Abstract

Commercial iris biometric systems exhibit good performance for near-infrared (NIR) images but poor performance for visible wavelength (VW) data. To address this problem, we propose an iris biometric system for VW data. The system includes localizing iris boundaries that use bimodal thresholding, Euclidean distance transform (EDT), and a circular pixel counting scheme (CPCS). Eyelids are localized using a parabolic pixel counting scheme (PPCS), and eyelashes, light reflections, and skin parts are adaptively detected using image intensity. Features are extracted using the log Gabor filter, and finally, matching is performed using Hamming distance (HD). The experimental results on UBIRIS and CASIA show that the proposed technique outperforms contemporary approaches.

© 2013 Chinese Optics Letters

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. W. Bowyer, K. Hollingsworth, and P. J. Flynn, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 110, 281 (2008).
  2. F. Jan, I. Usman, and S. Agha, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 111501 (2012).
  3. F. Wang, X. Yao, and J. Han, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 824 (2008).
  4. X. Ye, Z. He, and Z. Zhao, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 487 (2008).
  5. H. Proenca and G. Santos, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 116, 167 (2012).
  6. T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).
  7. J. G. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 15, 1148 (1993).
  8. R. P. Wildes, Proc. IEEE 85, 1348 (1997).
  9. M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).
  10. H. Mehrotra, P. K. Sa, and B. Majhi, Math. Comput. Model. 58, 132 (2013).
  11. Z. Lin and H. Yu, Procedia Environ. Sci. 8, 352 (2011).
  12. N. Otsu, IEEE Trans. Sys. Man. Cyber. 9, 62 (1997).
  13. L. Masek, "Recognition of Human Iris Patterns for Biometric Identification", B.Sc. Thesis (University of Western Australia, 2003).
  14. N. B. Puhan, N. Sudha, and A. S. Kaushalram, Signal Image Video Process. 5, 105 (2011).
  15. B. J. Kang and K. R. Park, Pattern Recogn. Lett. 28, 1630 (2007).
  16. T. H. Min and R. H. Park, Pattern Recogn. Lett. 30, 1138 (2009).
  17. R. C. Gonzalez and R. E.Woods, Digital Image Processing (Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, 2007).
  18. F. Jan, I. Usman, and S. Agha, Digital Signal Process. 22, 971 (2012).
  19. Mathworks, http://www.mathworks.com/ (March 19, 2013).
  20. J. Canny, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intel. PAMI-8, 679 (1986).
  21. UBIRIS iris database, http://iris.di.ubi.pt/ (March 19, 2013).
  22. CASIA iris database, http://www.idealtest. org/findTotalDbByMode. do? mode=Iris (March 19, 2013)
  23. C. Belcher and Y. Du, Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 139 (2009).
  24. B. J. Kang, K. R. Park, J. H. Yoo, and K. Moon, Opt. Eng. 49, 067001 (2010).

2013 (1)

H. Mehrotra, P. K. Sa, and B. Majhi, Math. Comput. Model. 58, 132 (2013).

2012 (4)

H. Proenca and G. Santos, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 116, 167 (2012).

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

F. Jan, I. Usman, and S. Agha, Digital Signal Process. 22, 971 (2012).

F. Jan, I. Usman, and S. Agha, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 111501 (2012).

2011 (3)

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

Z. Lin and H. Yu, Procedia Environ. Sci. 8, 352 (2011).

N. B. Puhan, N. Sudha, and A. S. Kaushalram, Signal Image Video Process. 5, 105 (2011).

2010 (1)

B. J. Kang, K. R. Park, J. H. Yoo, and K. Moon, Opt. Eng. 49, 067001 (2010).

2009 (2)

T. H. Min and R. H. Park, Pattern Recogn. Lett. 30, 1138 (2009).

C. Belcher and Y. Du, Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 139 (2009).

2008 (3)

K. W. Bowyer, K. Hollingsworth, and P. J. Flynn, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 110, 281 (2008).

X. Ye, Z. He, and Z. Zhao, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 487 (2008).

F. Wang, X. Yao, and J. Han, Chin. Opt. Lett. 6, 824 (2008).

2007 (1)

B. J. Kang and K. R. Park, Pattern Recogn. Lett. 28, 1630 (2007).

1997 (2)

N. Otsu, IEEE Trans. Sys. Man. Cyber. 9, 62 (1997).

R. P. Wildes, Proc. IEEE 85, 1348 (1997).

1993 (1)

J. G. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 15, 1148 (1993).

1986 (1)

J. Canny, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intel. PAMI-8, 679 (1986).

Agha, S.

F. Jan, I. Usman, and S. Agha, Digital Signal Process. 22, 971 (2012).

F. Jan, I. Usman, and S. Agha, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 111501 (2012).

Bashir, T.

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

Belcher, C.

C. Belcher and Y. Du, Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 139 (2009).

Bowyer, K. W.

K. W. Bowyer, K. Hollingsworth, and P. J. Flynn, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 110, 281 (2008).

Canny, J.

J. Canny, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intel. PAMI-8, 679 (1986).

Dar, A. H.

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

Daugman, J. G.

J. G. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 15, 1148 (1993).

Du, Y.

C. Belcher and Y. Du, Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 139 (2009).

Flynn, P. J.

K. W. Bowyer, K. Hollingsworth, and P. J. Flynn, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 110, 281 (2008).

Guan, L.

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

Han, J.

He, Z.

Hollingsworth, K.

K. W. Bowyer, K. Hollingsworth, and P. J. Flynn, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 110, 281 (2008).

Ibrahim, M. T.

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

Jan, F.

F. Jan, I. Usman, and S. Agha, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 111501 (2012).

F. Jan, I. Usman, and S. Agha, Digital Signal Process. 22, 971 (2012).

Kang, B. J.

B. J. Kang, K. R. Park, J. H. Yoo, and K. Moon, Opt. Eng. 49, 067001 (2010).

B. J. Kang and K. R. Park, Pattern Recogn. Lett. 28, 1630 (2007).

Kaushalram, A. S.

N. B. Puhan, N. Sudha, and A. S. Kaushalram, Signal Image Video Process. 5, 105 (2011).

Khan, M. A.

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

Khan, S. A.

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

Khan, T. M.

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

Lin, Z.

Z. Lin and H. Yu, Procedia Environ. Sci. 8, 352 (2011).

Majhi, B.

H. Mehrotra, P. K. Sa, and B. Majhi, Math. Comput. Model. 58, 132 (2013).

Malik, S. A.

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

Mehrotra, H.

H. Mehrotra, P. K. Sa, and B. Majhi, Math. Comput. Model. 58, 132 (2013).

Min, T. H.

T. H. Min and R. H. Park, Pattern Recogn. Lett. 30, 1138 (2009).

Moon, K.

B. J. Kang, K. R. Park, J. H. Yoo, and K. Moon, Opt. Eng. 49, 067001 (2010).

Otsu, N.

N. Otsu, IEEE Trans. Sys. Man. Cyber. 9, 62 (1997).

Park, K. R.

B. J. Kang, K. R. Park, J. H. Yoo, and K. Moon, Opt. Eng. 49, 067001 (2010).

B. J. Kang and K. R. Park, Pattern Recogn. Lett. 28, 1630 (2007).

Park, R. H.

T. H. Min and R. H. Park, Pattern Recogn. Lett. 30, 1138 (2009).

Proenca, H.

H. Proenca and G. Santos, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 116, 167 (2012).

Puhan, N. B.

N. B. Puhan, N. Sudha, and A. S. Kaushalram, Signal Image Video Process. 5, 105 (2011).

Sa, P. K.

H. Mehrotra, P. K. Sa, and B. Majhi, Math. Comput. Model. 58, 132 (2013).

Santos, G.

H. Proenca and G. Santos, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 116, 167 (2012).

Sudha, N.

N. B. Puhan, N. Sudha, and A. S. Kaushalram, Signal Image Video Process. 5, 105 (2011).

Usman, I.

F. Jan, I. Usman, and S. Agha, Digital Signal Process. 22, 971 (2012).

F. Jan, I. Usman, and S. Agha, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 111501 (2012).

Wang, F.

Wildes, R. P.

R. P. Wildes, Proc. IEEE 85, 1348 (1997).

Yao, X.

Ye, X.

Yoo, J. H.

B. J. Kang, K. R. Park, J. H. Yoo, and K. Moon, Opt. Eng. 49, 067001 (2010).

Yu, H.

Z. Lin and H. Yu, Procedia Environ. Sci. 8, 352 (2011).

Zhao, Z.

Chin. Opt. Lett. (3)

Comput. Vis. Image Und. (2)

K. W. Bowyer, K. Hollingsworth, and P. J. Flynn, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 110, 281 (2008).

H. Proenca and G. Santos, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 116, 167 (2012).

Digital Signal Process. (1)

F. Jan, I. Usman, and S. Agha, Digital Signal Process. 22, 971 (2012).

IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intel. (1)

J. Canny, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intel. PAMI-8, 679 (1986).

IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. (1)

J. G. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 15, 1148 (1993).

IEEE Trans. Sys. Man. Cyber. (1)

N. Otsu, IEEE Trans. Sys. Man. Cyber. 9, 62 (1997).

Math. Comput. Model. (1)

H. Mehrotra, P. K. Sa, and B. Majhi, Math. Comput. Model. 58, 132 (2013).

Opt. Eng. (1)

B. J. Kang, K. R. Park, J. H. Yoo, and K. Moon, Opt. Eng. 49, 067001 (2010).

Opt. Lasers Eng. (3)

C. Belcher and Y. Du, Opt. Lasers Eng. 47, 139 (2009).

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

Pattern Recogn. Lett. (2)

B. J. Kang and K. R. Park, Pattern Recogn. Lett. 28, 1630 (2007).

T. H. Min and R. H. Park, Pattern Recogn. Lett. 30, 1138 (2009).

Proc. IEEE (1)

R. P. Wildes, Proc. IEEE 85, 1348 (1997).

Procedia Environ. Sci. (1)

Z. Lin and H. Yu, Procedia Environ. Sci. 8, 352 (2011).

Signal Image Video Process. (1)

N. B. Puhan, N. Sudha, and A. S. Kaushalram, Signal Image Video Process. 5, 105 (2011).

Other (5)

R. C. Gonzalez and R. E.Woods, Digital Image Processing (Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, 2007).

UBIRIS iris database, http://iris.di.ubi.pt/ (March 19, 2013).

CASIA iris database, http://www.idealtest. org/findTotalDbByMode. do? mode=Iris (March 19, 2013)

Mathworks, http://www.mathworks.com/ (March 19, 2013).

L. Masek, "Recognition of Human Iris Patterns for Biometric Identification", B.Sc. Thesis (University of Western Australia, 2003).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.