Abstract

Head-up displays (HUDs) enable a pilot to manage aircraft activities by facilitating simultaneous access to the flight instrument data and to the outside scene. However, HUDs can also distract a pilot. This study shows that HUD luminance non-uniformity may force inappropriate distribution of attention between the events shown on HUD symbology and the outside scene because of the resultant differential contrast in the display area. Results of statistical analysis demonstrate considerable effects of HUD image luminance and ambient luminance, as well as their interaction, on the detection of events displayed on an HUD and the outside scene.

© 2014 Chinese Optics Letters

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2013 (1)

D. Cheng, Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Jin, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 31201 (2013).

2012 (1)

V. Karar and S. Ghosh, J. Electron. Commun. Eng. Technol. 3, 400 (2012).

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

V. Charissis and S. Papanastasiou, Cognit. Technol. Work 12, 41 (2010).

2009 (1)

C. D. Wickens and A. L. Alexander, Int. J. Aviat. Psychol. 19, 182 (2009).

2006 (1)

J. Crawford and A. Neal, Int. J. Aviat. Psychol. 16, 1 (2006).

2000 (1)

W. Ercoline, IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Mag. 19, 66 (2000).

1997 (1)

R. Martin-Emerson and C. D. Wickens, Human Factors 39, 581 (1997).

1995 (2)

M. R. Endsley, Human Factors 37, 32 (1995).

M. R. Endsley, Human Factors 37, 65 (1995).

Alexander, A. L.

C. D. Wickens and A. L. Alexander, Int. J. Aviat. Psychol. 19, 182 (2009).

Charissis, V.

V. Charissis and S. Papanastasiou, Cognit. Technol. Work 12, 41 (2010).

Chen, Q.

Cheng, D.

D. Cheng, Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Jin, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 31201 (2013).

Crawford, J.

J. Crawford and A. Neal, Int. J. Aviat. Psychol. 16, 1 (2006).

Endsley, M. R.

M. R. Endsley, Human Factors 37, 32 (1995).

M. R. Endsley, Human Factors 37, 65 (1995).

Ercoline, W.

W. Ercoline, IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Mag. 19, 66 (2000).

Ghosh, S.

V. Karar and S. Ghosh, J. Electron. Commun. Eng. Technol. 3, 400 (2012).

Gu, G.

Jin, G.

D. Cheng, Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Jin, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 31201 (2013).

Karar, V.

V. Karar and S. Ghosh, J. Electron. Commun. Eng. Technol. 3, 400 (2012).

Martin-Emerson, R.

R. Martin-Emerson and C. D. Wickens, Human Factors 39, 581 (1997).

Neal, A.

J. Crawford and A. Neal, Int. J. Aviat. Psychol. 16, 1 (2006).

Papanastasiou, S.

V. Charissis and S. Papanastasiou, Cognit. Technol. Work 12, 41 (2010).

Qian, W.

Wang, Q.

D. Cheng, Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Jin, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 31201 (2013).

Wang, Y.

D. Cheng, Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Jin, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 31201 (2013).

Wickens, C. D.

C. D. Wickens and A. L. Alexander, Int. J. Aviat. Psychol. 19, 182 (2009).

R. Martin-Emerson and C. D. Wickens, Human Factors 39, 581 (1997).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

D. Cheng, Q. Wang, Y. Wang, and G. Jin, Chin. Opt. Lett. 11, 31201 (2013).

W. Qian, Q. Chen, and G. Gu, Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 051003 (2011).

Cognit. Technol. Work (1)

V. Charissis and S. Papanastasiou, Cognit. Technol. Work 12, 41 (2010).

Human Factors (3)

R. Martin-Emerson and C. D. Wickens, Human Factors 39, 581 (1997).

M. R. Endsley, Human Factors 37, 32 (1995).

M. R. Endsley, Human Factors 37, 65 (1995).

IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Mag. (1)

W. Ercoline, IEEE Eng. Med. Biol. Mag. 19, 66 (2000).

Int. J. Aviat. Psychol. (2)

J. Crawford and A. Neal, Int. J. Aviat. Psychol. 16, 1 (2006).

C. D. Wickens and A. L. Alexander, Int. J. Aviat. Psychol. 19, 182 (2009).

J. Electron. Commun. Eng. Technol. (1)

V. Karar and S. Ghosh, J. Electron. Commun. Eng. Technol. 3, 400 (2012).

Other (9)

B. Hooey, B. Gore, C. Wickens, S. Scott-Nash, C. Socash, E. Salud, and D. Foyle, in Human Modelling in Assisted Transportation, P. C. Cacciabue, M. Hjamdahl, A. Luedtke, and C. Riccioli, (eds.) (Springer, Milan, 2011) pp. 207.

C. E. Rash, Helmet-mounted Displays: Sensation, Perception, and Cognition Issues (U.S. Army Aeromedical Research Laboratory, Frederick, 2009).

L. J. Prinzel and M. Risser, Head-up Displays and Attention Capture (NASA-Langley Research Center, Hampton, 2004).

R. B. Wood and P. J. Howells, in The Avionics Handbook C. R. Spitzer, (eds.) (CRC Press, New York, 2001) chap 4.

M. Jukes, Aircraft Display Systems (Professional Engineering Publishing, London, 2004).

D. N. Jarrett, Cockpit Engineering (Ashgate Publishing Limited, Hampshire, 2005).

I. Moir, A. Seabridge, and M. Jukes, Civil Avionics Systems (Wiley, Hoboken, 2013).

I. Moir, A. Seabridge, and M. Jukes, Military Avionics Systems (John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken, 2006).

P. M. Ververs and C. D. Wickens, Conformal Flight Path Symbology for Head-up Displays: Defining the Distribution of Visual Attention in Three-dimensional Space (University of Illinois-Institute of Aviation, Savoy, 1998.).

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