Abstract

Coherent diffraction imaging (CDI) and ptychography techniques bypass the difficulty of having highquality optics in X-ray microscopy by using a numerical reconstruction of the image that is obtained by inverting the diffracted intensity recorded by a charge-coupled device array. However, the reconstruction of the image from the intensity data obtained from a weakly diffracting specimen is known to be difficult because of the obvious reduction in signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). In this case, the specimen only slightly modifies the probe diffraction pattern, resulting in difficulty in the identification of the detailed structure of the specimen from the reconstructed image because of the poor contrast and sharpness of the image. To address this situation, a modification in the image retrieval algorithms used in the iterative reconstruction of the image is suggested. This modification should double the presence of high spatial frequencies in the diffraction pattern to enhance the contrast and edge detection in existing imaging techniques.

© 2013 Chinese Optics Letters

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2009 (1)

A. M. Maiden and J. M. Rodenburg, Ultramicroscopy 109, 1256 (2009).

2008 (1)

J. M. Rodenburg, Adv. Imag. Electron. Phys. 150, 87 (2008).

2007 (2)

J. M. Rodenburg, A. Hurst, and A. Cullis, Ultramicroscopy 107, 227 (2007).

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).

2006 (2)

2005 (1)

D. Shapiro, P. Thibault, T. Beetz, V. Elser, M. Howells, C. Jacobsen, J.Kirz, E. Lima, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, and D. Sayre, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 15343 (2005).

2003 (1)

H. He, S. Marchesini, M. Howells, U. Weierstall, G. Hembree, and J. C. H. Spence, Acta. Cryst. A 59, 143 (2003).

2002 (1)

J. Spence, U. Weierstall, and M. Howells, Philos. Trans. 360, 875 (2002).

2001 (1)

U. Weierstall, Q. Chen, J. Spence, M. Howells, M. Isaacson, and R. Panepucci, Ultramicroscopy 90, 171 (2001).

1999 (1)

J. Miao, C. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, Nature 400, 342 (1999).

1982 (1)

Barty, A.

Beetz, T.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, S. Marchesini, A. Noy, S. P. Hau-Riege, C. Cui, M. R. Howells, R. Rosen, H. He, J. C. H. Spence, U. Weierstall, T. Beetz, C. Jacobsen, and D. Shapiro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1179 (2006).

D. Shapiro, P. Thibault, T. Beetz, V. Elser, M. Howells, C. Jacobsen, J.Kirz, E. Lima, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, and D. Sayre, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 15343 (2005).

Bunk, O.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).

Chapman, H. N.

Charalambous, C.

J. Miao, C. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, Nature 400, 342 (1999).

Chen, Q.

U. Weierstall, Q. Chen, J. Spence, M. Howells, M. Isaacson, and R. Panepucci, Ultramicroscopy 90, 171 (2001).

Cui, C.

Cullis, A.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. Hurst, and A. Cullis, Ultramicroscopy 107, 227 (2007).

Cullis, A. G.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).

David, C.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).

Dobson, B. R.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).

Elser, V.

D. Shapiro, P. Thibault, T. Beetz, V. Elser, M. Howells, C. Jacobsen, J.Kirz, E. Lima, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, and D. Sayre, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 15343 (2005).

Fienup, J. R.

Harder, R.

M. A. Pfeifer, G. J. Williams, I. A. Vartanyants, R. Harder, and I. K. Robinson, Nature 442, 63 (2006).

Hau-Riege, S. P.

He, H.

Hembree, G.

H. He, S. Marchesini, M. Howells, U. Weierstall, G. Hembree, and J. C. H. Spence, Acta. Cryst. A 59, 143 (2003).

Howells, M.

D. Shapiro, P. Thibault, T. Beetz, V. Elser, M. Howells, C. Jacobsen, J.Kirz, E. Lima, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, and D. Sayre, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 15343 (2005).

H. He, S. Marchesini, M. Howells, U. Weierstall, G. Hembree, and J. C. H. Spence, Acta. Cryst. A 59, 143 (2003).

J. Spence, U. Weierstall, and M. Howells, Philos. Trans. 360, 875 (2002).

U. Weierstall, Q. Chen, J. Spence, M. Howells, M. Isaacson, and R. Panepucci, Ultramicroscopy 90, 171 (2001).

Howells, M. R.

Hurst, A.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. Hurst, and A. Cullis, Ultramicroscopy 107, 227 (2007).

Hurst, A. C.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).

Isaacson, M.

U. Weierstall, Q. Chen, J. Spence, M. Howells, M. Isaacson, and R. Panepucci, Ultramicroscopy 90, 171 (2001).

Jacobsen, C.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, S. Marchesini, A. Noy, S. P. Hau-Riege, C. Cui, M. R. Howells, R. Rosen, H. He, J. C. H. Spence, U. Weierstall, T. Beetz, C. Jacobsen, and D. Shapiro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1179 (2006).

D. Shapiro, P. Thibault, T. Beetz, V. Elser, M. Howells, C. Jacobsen, J.Kirz, E. Lima, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, and D. Sayre, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 15343 (2005).

Jefimovs, K.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).

Johnson, I.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).

Kirz, J.

J. Miao, C. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, Nature 400, 342 (1999).

Lima, E.

D. Shapiro, P. Thibault, T. Beetz, V. Elser, M. Howells, C. Jacobsen, J.Kirz, E. Lima, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, and D. Sayre, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 15343 (2005).

Maiden, A. M.

A. M. Maiden and J. M. Rodenburg, Ultramicroscopy 109, 1256 (2009).

Marchesini, S.

Miao, H.

D. Shapiro, P. Thibault, T. Beetz, V. Elser, M. Howells, C. Jacobsen, J.Kirz, E. Lima, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, and D. Sayre, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 15343 (2005).

Miao, J.

J. Miao, C. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, Nature 400, 342 (1999).

Neiman, A. M.

D. Shapiro, P. Thibault, T. Beetz, V. Elser, M. Howells, C. Jacobsen, J.Kirz, E. Lima, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, and D. Sayre, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 15343 (2005).

Noy, A.

Panepucci, R.

U. Weierstall, Q. Chen, J. Spence, M. Howells, M. Isaacson, and R. Panepucci, Ultramicroscopy 90, 171 (2001).

Pfeifer, M. A.

M. A. Pfeifer, G. J. Williams, I. A. Vartanyants, R. Harder, and I. K. Robinson, Nature 442, 63 (2006).

Pfeiffer, F.

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).

Robinson, I. K.

M. A. Pfeifer, G. J. Williams, I. A. Vartanyants, R. Harder, and I. K. Robinson, Nature 442, 63 (2006).

Rodenburg, J. M.

A. M. Maiden and J. M. Rodenburg, Ultramicroscopy 109, 1256 (2009).

J. M. Rodenburg, Adv. Imag. Electron. Phys. 150, 87 (2008).

J. M. Rodenburg, A. Hurst, and A. Cullis, Ultramicroscopy 107, 227 (2007).

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).

Rosen, R.

Sayre, D.

D. Shapiro, P. Thibault, T. Beetz, V. Elser, M. Howells, C. Jacobsen, J.Kirz, E. Lima, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, and D. Sayre, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 15343 (2005).

J. Miao, C. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, Nature 400, 342 (1999).

Shapiro, D.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, S. Marchesini, A. Noy, S. P. Hau-Riege, C. Cui, M. R. Howells, R. Rosen, H. He, J. C. H. Spence, U. Weierstall, T. Beetz, C. Jacobsen, and D. Shapiro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1179 (2006).

D. Shapiro, P. Thibault, T. Beetz, V. Elser, M. Howells, C. Jacobsen, J.Kirz, E. Lima, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, and D. Sayre, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 15343 (2005).

Spence, J.

J. Spence, U. Weierstall, and M. Howells, Philos. Trans. 360, 875 (2002).

U. Weierstall, Q. Chen, J. Spence, M. Howells, M. Isaacson, and R. Panepucci, Ultramicroscopy 90, 171 (2001).

Spence, J. C. H.

Thibault, P.

D. Shapiro, P. Thibault, T. Beetz, V. Elser, M. Howells, C. Jacobsen, J.Kirz, E. Lima, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, and D. Sayre, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 15343 (2005).

Vartanyants, I. A.

M. A. Pfeifer, G. J. Williams, I. A. Vartanyants, R. Harder, and I. K. Robinson, Nature 442, 63 (2006).

Weierstall, U.

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, S. Marchesini, A. Noy, S. P. Hau-Riege, C. Cui, M. R. Howells, R. Rosen, H. He, J. C. H. Spence, U. Weierstall, T. Beetz, C. Jacobsen, and D. Shapiro, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 23, 1179 (2006).

H. He, S. Marchesini, M. Howells, U. Weierstall, G. Hembree, and J. C. H. Spence, Acta. Cryst. A 59, 143 (2003).

J. Spence, U. Weierstall, and M. Howells, Philos. Trans. 360, 875 (2002).

U. Weierstall, Q. Chen, J. Spence, M. Howells, M. Isaacson, and R. Panepucci, Ultramicroscopy 90, 171 (2001).

Williams, G. J.

M. A. Pfeifer, G. J. Williams, I. A. Vartanyants, R. Harder, and I. K. Robinson, Nature 442, 63 (2006).

Acta. Cryst. A (1)

H. He, S. Marchesini, M. Howells, U. Weierstall, G. Hembree, and J. C. H. Spence, Acta. Cryst. A 59, 143 (2003).

Adv. Imag. Electron. Phys. (1)

J. M. Rodenburg, Adv. Imag. Electron. Phys. 150, 87 (2008).

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nature (2)

J. Miao, C. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, Nature 400, 342 (1999).

M. A. Pfeifer, G. J. Williams, I. A. Vartanyants, R. Harder, and I. K. Robinson, Nature 442, 63 (2006).

Philos. Trans. (1)

J. Spence, U. Weierstall, and M. Howells, Philos. Trans. 360, 875 (2002).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 034801 (2007).

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (1)

D. Shapiro, P. Thibault, T. Beetz, V. Elser, M. Howells, C. Jacobsen, J.Kirz, E. Lima, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, and D. Sayre, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 15343 (2005).

Ultramicroscopy (3)

A. M. Maiden and J. M. Rodenburg, Ultramicroscopy 109, 1256 (2009).

J. M. Rodenburg, A. Hurst, and A. Cullis, Ultramicroscopy 107, 227 (2007).

U. Weierstall, Q. Chen, J. Spence, M. Howells, M. Isaacson, and R. Panepucci, Ultramicroscopy 90, 171 (2001).

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