Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a photonic approach to instantaneous frequency measurement with an extended range based on phase modulation. In the measurement system, two optical wavelengths and two dispersion fiber segments are used to construct the frequency-dependent amplitude comparison functions (ACFs). Several ACFs can be utilized jointly to determine the microwave frequency without ambiguities beyond a monotonic region of the lone conventional ACF. The measurable range of microwave frequency can be extended and the accuracy can be improved by selecting an ACF with a large slope. The experimental results show that the errors are limited within ±140 MHz of a frequency measuremental range from 8 to 20 GHz.

© 2013 Chinese Optics Letters

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  20. H. Zhao, H. Chi, Q. Zeng, S. Xiao, and M. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 4908, 183 (2002).

2011 (2)

2009 (6)

H. L. Guo, G. Z. Xiao, N. Mrad, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 45 (2009).

P. Rugeland, Z. Yu, C. Sterner, O. Tarasenko, G. Tengstrand, and W. Margulis, Opt. Lett. 34, 3794 (2009).

J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).

X. M. Zhang, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, X. F. Jin, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microwave Wireless Component Lett. 19, 422 (2009).

J. Q. Zhou, S. N. Fu, P. P. Shum, S. Aditya, L. Xia, J. Q. Li, X. Q. Sun, and K. Xu, Opt. Express 17, 7217 (2009).

J. Q. Zhou, S. N. Fu, S. Aditya, P. P. Shum, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1069 (2009).

2008 (3)

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 315 (2008).

X. H. Zou and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1989 (2008).

H. Chi, X. H. Zou, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1249 (2008).

2007 (1)

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).

2006 (2)

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 54, 868 (2006)

L. V. T. Nguyen and D. B. Hunter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1188 (2006).

2002 (2)

J. H. Michael, W. John, H. Michael, and B. Bob, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1524 (2002).

H. Zhao, H. Chi, Q. Zeng, S. Xiao, and M. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 4908, 183 (2002).

1982 (1)

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puleo, and E. Vezzoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1497 (1982).

Aditya, S.

J. Q. Zhou, S. N. Fu, S. Aditya, P. P. Shum, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1069 (2009).

J. Q. Zhou, S. N. Fu, P. P. Shum, S. Aditya, L. Xia, J. Q. Li, X. Q. Sun, and K. Xu, Opt. Express 17, 7217 (2009).

Austin, M. W.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 54, 868 (2006)

Bob, B.

J. H. Michael, W. John, H. Michael, and B. Bob, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1524 (2002).

Canning, J.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 54, 868 (2006)

Capmany, J.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).

Chi, H.

X. M. Zhang, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, X. F. Jin, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microwave Wireless Component Lett. 19, 422 (2009).

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 315 (2008).

H. Chi, X. H. Zou, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1249 (2008).

H. Zhao, H. Chi, Q. Zeng, S. Xiao, and M. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 4908, 183 (2002).

Costa, B.

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puleo, and E. Vezzoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1497 (1982).

Dong, J.

Fu, S. N.

J. Q. Zhou, S. N. Fu, P. P. Shum, S. Aditya, L. Xia, J. Q. Li, X. Q. Sun, and K. Xu, Opt. Express 17, 7217 (2009).

J. Q. Zhou, S. N. Fu, S. Aditya, P. P. Shum, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1069 (2009).

Guo, H. L.

H. L. Guo, G. Z. Xiao, N. Mrad, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 45 (2009).

Huang, D.

Hunter, D. B.

L. V. T. Nguyen and D. B. Hunter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1188 (2006).

Jiang, M.

H. Zhao, H. Chi, Q. Zeng, S. Xiao, and M. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 4908, 183 (2002).

Jiang, Y. S.

Jin, X. F.

X. M. Zhang, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, X. F. Jin, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microwave Wireless Component Lett. 19, 422 (2009).

John, W.

J. H. Michael, W. John, H. Michael, and B. Bob, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1524 (2002).

Li, J. Q.

Lin, C.

J. Q. Zhou, S. N. Fu, S. Aditya, P. P. Shum, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1069 (2009).

Lindsay, A. C.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 54, 868 (2006)

Luo, B.

Margulis, W.

Mazzoni, D.

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puleo, and E. Vezzoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1497 (1982).

Michael, H.

J. H. Michael, W. John, H. Michael, and B. Bob, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1524 (2002).

Michael, J. H.

J. H. Michael, W. John, H. Michael, and B. Bob, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1524 (2002).

Mitchell, A.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 54, 868 (2006)

Mrad, N.

H. L. Guo, G. Z. Xiao, N. Mrad, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 45 (2009).

Nguyen, L. V. T.

L. V. T. Nguyen and D. B. Hunter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1188 (2006).

Novak, D.

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).

Pan, W.

Puleo, M.

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puleo, and E. Vezzoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1497 (1982).

Rugeland, P.

Shum, P. P.

J. Q. Zhou, S. N. Fu, P. P. Shum, S. Aditya, L. Xia, J. Q. Li, X. Q. Sun, and K. Xu, Opt. Express 17, 7217 (2009).

J. Q. Zhou, S. N. Fu, S. Aditya, P. P. Shum, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1069 (2009).

Sterner, C.

Sun, S. Q.

Tarasenko, O.

Tengstrand, G.

Vezzoni, E.

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puleo, and E. Vezzoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1497 (1982).

Winnall, S. T.

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 54, 868 (2006)

Xia, L.

Xiao, G. Z.

H. L. Guo, G. Z. Xiao, N. Mrad, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 45 (2009).

Xiao, S.

H. Zhao, H. Chi, Q. Zeng, S. Xiao, and M. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 4908, 183 (2002).

Xu, K.

Yan, L. S.

Yao, J. P.

J. P. Yao, J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 314 (2009).

H. L. Guo, G. Z. Xiao, N. Mrad, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 45 (2009).

X. M. Zhang, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, X. F. Jin, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microwave Wireless Component Lett. 19, 422 (2009).

X. H. Zou and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1989 (2008).

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 315 (2008).

H. Chi, X. H. Zou, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1249 (2008).

Yu, Y.

Yu, Z.

Zeng, Q.

H. Zhao, H. Chi, Q. Zeng, S. Xiao, and M. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 4908, 183 (2002).

Zhang, X.

Zhang, X. M.

X. M. Zhang, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, X. F. Jin, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microwave Wireless Component Lett. 19, 422 (2009).

X. M. Zhang, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, X. F. Jin, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microwave Wireless Component Lett. 19, 422 (2009).

Zhao, H.

H. Zhao, H. Chi, Q. Zeng, S. Xiao, and M. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 4908, 183 (2002).

Zheng, S. L.

X. M. Zhang, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, X. F. Jin, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microwave Wireless Component Lett. 19, 422 (2009).

Zhou, J. Q.

J. Q. Zhou, S. N. Fu, S. Aditya, P. P. Shum, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1069 (2009).

J. Q. Zhou, S. N. Fu, P. P. Shum, S. Aditya, L. Xia, J. Q. Li, X. Q. Sun, and K. Xu, Opt. Express 17, 7217 (2009).

Zou, X. H.

X. H. Zou, W. Pan, B. Luo, L. S. Yan, and Y. S. Jiang, Opt. Express 19, 24712 (2011).

H. Chi, X. H. Zou, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1249 (2008).

X. H. Zou and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1989 (2008).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puleo, and E. Vezzoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1497 (1982).

IEEE Microwave Wireless Component Lett. (1)

X. M. Zhang, H. Chi, X. M. Zhang, S. L. Zheng, X. F. Jin, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Microwave Wireless Component Lett. 19, 422 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (7)

L. V. T. Nguyen and D. B. Hunter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1188 (2006).

X. H. Zou and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1989 (2008).

J. Q. Zhou, S. N. Fu, S. Aditya, P. P. Shum, and C. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 21, 1069 (2009).

H. L. Guo, G. Z. Xiao, N. Mrad, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 45 (2009).

H. Chi, X. H. Zou, and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1249 (2008).

J. H. Michael, W. John, H. Michael, and B. Bob, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1524 (2002).

H. Chi and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 315 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. (1)

S. T. Winnall, A. C. Lindsay, M. W. Austin, J. Canning, and A. Mitchell, IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Technol. 54, 868 (2006)

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Nat. Photon. (1)

J. Capmany and D. Novak, Nat. Photon. 1, 319 (2007).

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. Zhao, H. Chi, Q. Zeng, S. Xiao, and M. Jiang, Proc. SPIE 4908, 183 (2002).

Other (3)

D. C. Schleher, Electronic warfare in the information age (Artech House Publishers, London, 1999).

S. Gronbach, "Method and apparatus for controlling a bias voltage of a Mach-Zehnder modulator", U. S. patent 7075695 (2006).

EIA/TIA-455-169A (FOTP-169), "Chromatic dispersion measurement of single mode optical fiber by the phase shift method".

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