Abstract

In this Letter, we propose a simple and effective approach for transforming a conventional Talbot array illuminator (TAI) with multilevel phase steps into a binary-phase TAI (BP-TAI) through detour phase encoding. The BP-TAI is a binary (0 π) phase-only diffractive optical element, which can be utilized to generate a large-scale focal spots array with a high compression ratio. As an example, we design a square BP-TAI with the fraction parameter β = 15 for achieving a square multifocal lattice with a high compression ratio β2. Theoretical analysis and experimental results demonstrate that the detour phase encoding is efficient for designing the BP-TAI, especially with the high compression ratio. Such results may be exploited in practical large-scale optical trapping and X-ray imaging.

© 2019 Chinese Laser Press

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