Abstract

A short distributed feedback fiber laser with a nearly unidirectional output is fabricated and tested. The short fiber laser is made of a polarization-dependent phase-shift grating fabricated with a vertically polarized 244-nm ultraviolet (UV) laser. A single π phase-shift is introduced to a 2-cm grating at a specified position by directly moving the phase mask during UV beam scanning. Test results show that the laser has a single polarization longitudinal mode with 2.6-mW pump threshold. The backward-to- forward output power ratio is approximately 30:1. The relative intensity noise is -88 dB/Hz, and the linewidth is approximately 10 kHz at 75-mW 980-nm pumping. The unidirectional output and short dimension of this short fiber laser make it very useful in sensing applications, especially in multiplexed sensing applications.

© 2013 Chinese Optics Letters

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2011

A. C. Wong, D. Chen, H. J. Wang, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, and B. Q. Guan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 045202 (2011).

2009

2008

G. A. Cranch, G. M. H. Flockhart, and C. K. Kirkendal, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1161 (2008).

2007

L. Wang, B. Chen, J. L. Chen, G. Y. Li, L. P. Chang, A. Sun, and Z. Q. Lin, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 721 (2007).

2005

S. Foster, A. Tikhomirov, M. Milnes, J. Velzen, and G. Hardy, Proc. SPIE 5855, 627 (2005).

2003

E. Ronnekleiv, S. W. Lovseth, and J. T. Kringlebotn, Proc. SPIE 4943, 69 (2003).

J. Chen, L. Liang, B. Chen, W. Fan, Q. Qiao, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 30, 581 (2003).

L. Poladian, B. Ashton, W. E. Padden, A. Michie, and C. Marra, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 173 (2003).

1998

V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, and P. Varming, Electron. Lett. 34, 2028 (1998).

1995

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Ashton, B.

L. Poladian, B. Ashton, W. E. Padden, A. Michie, and C. Marra, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 173 (2003).

Chang, L. P.

L. Wang, B. Chen, J. L. Chen, G. Y. Li, L. P. Chang, A. Sun, and Z. Q. Lin, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 721 (2007).

Chen, B.

L. Wang, B. Chen, J. L. Chen, G. Y. Li, L. P. Chang, A. Sun, and Z. Q. Lin, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 721 (2007).

J. Chen, L. Liang, B. Chen, W. Fan, Q. Qiao, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 30, 581 (2003).

Chen, D.

A. C. Wong, D. Chen, H. J. Wang, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, and B. Q. Guan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 045202 (2011).

Chen, J.

J. Chen, L. Liang, B. Chen, W. Fan, Q. Qiao, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 30, 581 (2003).

Chen, J. L.

L. Wang, B. Chen, J. L. Chen, G. Y. Li, L. P. Chang, A. Sun, and Z. Q. Lin, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 721 (2007).

Chung, W. H.

A. C. Wong, D. Chen, H. J. Wang, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, and B. Q. Guan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 045202 (2011).

Cranch, G. A.

G. A. Cranch, G. M. H. Flockhart, and C. K. Kirkendal, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1161 (2008).

Fan, W.

J. Chen, L. Liang, B. Chen, W. Fan, Q. Qiao, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 30, 581 (2003).

Flockhart, G. M. H.

G. A. Cranch, G. M. H. Flockhart, and C. K. Kirkendal, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1161 (2008).

Foster, S.

S. Foster, A. Tikhomirov, M. Milnes, J. Velzen, and G. Hardy, Proc. SPIE 5855, 627 (2005).

Guan, B. Q.

A. C. Wong, D. Chen, H. J. Wang, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, and B. Q. Guan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 045202 (2011).

Y. Zhang, B. Q. Guan, and H. Y. Tam, Opt. Express 17, 10050 (2009).

Hardy, G.

S. Foster, A. Tikhomirov, M. Milnes, J. Velzen, and G. Hardy, Proc. SPIE 5855, 627 (2005).

Hubner, J.

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hubner, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 31, 1445 (1995).

Iaming, L. R.

W. H. Loh and L. R. Iaming, Electron. Lett. 31, 1440 (1995).

Kirkendal, C. K.

G. A. Cranch, G. M. H. Flockhart, and C. K. Kirkendal, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1161 (2008).

Kringlebotn, J. T.

E. Ronnekleiv, S. W. Lovseth, and J. T. Kringlebotn, Proc. SPIE 4943, 69 (2003).

Kristensen, M.

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hubner, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 31, 1445 (1995).

Lauridsen, V. C.

V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, and P. Varming, Electron. Lett. 34, 2028 (1998).

Li, G. Y.

L. Wang, B. Chen, J. L. Chen, G. Y. Li, L. P. Chang, A. Sun, and Z. Q. Lin, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 721 (2007).

Liang, L.

J. Chen, L. Liang, B. Chen, W. Fan, Q. Qiao, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 30, 581 (2003).

Lin, Z.

J. Chen, L. Liang, B. Chen, W. Fan, Q. Qiao, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 30, 581 (2003).

Lin, Z. Q.

L. Wang, B. Chen, J. L. Chen, G. Y. Li, L. P. Chang, A. Sun, and Z. Q. Lin, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 721 (2007).

Loh, W. H.

W. H. Loh and L. R. Iaming, Electron. Lett. 31, 1440 (1995).

Lovseth, S. W.

E. Ronnekleiv, S. W. Lovseth, and J. T. Kringlebotn, Proc. SPIE 4943, 69 (2003).

Lu, C.

A. C. Wong, D. Chen, H. J. Wang, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, and B. Q. Guan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 045202 (2011).

Marra, C.

L. Poladian, B. Ashton, W. E. Padden, A. Michie, and C. Marra, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 173 (2003).

Michie, A.

L. Poladian, B. Ashton, W. E. Padden, A. Michie, and C. Marra, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 173 (2003).

Milnes, M.

S. Foster, A. Tikhomirov, M. Milnes, J. Velzen, and G. Hardy, Proc. SPIE 5855, 627 (2005).

Padden, W. E.

L. Poladian, B. Ashton, W. E. Padden, A. Michie, and C. Marra, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 173 (2003).

Poladian, L.

L. Poladian, B. Ashton, W. E. Padden, A. Michie, and C. Marra, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 173 (2003).

Povlsen, J. H.

V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, and P. Varming, Electron. Lett. 34, 2028 (1998).

Qiao, Q.

J. Chen, L. Liang, B. Chen, W. Fan, Q. Qiao, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 30, 581 (2003).

Ronnekleiv, E.

E. Ronnekleiv, S. W. Lovseth, and J. T. Kringlebotn, Proc. SPIE 4943, 69 (2003).

Sejka, M.

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hubner, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 31, 1445 (1995).

Sun, A.

L. Wang, B. Chen, J. L. Chen, G. Y. Li, L. P. Chang, A. Sun, and Z. Q. Lin, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 721 (2007).

Tam, H. Y.

A. C. Wong, D. Chen, H. J. Wang, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, and B. Q. Guan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 045202 (2011).

Y. Zhang, B. Q. Guan, and H. Y. Tam, Opt. Express 17, 10050 (2009).

Tikhomirov, A.

S. Foster, A. Tikhomirov, M. Milnes, J. Velzen, and G. Hardy, Proc. SPIE 5855, 627 (2005).

Varming, P.

V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, and P. Varming, Electron. Lett. 34, 2028 (1998).

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hubner, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 31, 1445 (1995).

Velzen, J.

S. Foster, A. Tikhomirov, M. Milnes, J. Velzen, and G. Hardy, Proc. SPIE 5855, 627 (2005).

Wang, H. J.

A. C. Wong, D. Chen, H. J. Wang, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, and B. Q. Guan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 045202 (2011).

Wang, L.

L. Wang, B. Chen, J. L. Chen, G. Y. Li, L. P. Chang, A. Sun, and Z. Q. Lin, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 721 (2007).

Wong, A. C.

A. C. Wong, D. Chen, H. J. Wang, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, and B. Q. Guan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 045202 (2011).

Xue, S.

J. Chen, L. Liang, B. Chen, W. Fan, Q. Qiao, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 30, 581 (2003).

Zhang, Y.

Chin. Phys. Lett.

L. Wang, B. Chen, J. L. Chen, G. Y. Li, L. P. Chang, A. Sun, and Z. Q. Lin, Chin. Phys. Lett. 24, 721 (2007).

Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese)

J. Chen, L. Liang, B. Chen, W. Fan, Q. Qiao, S. Xue, and Z. Lin, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 30, 581 (2003).

Electron. Lett.

V. C. Lauridsen, J. H. Povlsen, and P. Varming, Electron. Lett. 34, 2028 (1998).

W. H. Loh and L. R. Iaming, Electron. Lett. 31, 1440 (1995).

M. Sejka, P. Varming, J. Hubner, and M. Kristensen, Electron. Lett. 31, 1445 (1995).

IEEE Sens. J.

G. A. Cranch, G. M. H. Flockhart, and C. K. Kirkendal, IEEE Sens. J. 8, 1161 (2008).

Meas. Sci. Technol.

A. C. Wong, D. Chen, H. J. Wang, W. H. Chung, H. Y. Tam, C. Lu, and B. Q. Guan, Meas. Sci. Technol. 22, 045202 (2011).

Opt. Express

Opt. Fiber Technol.

L. Poladian, B. Ashton, W. E. Padden, A. Michie, and C. Marra, Opt. Fiber Technol. 9, 173 (2003).

Proc. SPIE

E. Ronnekleiv, S. W. Lovseth, and J. T. Kringlebotn, Proc. SPIE 4943, 69 (2003).

S. Foster, A. Tikhomirov, M. Milnes, J. Velzen, and G. Hardy, Proc. SPIE 5855, 627 (2005).

Other

M. Ibsen, E. Ronnekleiv, G. J. Cowle, M. O. Berendt, O. Hadeler, M. N. Zervas, and R. I. Lambing, in Proceedings of Conference of Lasers and Electro-Optics 245 (1999).

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