Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a photonic approach to estimate the time-difference-of-arrival (TDOA) and the angle-of-arrival (AOA) of a microwave signal. TDOA and AOA are estimated from the carrier power difference of the two outputs of the Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM) using only one dual-drive 1 × 2 MZM. Experimentally, the TDOA of a microwave signal at 3 GHz from 27.78 to 166.67 ps is measured with maximum measurement errors of ±2.24 ps; correspondingly, the AOA from 60° to 85.2° is measured with maximum measurement errors of ±0.4°.

© 2013 Chinese Optics Letters

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Z. W. Barber, C. Harrington, C. W. Thiel, W. R. Babbitt, and R. K. Mohan, J. Lumin. 130, 1614 (2010).

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Dexter, J. L.

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Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 661 (2012).

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Li, Y.

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Parker, M. E.

D. B. Hunter, M. E. Parker, and J. L. Dexter, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 54, 861 (2006).

Pelusi, M. D.

Sarkhosh, N.

Seeds, J.

Thiel, C. W.

Z. W. Barber, C. Harrington, C. W. Thiel, W. R. Babbitt, and R. K. Mohan, J. Lumin. 130, 1614 (2010).

Urick, V. J.

Vo, T. D.

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, and X. Jin, Opt Lett. 36, 3897 (2011).

Williams, K. J.

Wu, J.

Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 661 (2012).

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Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 661 (2012).

Yan, L.

Yao, J.

Yao, J. P.

S. Pan and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1437 (2010).

F. Zeng and J. P. Yao, Opt. Express 12, 3814 (2004).

Zeng, F.

Zhang, X.

Y. Wang, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, and X. Jin, Opt Lett. 36, 3897 (2011).

Zheng, S.

Y. Wang, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, and X. Jin, Opt Lett. 36, 3897 (2011).

Zou, X.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

L. V. T. Nguyen and D. B. Hunter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1188 (2006).

S. Pan and J. P. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1437 (2010).

Y. Dai, Y. Ji, K. Xu, Y. Li, J. Wu, and J. Lin, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 24, 661 (2012).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. (2)

D. B. Hunter, M. E. Parker, and J. L. Dexter, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 54, 861 (2006).

R. A. Minasian, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theory Technol. 54, 832 (2006).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Lumin. (1)

Z. W. Barber, C. Harrington, C. W. Thiel, W. R. Babbitt, and R. K. Mohan, J. Lumin. 130, 1614 (2010).

Opt Lett. (1)

Y. Wang, H. Chi, X. Zhang, S. Zheng, and X. Jin, Opt Lett. 36, 3897 (2011).

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

Y. Dai, K. Xu, J. Wu, Y. Li, and J. Lin, in Proceedings of OFC 2012 OW31.3 (2012).

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