Abstract

Spin (polarization) is widely used in free-space optics, while in photonic integrated circuits (PICs), information is usually encoded in optical route. So a practical way to connect these two encoding methods is necessary for information communication. In this letter, an encoding convertor is designed to connect spin encoding and route encoding. Finite element method is used to calculate the conversion efficiency and extinction ratio of the encoding convertor and the theoretical analyses are also given. Our protocol shows a friendly way to convert optical spin information to route information, which will promote the compatibility of free-space optics and PICs.

© 2014 Chinese Optics Letters

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  4. Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).
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  6. E. Ozbay, Science 311, 189 (2006).
  7. H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nature Mater. 9, 205 (2010).
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  9. J. Zhou, J. Zhang, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, J. He, X. Tao, and X. Luo, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S22401 (2013).
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  15. R. D. Roy, R. Chattopadhyay, and S. K. Bhadra, Photon. Res. 1, 164 (2013).
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2013 (5)

A.-P. Liu, X. Xiong, X.-F. Ren, Y.-J. Cai, G.-H. Rui, Q.-W. Zhan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, Sci. Rep. 3, 2402 (2013).

J. Zhou, J. Zhang, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, J. He, X. Tao, and X. Luo, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S22401 (2013).

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, Science 340, 331 (2013).

R. D. Roy, R. Chattopadhyay, and S. K. Bhadra, Photon. Res. 1, 164 (2013).

Z. Chen, J. Chen, Y. Li, J. Qian, J. Qi, J. Xu, and Q. Sun, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 112401 (2013).

2012 (1)

G. N. M. Tabia, Phys. Rev. A 86, 062107 (2012).

2011 (2)

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, Science 334, 333 (2011).

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, Nature Commun. 2, 566 (2011).

2010 (1)

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nature Mater. 9, 205 (2010).

2009 (1)

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).

2006 (2)

X.-F. Ren, G.-P. Guo, Y.-F. Huang, C.-F. Li, and G.-C. Guo, Euro. Phys. Lett. 76, 753 (2006).

E. Ozbay, Science 311, 189 (2006).

2003 (1)

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, Science 302, 419 (2003).

2002 (1)

E. Altewischer, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Nature 418, 304 (2002).

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 0028 (1998)

1997 (2)

Aieta, F.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, Science 334, 333 (2011).

Altewischer, E.

E. Altewischer, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Nature 418, 304 (2002).

Antoniou, N.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, Science 340, 331 (2013).

Atwater, H. A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nature Mater. 9, 205 (2010).

Bhadra, S. K.

Bongioanni, I.

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, Nature Commun. 2, 566 (2011).

Bretner, I.

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).

Cai, Y.-J.

A.-P. Liu, X. Xiong, X.-F. Ren, Y.-J. Cai, G.-H. Rui, Q.-W. Zhan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, Sci. Rep. 3, 2402 (2013).

Capasso, F.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, Science 340, 331 (2013).

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, Science 334, 333 (2011).

Chattopadhyay, R.

Chen, J.

Chen, Z.

Crespi, A.

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, Nature Commun. 2, 566 (2011).

Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 0028 (1998)

Exter, M. P. van

E. Altewischer, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Nature 418, 304 (2002).

Gaburro, Z.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, Science 334, 333 (2011).

Genevet, P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, Science 334, 333 (2011).

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 0028 (1998)

Gorodetski, Y.

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).

Guo, G.-C.

A.-P. Liu, X. Xiong, X.-F. Ren, Y.-J. Cai, G.-H. Rui, Q.-W. Zhan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, Sci. Rep. 3, 2402 (2013).

X.-F. Ren, G.-P. Guo, Y.-F. Huang, C.-F. Li, and G.-C. Guo, Euro. Phys. Lett. 76, 753 (2006).

Guo, G.-P.

A.-P. Liu, X. Xiong, X.-F. Ren, Y.-J. Cai, G.-H. Rui, Q.-W. Zhan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, Sci. Rep. 3, 2402 (2013).

X.-F. Ren, G.-P. Guo, Y.-F. Huang, C.-F. Li, and G.-C. Guo, Euro. Phys. Lett. 76, 753 (2006).

Halas, N. J.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, Science 302, 419 (2003).

Hasman, E.

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).

He, J.

J. Zhou, J. Zhang, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, J. He, X. Tao, and X. Luo, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S22401 (2013).

Huang, Y.-F.

X.-F. Ren, G.-P. Guo, Y.-F. Huang, C.-F. Li, and G.-C. Guo, Euro. Phys. Lett. 76, 753 (2006).

Kats, M. A.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, Science 334, 333 (2011).

Kleiner, V.

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).

Kobayashi, T.

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 0028 (1998)

Li, C.-F.

X.-F. Ren, G.-P. Guo, Y.-F. Huang, C.-F. Li, and G.-C. Guo, Euro. Phys. Lett. 76, 753 (2006).

Li, Y.

Lin, J.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, Science 340, 331 (2013).

Liu, A.-P.

A.-P. Liu, X. Xiong, X.-F. Ren, Y.-J. Cai, G.-H. Rui, Q.-W. Zhan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, Sci. Rep. 3, 2402 (2013).

Luo, X.

J. Zhou, J. Zhang, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, J. He, X. Tao, and X. Luo, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S22401 (2013).

Mataloni, P.

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, Nature Commun. 2, 566 (2011).

Morimoto, A.

Mueller, J. P. B.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, Science 340, 331 (2013).

Nerkararyan, K. V.

K. V. Nerkararyan, Phys. Lett. A 237, 103 (1997).

Nordlander, P.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, Science 302, 419 (2003).

Osellame, R.

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, Nature Commun. 2, 566 (2011).

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, Science 311, 189 (2006).

Polman, A.

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nature Mater. 9, 205 (2010).

Prodan, E.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, Science 302, 419 (2003).

Qi, J.

Qian, J.

Radloff, C.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, Science 302, 419 (2003).

Ramponi, R.

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, Nature Commun. 2, 566 (2011).

Ren, X.-F.

A.-P. Liu, X. Xiong, X.-F. Ren, Y.-J. Cai, G.-H. Rui, Q.-W. Zhan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, Sci. Rep. 3, 2402 (2013).

X.-F. Ren, G.-P. Guo, Y.-F. Huang, C.-F. Li, and G.-C. Guo, Euro. Phys. Lett. 76, 753 (2006).

Roy, R. D.

Rui, G.-H.

A.-P. Liu, X. Xiong, X.-F. Ren, Y.-J. Cai, G.-H. Rui, Q.-W. Zhan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, Sci. Rep. 3, 2402 (2013).

Sansoni, L.

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, Nature Commun. 2, 566 (2011).

Sciarrino, F.

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, Nature Commun. 2, 566 (2011).

Shitrit, N.

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).

Sun, Q.

Tabia, G. N. M.

G. N. M. Tabia, Phys. Rev. A 86, 062107 (2012).

Takahara, J.

Taki, H.

Tao, X.

J. Zhou, J. Zhang, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, J. He, X. Tao, and X. Luo, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S22401 (2013).

Tetienne, J.-P.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, Science 334, 333 (2011).

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 0028 (1998)

Vallone, G.

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, Nature Commun. 2, 566 (2011).

Wang, C.

J. Zhou, J. Zhang, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, J. He, X. Tao, and X. Luo, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S22401 (2013).

Wang, Q.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, Science 340, 331 (2013).

Woerdman, J. P.

E. Altewischer, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Nature 418, 304 (2002).

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 0028 (1998)

Xiong, X.

A.-P. Liu, X. Xiong, X.-F. Ren, Y.-J. Cai, G.-H. Rui, Q.-W. Zhan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, Sci. Rep. 3, 2402 (2013).

Xu, J.

Yamagishi, S.

Yu, N.

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, Science 334, 333 (2011).

Yuan, G.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, Science 340, 331 (2013).

Yuan, X.-C.

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, Science 340, 331 (2013).

Zhan, Q.-W.

A.-P. Liu, X. Xiong, X.-F. Ren, Y.-J. Cai, G.-H. Rui, Q.-W. Zhan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, Sci. Rep. 3, 2402 (2013).

Zhang, J.

J. Zhou, J. Zhang, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, J. He, X. Tao, and X. Luo, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S22401 (2013).

Zhao, Z.

J. Zhou, J. Zhang, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, J. He, X. Tao, and X. Luo, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S22401 (2013).

Zhou, J.

J. Zhou, J. Zhang, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, J. He, X. Tao, and X. Luo, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S22401 (2013).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

J. Zhou, J. Zhang, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, J. He, X. Tao, and X. Luo, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, S22401 (2013).

Z. Chen, J. Chen, Y. Li, J. Qian, J. Qi, J. Xu, and Q. Sun, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 112401 (2013).

Euro. Phys. Lett. (1)

X.-F. Ren, G.-P. Guo, Y.-F. Huang, C.-F. Li, and G.-C. Guo, Euro. Phys. Lett. 76, 753 (2006).

Nano Lett. (1)

Y. Gorodetski, N. Shitrit, I. Bretner, V. Kleiner, and E. Hasman, Nano Lett. 9, 3016 (2009).

Nature (2)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, Nature 391, 0028 (1998)

E. Altewischer, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, Nature 418, 304 (2002).

Nature Commun. (1)

A. Crespi, R. Ramponi, R. Osellame, L. Sansoni, I. Bongioanni, F. Sciarrino, G. Vallone, and P. Mataloni, Nature Commun. 2, 566 (2011).

Nature Mater. (1)

H. A. Atwater and A. Polman, Nature Mater. 9, 205 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Photon. Res. (1)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

K. V. Nerkararyan, Phys. Lett. A 237, 103 (1997).

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. N. M. Tabia, Phys. Rev. A 86, 062107 (2012).

Sci. Rep. (1)

A.-P. Liu, X. Xiong, X.-F. Ren, Y.-J. Cai, G.-H. Rui, Q.-W. Zhan, G.-C. Guo, and G.-P. Guo, Sci. Rep. 3, 2402 (2013).

Science (4)

E. Ozbay, Science 311, 189 (2006).

J. Lin, J. P. B. Mueller, Q. Wang, G. Yuan, N. Antoniou, X.-C. Yuan, and F. Capasso, Science 340, 331 (2013).

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, Science 302, 419 (2003).

N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, and Z. Gaburro, Science 334, 333 (2011).

Other (1)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, 1998).

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