In this Letter, a single scattering turbulence model in a narrow beam case for ultraviolet (UV) communication is proposed based on the division of the effective scattering volume. This model takes the variation of atmospheric scattering, absorption, and turbulence in different paths into account. Meanwhile, the applicable transceiver configurations of this model are provided by analyzing path loss error caused by the single scattering assumption in the UV channel. Furthermore, we investigate the effect of turbulence on the probability density function of the arriving power in both coplanar and non-coplanar scenarios. The averaging effect of multipath propagation on the arriving power’s fluctuations is presented. Then, the bit-error-rate performance is also studied. This work provides an efficient way for UV turbulence channel estimation.
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