Abstract

This letter proposes a scheme for the format conversion of on-off keying (OOK) signal to quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) and 16-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (16QAM) signals via cross-phase modulation (XPM) in a semiconductor optical amplifier (SOA). Theoretical and experimental analyses of the format conversion scheme are conducted to validate its feasibility. The phase changing is obtained because of the XPM in the SOA. The QPSK and 16QAM signals are converted from the OOK signal. The performance of the 10 Gb/s format conversion system is evaluated and discussed. The receiver sensitivities of the converted QPSK and 16QAM signals after detection are -27.25 and -23.5 dBm, respectively, at a bit error rate (BER) of 10<sup>-9</sup>.

© 2013 Chinese Optics Letters

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2011 (1)

W. Astar, P. Apiratikul, B. M. Cannon, T. Mahmood, J. J. Wathen, J. V. Hryniewicz, S. Kanakaraju, C. J. K. Richardson, T. E. Murphy, and G. M. Carter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1397 (2011).

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

W. Astar and G. M. Carter, Electron. Lett. 44, 369 (2008).

2007 (2)

K. Mishina, S. M. Nissanka, A. Maruta, S. Mitani, K. Ishida, K. Shimizu, T. Hatta, and K.-I. Kitayama, Opt. Express 15, 7774 (2007).

H. Jiang, H. Wen, L. Han, Y. Guo, and H. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1985 (2007).

2006 (2)

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2368 (2006).

P. J. Winzer and R.-J. Essiambre, J. Lightwave Technol. 24, 4711 (2006).

1999 (1)

H. J. Lee, M. Sohn, K. Kim, and H. G. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 185 (1999).

1997 (1)

M. Asghari, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1181 (1997).

Apiratikul, P.

W. Astar, P. Apiratikul, B. M. Cannon, T. Mahmood, J. J. Wathen, J. V. Hryniewicz, S. Kanakaraju, C. J. K. Richardson, T. E. Murphy, and G. M. Carter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1397 (2011).

Asghari, M.

M. Asghari, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1181 (1997).

Astar, W.

W. Astar, P. Apiratikul, B. M. Cannon, T. Mahmood, J. J. Wathen, J. V. Hryniewicz, S. Kanakaraju, C. J. K. Richardson, T. E. Murphy, and G. M. Carter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1397 (2011).

W. Astar and G. M. Carter, Electron. Lett. 44, 369 (2008).

Cannon, B. M.

W. Astar, P. Apiratikul, B. M. Cannon, T. Mahmood, J. J. Wathen, J. V. Hryniewicz, S. Kanakaraju, C. J. K. Richardson, T. E. Murphy, and G. M. Carter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1397 (2011).

Carter, G. M.

W. Astar, P. Apiratikul, B. M. Cannon, T. Mahmood, J. J. Wathen, J. V. Hryniewicz, S. Kanakaraju, C. J. K. Richardson, T. E. Murphy, and G. M. Carter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1397 (2011).

W. Astar and G. M. Carter, Electron. Lett. 44, 369 (2008).

Essiambre, R.-J.

Guo, Y.

H. Jiang, H. Wen, L. Han, Y. Guo, and H. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1985 (2007).

Han, L.

H. Jiang, H. Wen, L. Han, Y. Guo, and H. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1985 (2007).

Hatta, T.

Hryniewicz, J. V.

W. Astar, P. Apiratikul, B. M. Cannon, T. Mahmood, J. J. Wathen, J. V. Hryniewicz, S. Kanakaraju, C. J. K. Richardson, T. E. Murphy, and G. M. Carter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1397 (2011).

Ishida, K.

Jiang, H.

H. Jiang, H. Wen, L. Han, Y. Guo, and H. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1985 (2007).

Kanakaraju, S.

W. Astar, P. Apiratikul, B. M. Cannon, T. Mahmood, J. J. Wathen, J. V. Hryniewicz, S. Kanakaraju, C. J. K. Richardson, T. E. Murphy, and G. M. Carter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1397 (2011).

Kim, H. G.

H. J. Lee, M. Sohn, K. Kim, and H. G. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 185 (1999).

Kim, K.

H. J. Lee, M. Sohn, K. Kim, and H. G. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 185 (1999).

Kitayama, K.-I.

Lee, H. J.

H. J. Lee, M. Sohn, K. Kim, and H. G. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 185 (1999).

Leng, L.

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2368 (2006).

Mahmood, T.

W. Astar, P. Apiratikul, B. M. Cannon, T. Mahmood, J. J. Wathen, J. V. Hryniewicz, S. Kanakaraju, C. J. K. Richardson, T. E. Murphy, and G. M. Carter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1397 (2011).

Maruta, A.

Mishina, K.

Mitani, S.

Murphy, T. E.

W. Astar, P. Apiratikul, B. M. Cannon, T. Mahmood, J. J. Wathen, J. V. Hryniewicz, S. Kanakaraju, C. J. K. Richardson, T. E. Murphy, and G. M. Carter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1397 (2011).

Nissanka, S. M.

Penty, R. V.

M. Asghari, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1181 (1997).

Richardson, C. J. K.

W. Astar, P. Apiratikul, B. M. Cannon, T. Mahmood, J. J. Wathen, J. V. Hryniewicz, S. Kanakaraju, C. J. K. Richardson, T. E. Murphy, and G. M. Carter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1397 (2011).

Shimizu, K.

Sohn, M.

H. J. Lee, M. Sohn, K. Kim, and H. G. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 185 (1999).

Su, Y.

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2368 (2006).

Tian, X.

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2368 (2006).

Tian, Y.

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2368 (2006).

Wathen, J. J.

W. Astar, P. Apiratikul, B. M. Cannon, T. Mahmood, J. J. Wathen, J. V. Hryniewicz, S. Kanakaraju, C. J. K. Richardson, T. E. Murphy, and G. M. Carter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1397 (2011).

Wen, H.

H. Jiang, H. Wen, L. Han, Y. Guo, and H. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1985 (2007).

White, I. H.

M. Asghari, I. H. White, and R. V. Penty, J. Lightwave Technol. 15, 1181 (1997).

Winzer, P. J.

Xu, X.

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2368 (2006).

Yan, C.

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2368 (2006).

Yi, L.

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2368 (2006).

Yu, J.

Zhang, H.

H. Jiang, H. Wen, L. Han, Y. Guo, and H. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1985 (2007).

Zhou, X.

Electron. Lett. (1)

W. Astar and G. M. Carter, Electron. Lett. 44, 369 (2008).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

W. Astar, P. Apiratikul, B. M. Cannon, T. Mahmood, J. J. Wathen, J. V. Hryniewicz, S. Kanakaraju, C. J. K. Richardson, T. E. Murphy, and G. M. Carter, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 23, 1397 (2011).

H. Jiang, H. Wen, L. Han, Y. Guo, and H. Zhang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1985 (2007).

C. Yan, Y. Su, L. Yi, L. Leng, X. Tian, X. Xu, and Y. Tian, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2368 (2006).

H. J. Lee, M. Sohn, K. Kim, and H. G. Kim, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 185 (1999).

J. Lightwave Technol. (3)

Opt. Express (1)

Other (6)

G. Huang, Y. Miyoshi, Y. Yoshida, A. Maruta, and K.-I. Kitayama, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) OTh4H.3 (2012).

Z. Bakhtiari, R. Hellwarth, and A.Willner, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) JW2A.87 (2012).

S. Yan, D. Wang, Y. Gao, C. Lu, A. P. T. Lau, L. Liu, and X. Xu, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) OW3H.3 (2012).

M. Seimetz, in Proceedings of 2005 7thInternational Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON) 2, 225 (2005).

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, A. Chiba, M. Izutsu, K. Higuma, J. Ichikama, T. Lee, and V. Filsinger, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) JThA34 (2008).

M. Nakamura, Y. Kamio, and T. Miyazaki, in Proceedings of Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and the National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference (OFC/NFOEC) JThA042 (2011).

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