Abstract

We measure the half-wave voltage of LiNbO<sub>3</sub> phase modulators in a 26-GHz wideband frequency range, and then analyze it by the phase modulation photonic peak gain linked to the interferometric demodulation. The optical interferometer is constructed with two 50:50 couplers and two fiber arms with a 1-m difference in fiber length. The photonic link gain peaks are frequency dependent, as indicated by the differential time delay in the interferometer. The procedure described is a new and practical half-wave voltage measurement method that can accurately predict the nonlinear frequency characteristics of the phase modulator. Moreover, the method can be applied to various types of LiNbO<sub>3</sub> phase modulators.

© 2013 Chinese Optics Letters

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  2. J. F. Diehl, V. J. Urick, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 60, 195 (2012).
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  7. S. Zou, Y. Wang, Y. Shao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 070625 (2012).
  8. Y. Shi, L. Yan, and A. E. Willner, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2358 (2003).
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2012 (4)

J. F. Diehl, V. J. Urick, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 60, 195 (2012).

S. Zou, Y. Wang, Y. Shao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 070625 (2012).

S. Zhang, X. Zhang, and Y. Liu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 084217 (2012).

B. Wang, Z. Li, and X. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 071202 (2012).

2010 (2)

W. M. Dorsey, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, and M. G. Parent, IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 58, 5288 (2010).

L. Liu, S. Zheng, X. Zhang, X. Jin, and H. Chi, J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 123 (2010).

2008 (1)

2007 (2)

B. M. Haas and T. E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 729 (2007).

V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, J. D. McKinney, P. S. Devgan, A. L. Campillo, J. L. Dexter, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 55, 1978 (2007).

2005 (2)

L.-S. Yan, A. E. Willner, and Y. Shi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1486 (2005).

S. Montebugnoli, M. Boschi, F. Perini, P. Faccin, G Brunori, and E Pirazzini, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 48 (2005).

2003 (1)

Boschi, M.

S. Montebugnoli, M. Boschi, F. Perini, P. Faccin, G Brunori, and E Pirazzini, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 48 (2005).

Brunori, G

S. Montebugnoli, M. Boschi, F. Perini, P. Faccin, G Brunori, and E Pirazzini, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 48 (2005).

Bucholtz, F.

J. F. Diehl, V. J. Urick, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 60, 195 (2012).

W. M. Dorsey, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, and M. G. Parent, IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 58, 5288 (2010).

V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, J. D. McKinney, P. S. Devgan, A. L. Campillo, J. L. Dexter, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 55, 1978 (2007).

Campillo, A. L.

V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, J. D. McKinney, P. S. Devgan, A. L. Campillo, J. L. Dexter, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 55, 1978 (2007).

Chan, E. H. W.

Chi, H.

L. Liu, S. Zheng, X. Zhang, X. Jin, and H. Chi, J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 123 (2010).

Chi, N.

S. Zou, Y. Wang, Y. Shao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 070625 (2012).

Devgan, P. S.

J. F. Diehl, V. J. Urick, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 60, 195 (2012).

V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, J. D. McKinney, P. S. Devgan, A. L. Campillo, J. L. Dexter, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 55, 1978 (2007).

Dexter, J. L.

V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, J. D. McKinney, P. S. Devgan, A. L. Campillo, J. L. Dexter, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 55, 1978 (2007).

Diehl, J. F.

J. F. Diehl, V. J. Urick, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 60, 195 (2012).

Dorsey, W. M.

W. M. Dorsey, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, and M. G. Parent, IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 58, 5288 (2010).

Faccin, P.

S. Montebugnoli, M. Boschi, F. Perini, P. Faccin, G Brunori, and E Pirazzini, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 48 (2005).

Haas, B. M.

B. M. Haas and T. E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 729 (2007).

Jin, X.

L. Liu, S. Zheng, X. Zhang, X. Jin, and H. Chi, J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 123 (2010).

Li, Z.

Liu, L.

L. Liu, S. Zheng, X. Zhang, X. Jin, and H. Chi, J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 123 (2010).

Liu, Y.

S. Zhang, X. Zhang, and Y. Liu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 084217 (2012).

McDermitt, C. S.

J. F. Diehl, V. J. Urick, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 60, 195 (2012).

W. M. Dorsey, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, and M. G. Parent, IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 58, 5288 (2010).

McKinney, J. D.

V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, J. D. McKinney, P. S. Devgan, A. L. Campillo, J. L. Dexter, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 55, 1978 (2007).

Minasian, R. A.

Montebugnoli, S.

S. Montebugnoli, M. Boschi, F. Perini, P. Faccin, G Brunori, and E Pirazzini, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 48 (2005).

Murphy, T. E.

B. M. Haas and T. E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 729 (2007).

Parent, M. G.

W. M. Dorsey, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, and M. G. Parent, IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 58, 5288 (2010).

Perini, F.

S. Montebugnoli, M. Boschi, F. Perini, P. Faccin, G Brunori, and E Pirazzini, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 48 (2005).

Pirazzini, E

S. Montebugnoli, M. Boschi, F. Perini, P. Faccin, G Brunori, and E Pirazzini, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 48 (2005).

Shao, Y.

S. Zou, Y. Wang, Y. Shao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 070625 (2012).

Shi, Y.

L.-S. Yan, A. E. Willner, and Y. Shi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1486 (2005).

Y. Shi, L. Yan, and A. E. Willner, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2358 (2003).

Urick, V. J.

J. F. Diehl, V. J. Urick, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 60, 195 (2012).

V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, J. D. McKinney, P. S. Devgan, A. L. Campillo, J. L. Dexter, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 55, 1978 (2007).

Wang, B.

Wang, X.

Wang, Y.

S. Zou, Y. Wang, Y. Shao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 070625 (2012).

Williams, K. J.

J. F. Diehl, V. J. Urick, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 60, 195 (2012).

V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, J. D. McKinney, P. S. Devgan, A. L. Campillo, J. L. Dexter, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 55, 1978 (2007).

Willner, A. E.

L.-S. Yan, A. E. Willner, and Y. Shi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1486 (2005).

Y. Shi, L. Yan, and A. E. Willner, J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2358 (2003).

Yan, L.

Yan, L.-S.

L.-S. Yan, A. E. Willner, and Y. Shi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1486 (2005).

Yu, J.

S. Zou, Y. Wang, Y. Shao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 070625 (2012).

Zhang, J.

S. Zou, Y. Wang, Y. Shao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 070625 (2012).

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, X. Zhang, and Y. Liu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 084217 (2012).

Zhang, X.

S. Zhang, X. Zhang, and Y. Liu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 084217 (2012).

L. Liu, S. Zheng, X. Zhang, X. Jin, and H. Chi, J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 123 (2010).

Zheng, S.

L. Liu, S. Zheng, X. Zhang, X. Jin, and H. Chi, J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 123 (2010).

Zou, S.

S. Zou, Y. Wang, Y. Shao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 070625 (2012).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

S. Zou, Y. Wang, Y. Shao, J. Zhang, J. Yu, and N. Chi, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 070625 (2012).

B. Wang, Z. Li, and X. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 10, 071202 (2012).

Chin. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. Zhang, X. Zhang, and Y. Liu, Chin. Phys. Lett. 29, 084217 (2012).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

B. M. Haas and T. E. Murphy, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 729 (2007).

L.-S. Yan, A. E. Willner, and Y. Shi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1486 (2005).

IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. (1)

W. M. Dorsey, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, and M. G. Parent, IEEE Trans. Antenn. Propag. 58, 5288 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. (2)

J. F. Diehl, V. J. Urick, C. S. McDermitt, F. Bucholtz, P. S. Devgan, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 60, 195 (2012).

V. J. Urick, F. Bucholtz, J. D. McKinney, P. S. Devgan, A. L. Campillo, J. L. Dexter, and K. J. Williams, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 55, 1978 (2007).

J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. (1)

L. Liu, S. Zheng, X. Zhang, X. Jin, and H. Chi, J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 24, 123 (2010).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. (1)

S. Montebugnoli, M. Boschi, F. Perini, P. Faccin, G Brunori, and E Pirazzini, Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett. 46, 48 (2005).

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