Abstract

We evaluate the ablation thresholds of Er:YAG and Er,Cr:YSGG laser for enamel and dentin. A total of 140 dental slices is evenly divided into two groups: the dentin group and the enamel group. Dental tissues are irradiated with either an Er:YAG laser or an Er,Cr:YSGG laser with pulse widths in the order of 100 μs. The laser fluence is increased gradually until the ablation crater is formed. The laser ablation threshold is calculated using probit analysis. The ablation thresholds of the Er:YAG laser for dentin and enamel range from 2.88 to 3.36 J/cm<sup>2</sup> and from 2.94 to 3.8 J/cm<sup>2</sup>, respectively, and the ablation thresholds of the Er,Cr:YSGG laser for dentin and enamel range from 2.92 to 4.2 J/cm<sup>2</sup> and from 4.93 to 5.66 J/cm<sup>2</sup>, respectively.

© 2013 Chinese Optics Letters

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2012 (1)

X. Zhang, Z. Zhan, H. Liu, H. Zhao, S. Xie, and Q. Ye, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 38003 (2012).

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

W. Raucci-Neto, M. A. Chinelatti, and R. G. PalmaDibb, Photomed. Laser Surg. 26, 523 (2008).

2007 (4)

X. Z. Zhang, S. S. Xie, Q. Ye, and Z. L. Zhan, Chin. Opt. Lett. 5, 235 (2007).

P. Ekworapoj, S. K. Sidhu, and J. F. Mccabe, Lasers Med. Sci. 22, 175 (2007).

S. Parker, Br. Dent. J. 202, 445 (2007).

H. W. Kang, I. Rizoiu, and A. J. Welch, Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 7243 (2007).

2006 (1)

J. Meister, R. Franzen, K. Forner, H. Grebe, S. Stanzel, F. Lampert, and C. Apel, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 034030 (2006).

2002 (2)

C. Apel, J. Meister, R. S. Ioana, R. Franzen, P. Hering, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 246 (2002).

C. Apel, R. Franzen, J. Meister, H. Sarrafzadegan, S. Thelen, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 253 (2002).

2001 (1)

J. D. B. Featherstone and D. Fried, Med. Laser Appl. 16, 181 (2001).

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

D. Fried, J. D. B. Featherstone, S. R. Visuri, W. D. Seka, and J. J. T. Walsh, Proc. SPIE 2672, 73 (1996).

B. Majaron, M. Lukac, D. Sustercic, N. Funduk, and U. Skaleric, Proc. SPIE 2922, 233 (1996).

1993 (2)

A. V. Belikov, A. V. Erofeev, V. V. Shumilin, and A. M. Tkachuk, Proc. SPIE 2080, 60 (1993).

P. Rechmann, T. Hennig, U. von den Hoff, and R. Kaufmann, Proc. SPIE 1880, 235 (1993).

1991 (1)

T. Hennig, P. Rechmann, C. G. Pilgrim, H. Schwarzmaier, and R. Kaufmann, Proc. SPIE 1424, 99 (1991).

1989 (1)

R. Hibst and U. Keller, Lasers Surg. Med. 9, 338 (1989).

Apel, C.

J. Meister, R. Franzen, K. Forner, H. Grebe, S. Stanzel, F. Lampert, and C. Apel, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 034030 (2006).

C. Apel, R. Franzen, J. Meister, H. Sarrafzadegan, S. Thelen, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 253 (2002).

C. Apel, J. Meister, R. S. Ioana, R. Franzen, P. Hering, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 246 (2002).

Attril, D. C.

Belikov, A. V.

A. V. Belikov, A. V. Erofeev, V. V. Shumilin, and A. M. Tkachuk, Proc. SPIE 2080, 60 (1993).

Blinkhorn, A. S.

Chinelatti, M. A.

W. Raucci-Neto, M. A. Chinelatti, and R. G. PalmaDibb, Photomed. Laser Surg. 26, 523 (2008).

Dickinson, M. R.

Ekworapoj, P.

P. Ekworapoj, S. K. Sidhu, and J. F. Mccabe, Lasers Med. Sci. 22, 175 (2007).

Erofeev, A. V.

A. V. Belikov, A. V. Erofeev, V. V. Shumilin, and A. M. Tkachuk, Proc. SPIE 2080, 60 (1993).

Farrar, S. R.

Featherstone, J. D. B.

J. D. B. Featherstone and D. Fried, Med. Laser Appl. 16, 181 (2001).

D. Fried, J. D. B. Featherstone, S. R. Visuri, W. D. Seka, and J. J. T. Walsh, Proc. SPIE 2672, 73 (1996).

Forner, K.

J. Meister, R. Franzen, K. Forner, H. Grebe, S. Stanzel, F. Lampert, and C. Apel, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 034030 (2006).

Franzen, R.

J. Meister, R. Franzen, K. Forner, H. Grebe, S. Stanzel, F. Lampert, and C. Apel, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 034030 (2006).

C. Apel, R. Franzen, J. Meister, H. Sarrafzadegan, S. Thelen, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 253 (2002).

C. Apel, J. Meister, R. S. Ioana, R. Franzen, P. Hering, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 246 (2002).

Fried, D.

J. D. B. Featherstone and D. Fried, Med. Laser Appl. 16, 181 (2001).

D. Fried, J. D. B. Featherstone, S. R. Visuri, W. D. Seka, and J. J. T. Walsh, Proc. SPIE 2672, 73 (1996).

Funduk, N.

B. Majaron, M. Lukac, D. Sustercic, N. Funduk, and U. Skaleric, Proc. SPIE 2922, 233 (1996).

Grebe, H.

J. Meister, R. Franzen, K. Forner, H. Grebe, S. Stanzel, F. Lampert, and C. Apel, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 034030 (2006).

Gutknecht, N.

C. Apel, J. Meister, R. S. Ioana, R. Franzen, P. Hering, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 246 (2002).

C. Apel, R. Franzen, J. Meister, H. Sarrafzadegan, S. Thelen, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 253 (2002).

Hennig, T.

P. Rechmann, T. Hennig, U. von den Hoff, and R. Kaufmann, Proc. SPIE 1880, 235 (1993).

T. Hennig, P. Rechmann, C. G. Pilgrim, H. Schwarzmaier, and R. Kaufmann, Proc. SPIE 1424, 99 (1991).

Hering, P.

C. Apel, J. Meister, R. S. Ioana, R. Franzen, P. Hering, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 246 (2002).

Hibst, R.

R. Hibst and U. Keller, Lasers Surg. Med. 9, 338 (1989).

Hoff, U. von den

P. Rechmann, T. Hennig, U. von den Hoff, and R. Kaufmann, Proc. SPIE 1880, 235 (1993).

Ioana, R. S.

C. Apel, J. Meister, R. S. Ioana, R. Franzen, P. Hering, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 246 (2002).

Kang, H. W.

H. W. Kang, I. Rizoiu, and A. J. Welch, Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 7243 (2007).

Kaufmann, R.

P. Rechmann, T. Hennig, U. von den Hoff, and R. Kaufmann, Proc. SPIE 1880, 235 (1993).

T. Hennig, P. Rechmann, C. G. Pilgrim, H. Schwarzmaier, and R. Kaufmann, Proc. SPIE 1424, 99 (1991).

Keller, U.

R. Hibst and U. Keller, Lasers Surg. Med. 9, 338 (1989).

King, T. A.

Lampert, F.

J. Meister, R. Franzen, K. Forner, H. Grebe, S. Stanzel, F. Lampert, and C. Apel, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 034030 (2006).

Liu, H.

X. Zhang, Z. Zhan, H. Liu, H. Zhao, S. Xie, and Q. Ye, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 38003 (2012).

Lukac, M.

B. Majaron, M. Lukac, D. Sustercic, N. Funduk, and U. Skaleric, Proc. SPIE 2922, 233 (1996).

Majaron, B.

B. Majaron, M. Lukac, D. Sustercic, N. Funduk, and U. Skaleric, Proc. SPIE 2922, 233 (1996).

Mccabe, J. F.

P. Ekworapoj, S. K. Sidhu, and J. F. Mccabe, Lasers Med. Sci. 22, 175 (2007).

Meister, J.

J. Meister, R. Franzen, K. Forner, H. Grebe, S. Stanzel, F. Lampert, and C. Apel, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 034030 (2006).

C. Apel, J. Meister, R. S. Ioana, R. Franzen, P. Hering, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 246 (2002).

C. Apel, R. Franzen, J. Meister, H. Sarrafzadegan, S. Thelen, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 253 (2002).

PalmaDibb, R. G.

W. Raucci-Neto, M. A. Chinelatti, and R. G. PalmaDibb, Photomed. Laser Surg. 26, 523 (2008).

Parker, S.

S. Parker, Br. Dent. J. 202, 445 (2007).

Pilgrim, C. G.

T. Hennig, P. Rechmann, C. G. Pilgrim, H. Schwarzmaier, and R. Kaufmann, Proc. SPIE 1424, 99 (1991).

Raucci-Neto, W.

W. Raucci-Neto, M. A. Chinelatti, and R. G. PalmaDibb, Photomed. Laser Surg. 26, 523 (2008).

Rechmann, P.

P. Rechmann, T. Hennig, U. von den Hoff, and R. Kaufmann, Proc. SPIE 1880, 235 (1993).

T. Hennig, P. Rechmann, C. G. Pilgrim, H. Schwarzmaier, and R. Kaufmann, Proc. SPIE 1424, 99 (1991).

Rizoiu, I.

H. W. Kang, I. Rizoiu, and A. J. Welch, Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 7243 (2007).

Sarrafzadegan, H.

C. Apel, R. Franzen, J. Meister, H. Sarrafzadegan, S. Thelen, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 253 (2002).

Schwarzmaier, H.

T. Hennig, P. Rechmann, C. G. Pilgrim, H. Schwarzmaier, and R. Kaufmann, Proc. SPIE 1424, 99 (1991).

Seka, W. D.

D. Fried, J. D. B. Featherstone, S. R. Visuri, W. D. Seka, and J. J. T. Walsh, Proc. SPIE 2672, 73 (1996).

Shumilin, V. V.

A. V. Belikov, A. V. Erofeev, V. V. Shumilin, and A. M. Tkachuk, Proc. SPIE 2080, 60 (1993).

Sidhu, S. K.

P. Ekworapoj, S. K. Sidhu, and J. F. Mccabe, Lasers Med. Sci. 22, 175 (2007).

Skaleric, U.

B. Majaron, M. Lukac, D. Sustercic, N. Funduk, and U. Skaleric, Proc. SPIE 2922, 233 (1996).

Stanzel, S.

J. Meister, R. Franzen, K. Forner, H. Grebe, S. Stanzel, F. Lampert, and C. Apel, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 034030 (2006).

Sustercic, D.

B. Majaron, M. Lukac, D. Sustercic, N. Funduk, and U. Skaleric, Proc. SPIE 2922, 233 (1996).

Thelen, S.

C. Apel, R. Franzen, J. Meister, H. Sarrafzadegan, S. Thelen, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 253 (2002).

Tkachuk, A. M.

A. V. Belikov, A. V. Erofeev, V. V. Shumilin, and A. M. Tkachuk, Proc. SPIE 2080, 60 (1993).

Visuri, S. R.

D. Fried, J. D. B. Featherstone, S. R. Visuri, W. D. Seka, and J. J. T. Walsh, Proc. SPIE 2672, 73 (1996).

Walsh, J. J. T.

D. Fried, J. D. B. Featherstone, S. R. Visuri, W. D. Seka, and J. J. T. Walsh, Proc. SPIE 2672, 73 (1996).

Wang, X. Y.

Welch, A. J.

H. W. Kang, I. Rizoiu, and A. J. Welch, Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 7243 (2007).

Xie, S.

X. Zhang, Z. Zhan, H. Liu, H. Zhao, S. Xie, and Q. Ye, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 38003 (2012).

Xie, S. S.

Ye, Q.

Zhan, Z.

X. Zhang, Z. Zhan, H. Liu, H. Zhao, S. Xie, and Q. Ye, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 38003 (2012).

Zhan, Z. L.

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang, Z. Zhan, H. Liu, H. Zhao, S. Xie, and Q. Ye, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 38003 (2012).

Zhang, X. Z.

Zhao, H.

X. Zhang, Z. Zhan, H. Liu, H. Zhao, S. Xie, and Q. Ye, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 38003 (2012).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Br. Dent. J. (1)

S. Parker, Br. Dent. J. 202, 445 (2007).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

J. Biomed. Opt. (2)

X. Zhang, Z. Zhan, H. Liu, H. Zhao, S. Xie, and Q. Ye, J. Biomed. Opt. 17, 38003 (2012).

J. Meister, R. Franzen, K. Forner, H. Grebe, S. Stanzel, F. Lampert, and C. Apel, J. Biomed. Opt. 11, 034030 (2006).

Lasers Med. Sci. (3)

C. Apel, J. Meister, R. S. Ioana, R. Franzen, P. Hering, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 246 (2002).

P. Ekworapoj, S. K. Sidhu, and J. F. Mccabe, Lasers Med. Sci. 22, 175 (2007).

C. Apel, R. Franzen, J. Meister, H. Sarrafzadegan, S. Thelen, and N. Gutknecht, Lasers Med. Sci. 17, 253 (2002).

Lasers Surg. Med. (1)

R. Hibst and U. Keller, Lasers Surg. Med. 9, 338 (1989).

Med. Laser Appl. (1)

J. D. B. Featherstone and D. Fried, Med. Laser Appl. 16, 181 (2001).

Photomed. Laser Surg. (1)

W. Raucci-Neto, M. A. Chinelatti, and R. G. PalmaDibb, Photomed. Laser Surg. 26, 523 (2008).

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

H. W. Kang, I. Rizoiu, and A. J. Welch, Phys. Med. Biol. 52, 7243 (2007).

Proc. SPIE (5)

D. Fried, J. D. B. Featherstone, S. R. Visuri, W. D. Seka, and J. J. T. Walsh, Proc. SPIE 2672, 73 (1996).

A. V. Belikov, A. V. Erofeev, V. V. Shumilin, and A. M. Tkachuk, Proc. SPIE 2080, 60 (1993).

P. Rechmann, T. Hennig, U. von den Hoff, and R. Kaufmann, Proc. SPIE 1880, 235 (1993).

T. Hennig, P. Rechmann, C. G. Pilgrim, H. Schwarzmaier, and R. Kaufmann, Proc. SPIE 1424, 99 (1991).

B. Majaron, M. Lukac, D. Sustercic, N. Funduk, and U. Skaleric, Proc. SPIE 2922, 233 (1996).

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