Abstract

Surface plasmonic polariton (SPP) waves with complicated wavefronts have important implications in nanophotonic sciences and applications. The surface electromagnetic wave holography method is applied to designed grooves on a metal surface for coupling a plane wave in free space to complicated wavefront SPP waves. The grooves illuminated by the plane wave incident from free space serve as secondary SPP waves sources, that radiate cylindrical SPP waves. New controllable wavefronts originate from these secondary SPP waves interfering with each other, based on the Huygens–Fresnel principle. Several applications of the method are demonstrated, such as converting coupling waves in free space into focusing SPP waves on a metal surface.

© 2015 Chinese Laser Press

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