Abstract

The structural and spectroscopic properties of Na<sub>2</sub>O-Al<sub>2</sub>O<sub>3</sub>-SiO<sub>2-x</sub>P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> glasses (x=0 to 7 mol%) are investigated. Both Raman and IR spectra reveal that discrete phosphate species ([PO<sub>4</sub><sup>-3</sup>, [PO<sub>3</sub>O<sub>1/2</sub>]<sup>-2</sup>) with low polymerization degree can be formed in the silicate glass. These phosphate structures scavenge non-bridging oxygen ions and cations from the silicate network, resulting in an increase of the glass transition temperature. According to the Judd-Ofelt intensity parameters (Ω<sub>2</sub>, Ω<sub>4</sub>, Ω<sub>6</sub>) of Er<sup>3+</sup>, the asymmetry of local environment around Er<sup>3+</sup> becomes higher, and the bond covalency between Er<sup>3+</sup> and O<sup>2-</sup> decreases after P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> is introduced. In the emission spectra, photoluminescence intensity increases with increasing P<sub>2</sub>O<sub>5</sub> concentration and the spectra are inhomogeneously broadened, revealing that the ligand electric field around Er<sup>3+</sup> is dramatically changed, and the glass matrix becomes disordered.

© 2012 Chinese Optics Letters

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2011 (2)

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, W. He, and Y. Yue, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 3897 (2011).

J. Wang, Z. Luo, Z. Cai, M. Zhou, C. Ye, and H. Xu, IEEE. Photon. J. 3, 633 (2011).

2010 (2)

M. Melkumov, A. Laptev, M. Yashkov, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and I. Bufetov, Inorg. Mater. 46, 299 (2010).

L. Chen, C. Yu, L. Hu, and W. Chen, J. Chinese Ceramic Society 38, 11 (2010).

2009 (2)

H. Aguiar, J. Serra, P. Gonzalez, and B. Leon, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 475 (2009).

Y. Chen, L. Wen, L. Hu, W. Chen, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 56 (2009).

2008 (4)

M. Engholm and L. Norin, Opt. Express 16, 1260 (2008).

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchof, Opt. Express 16, 15540 (2008).

Y. Fang, L. Hu, M. Liao, and L. Wen, J. Alloys Compd. 457, 19 (2008).

M. Mirsaneh, I. M. Reaney, and P. V. Hatton, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 3362 (2008).

2006 (2)

T. Fuss, A. Mogus-Milankovic, C. S. Ray, C. E. Lesher, R. Youngman, and D. E. Day, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 4101 (2006).

H. Desirena, E. De la Rosa, L. A. Diaz-Torres, and G. A. Kumar, Opt. Mater. 28, 560 (2006).

2000 (1)

J. H. Campbell and T. I. Suratwala, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 263, 318 (2000).

1999 (1)

S. Tanabe, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259, 1 (1999).

1998 (1)

M. J. Toplis and T. Schaller, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 224, 57 (1998).

1996 (1)

B. Mysen, Am. Mineral. 81, 1531 (1996).

1995 (1)

D. Li, M. E. Fleet, G. M. Bancroft, M. Kasrai, and Y. Pan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 188, 181 (1995).

1993 (1)

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8451 (1993).

1992 (1)

C. Y. Kim, A. E. Clark, and L. L. Hench, J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 26, 1147 (1992).

1991 (1)

W. J. Miniscalco, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 234 (1991).

1990 (1)

M. Kawashita, F. Miyaji, T. Kokubo, G. H. Takaoka, I. Yamada, Y. Suzuki, and M. Inoue, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 140 (1990).

1989 (1)

L. Luo and J. Li, J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 112, 215 (1989).

1988 (1)

T. Izumitani, M. Matsukawa, C. Hata, K.Tanaka, and H. Toratani, Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials 752, 13 (1988).

1987 (1)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, Y. Ishii, H. Imai, H. Hosono, and Y. Abe, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95&96, 609 (1987).

1986 (2)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).

D. R. Tallant and C. Nelson, Phys. Chem. Glasses 27, 75 (1986).

1984 (1)

C. Nelson and D. R. Tallant, Phys. Chem. Glasses 25, 31 (1984).

1981 (1)

B. O. Mysen, F. J. Ryerson, and D. Virgo, Am. Mineral. 66, 106 (1981).

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, Phys. Rev. 127, 750 (1962).

G. S. Ofelt, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511 (1962).

Abe, Y.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, Y. Ishii, H. Imai, H. Hosono, and Y. Abe, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95&96, 609 (1987).

Aguiar, H.

H. Aguiar, J. Serra, P. Gonzalez, and B. Leon, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 475 (2009).

Arai, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, Y. Ishii, H. Imai, H. Hosono, and Y. Abe, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95&96, 609 (1987).

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).

Bancroft, G. M.

D. Li, M. E. Fleet, G. M. Bancroft, M. Kasrai, and Y. Pan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 188, 181 (1995).

Boulon, G.

Bufetov, I.

M. Melkumov, A. Laptev, M. Yashkov, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and I. Bufetov, Inorg. Mater. 46, 299 (2010).

Cai, Z.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, Z. Cai, M. Zhou, C. Ye, and H. Xu, IEEE. Photon. J. 3, 633 (2011).

Chen, L.

L. Chen, C. Yu, L. Hu, and W. Chen, J. Chinese Ceramic Society 38, 11 (2010).

Chen, W.

L. Chen, C. Yu, L. Hu, and W. Chen, J. Chinese Ceramic Society 38, 11 (2010).

Y. Chen, L. Wen, L. Hu, W. Chen, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 56 (2009).

Chen, Y.

Clark, A. E.

C. Y. Kim, A. E. Clark, and L. L. Hench, J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 26, 1147 (1992).

Day, D. E.

T. Fuss, A. Mogus-Milankovic, C. S. Ray, C. E. Lesher, R. Youngman, and D. E. Day, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 4101 (2006).

Desirena, H.

H. Desirena, E. De la Rosa, L. A. Diaz-Torres, and G. A. Kumar, Opt. Mater. 28, 560 (2006).

Diaz-Torres, L. A.

H. Desirena, E. De la Rosa, L. A. Diaz-Torres, and G. A. Kumar, Opt. Mater. 28, 560 (2006).

Engholm, M.

Fang, Y.

Y. Fang, L. Hu, M. Liao, and L. Wen, J. Alloys Compd. 457, 19 (2008).

Fleet, M. E.

D. Li, M. E. Fleet, G. M. Bancroft, M. Kasrai, and Y. Pan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 188, 181 (1995).

Fuss, T.

T. Fuss, A. Mogus-Milankovic, C. S. Ray, C. E. Lesher, R. Youngman, and D. E. Day, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 4101 (2006).

Gonzalez, P.

H. Aguiar, J. Serra, P. Gonzalez, and B. Leon, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 475 (2009).

Guryanov, A.

M. Melkumov, A. Laptev, M. Yashkov, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and I. Bufetov, Inorg. Mater. 46, 299 (2010).

Guyot, Y.

Hanada, T.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8451 (1993).

Handa, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).

Hata, C.

T. Izumitani, M. Matsukawa, C. Hata, K.Tanaka, and H. Toratani, Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials 752, 13 (1988).

Hatton, P. V.

M. Mirsaneh, I. M. Reaney, and P. V. Hatton, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 3362 (2008).

He, W.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, W. He, and Y. Yue, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 3897 (2011).

Hench, L. L.

C. Y. Kim, A. E. Clark, and L. L. Hench, J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 26, 1147 (1992).

Honda, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).

Hosono, H.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, Y. Ishii, H. Imai, H. Hosono, and Y. Abe, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95&96, 609 (1987).

Hu, L.

L. Chen, C. Yu, L. Hu, and W. Chen, J. Chinese Ceramic Society 38, 11 (2010).

Y. Chen, L. Wen, L. Hu, W. Chen, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 56 (2009).

Y. Fang, L. Hu, M. Liao, and L. Wen, J. Alloys Compd. 457, 19 (2008).

Imai, H.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, Y. Ishii, H. Imai, H. Hosono, and Y. Abe, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95&96, 609 (1987).

Inoue, M.

M. Kawashita, F. Miyaji, T. Kokubo, G. H. Takaoka, I. Yamada, Y. Suzuki, and M. Inoue, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 140 (1990).

Ishii, Y.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, Y. Ishii, H. Imai, H. Hosono, and Y. Abe, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95&96, 609 (1987).

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).

Izumitani, T.

T. Izumitani, M. Matsukawa, C. Hata, K.Tanaka, and H. Toratani, Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials 752, 13 (1988).

Jetschke, S.

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, Phys. Rev. 127, 750 (1962).

Kasrai, M.

D. Li, M. E. Fleet, G. M. Bancroft, M. Kasrai, and Y. Pan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 188, 181 (1995).

Kawashita, M.

M. Kawashita, F. Miyaji, T. Kokubo, G. H. Takaoka, I. Yamada, Y. Suzuki, and M. Inoue, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 140 (1990).

Kim, C. Y.

C. Y. Kim, A. E. Clark, and L. L. Hench, J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 26, 1147 (1992).

Kirchof, J.

Kokubo, T.

M. Kawashita, F. Miyaji, T. Kokubo, G. H. Takaoka, I. Yamada, Y. Suzuki, and M. Inoue, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 140 (1990).

Kumar, G. A.

H. Desirena, E. De la Rosa, L. A. Diaz-Torres, and G. A. Kumar, Opt. Mater. 28, 560 (2006).

Kumata, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).

Laptev, A.

M. Melkumov, A. Laptev, M. Yashkov, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and I. Bufetov, Inorg. Mater. 46, 299 (2010).

Leich, M.

Leon, B.

H. Aguiar, J. Serra, P. Gonzalez, and B. Leon, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 475 (2009).

Lesher, C. E.

T. Fuss, A. Mogus-Milankovic, C. S. Ray, C. E. Lesher, R. Youngman, and D. E. Day, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 4101 (2006).

Li, D.

D. Li, M. E. Fleet, G. M. Bancroft, M. Kasrai, and Y. Pan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 188, 181 (1995).

Li, J.

L. Luo and J. Li, J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 112, 215 (1989).

Liao, M.

Y. Fang, L. Hu, M. Liao, and L. Wen, J. Alloys Compd. 457, 19 (2008).

Liu, S.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, W. He, and Y. Yue, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 3897 (2011).

Luo, L.

L. Luo and J. Li, J. Non-Cryst. Solids. 112, 215 (1989).

Luo, Z.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, Z. Cai, M. Zhou, C. Ye, and H. Xu, IEEE. Photon. J. 3, 633 (2011).

Matsukawa, M.

T. Izumitani, M. Matsukawa, C. Hata, K.Tanaka, and H. Toratani, Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials 752, 13 (1988).

Melkumov, M.

M. Melkumov, A. Laptev, M. Yashkov, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and I. Bufetov, Inorg. Mater. 46, 299 (2010).

Miniscalco, W. J.

W. J. Miniscalco, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 234 (1991).

Mirsaneh, M.

M. Mirsaneh, I. M. Reaney, and P. V. Hatton, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 3362 (2008).

Miyaji, F.

M. Kawashita, F. Miyaji, T. Kokubo, G. H. Takaoka, I. Yamada, Y. Suzuki, and M. Inoue, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 140 (1990).

Mogus-Milankovic, A.

T. Fuss, A. Mogus-Milankovic, C. S. Ray, C. E. Lesher, R. Youngman, and D. E. Day, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 4101 (2006).

Mysen, B.

B. Mysen, Am. Mineral. 81, 1531 (1996).

Mysen, B. O.

B. O. Mysen, F. J. Ryerson, and D. Virgo, Am. Mineral. 66, 106 (1981).

Namikawa, H.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, Y. Ishii, H. Imai, H. Hosono, and Y. Abe, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 95&96, 609 (1987).

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).

Nelson, C.

D. R. Tallant and C. Nelson, Phys. Chem. Glasses 27, 75 (1986).

C. Nelson and D. R. Tallant, Phys. Chem. Glasses 25, 31 (1984).

Norin, L.

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511 (1962).

Ohyagi, T.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8451 (1993).

Pan, Y.

D. Li, M. E. Fleet, G. M. Bancroft, M. Kasrai, and Y. Pan, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 188, 181 (1995).

Ray, C. S.

T. Fuss, A. Mogus-Milankovic, C. S. Ray, C. E. Lesher, R. Youngman, and D. E. Day, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 4101 (2006).

Reaney, I. M.

M. Mirsaneh, I. M. Reaney, and P. V. Hatton, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 3362 (2008).

Rosa, E. De la

H. Desirena, E. De la Rosa, L. A. Diaz-Torres, and G. A. Kumar, Opt. Mater. 28, 560 (2006).

Ryerson, F. J.

B. O. Mysen, F. J. Ryerson, and D. Virgo, Am. Mineral. 66, 106 (1981).

Schaller, T.

M. J. Toplis and T. Schaller, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 224, 57 (1998).

Schwuchow, A.

Serra, J.

H. Aguiar, J. Serra, P. Gonzalez, and B. Leon, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 355, 475 (2009).

Soga, N.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8451 (1993).

Solids, J. Non-Cryst.

J. H. Campbell and T. I. Suratwala, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 263, 318 (2000).

Suratwala, J. H. Campbell and T. I.

J. H. Campbell and T. I. Suratwala, J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 263, 318 (2000).

Suzuki, Y.

M. Kawashita, F. Miyaji, T. Kokubo, G. H. Takaoka, I. Yamada, Y. Suzuki, and M. Inoue, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 140 (1990).

Takaoka, G. H.

M. Kawashita, F. Miyaji, T. Kokubo, G. H. Takaoka, I. Yamada, Y. Suzuki, and M. Inoue, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 140 (1990).

Tallant, D. R.

D. R. Tallant and C. Nelson, Phys. Chem. Glasses 27, 75 (1986).

C. Nelson and D. R. Tallant, Phys. Chem. Glasses 25, 31 (1984).

Tanabe, S.

S. Tanabe, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 259, 1 (1999).

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8451 (1993).

Todoroki, S.

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8451 (1993).

Toplis, M. J.

M. J. Toplis and T. Schaller, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 224, 57 (1998).

Toratani, H.

T. Izumitani, M. Matsukawa, C. Hata, K.Tanaka, and H. Toratani, Laser Induced Damage in Optical Materials 752, 13 (1988).

Unger, S.

Vechkanov, N.

M. Melkumov, A. Laptev, M. Yashkov, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and I. Bufetov, Inorg. Mater. 46, 299 (2010).

Virgo, D.

B. O. Mysen, F. J. Ryerson, and D. Virgo, Am. Mineral. 66, 106 (1981).

Wang, J.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, Z. Cai, M. Zhou, C. Ye, and H. Xu, IEEE. Photon. J. 3, 633 (2011).

Wen, L.

Y. Chen, L. Wen, L. Hu, W. Chen, Y. Guyot, and G. Boulon, Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 56 (2009).

Y. Fang, L. Hu, M. Liao, and L. Wen, J. Alloys Compd. 457, 19 (2008).

Xu, H.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, Z. Cai, M. Zhou, C. Ye, and H. Xu, IEEE. Photon. J. 3, 633 (2011).

Yamada, I.

M. Kawashita, F. Miyaji, T. Kokubo, G. H. Takaoka, I. Yamada, Y. Suzuki, and M. Inoue, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 255, 140 (1990).

Yashkov, M.

M. Melkumov, A. Laptev, M. Yashkov, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and I. Bufetov, Inorg. Mater. 46, 299 (2010).

Ye, C.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, Z. Cai, M. Zhou, C. Ye, and H. Xu, IEEE. Photon. J. 3, 633 (2011).

Youngman, R.

T. Fuss, A. Mogus-Milankovic, C. S. Ray, C. E. Lesher, R. Youngman, and D. E. Day, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 352, 4101 (2006).

Yu, C.

L. Chen, C. Yu, L. Hu, and W. Chen, J. Chinese Ceramic Society 38, 11 (2010).

Yue, Y.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, W. He, and Y. Yue, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 3897 (2011).

Zhang, Y.

S. Liu, Y. Zhang, W. He, and Y. Yue, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 357, 3897 (2011).

Zhou, M.

J. Wang, Z. Luo, Z. Cai, M. Zhou, C. Ye, and H. Xu, IEEE. Photon. J. 3, 633 (2011).

Am. Mineral. (2)

B. Mysen, Am. Mineral. 81, 1531 (1996).

B. O. Mysen, F. J. Ryerson, and D. Virgo, Am. Mineral. 66, 106 (1981).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE. Photon. J. (1)

J. Wang, Z. Luo, Z. Cai, M. Zhou, C. Ye, and H. Xu, IEEE. Photon. J. 3, 633 (2011).

Inorg. Mater. (1)

M. Melkumov, A. Laptev, M. Yashkov, N. Vechkanov, A. Guryanov, and I. Bufetov, Inorg. Mater. 46, 299 (2010).

J. Alloys Compd. (1)

Y. Fang, L. Hu, M. Liao, and L. Wen, J. Alloys Compd. 457, 19 (2008).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, J. Appl. Phys. 59, 3430 (1986).

S. Tanabe, T. Ohyagi, S. Todoroki, T. Hanada, and N. Soga, J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8451 (1993).

J. Biomed. Mater. Res. (1)

C. Y. Kim, A. E. Clark, and L. L. Hench, J. Biomed. Mater. Res. 26, 1147 (1992).

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. S. Ofelt, J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511 (1962).

J. Chinese Ceramic Society (1)

L. Chen, C. Yu, L. Hu, and W. Chen, J. Chinese Ceramic Society 38, 11 (2010).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

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