Abstract

In watermarking schemes, watermarking can be viewed as a form of communication problems. Almost all of previous works on image watermarking capacity are based on information theory, using Shannon formula to calculate the capacity of watermarking. In this paper, we present a blind watermarking algorithm using Hopfield neural network, and analyze watermarking capacity based on neural network. In our watermarking algorithm, watermarking capacity is decided by attraction basin of associative memory.

© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. S. D. Servetto, C. I. Podilchuk, and K. Ramchandran, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 1, 445 (1998).
  2. M. Barni, F. Bartolini, and A. De Rosa, Proc. SPIE 3657, 437 (1999).
  3. P. Moulin and M. K. Mihcak, IEEE Trans. Image Processing 11, 1029 (2002).
  4. P. Moulin, Signal Processing 81, 1121 (2001).
  5. C. Y. Lin and S. F. Chang, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 3, 1007 (2001).
  6. C. Y. Lin, Ph.D. Thesis (Columbia University, 2000).
  7. S. Voloshynovskiy, S. Pereira, and V. Iquise, Signal Processing 81, 1177 (2001).
  8. J. Cox, M. L. Milller, and A. McKellips, Proceedings of the IEEE (Special Issue on Identification and Protection of Multimedia Information) 87, 1127 (1999).

2002

P. Moulin and M. K. Mihcak, IEEE Trans. Image Processing 11, 1029 (2002).

2001

P. Moulin, Signal Processing 81, 1121 (2001).

C. Y. Lin and S. F. Chang, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 3, 1007 (2001).

S. Voloshynovskiy, S. Pereira, and V. Iquise, Signal Processing 81, 1177 (2001).

1999

J. Cox, M. L. Milller, and A. McKellips, Proceedings of the IEEE (Special Issue on Identification and Protection of Multimedia Information) 87, 1127 (1999).

M. Barni, F. Bartolini, and A. De Rosa, Proc. SPIE 3657, 437 (1999).

1998

S. D. Servetto, C. I. Podilchuk, and K. Ramchandran, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 1, 445 (1998).

Barni, M.

M. Barni, F. Bartolini, and A. De Rosa, Proc. SPIE 3657, 437 (1999).

Bartolini, F.

M. Barni, F. Bartolini, and A. De Rosa, Proc. SPIE 3657, 437 (1999).

Chang, S. F.

C. Y. Lin and S. F. Chang, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 3, 1007 (2001).

Cox, J.

J. Cox, M. L. Milller, and A. McKellips, Proceedings of the IEEE (Special Issue on Identification and Protection of Multimedia Information) 87, 1127 (1999).

Iquise, V.

S. Voloshynovskiy, S. Pereira, and V. Iquise, Signal Processing 81, 1177 (2001).

Lin, C. Y.

C. Y. Lin and S. F. Chang, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 3, 1007 (2001).

McKellips, A.

J. Cox, M. L. Milller, and A. McKellips, Proceedings of the IEEE (Special Issue on Identification and Protection of Multimedia Information) 87, 1127 (1999).

Mihcak, M. K.

P. Moulin and M. K. Mihcak, IEEE Trans. Image Processing 11, 1029 (2002).

Milller, M. L.

J. Cox, M. L. Milller, and A. McKellips, Proceedings of the IEEE (Special Issue on Identification and Protection of Multimedia Information) 87, 1127 (1999).

Moulin, P.

P. Moulin and M. K. Mihcak, IEEE Trans. Image Processing 11, 1029 (2002).

P. Moulin, Signal Processing 81, 1121 (2001).

Pereira, S.

S. Voloshynovskiy, S. Pereira, and V. Iquise, Signal Processing 81, 1177 (2001).

Podilchuk, C. I.

S. D. Servetto, C. I. Podilchuk, and K. Ramchandran, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 1, 445 (1998).

Ramchandran, K.

S. D. Servetto, C. I. Podilchuk, and K. Ramchandran, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 1, 445 (1998).

Rosa, A. De

M. Barni, F. Bartolini, and A. De Rosa, Proc. SPIE 3657, 437 (1999).

Servetto, S. D.

S. D. Servetto, C. I. Podilchuk, and K. Ramchandran, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 1, 445 (1998).

Voloshynovskiy, S.

S. Voloshynovskiy, S. Pereira, and V. Iquise, Signal Processing 81, 1177 (2001).

IEEE Trans. Image Processing

P. Moulin and M. K. Mihcak, IEEE Trans. Image Processing 11, 1029 (2002).

in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing

S. D. Servetto, C. I. Podilchuk, and K. Ramchandran, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 1, 445 (1998).

C. Y. Lin and S. F. Chang, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Image Processing 3, 1007 (2001).

Proc. SPIE

M. Barni, F. Bartolini, and A. De Rosa, Proc. SPIE 3657, 437 (1999).

Proceedings of the IEEE (Special Issue on Identification and Protection of Multimedia Information)

J. Cox, M. L. Milller, and A. McKellips, Proceedings of the IEEE (Special Issue on Identification and Protection of Multimedia Information) 87, 1127 (1999).

Signal Processing

S. Voloshynovskiy, S. Pereira, and V. Iquise, Signal Processing 81, 1177 (2001).

P. Moulin, Signal Processing 81, 1121 (2001).

Other

C. Y. Lin, Ph.D. Thesis (Columbia University, 2000).

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