We investigate the angular distribution and average kinetic energy of ions produced during ultrafast laser ablation (ULA) of a copper target in high vacuum. Laser produced plasma (LPP) is induced by irradiating the target with Ti:Sapphire laser pulses of ~50 fs and 800 nm at an angle of incidence of 45o. An ion probe is moved along a circular path around the ablation spot, thereby allowing characterization of the time-of-flight (TOF) of ions at different angles relative to the normal target. The angular distribution of the ion flux is well-described by an adiabatic and isentropic expansion model of a plume produced by solid-target laser ablation (LA). The angular width of the ion flux becomes narrower with increasing laser fluence. Moreover, the ion average kinetic energy is forward-peaked and shows a stronger dependence on the laser pulse fluence than on the ion flux. Such results can be ascribed to space charge effects that occur during the early stages of LPP formation.
© 2013 Chinese Optics LettersPDF Article