Abstract

A method to fabricate fiber Bragg grating (FBG) in an optical microfiber (OM) from a conventional photosensitive fiber is proposed in this letter. The cladding of a conventional photosensitive fiber is etched to 17 μm. The etched fiber is drawn to an OM 6 μm in diameter. The photosensitivity of the fabricated OM is effectively reserved. A FBG in the OM (MFBG) is successfully fabricated using a KrF excimer laser at a fluence of 400 mJ/cm2 through a phase mask with a pitch of 1 089.3 nm. The reflectivity of the FBG is approximately 10%, and the 3-dB spectrum bandwidth is 0.13 nm. The concentration of brine is measured by immersing the MFBG in the liquid, and the minimum detectable refractive index variation can reach 7.2 × 10<sup>-5</sup> at a refractive index value of 1.33.

© 2013 Chinese Optics Letters

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W. Luo, J. Kou, Y. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 133502 (2012).

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Y. Zhang, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, H. Zhang, G. Wang, P. Shum, and X. Zhang, Opt. Express 18, 26345 (2010).

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T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).

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A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 919 (1973).

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Bernini, R.

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, R. Bernini, and M. Giordano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1149 (2004).

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T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).

Brambilla, G.

J. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, Sensors 12, 8861 (2012).

M. Ding, M. N. Zervas, and G. Brambilla, Opt. Express 19, 15621 (2011).

M. Belal, Z. Song, Y. Jung, G. Brambilla, and T. P. Newson, Opt. Lett. 35, 3045 (2010).

F. Xu, G. Brambilla, J. Feng, and Y. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 218 (2010).

G. Brambilla, J. Opt. 12, 043001 (2010).

Y. Jung, G. Brambilla, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 16, 14661 (2008).

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J. Canning, J. Sens. 2009, 871580 (2009).

Chen, Y.

W. Luo, J. Kou, Y. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 133502 (2012).

Y. Chen and Z. Ma, Experiment Science and Technology 6, 16 (2010).

Y. Wu, Y. Rao, Y. Chen, and Y. Gong, Opt. Express 17, 18142 (2009).

Cusano, A.

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, R. Bernini, and M. Giordano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1149 (2004).

Cutolo, A.

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, R. Bernini, and M. Giordano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1149 (2004).

Ding, M.

J. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, Sensors 12, 8861 (2012).

M. Ding, M. N. Zervas, and G. Brambilla, Opt. Express 19, 15621 (2011).

Fang, X.

Feng, J.

J. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, Sensors 12, 8861 (2012).

F. Xu, G. Brambilla, J. Feng, and Y. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 218 (2010).

Gao, S.

Giordano, M.

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, R. Bernini, and M. Giordano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1149 (2004).

Gong, Y.

Gu, F.

Guan, B.

Y. Ran, L. Jin, Y. Tan, L. Sun, J. Li, and B. Guan, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 180 (2012).

Y. Ran, Y. Tan, L. Sun, S. Gao, J. Li, L. Jin, and B. Guan, Opt. Express 19, 18577 (2011).

Iadicicco, A.

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, R. Bernini, and M. Giordano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1149 (2004).

Jin, L.

Y. Ran, L. Jin, Y. Tan, L. Sun, J. Li, and B. Guan, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 180 (2012).

Y. Ran, Y. Tan, L. Sun, S. Gao, J. Li, L. Jin, and B. Guan, Opt. Express 19, 18577 (2011).

Jin, W.

Jung, Y.

Kou, J.

W. Luo, J. Kou, Y. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 133502 (2012).

J. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, Sensors 12, 8861 (2012).

J. Kou, S. Qiu, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, Opt. Express 19, 18452 (2011).

Lacerda, R. G.

M. Tonezzer and R. G. Lacerda, Sensor Actuat. B Chem. 150, 517 (2010).

Li, B.

H. Zhu, Y. Wang, and B. Li, ACS Nano 3, 3110 (2009).

Li, J.

Y. Ran, L. Jin, Y. Tan, L. Sun, J. Li, and B. Guan, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 180 (2012).

Y. Ran, Y. Tan, L. Sun, S. Gao, J. Li, L. Jin, and B. Guan, Opt. Express 19, 18577 (2011).

Li, Y. W.

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).

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Lin, B.

B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, G. Wang, and P. Shum, Phys. Procedia. 19, 315 (2011).

Y. Zhang, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, H. Zhang, G. Wang, P. Shum, and X. Zhang, Opt. Express 18, 26345 (2010).

Liu, Y.

Lou, J.

Lu, Y.

J. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, Sensors 12, 8861 (2012).

W. Luo, J. Kou, Y. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 133502 (2012).

J. Kou, S. Qiu, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, Opt. Express 19, 18452 (2011).

F. Xu, G. Brambilla, J. Feng, and Y. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 218 (2010).

Luo, W.

W. Luo, J. Kou, Y. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 133502 (2012).

Ma, Z.

Y. Chen and Z. Ma, Experiment Science and Technology 6, 16 (2010).

Meng, C.

Newson, T. P.

Qiu, S.

Ran, Y.

Y. Ran, L. Jin, Y. Tan, L. Sun, J. Li, and B. Guan, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 180 (2012).

Y. Ran, Y. Tan, L. Sun, S. Gao, J. Li, L. Jin, and B. Guan, Opt. Express 19, 18577 (2011).

Rao, Y.

Richardson, D. J.

Shum, P.

B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, G. Wang, and P. Shum, Phys. Procedia. 19, 315 (2011).

Y. Zhang, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, H. Zhang, G. Wang, P. Shum, and X. Zhang, Opt. Express 18, 26345 (2010).

Song, Z.

Sumetsky, M.

Sun, L.

Y. Ran, L. Jin, Y. Tan, L. Sun, J. Li, and B. Guan, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 180 (2012).

Y. Ran, Y. Tan, L. Sun, S. Gao, J. Li, L. Jin, and B. Guan, Opt. Express 19, 18577 (2011).

Tan, Y.

Y. Ran, L. Jin, Y. Tan, L. Sun, J. Li, and B. Guan, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 180 (2012).

Y. Ran, Y. Tan, L. Sun, S. Gao, J. Li, L. Jin, and B. Guan, Opt. Express 19, 18577 (2011).

Tjin, S. C.

B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, G. Wang, and P. Shum, Phys. Procedia. 19, 315 (2011).

Y. Zhang, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, H. Zhang, G. Wang, P. Shum, and X. Zhang, Opt. Express 18, 26345 (2010).

Tonezzer, M.

M. Tonezzer and R. G. Lacerda, Sensor Actuat. B Chem. 150, 517 (2010).

Tong, L.

Wang, D.

Wang, G.

B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, G. Wang, and P. Shum, Phys. Procedia. 19, 315 (2011).

Y. Zhang, B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, H. Zhang, G. Wang, P. Shum, and X. Zhang, Opt. Express 18, 26345 (2010).

Wang, Y.

H. Zhu, Y. Wang, and B. Li, ACS Nano 3, 3110 (2009).

Wu, Y.

Xiao, Y.

Xu, F.

W. Luo, J. Kou, Y. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 133502 (2012).

J. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, Sensors 12, 8861 (2012).

J. Kou, S. Qiu, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, Opt. Express 19, 18452 (2011).

F. Xu, G. Brambilla, J. Feng, and Y. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 218 (2010).

Xuan, H.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 919 (1973).

Yi, H.

Yin, X.

Yu, H.

Zervas, M. N.

Zhang, A. P.

Zhang, H.

Zhang, L.

Zhang, M.

Zhang, X.

Zhang, Y.

Zhou, Z.

Zhu, H.

H. Zhu, Y. Wang, and B. Li, ACS Nano 3, 3110 (2009).

Zhu, Y.

ACS Nano (1)

H. Zhu, Y. Wang, and B. Li, ACS Nano 3, 3110 (2009).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Luo, J. Kou, Y. Chen, F. Xu, and Y. Lu, Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 133502 (2012).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Experiment Science and Technology (1)

Y. Chen and Z. Ma, Experiment Science and Technology 6, 16 (2010).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 919 (1973).

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

Y. Ran, L. Jin, Y. Tan, L. Sun, J. Li, and B. Guan, IEEE Photon. J. 4, 180 (2012).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

A. Iadicicco, A. Cusano, A. Cutolo, R. Bernini, and M. Giordano, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1149 (2004).

F. Xu, G. Brambilla, J. Feng, and Y. Lu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 218 (2010).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 432 (1992).

J. Opt. (1)

G. Brambilla, J. Opt. 12, 043001 (2010).

J. Sens. (1)

J. Canning, J. Sens. 2009, 871580 (2009).

Opt. Express (9)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Procedia. (1)

B. Lin, S. C. Tjin, G. Wang, and P. Shum, Phys. Procedia. 19, 315 (2011).

Sensor Actuat. B Chem. (1)

M. Tonezzer and R. G. Lacerda, Sensor Actuat. B Chem. 150, 517 (2010).

Sensors (1)

J. Kou, M. Ding, J. Feng, Y. Lu, F. Xu, and G. Brambilla, Sensors 12, 8861 (2012).

Other (1)

A. W. Snyder and J. D. Love, Optical Waveguide Theory (Chapman and Hall, New York, 1983).

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