Zhang, X. M.

J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 28, 813 (2001).

J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 24, 174 (2000).

X. M. Zhang, N. Hirota, T. Narita, J. P. Gong, Y. Osada, and K. S. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 6069 (1999).

Zhao, D. H.

Y. Q. Liu, Z. Y. Guo, Z. G. Liu, C. F. Ge, D. H. Zhao, and X. Y. Dong, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 27, 211 (2000).

Zhou, W.

J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 28, 813 (2001).

J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 24, 174 (2000).

Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) (2)

J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 28, 813 (2001).

Y. Q. Liu, Z. Y. Guo, Z. G. Liu, C. F. Ge, D. H. Zhao, and X. Y. Dong, Chin. J. Lasers (in Chinese) 27, 211 (2000).

Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects (1)

Y. J. Yang and J. B. F. N. Engberts, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 169, 85 (2000).

European Polymer Journal (1)

O. Okay and S. B. Sariisik, European Polymer Journal 36, 393 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

H. J. Patrick, G. M. Williams, A. D. Kersy, J. R. Pedrozzani, and A. M. Vengsarkar, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1223 (1996).

E. R. Lyons and H. P. Lee, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1626 (1999).

J. Controlled Release (1)

C. Alvarez-Lorenzo and A. Concheiro, J. Controlled Release 80, 247 (2002).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. D. Kersey, M. A. Davis, H. J. Patrick, M. LeBlanc, K. P. Koo, C. G. Askins, M. A. Putnam, and E. Joseph Friebele, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1442 (1997).

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

X. M. Zhang, N. Hirota, T. Narita, J. P. Gong, Y. Osada, and K. S. Chen, J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 6069 (1999).

Laser Technol. (in Chinese) (1)

J. L. Bao, X. M. Zhang, K. S. Chen, and W. Zhou, Laser Technol. (in Chinese) 24, 174 (2000).

Polymer Communications (in Chinese) (1)

K. D. Yao, T. Peng, and W. Gao, Polymer Communications (in Chinese) 2, 103 (1994).

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