Abstract

The nonlinear optical (NLO) and optical limiting (OL) properties of three new structures of organic NLO guest-host Poly(N-vinylcarbozole)/disperse orange 3 (PVK/DO3), PVK/disperse orange 13 (PVK/DO13), and PVK/disperse orange 25 (PVK/DO25) as a solution at different concentrations and as a thin-film sample are studied using continuous wave z-scan system at 532 nm. The open-aperture z-scan data of the NLO materials in the solution and thin-film samples displayed two-photon and saturable absorptions, respectively. The PVK/DO13 exhibites the largest and best values of the nonlinearities, such as n<sub>2</sub>, <i>β</i>, <i>χ</i><sup>(3)</sup>, compared with those of PVK/DO3 and PVK/DO25. This nonlinearity increases as the concentration increases. The results indicate that these NLO materials are good candidates for optical switching and OL devices.

© 2013 Chinese Optics Letters

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K. Naseema, K. B. Banjunatha, K. V. Sujith, G. Umesh, B. Kalluraya, and V. Rao, Opt. Mater. 34, 1751 (2012).

2011

Y. Wang, Y. Jiang, J. Hua, H. Tian, and S. Qian, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033518 (2011).

Y. Zhang, X. Hu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 141113 (2011).

G. Balaji, R. K. Rekha, and A. Ramalingam, Acta Phys. Polon. A 119, 359 (2011).

M. D. Zidan and Z. Ajji, Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 934 (2011).

2010

M. D. Zidan, A. W. Allaf, Z. Ajji, and A. Allahham, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 531 (2010).

P. Poornesh, P. K. Hegde, G. Umesh, M. G. Manjunatha, K. M. Manjunatha, and A. V. Adhkari, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 230 (2010).

2009

P. Poornesh, G. Umesh, and P. K. Hegde, Appl. Phys. B 97, 117 (2009).

2007

T. Huang, Z. Hao, H. Gong, Z. Liu, S. Xiao, and S. Li, Chem. Phys. Lett. 451, 213 (2007).

S. J. Mathews, S. C. Kumar, L. Giribabu, and S. V. Rao, Opt. Commun. 280, 206 (2007).

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M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Vanstyrloud, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

Adhkari, A. V.

P. Poornesh, P. K. Hegde, G. Umesh, M. G. Manjunatha, K. M. Manjunatha, and A. V. Adhkari, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 230 (2010).

Ajji, Z.

M. D. Zidan and Z. Ajji, Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 934 (2011).

M. D. Zidan, A. W. Allaf, Z. Ajji, and A. Allahham, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 531 (2010).

Allaf, A. W.

M. D. Zidan, A. W. Allaf, Z. Ajji, and A. Allahham, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 531 (2010).

Allahham, A.

M. D. Zidan, A. W. Allaf, Z. Ajji, and A. Allahham, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 531 (2010).

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G. Balaji, R. K. Rekha, and A. Ramalingam, Acta Phys. Polon. A 119, 359 (2011).

Banjunatha, K. B.

K. Naseema, K. B. Banjunatha, K. V. Sujith, G. Umesh, B. Kalluraya, and V. Rao, Opt. Mater. 34, 1751 (2012).

Giribabu, L.

S. J. Mathews, S. C. Kumar, L. Giribabu, and S. V. Rao, Opt. Commun. 280, 206 (2007).

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T. Huang, Z. Hao, H. Gong, Z. Liu, S. Xiao, and S. Li, Chem. Phys. Lett. 451, 213 (2007).

Gong, Q.

Y. Zhang, X. Hu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 141113 (2011).

Hagan, D. J.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Vanstyrloud, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

Hao, Z.

T. Huang, Z. Hao, H. Gong, Z. Liu, S. Xiao, and S. Li, Chem. Phys. Lett. 451, 213 (2007).

Hegde, P. K.

P. Poornesh, P. K. Hegde, G. Umesh, M. G. Manjunatha, K. M. Manjunatha, and A. V. Adhkari, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 230 (2010).

P. Poornesh, G. Umesh, and P. K. Hegde, Appl. Phys. B 97, 117 (2009).

Hu, X.

Y. Zhang, X. Hu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 141113 (2011).

Hua, J.

Y. Wang, Y. Jiang, J. Hua, H. Tian, and S. Qian, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033518 (2011).

Huang, T.

T. Huang, Z. Hao, H. Gong, Z. Liu, S. Xiao, and S. Li, Chem. Phys. Lett. 451, 213 (2007).

Jiang, Y.

Y. Wang, Y. Jiang, J. Hua, H. Tian, and S. Qian, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033518 (2011).

Kalluraya, B.

K. Naseema, K. B. Banjunatha, K. V. Sujith, G. Umesh, B. Kalluraya, and V. Rao, Opt. Mater. 34, 1751 (2012).

Kumar, S. C.

S. J. Mathews, S. C. Kumar, L. Giribabu, and S. V. Rao, Opt. Commun. 280, 206 (2007).

Li, S.

T. Huang, Z. Hao, H. Gong, Z. Liu, S. Xiao, and S. Li, Chem. Phys. Lett. 451, 213 (2007).

Liu, Z.

T. Huang, Z. Hao, H. Gong, Z. Liu, S. Xiao, and S. Li, Chem. Phys. Lett. 451, 213 (2007).

Manjunatha, K. M.

P. Poornesh, P. K. Hegde, G. Umesh, M. G. Manjunatha, K. M. Manjunatha, and A. V. Adhkari, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 230 (2010).

Manjunatha, M. G.

P. Poornesh, P. K. Hegde, G. Umesh, M. G. Manjunatha, K. M. Manjunatha, and A. V. Adhkari, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 230 (2010).

Mathews, S. J.

S. J. Mathews, S. C. Kumar, L. Giribabu, and S. V. Rao, Opt. Commun. 280, 206 (2007).

Naseema, K.

K. Naseema, K. B. Banjunatha, K. V. Sujith, G. Umesh, B. Kalluraya, and V. Rao, Opt. Mater. 34, 1751 (2012).

Poornesh, P.

P. Poornesh, P. K. Hegde, G. Umesh, M. G. Manjunatha, K. M. Manjunatha, and A. V. Adhkari, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 230 (2010).

P. Poornesh, G. Umesh, and P. K. Hegde, Appl. Phys. B 97, 117 (2009).

Qian, S.

Y. Wang, Y. Jiang, J. Hua, H. Tian, and S. Qian, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033518 (2011).

Ramalingam, A.

G. Balaji, R. K. Rekha, and A. Ramalingam, Acta Phys. Polon. A 119, 359 (2011).

Rao, S. V.

S. J. Mathews, S. C. Kumar, L. Giribabu, and S. V. Rao, Opt. Commun. 280, 206 (2007).

Rao, V.

K. Naseema, K. B. Banjunatha, K. V. Sujith, G. Umesh, B. Kalluraya, and V. Rao, Opt. Mater. 34, 1751 (2012).

Rekha, R. K.

G. Balaji, R. K. Rekha, and A. Ramalingam, Acta Phys. Polon. A 119, 359 (2011).

Said, A. A.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Vanstyrloud, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

Sheik-Bahae, M.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Vanstyrloud, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

Sujith, K. V.

K. Naseema, K. B. Banjunatha, K. V. Sujith, G. Umesh, B. Kalluraya, and V. Rao, Opt. Mater. 34, 1751 (2012).

Tian, H.

Y. Wang, Y. Jiang, J. Hua, H. Tian, and S. Qian, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033518 (2011).

Umesh, G.

K. Naseema, K. B. Banjunatha, K. V. Sujith, G. Umesh, B. Kalluraya, and V. Rao, Opt. Mater. 34, 1751 (2012).

P. Poornesh, P. K. Hegde, G. Umesh, M. G. Manjunatha, K. M. Manjunatha, and A. V. Adhkari, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 230 (2010).

P. Poornesh, G. Umesh, and P. K. Hegde, Appl. Phys. B 97, 117 (2009).

Vanstyrloud, E. W.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Vanstyrloud, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, Y. Jiang, J. Hua, H. Tian, and S. Qian, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033518 (2011).

Wei, T. H.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Vanstyrloud, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

Xiao, S.

T. Huang, Z. Hao, H. Gong, Z. Liu, S. Xiao, and S. Li, Chem. Phys. Lett. 451, 213 (2007).

Yang, H.

Y. Zhang, X. Hu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 141113 (2011).

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, X. Hu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 141113 (2011).

Zidan, M. D.

M. D. Zidan and Z. Ajji, Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 934 (2011).

M. D. Zidan, A. W. Allaf, Z. Ajji, and A. Allahham, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 531 (2010).

Acta Phys. Polon. A

G. Balaji, R. K. Rekha, and A. Ramalingam, Acta Phys. Polon. A 119, 359 (2011).

Appl. Phys. B

P. Poornesh, G. Umesh, and P. K. Hegde, Appl. Phys. B 97, 117 (2009).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Y. Zhang, X. Hu, H. Yang, and Q. Gong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 141113 (2011).

Chem. Phys. Lett.

T. Huang, Z. Hao, H. Gong, Z. Liu, S. Xiao, and S. Li, Chem. Phys. Lett. 451, 213 (2007).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Sheik-Bahae, A. A. Said, T. H. Wei, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Vanstyrloud, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 760 (1990).

J. Appl. Phys.

Y. Wang, Y. Jiang, J. Hua, H. Tian, and S. Qian, J. Appl. Phys. 110, 033518 (2011).

Opt. Commun.

S. J. Mathews, S. C. Kumar, L. Giribabu, and S. V. Rao, Opt. Commun. 280, 206 (2007).

Opt. Laser Technol.

M. D. Zidan, A. W. Allaf, Z. Ajji, and A. Allahham, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 531 (2010).

P. Poornesh, P. K. Hegde, G. Umesh, M. G. Manjunatha, K. M. Manjunatha, and A. V. Adhkari, Opt. Laser Technol. 42, 230 (2010).

M. D. Zidan and Z. Ajji, Opt. Laser Technol. 43, 934 (2011).

Opt. Mater.

K. Naseema, K. B. Banjunatha, K. V. Sujith, G. Umesh, B. Kalluraya, and V. Rao, Opt. Mater. 34, 1751 (2012).

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