Abstract

The generation of coherent optical subcarriers based on a concatenated dual-drive Mach-Zehnder intensity modulator (IM) and two phase modulators (PMs) is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. The modulation index and DC bias of PM+IM modulation are theoretically investigated. Theoretical analysis and numerical study are also carried out to examine the proposed scheme. We use 25-GHz RF synchronous sinusoidal signals to drive cascaded two-stage PMs and IM, through which we generate 28 subcarriers with peak power fluctuations less than 4 dB. The measured tone-to-noise ratio of the subcarrier is higher than 40 dB. The experimental results show that for 100-Gb/s polarization multiplexing QPSK signal, the receiver sensitivity of the back-to-back signal is -28.6 dBm, and the power penalty is lower than 1 dB after 100-km transmission at the BER of 1 × 10<sup>-9</sup>.

© 2012 Chinese Optics Letters

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Junginger, B.

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K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 773 (2000).

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Long, C. M.

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K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 773 (2000).

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H. Takara, T. Ohara, K. Mori, K. Sato, E. Yamada, Y. Inoue, T. Shibata, M. Abe, T. Morioka, and K-I. Sato, Electron. Lett. 36, 2089 (2000).

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Vorbeck, S.

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Werner, D.

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Yamada, E.

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Y. Yang and J. Wang, IEEE Trans. Parallel Distr. Syst. 16, 51 (2005).

Yu, J.

J. Zhang, N. Chi, J. Yu, Y. Shao, J. Zhu, B. Huang, and L. Tao, Opt. Express 19, 17891 (2011).

J. Yu, Electron. Lett. 46, 775 (2010).

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. Huang, D. Qian, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, and P. Magill, Opt. Express 17, 17928 (2009).

Yu, S.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, N.

Zheng, X.

Zhou, X.

Zhu, J.

Zou, S.

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Electron. Lett.

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J. Yu, Electron. Lett. 46, 775 (2010).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

K. R. Tamura, H. Kubota, and M. Nakazawa, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 36, 773 (2000).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. J. Veselka and S. K. Korotky, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 10, 958 (1998).

IEEE Trans. Parallel Distr. Syst.

Y. Yang and J. Wang, IEEE Trans. Parallel Distr. Syst. 16, 51 (2005).

IEICE Electron. Express

T. Kawanishi, T. Sakamoto, S. Shinada, and M. Izutsu, IEICE Electron. Express 1, 217 (2004).

J. Lightwave Technol.

Opt. Express

J. Yu, X. Zhou, M. Huang, D. Qian, P. N. Ji, T. Wang, and P. Magill, Opt. Express 17, 17928 (2009).

J. Zhang, N. Chi, J. Yu, Y. Shao, J. Zhu, B. Huang, and L. Tao, Opt. Express 19, 17891 (2011).

Opt. Lett.

Other

Y. Ma, Q. Yang, Y. Tang, S. Chen, and W. Shieh, in Proceedings of OFC2009 PDPC1 (2009).

R. Dischler and F. Buchali, in Proceedings of OFC2009 PDPC2 (2009).

J. Yu, Z. Dong, X. Xiao, Y. Xia, S. Shi, C. Ge, W. Zhou, N. Chi, and Y. Shao, in Proceedings of OFC 2011 PDPA6 (2011).

R.Wu, V. R. Supradeepa, C. M. Long, D. E. Leaird, and A. M. Weiner, in Proceedings of 2010 IEEE Topical Meeting on Microwave Photonics (MWP) 212 (2010).

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