Abstract

A new type of light field display is proposed using a head-mounted display (HMD) and a micro structure array (MSA, lens array or pinhole array). Each rendering point emits abundant rays from different directions into the viewer's pupil, and at one time the dense light field is generated inside the exit pupil of the HMD through the eyepiece. Therefore, the proposed method not only solves the problem of accommodation and convergence conflict in a traditional HMD, but also drastically reduces the huge data in real three-dimensional (3D) display. To demonstrate the proposed method, a prototype is developed, which is capable of giving the observer a real perception of depth.

© 2014 Chinese Optics Letters

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D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 7441 (2013).

W. Song, Q. Zhu, T. Huang, Y. Wang, and Y. Liu, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 44, 318 (2013).

Y. Pan, Y. Wang, J. Liu, X. Li, and J. Jia, Appl. Opt. 52, A290 (2013).

D. Cheng, Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Jin, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 031201 (2013).

Q. Wang, D. Cheng, Y. Wang, H. Hua, and G. Jin, Appl. Opt. 52, C88 (2013).

2012 (1)

2011 (1)

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, ACM Trans. Graph. 30, 95 (2011).

2010 (2)

Y. Takaki and N. Nago, Opt. Express 18, 8824 (2010).

Y. Kim, K. Hong, and B. Lee, 3D Research 1, 17 (2010).

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2008 (1)

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, J. Vis. 8, 3 (2008).

2005 (1)

2004 (1)

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, Proc. SPIE 5249, 297 (2004).

2000 (2)

S. Suyama, M. Date, and H. Takada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 480 (2000).

J. P. Rolland, M. W. Krueger, and A. Goon. Appl. Opt. 39, 3209 (2000).

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Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, Proc. SPIE 3012, 154 (1997).

1996 (1)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, Science 273, 1185 (1996).

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G. Lippmann, J. Phys. 7, 821 (1908).

Akeley, K.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, J. Vis. 8, 3 (2008).

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D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, J. Vis. 8, 3 (2008).

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D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 7441 (2013).

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D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 7441 (2013).

Cameron, C. D.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, Proc. SPIE 5249, 297 (2004).

Cheng, D.

Coomber, S. D.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, Proc. SPIE 5249, 297 (2004).

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S. Suyama, M. Date, and H. Takada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 480 (2000).

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E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, Science 273, 1185 (1996).

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D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 7441 (2013).

Fiorentino, M.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 7441 (2013).

Girshick, A. R.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, J. Vis. 8, 3 (2008).

Hahn, M.

Heidrich, W.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, ACM Trans. Graph. 30, 95 (2011).

Hesselink, L.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, Science 273, 1185 (1996).

Hoffman, D. M.

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, J. Vis. 8, 3 (2008).

Honda, T.

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, Proc. SPIE 3012, 154 (1997).

Hong, J.

Hong, K.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, and B. Lee, 3D Research 1, 17 (2010).

Hua, H.

Huang, T.

W. Song, Q. Zhu, T. Huang, Y. Wang, and Y. Liu, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 44, 318 (2013).

Jia, J.

Jin, G.

Kajiki, Y.

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, Proc. SPIE 3012, 154 (1997).

Kim, J.

Kim, Y.

Y. Kim, K. Hong, and B. Lee, 3D Research 1, 17 (2010).

Krueger, M. W.

J. P. Rolland, M. W. Krueger, and A. Goon. Appl. Opt. 39, 3209 (2000).

Lanman, D.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, ACM Trans. Graph. 30, 95 (2011).

Lee, B.

Li, X.

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G. Lippmann, J. Phys. 7, 821 (1908).

Liu, J.

Liu, S.

Liu, Y.

W. Song, Q. Zhu, T. Huang, Y. Wang, and Y. Liu, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 44, 318 (2013).

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E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, Science 273, 1185 (1996).

Min, S. W.

Min, S.-W.

Nago, N.

Pan, Y.

Papers, SID Symposium Digest of Technical

W. Song, Q. Zhu, T. Huang, Y. Wang, and Y. Liu, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 44, 318 (2013).

Peng, Z.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 7441 (2013).

Ralston, J.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, Science 273, 1185 (1996).

Raskar, R.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, ACM Trans. Graph. 30, 95 (2011).

Rolland, J. P.

J. P. Rolland, M. W. Krueger, and A. Goon. Appl. Opt. 39, 3209 (2000).

Slinger, C. W.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, Proc. SPIE 5249, 297 (2004).

Smith, A. P.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, Proc. SPIE 5249, 297 (2004).

Smith, M. A.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, Proc. SPIE 5249, 297 (2004).

Song, W.

W. Song, Q. Zhu, T. Huang, Y. Wang, and Y. Liu, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 44, 318 (2013).

Stanley, M.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, Proc. SPIE 5249, 297 (2004).

Suyama, S.

S. Suyama, M. Date, and H. Takada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 480 (2000).

Takada, H.

S. Suyama, M. Date, and H. Takada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 480 (2000).

Takaki, Y.

Talha, M. M.

Tran, T.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 7441 (2013).

Vo, S.

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 7441 (2013).

Wang, Q.

Wang, Y.

Watson, P. J.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, Proc. SPIE 5249, 297 (2004).

Wetzstein, G.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, ACM Trans. Graph. 30, 95 (2011).

Wood, A.

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, Proc. SPIE 5249, 297 (2004).

Yoshikawa, H.

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, Proc. SPIE 3012, 154 (1997).

Zhu, Q.

W. Song, Q. Zhu, T. Huang, Y. Wang, and Y. Liu, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 44, 318 (2013).

3D Research (1)

Y. Kim, K. Hong, and B. Lee, 3D Research 1, 17 (2010).

ACM Trans. Graph. (1)

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, ACM Trans. Graph. 30, 95 (2011).

and A. Goon. Appl. Opt. (1)

J. P. Rolland, M. W. Krueger, and A. Goon. Appl. Opt. 39, 3209 (2000).

Appl. Opt. (4)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

J. Phys. (1)

G. Lippmann, J. Phys. 7, 821 (1908).

J. Vis. (1)

D. M. Hoffman, A. R. Girshick, K. Akeley, and M. S. Banks, J. Vis. 8, 3 (2008).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Suyama, M. Date, and H. Takada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 39, 480 (2000).

Nature (1)

D. Fattal, Z. Peng, T. Tran, S. Vo, M. Fiorentino, J. Brug, and R. G. Beausoleil, Nature 495, 7441 (2013).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (2)

M. Stanley, M. A. Smith, A. P. Smith, P. J. Watson, S. D. Coomber, C. D. Cameron, C. W. Slinger, and A. Wood, Proc. SPIE 5249, 297 (2004).

Y. Kajiki, H. Yoshikawa, and T. Honda, Proc. SPIE 3012, 154 (1997).

Science (1)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, Science 273, 1185 (1996).

Other (3)

W. Song, Q. Zhu, T. Huang, Y. Wang, and Y. Liu, SID Symposium Digest of Technical Papers, 44, 318 (2013).

B. Javidi and F. Okano, Three-dimensional Television, Video, and Display Technologies (Springer, 2002).

R. Ng, "Digital light field photography", PhD. Thesis (Stanford University, 2006).

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