Abstract

High-speed light source is realized for decoy-state quantum key distribution (QKD) at telecom wavelength of 1.55 µm. By implementing two different electrical pulses together and triggering with 100 MHz pseudorandom number to drive the laser diode, the signal-state and the decoy-state pulses are prepared with identical pulse duration of 25 ps and similar spectral characteristics, avoiding the eavesdropper's attack by temporal and spectral analysis. The intensity fluctuation of the light source is quantified to satisfy the practical decoy-state QKD with random intensity error. The characteristics of the light source are analyzed with a high-speed single-photon detector.

© 2014 Chinese Optics Letters

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).
  2. P. Shor and J. Preskill, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 441(2000).
  3. C. Bennett and G. Brassard, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing 175, 150 (1984).
  4. C. Bennett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121 (1992).
  5. A. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661 (1991).
  6. J. Chen, G. Wu, Y. Li, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Opt. Express 15, 17928 (2007).
  7. Y. Zhang, W. Chen, S. Wang, Z. Yin, F. Xu, X. Wu, C. Dong, H. Li, G. Guo, and Z. Han, Opt. Lett. 35, 3393 (2010).
  8. R. Hughes, G. Morgan, and C. Peterson, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 533 (2000).
  9. Z. Zhao, Y. Luo, Z. Zhao, and H. Long, Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 032702 (2011).
  10. H. Takesue, K. Harada, K. Tamaki, H. Fukuda, T. Tsuchizawa, T. Watanabe, K. Yamada, and S. Itabashi, Opt. Express 18, 16777 (2010).
  11. F. Tang and B. Zhu, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 090101 (2013).
  12. N. Lütkenhaus and M. Jahma, New J. Phys. 4, 44 (2002).
  13. D. Gottesman, H. Lo, N. L¨utkenhaus, and J. Preskill, Quantum Inf. Comput. 5, 325 (2004).
  14. X. Peng, B. Xu, and H. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 81, 042320 (2010).
  15. W Liu, S Sun, L Liang, and J Yuan, Phys. Rev. A 83, 042326 (2011).
  16. X. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230503 (2005).
  17. X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012320 (2013).
  18. H. Lo, X. Ma, and K. Chen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230504 (2005).
  19. H. Lo, M. Curty, and B. Qi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 130503 (2012).
  20. M. Lucamarini, K. Patel, J. Dynes, B. Fr¨Ohlich, A. Sharpe, A. Dixon, Z. Yuan, R. Penny, and A. Shields, Opt. Express 21, 24550 (2013).
  21. Z. Yuan, A. Dixon, J. Dynes, A. Sharpe, and A. Shields, New J. Phys. 11, 045019 (2009).
  22. B. Huttner, N. Imoto, N. Gisin, and T. Mor, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1863 (1995).
  23. K. Yoshino, M. Fujiwara, A. Tanaka, S. Takahashi, Y. Nambu, A. Tomita, S. Miki, T. Yamashita, Z. Wang, M. Sasaki, and A. Tajima, Opt. Lett. 37, 223 (2012).
  24. S. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Yin, Y. Zhang, T. Zhang, H. Li, F. Xu, Z. Zhou, Y. Yang, D. Huang, L. Zhang, F. Li, D. Liu, Y. Wang, G. Guo, and Z. Han, Opt. Lett. 35, 2454 (2010).
  25. C. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Gao, H. Ma, H. Yin, H. Zeng, T. Yang, X. Wang, and J. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).
  26. Y. Liu, T. Chen, J. Wang, W. Cai, X. Wan, L. Chen, J. Wang, S. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C. Peng, K. Chen, Z. Chen, and J. Pan, Opt. Express 18, 8587 (2010).
  27. J. Yang, Y. Tang, and J. Xu, Photon. Res. 1, 52 (2013).
  28. M. Nakazawa, K. Suzuki and Y. Kimura, Opt. Lett. 15, 715 (1990).
  29. A. Zadok, H. Shalom, M. Tur, W. Cornwell, and I. Andonovic, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 17091(1998).
  30. X. Chen, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, Opt. Express 18, 7010 (2010).
  31. X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 75, 052301 (2007).
  32. X. Wang, L. Yang, C. Peng, and J. Pan, New. J. Phys. 11, 075006 (2009).
  33. G. Wu, C. Zhou, X. Chen, and H. Zeng, Opt. Commun. 265, 126 (2006).
  34. B. Levine, C. Bethea, and J. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 20, 596 (1984).

2013 (4)

2012 (2)

2011 (2)

W Liu, S Sun, L Liang, and J Yuan, Phys. Rev. A 83, 042326 (2011).

Z. Zhao, Y. Luo, Z. Zhao, and H. Long, Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 032702 (2011).

2010 (6)

2009 (2)

Z. Yuan, A. Dixon, J. Dynes, A. Sharpe, and A. Shields, New J. Phys. 11, 045019 (2009).

X. Wang, L. Yang, C. Peng, and J. Pan, New. J. Phys. 11, 075006 (2009).

2007 (3)

X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 75, 052301 (2007).

J. Chen, G. Wu, Y. Li, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Opt. Express 15, 17928 (2007).

C. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Gao, H. Ma, H. Yin, H. Zeng, T. Yang, X. Wang, and J. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).

2006 (1)

G. Wu, C. Zhou, X. Chen, and H. Zeng, Opt. Commun. 265, 126 (2006).

2005 (2)

X. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230503 (2005).

H. Lo, X. Ma, and K. Chen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230504 (2005).

2004 (1)

D. Gottesman, H. Lo, N. L¨utkenhaus, and J. Preskill, Quantum Inf. Comput. 5, 325 (2004).

2002 (2)

N. Lütkenhaus and M. Jahma, New J. Phys. 4, 44 (2002).

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).

2000 (2)

P. Shor and J. Preskill, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 441(2000).

R. Hughes, G. Morgan, and C. Peterson, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 533 (2000).

1998 (1)

A. Zadok, H. Shalom, M. Tur, W. Cornwell, and I. Andonovic, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 17091(1998).

1995 (1)

B. Huttner, N. Imoto, N. Gisin, and T. Mor, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1863 (1995).

1992 (1)

C. Bennett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121 (1992).

1991 (1)

A. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661 (1991).

1990 (1)

1984 (2)

B. Levine, C. Bethea, and J. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 20, 596 (1984).

C. Bennett and G. Brassard, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing 175, 150 (1984).

Andonovic, I.

A. Zadok, H. Shalom, M. Tur, W. Cornwell, and I. Andonovic, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 17091(1998).

Bennett, C.

C. Bennett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121 (1992).

C. Bennett and G. Brassard, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing 175, 150 (1984).

Bethea, C.

B. Levine, C. Bethea, and J. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 20, 596 (1984).

Brassard, G.

C. Bennett and G. Brassard, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing 175, 150 (1984).

Cai, W.

Campbell, J.

B. Levine, C. Bethea, and J. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 20, 596 (1984).

Chen, J.

Chen, K.

Chen, L.

Chen, T.

Chen, W.

Chen, X.

X. Chen, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, Opt. Express 18, 7010 (2010).

G. Wu, C. Zhou, X. Chen, and H. Zeng, Opt. Commun. 265, 126 (2006).

Chen, Z.

Cornwell, W.

A. Zadok, H. Shalom, M. Tur, W. Cornwell, and I. Andonovic, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 17091(1998).

Curty, M.

H. Lo, M. Curty, and B. Qi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 130503 (2012).

Dixon, A.

Dong, C.

Dynes, J.

Ekert, A.

A. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661 (1991).

Fr¨Ohlich, B.

Fujiwara, M.

Fukuda, H.

Gao, W.

C. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Gao, H. Ma, H. Yin, H. Zeng, T. Yang, X. Wang, and J. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).

B. Huttner, N. Imoto, N. Gisin, and T. Mor, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1863 (1995).

Gottesman, D.

D. Gottesman, H. Lo, N. L¨utkenhaus, and J. Preskill, Quantum Inf. Comput. 5, 325 (2004).

Guo, G.

Guo, H.

X. Peng, B. Xu, and H. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 81, 042320 (2010).

Han, Z.

Harada, K.

Huang, D.

Hughes, R.

R. Hughes, G. Morgan, and C. Peterson, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 533 (2000).

Huttner, B.

B. Huttner, N. Imoto, N. Gisin, and T. Mor, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1863 (1995).

Imoto, N.

B. Huttner, N. Imoto, N. Gisin, and T. Mor, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1863 (1995).

Itabashi, S.

Jahma, M.

N. Lütkenhaus and M. Jahma, New J. Phys. 4, 44 (2002).

Kimura, K. Suzuki and Y.

L¨utkenhaus, N.

D. Gottesman, H. Lo, N. L¨utkenhaus, and J. Preskill, Quantum Inf. Comput. 5, 325 (2004).

Levine, B.

B. Levine, C. Bethea, and J. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 20, 596 (1984).

Li, F.

Li, H.

Li, Y.

Liang, H.

Liang, L

W Liu, S Sun, L Liang, and J Yuan, Phys. Rev. A 83, 042326 (2011).

Liu, D.

Liu, S.

Liu, W

W Liu, S Sun, L Liang, and J Yuan, Phys. Rev. A 83, 042326 (2011).

Liu, Y.

Lo, H.

H. Lo, M. Curty, and B. Qi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 130503 (2012).

H. Lo, X. Ma, and K. Chen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230504 (2005).

D. Gottesman, H. Lo, N. L¨utkenhaus, and J. Preskill, Quantum Inf. Comput. 5, 325 (2004).

Long, H.

Lucamarini, M.

Luo, Y.

Lütkenhaus, N.

N. Lütkenhaus and M. Jahma, New J. Phys. 4, 44 (2002).

Ma, H.

C. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Gao, H. Ma, H. Yin, H. Zeng, T. Yang, X. Wang, and J. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).

Ma, X.

H. Lo, X. Ma, and K. Chen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230504 (2005).

Miki, S.

Mor, T.

B. Huttner, N. Imoto, N. Gisin, and T. Mor, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1863 (1995).

Morgan, G.

R. Hughes, G. Morgan, and C. Peterson, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 533 (2000).

Nakazawa, M.

Nambu, Y.

Pan, J.

Y. Liu, T. Chen, J. Wang, W. Cai, X. Wan, L. Chen, J. Wang, S. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C. Peng, K. Chen, Z. Chen, and J. Pan, Opt. Express 18, 8587 (2010).

X. Wang, L. Yang, C. Peng, and J. Pan, New. J. Phys. 11, 075006 (2009).

C. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Gao, H. Ma, H. Yin, H. Zeng, T. Yang, X. Wang, and J. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).

Patel, K.

Peng, C.

Y. Liu, T. Chen, J. Wang, W. Cai, X. Wan, L. Chen, J. Wang, S. Liu, H. Liang, L. Yang, C. Peng, K. Chen, Z. Chen, and J. Pan, Opt. Express 18, 8587 (2010).

X. Wang, L. Yang, C. Peng, and J. Pan, New. J. Phys. 11, 075006 (2009).

C. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Gao, H. Ma, H. Yin, H. Zeng, T. Yang, X. Wang, and J. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).

Peng, X.

X. Peng, B. Xu, and H. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 81, 042320 (2010).

Penny, R.

Peterson, C.

R. Hughes, G. Morgan, and C. Peterson, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 533 (2000).

Preskill, J.

D. Gottesman, H. Lo, N. L¨utkenhaus, and J. Preskill, Quantum Inf. Comput. 5, 325 (2004).

P. Shor and J. Preskill, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 441(2000).

Qi, B.

H. Lo, M. Curty, and B. Qi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 130503 (2012).

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).

Sasaki, M.

Shalom, H.

A. Zadok, H. Shalom, M. Tur, W. Cornwell, and I. Andonovic, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 17091(1998).

Sharpe, A.

Shields, A.

Shor, P.

P. Shor and J. Preskill, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 441(2000).

Sun, S

W Liu, S Sun, L Liang, and J Yuan, Phys. Rev. A 83, 042326 (2011).

Tajima, A.

Takahashi, S.

Takesue, H.

Tamaki, K.

Tanaka, A.

Tang, F.

Tang, Y.

Tittel, W.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).

Tomita, A.

Tsuchizawa, T.

Tur, M.

A. Zadok, H. Shalom, M. Tur, W. Cornwell, and I. Andonovic, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 17091(1998).

Wan, X.

Wang, J.

Wang, S.

Wang, X.

X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012320 (2013).

X. Wang, L. Yang, C. Peng, and J. Pan, New. J. Phys. 11, 075006 (2009).

X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 75, 052301 (2007).

C. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Gao, H. Ma, H. Yin, H. Zeng, T. Yang, X. Wang, and J. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).

X. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230503 (2005).

Wang, Y.

Wang, Z.

Watanabe, T.

Wu, E.

Wu, G.

Wu, X.

Xu, B.

X. Peng, B. Xu, and H. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 81, 042320 (2010).

Xu, F.

Xu, J.

Yamada, K.

Yamashita, T.

Yang, D.

C. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Gao, H. Ma, H. Yin, H. Zeng, T. Yang, X. Wang, and J. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).

Yang, J.

Yang, L.

Yang, T.

C. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Gao, H. Ma, H. Yin, H. Zeng, T. Yang, X. Wang, and J. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).

Yang, Y.

Yin, H.

C. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Gao, H. Ma, H. Yin, H. Zeng, T. Yang, X. Wang, and J. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).

Yin, Z.

Yoshino, K.

Yuan, J

W Liu, S Sun, L Liang, and J Yuan, Phys. Rev. A 83, 042326 (2011).

Yuan, Z.

Zadok, A.

A. Zadok, H. Shalom, M. Tur, W. Cornwell, and I. Andonovic, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 17091(1998).

Zbinden, H.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).

Zeng, H.

X. Chen, E. Wu, G. Wu, and H. Zeng, Opt. Express 18, 7010 (2010).

J. Chen, G. Wu, Y. Li, E. Wu, and H. Zeng, Opt. Express 15, 17928 (2007).

C. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Gao, H. Ma, H. Yin, H. Zeng, T. Yang, X. Wang, and J. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).

G. Wu, C. Zhou, X. Chen, and H. Zeng, Opt. Commun. 265, 126 (2006).

Zhang, J.

C. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Gao, H. Ma, H. Yin, H. Zeng, T. Yang, X. Wang, and J. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).

Zhang, L.

Zhang, T.

Zhang, Y.

Zhao, Z.

Zhou, C.

G. Wu, C. Zhou, X. Chen, and H. Zeng, Opt. Commun. 265, 126 (2006).

Zhou, Z.

Zhu, B.

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

Electron. Lett. (1)

B. Levine, C. Bethea, and J. Campbell, Electron. Lett. 20, 596 (1984).

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (1)

A. Zadok, H. Shalom, M. Tur, W. Cornwell, and I. Andonovic, IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 10, 17091(1998).

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

R. Hughes, G. Morgan, and C. Peterson, J. Mod. Opt. 47, 533 (2000).

New J. Phys. (2)

N. Lütkenhaus and M. Jahma, New J. Phys. 4, 44 (2002).

Z. Yuan, A. Dixon, J. Dynes, A. Sharpe, and A. Shields, New J. Phys. 11, 045019 (2009).

New. J. Phys. (1)

X. Wang, L. Yang, C. Peng, and J. Pan, New. J. Phys. 11, 075006 (2009).

Opt. Commun. (1)

G. Wu, C. Zhou, X. Chen, and H. Zeng, Opt. Commun. 265, 126 (2006).

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Photon. Res. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (5)

X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 75, 052301 (2007).

B. Huttner, N. Imoto, N. Gisin, and T. Mor, Phys. Rev. A 51, 1863 (1995).

X. Wang, Phys. Rev. A 87, 012320 (2013).

X. Peng, B. Xu, and H. Guo, Phys. Rev. A 81, 042320 (2010).

W Liu, S Sun, L Liang, and J Yuan, Phys. Rev. A 83, 042326 (2011).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

X. Wang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230503 (2005).

P. Shor and J. Preskill, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 441(2000).

C. Bennett, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3121 (1992).

A. Ekert, Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 661 (1991).

H. Lo, X. Ma, and K. Chen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230504 (2005).

H. Lo, M. Curty, and B. Qi, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108, 130503 (2012).

C. Peng, J. Zhang, D. Yang, W. Gao, H. Ma, H. Yin, H. Zeng, T. Yang, X. Wang, and J. Pan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 010505 (2007).

Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing (1)

C. Bennett and G. Brassard, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing 175, 150 (1984).

Quantum Inf. Comput. (1)

D. Gottesman, H. Lo, N. L¨utkenhaus, and J. Preskill, Quantum Inf. Comput. 5, 325 (2004).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145 (2002).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.