Abstract

The random phase errors of the optical carriers are discussed and controlled for passive millimeter-wave sparse aperture (PMMW SA) upconversion imaging. A two-channel model is set up for analyzing characteristics of the phase errors, and an active optical control technique based on stochastic parallel gradient decent algorithm (SPGD controller) is proposed to calibrate the phase errors. To demonstrate the feasibility of the SPGD controller, simulations are performed and an experimental system with a two-channel fiber array is set up. Simulation and experiment results show that the SPGD controller can effectively and rapidly compensate the phase errors of the optical carrier, and the accuracy of the phase control is sufficient for imaging systems.

© 2014 Chinese Optics Letters

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2013 (1)

2012 (2)

2010 (2)

2009 (3)

2008 (1)

B. Benna L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Int. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).

2006 (2)

T. M. Shay, V. Benham, J. T. Baker, B. Ward, A. D. Sanchez, A. M. Culpepper, D. Pilkington, J. Spring, D. J. Nelson, and C. A. Lu, Opt. Express 14, 12015 (2006).

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2005 (1)

C. A. Schuetz, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques 53, 1732 (2005).

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

L. Yujiri, M. Shoucri, and P. Moffa, IEEE Microwave Magazine 4, 39 (2003).

2000 (1)

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Cohen, and G. Cauwenberghs, J. Opt. Sci. Am. A 17, 1440(2000).

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

M. A. Vorontsov and V. P. Sivokon, J. Opt. Sci. Am. A 15, 2745 (1998).

A, J. Opt. Sci. Am.

A. Lannes and E. Anterrieu, J. Opt. Sci. Am. A, 16, 2866 (1999).

Anterrieu, A. Lannes and E.

A. Lannes and E. Anterrieu, J. Opt. Sci. Am. A, 16, 2866 (1999).

Augst, S. J.

Baker, J. T.

Benham, V.

Biswas, I.

C. A. Schuetz, R. D. Martin, I. Biswas, M. S. Mirotznik, S. Shi, G. J. Schneider, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, Proc. SPIE 6211, 62110G (2006).

Blanchard, P. M.

Bourdon, P.

B. Benna L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Int. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).

Braker, B.

Canat, G.

B. Benna L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Int. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).

Carhart, G. W.

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Cohen, and G. Cauwenberghs, J. Opt. Sci. Am. A 17, 1440(2000).

Cauwenberghs, G.

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Cohen, and G. Cauwenberghs, J. Opt. Sci. Am. A 17, 1440(2000).

Cheng, X.

Cohen, M.

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Cohen, and G. Cauwenberghs, J. Opt. Sci. Am. A 17, 1440(2000).

Cui, H.

Culpepper, A. M.

Dai, N.

Delezoide, C.

B. Benna L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Int. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).

Dillon, T. E.

Fan, G.

Fan, T. Y.

Feng, X.

Feng, Z.

Ghorbani, K.

E. R. Lopez, T. Lunn, K. Ghorbani, W. S. Rowe, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation 57, 3688 (2009).

Greenaway, A. H.

Harrity, C. E.

Harvey, A. R.

He, Y.

Ilchenko, V. S.

Jaouen, O. Vasseur and Y.

B. Benna L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Int. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).

Jiang, Y.

Jin, L.

Jolivet, V.

B. Benna L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Int. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).

Liang, W.

Liao, W.

Liu, X.

Lombard, B. Benna L.

B. Benna L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Int. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).

Lopez, E. R.

E. R. Lopez, T. Lunn, K. Ghorbani, W. S. Rowe, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation 57, 3688 (2009).

Lu, C. A.

Lunn, T.

E. R. Lopez, T. Lunn, K. Ghorbani, W. S. Rowe, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation 57, 3688 (2009).

Maleki, D. Seidel and L.

Martin, R. D.

C. A. Schuetz, R. D. Martin, I. Biswas, M. S. Mirotznik, S. Shi, G. J. Schneider, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, Proc. SPIE 6211, 62110G (2006).

Matsko, A. B.

Mirotznik, M. S.

C. A. Schuetz, R. D. Martin, I. Biswas, M. S. Mirotznik, S. Shi, G. J. Schneider, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, Proc. SPIE 6211, 62110G (2006).

Mitchell, A.

E. R. Lopez, T. Lunn, K. Ghorbani, W. S. Rowe, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation 57, 3688 (2009).

Moffa, P.

L. Yujiri, M. Shoucri, and P. Moffa, IEEE Microwave Magazine 4, 39 (2003).

Murakowski, J.

C. A. Schuetz, R. D. Martin, I. Biswas, M. S. Mirotznik, S. Shi, G. J. Schneider, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, Proc. SPIE 6211, 62110G (2006).

C. A. Schuetz, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques 53, 1732 (2005).

Nelson, D. J.

Pilkington, D.

Pourtal, E.

B. Benna L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Int. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).

Prather, D. W.

C. A. Schuetz, R. D. Martin, I. Biswas, M. S. Mirotznik, S. Shi, G. J. Schneider, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, Proc. SPIE 6211, 62110G (2006).

C. A. Schuetz, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques 53, 1732 (2005).

Prather, D.W.

Rowe, W. S.

E. R. Lopez, T. Lunn, K. Ghorbani, W. S. Rowe, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation 57, 3688 (2009).

Sanchez, A.

Sanchez, A. D.

Savchenkov, A. A.

Schneider, G. J.

C. A. Schuetz, R. D. Martin, I. Biswas, M. S. Mirotznik, S. Shi, G. J. Schneider, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, Proc. SPIE 6211, 62110G (2006).

C. A. Schuetz, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques 53, 1732 (2005).

Schuetz, C. A.

J. P. Wilson, C. A. Schuetz, T. E. Dillon, P. Yao, C. E. Harrity, and D.W. Prather, Appl. Opt. 51, 4157 (2012).

C. A. Schuetz, R. D. Martin, I. Biswas, M. S. Mirotznik, S. Shi, G. J. Schneider, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, Proc. SPIE 6211, 62110G (2006).

C. A. Schuetz, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques 53, 1732 (2005).

Shay, T. M.

Shi, S.

C. A. Schuetz, R. D. Martin, I. Biswas, M. S. Mirotznik, S. Shi, G. J. Schneider, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, Proc. SPIE 6211, 62110G (2006).

Shoucri, M.

L. Yujiri, M. Shoucri, and P. Moffa, IEEE Microwave Magazine 4, 39 (2003).

Sivokon, V. P.

M. A. Vorontsov and V. P. Sivokon, J. Opt. Sci. Am. A 15, 2745 (1998).

Spring, J.

Vorontsov, M. A.

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Cohen, and G. Cauwenberghs, J. Opt. Sci. Am. A 17, 1440(2000).

M. A. Vorontsov and V. P. Sivokon, J. Opt. Sci. Am. A 15, 2745 (1998).

Wagner, K.

Ward, B.

Webster, K.

Wilson, J. P.

Yao, P.

Yujiri, L.

L. Yujiri, M. Shoucri, and P. Moffa, IEEE Microwave Magazine 4, 39 (2003).

Zhang, W.

Zhang, Y.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Chin. Opt. Lett. (4)

Fiber Int. Opt. (1)

B. Benna L. Lombard, V. Jolivet, C. Delezoide, E. Pourtal, P. Bourdon, G. Canat, O. Vasseur and Y. Jaouen, Fiber Int. Opt. 27, 355 (2008).

IEEE Microwave Magazine (1)

L. Yujiri, M. Shoucri, and P. Moffa, IEEE Microwave Magazine 4, 39 (2003).

IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation (1)

E. R. Lopez, T. Lunn, K. Ghorbani, W. S. Rowe, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. on Antennas and Propagation 57, 3688 (2009).

IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques (1)

C. A. Schuetz, J. Murakowski, G. J. Schneider, and D. W. Prather, IEEE Trans. on Microwave Theory and Techniques 53, 1732 (2005).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Sci. Am. A (2)

M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart, M. Cohen, and G. Cauwenberghs, J. Opt. Sci. Am. A 17, 1440(2000).

M. A. Vorontsov and V. P. Sivokon, J. Opt. Sci. Am. A 15, 2745 (1998).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Proc. SPIE (1)

C. A. Schuetz, R. D. Martin, I. Biswas, M. S. Mirotznik, S. Shi, G. J. Schneider, J. Murakowski, and D. W. Prather, Proc. SPIE 6211, 62110G (2006).

Other (7)

R. Martin R, C. A. Schuetz, T. E. Dillon, C. hen C, J. Samluk, Jr. Stein, D. W. Prather and M. Mirotznik, SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing. International Society for Optics and Photonics 730908 (2009).

A. N. Pergande, PIE Security+ Defence. International Society for Optics and Photonics 890006 (2013).

C. A. Schuetz and D. W. Prather, European Symposium on Optics and Photonics for Defence and Security. International Society for Optics and Photonics (2004).

L. Liu and M. A. Vorontsov, Optics & Photonics 2005 International Society for Optics and Photonics 58950P (2005).

A. Lannes and E. Anterrieu, J. Opt. Sci. Am. A, 16, 2866 (1999).

M. H. Cohen, M. A. Vorontsov, G. W. Carhart and G. Cauwenberghs, Remote Sensing. International Society for Optics and Photonics 176 (1999).

T. E. Dillon, C. A. Schuetz, R. D. Martin, S. Shi, D. G. Mackrides, and D. W. Prather, Security+Defence. International Society for Optics and Photonics (2010).

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