Abstract

Multiple three-dimensional (3D) display technologies are reviewed. The display mechanisms discussed in this paper are classified into two categories: holographic display in wave optics and light field display in ray optics, which present the 3D optical wave field in two different ways. Key technical characteristics of the optical systems and the depth cues of human visual system are analyzed. It is to be expected that these 3D display technologies will achieve practical applications with the increase of the optical system bandwidth.

© 2014 Chinese Optics Letters

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34 H. Zhang, N. Collings, J. Chen, B. Crossland, D. Chu, and J. Xie, Opt. Eng. 50, 074003 (2011).

37 K. Wakunami and M. Yamaguchi, Opt. Express 19, 9086 (2011).

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48 D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG) 30, 186 (2011).

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50 S. B. Oh, S. Kashyap, R. Garg, S. Chandran, and R. Raskar, Comput. Graph. Forum 29, 507 (2010).

47 T. Balogh and P. T. Kov'acs, Proc. SPIE 7724, 772406 (2010)

38 Q. Y. J. Smithwick, J. Barabas, D. E. Smalley, and V. M. Bove, Jr., Proc. SPIE 7619, 761903 (2010).

28 F. Yaras, H. Kang, and L. Onural, J. Display Technol. 6, 443 (2010).

30 P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 468, 80 (2010).

2009 (4)

2008 (2)

29 S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St.-Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).

36 H. Kang, T. Yamaguchi, H. Yoshikawa, S. Kim, and E. Kim, Appl. Opt. 47, 5784 (2008).

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25 D. Smalley, Q. Smithwick, and V. M. Bove, Jr., Proc. SPIE 6488, 64880L (2007).

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG) 26, 40 (2007).

2006 (1)

42 M. Levoy, Computer 39, 46 (2006).

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46 C. N. Moller and A. R. L. Travis, IEEE Trans. Visual. Comput. Graph. 11, 228 (2005).

27 C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, IEEE Computer 38, 46 (2005).

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2002 (1)

J. Y. Son and S. A. Shestak, Proc. SPIE 4660, 171 (2002).

2001 (1)

E. Dubois, in Proceedings of IEEE International Conference on Acoustics Speech Signal Processing 3, 1661 (2001).

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1994 (1)

43 M. W. Halle, Proc. SPIE 2176, 73 (1994).

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1908 (1)

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26 D. Smalley, Q. Smithwick, V. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, Nature 498, 313 (2013).

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38 Q. Y. J. Smithwick, J. Barabas, D. E. Smalley, and V. M. Bove, Jr., Proc. SPIE 7619, 761903 (2010).

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29 S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St.-Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).

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30 P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 468, 80 (2010).

29 S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St.-Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).

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48 D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG) 30, 186 (2011).

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30 P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 468, 80 (2010).

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24 P. St.-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, and H. Yoshikawa, Proc. SPIE 1212, 174 (1990).

Jin, G.

Jolly, S.

26 D. Smalley, Q. Smithwick, V. Bove, J. Barabas, and S. Jolly, Nature 498, 313 (2013).

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A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG) 26, 40 (2007).

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23 L. B. Lesem, P. M. Hirsch, and J. A. Jordan, IBM J. Res. Develop. 13, 150 (1969).

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50 S. B. Oh, S. Kashyap, R. Garg, S. Chandran, and R. Raskar, Comput. Graph. Forum 29, 507 (2010).

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30 P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 468, 80 (2010).

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Kim, S.

Kollin, J.

24 P. St.-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, and H. Yoshikawa, Proc. SPIE 1212, 174 (1990).

Kov'acs, P. T.

47 T. Balogh and P. T. Kov'acs, Proc. SPIE 7724, 772406 (2010)

Kurihara, 33 T.

Lai, N.

Lanman, 48 D.

48 D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG) 30, 186 (2011).

Lanman, D.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG) 30, 95 (2011).

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E. N. Leith and J. Upatnieks, J. Opt. Soc. Amer. 54, 1295 (1964).

Lesem, 23 L. B.

23 L. B. Lesem, P. M. Hirsch, and J. A. Jordan, IBM J. Res. Develop. 13, 150 (1969).

Levoy, 42 M.

42 M. Levoy, Computer 39, 46 (2006).

Li, G.

29 S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St.-Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).

Li, H.

Liang, W.

Lin, C.

Lin, J.

Lin, W.

30 P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 468, 80 (2010).

29 S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St.-Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, J. Phys. 7, 821 (1908).

Liu, G.

Liu, X.

Lohmann, A. W.

22 B. R. Brown and A. W. Lohmann, IBM J. Res. Develop. 13, 160 (1969).

Lucente, M.

24 P. St.-Hilaire, S. A. Benton, M. Lucente, M. L. Jepsen, J. Kollin, and H. Yoshikawa, Proc. SPIE 1212, 174 (1990).

Luo, S.

Masuda, N.

Matsushima, 32 K.

32 K. Matsushima, Appl. Opt.44, 4607 (2005).

McCrickerd, 35 J. T.

35 J. T. McCrickerd and N. George, Appl. Phys. Lett. 12, 10 (1968).

McDowall, I.

A. Jones, I. McDowall, H. Yamada, M. Bolas, and P. Debevec, ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG) 26, 40 (2007).

Moller, 46 C. N.

46 C. N. Moller and A. R. L. Travis, IEEE Trans. Visual. Comput. Graph. 11, 228 (2005).

Nakayama, H.

Niwa, M.

Norwood, R. A.

30 P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 468, 80 (2010).

29 S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St.-Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).

Oh, 50 S. B.

50 S. B. Oh, S. Kashyap, R. Garg, S. Chandran, and R. Raskar, Comput. Graph. Forum 29, 507 (2010).

Onural, L.

Osten, W.

Peng, Y.

Peyghambarian, N.

30 P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 468, 80 (2010).

29 S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St.-Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).

Rachwal, B.

30 P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 468, 80 (2010).

Raskar, R.

G. Wetzstein, D. Lanman, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG) 30, 95 (2011).

48 D. Lanman, G. Wetzstein, M. Hirsch, W. Heidrich, and R. Raskar, ACM Transactions on Graphics (TOG) 30, 186 (2011).

50 S. B. Oh, S. Kashyap, R. Garg, S. Chandran, and R. Raskar, Comput. Graph. Forum 29, 507 (2010).

Rokutanda, S.

29 S. Tay, P. A. Blanche, R. Voorakaranam, A. V. Tunc, W. Lin, S. Rokutanda, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, G. Li, P. St.-Hilaire, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 451, 694 (2008).

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Shen, W.

Shestak, S. A.

J. Y. Son and S. A. Shestak, Proc. SPIE 4660, 171 (2002).

Shimobaba, T.

Shiraki, A.

Siddiqui, O.

30 P.-A. Blanche, A. Bablumian, R. Voorakaranam, C. Christenson, W. Lin, T. Gu, D. Flores, P. Wang, W.-Y. Hsieh, M. Kathaperumal, B. Rachwal, O. Siddiqui, J. Thomas, R. A. Norwood, M. Yamamoto, and N. Peyghambarian, Nature 468, 80 (2010).

Slinger, 27 C.

27 C. Slinger, C. Cameron, and M. Stanley, IEEE Computer 38, 46 (2005).

Smalley, 25 D.

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