Abstract

Photocatalytic TiO<sub>2</sub> thin film is prepared by sol-gel technique on microstructured silicon substrate produced by femtosecond laser cumulative irradiation. The photocatalytic activity is evaluated by the degradation of methylene blue (MB) solution under ultraviolet (UV) irradiation. For 6-ml MB solution with initial concentration of 3.0 × 10<sup>-5</sup> mol/L, the degradation rate caused by TiO<sub>2</sub> thin film of 2-cm<sup>2</sup> area is higher than 70% after 10-h UV irradiation. Microstructured silicon substrate is found to enhance photocatalytic activity of the TiO<sub>2</sub> thin film remarkably. The femtosecond laser microstructured silicon substrate is suitable to support TiO<sub>2</sub> thin film photocatalysts.

© 2012 Chinese Optics Letters

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2011 (2)

2010 (1)

K. Yasui, T. Isobe, and A. Nakajima, Mater. Lett. 64, 2036 (2010).

2009 (3)

P. Saravanan, K. Pakshirajan, and P. Saha., J. HydroEnvir. Res. 3, 45 (2009).

E. D. Diebold, N. H. Mack, S. K. Doorn, and E. Mazur, Langmuir 25, 1790 (2009).

Y. Wang, S. Liu, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Mater. Lett. 63, 2718 (2009).

2008 (1)

Y. Liu, S. Liu, Y. Wang, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 18, 1148 (2008).

2007 (1)

D. Chen, Y. Gao, G. Wang, H. Zhang, W. Lu, and J. Li, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13163 (2007).

2006 (1)

Y. Zhang, J. Li, and J. Wang, Chem. Mater. 18, 2917 (2006).

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

H. J. Nam, T. Amemiya, M. Murabayashi, and K. Itoh, J. Phys. Chem. 108, 8254 (2004).

X. Y. Chuan, M. Hirano, and M. Inagaki, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 51, 255 (2004).

2003 (1)

Y. Cheng, J. Ma, G. Wu, J. Shen, and J. Wang, J. Function Mater. (in Chinese) 34, 73 (2003).

2002 (2)

T. Hisanaga and K. Tanaka, J. Hazard. Mater. 93, 331 (2002).

T. Tsumura, N. Kojitani, I. Izumi, N. Iwashita, M. Toyoda, and M. Inagaki, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1391 (2002).

2001 (1)

C. Wu, C. Crouch, L. Zhao, J. Carey, R. Younkin, J. Levinson, E. Mazur, R. Farrell, P. Gothoskar, and A. Karger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1850 (2001).

1997 (2)

Y. Xu and C. H. Langford, J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 3115 (1997).

T. Torimoto, Y. Okawa, N. Takeda, and H. Yoneyama, J. Photochemistry and photobiology A: Chemistry 103, 153 (1997).

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F. Debbagh, E. Ameziane, M. Azizan, A. Outzourhit, and M. Brunel, Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 157, 19 (1996).

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N. Takeda, T. Torimoto, S. Sampath, S. Kuwabata, and H. Yoneyama, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9986 (1995).

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H. J. Nam, T. Amemiya, M. Murabayashi, and K. Itoh, J. Phys. Chem. 108, 8254 (2004).

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F. Debbagh, E. Ameziane, M. Azizan, A. Outzourhit, and M. Brunel, Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 157, 19 (1996).

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F. Debbagh, E. Ameziane, M. Azizan, A. Outzourhit, and M. Brunel, Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 157, 19 (1996).

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M. R. Hoffmann, S. T. Martin, W. Choi, and D. W. Bahnemann, Chem. Rev. 95, 69 (1995).

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F. Debbagh, E. Ameziane, M. Azizan, A. Outzourhit, and M. Brunel, Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 157, 19 (1996).

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C. Wu, C. Crouch, L. Zhao, J. Carey, R. Younkin, J. Levinson, E. Mazur, R. Farrell, P. Gothoskar, and A. Karger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1850 (2001).

Carey, J. E.

Chen, D.

D. Chen, Y. Gao, G. Wang, H. Zhang, W. Lu, and J. Li, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13163 (2007).

Cheng, Y.

Y. Cheng, J. Ma, G. Wu, J. Shen, and J. Wang, J. Function Mater. (in Chinese) 34, 73 (2003).

Choi, W.

M. R. Hoffmann, S. T. Martin, W. Choi, and D. W. Bahnemann, Chem. Rev. 95, 69 (1995).

Chuan, X. Y.

X. Y. Chuan, M. Hirano, and M. Inagaki, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 51, 255 (2004).

Crouch, C.

C. Wu, C. Crouch, L. Zhao, J. Carey, R. Younkin, J. Levinson, E. Mazur, R. Farrell, P. Gothoskar, and A. Karger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1850 (2001).

Crouch, C. H.

Debbagh, F.

F. Debbagh, E. Ameziane, M. Azizan, A. Outzourhit, and M. Brunel, Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 157, 19 (1996).

Diebold, E. D.

E. D. Diebold, N. H. Mack, S. K. Doorn, and E. Mazur, Langmuir 25, 1790 (2009).

Doorn, S. K.

E. D. Diebold, N. H. Mack, S. K. Doorn, and E. Mazur, Langmuir 25, 1790 (2009).

Dun, A.

Farrell, R.

C. Wu, C. Crouch, L. Zhao, J. Carey, R. Younkin, J. Levinson, E. Mazur, R. Farrell, P. Gothoskar, and A. Karger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1850 (2001).

Feng, G.

Y. Wang, S. Liu, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Mater. Lett. 63, 2718 (2009).

Y. Liu, S. Liu, Y. Wang, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 18, 1148 (2008).

Gan, F.

Gao, Y.

D. Chen, Y. Gao, G. Wang, H. Zhang, W. Lu, and J. Li, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13163 (2007).

Gothoskar, P.

C. Wu, C. Crouch, L. Zhao, J. Carey, R. Younkin, J. Levinson, E. Mazur, R. Farrell, P. Gothoskar, and A. Karger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1850 (2001).

Hirano, M.

X. Y. Chuan, M. Hirano, and M. Inagaki, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 51, 255 (2004).

Hisanaga, T.

T. Hisanaga and K. Tanaka, J. Hazard. Mater. 93, 331 (2002).

Hoffmann, M. R.

M. R. Hoffmann, S. T. Martin, W. Choi, and D. W. Bahnemann, Chem. Rev. 95, 69 (1995).

Inagaki, M.

X. Y. Chuan, M. Hirano, and M. Inagaki, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 51, 255 (2004).

T. Tsumura, N. Kojitani, I. Izumi, N. Iwashita, M. Toyoda, and M. Inagaki, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1391 (2002).

Isobe, T.

K. Yasui, T. Isobe, and A. Nakajima, Mater. Lett. 64, 2036 (2010).

Itoh, K.

H. J. Nam, T. Amemiya, M. Murabayashi, and K. Itoh, J. Phys. Chem. 108, 8254 (2004).

Iwashita, N.

T. Tsumura, N. Kojitani, I. Izumi, N. Iwashita, M. Toyoda, and M. Inagaki, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1391 (2002).

Izumi, I.

T. Tsumura, N. Kojitani, I. Izumi, N. Iwashita, M. Toyoda, and M. Inagaki, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1391 (2002).

Karger, A.

C. Wu, C. Crouch, L. Zhao, J. Carey, R. Younkin, J. Levinson, E. Mazur, R. Farrell, P. Gothoskar, and A. Karger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1850 (2001).

Kojitani, N.

T. Tsumura, N. Kojitani, I. Izumi, N. Iwashita, M. Toyoda, and M. Inagaki, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1391 (2002).

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N. Takeda, T. Torimoto, S. Sampath, S. Kuwabata, and H. Yoneyama, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9986 (1995).

Langford, C. H.

Y. Xu and C. H. Langford, J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 3115 (1997).

Levinson, J.

C. Wu, C. Crouch, L. Zhao, J. Carey, R. Younkin, J. Levinson, E. Mazur, R. Farrell, P. Gothoskar, and A. Karger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1850 (2001).

Li, J.

D. Chen, Y. Gao, G. Wang, H. Zhang, W. Lu, and J. Li, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13163 (2007).

Y. Zhang, J. Li, and J. Wang, Chem. Mater. 18, 2917 (2006).

Liu, S.

Y. Wang, S. Liu, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Mater. Lett. 63, 2718 (2009).

Y. Liu, S. Liu, Y. Wang, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 18, 1148 (2008).

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, S. Liu, Y. Wang, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 18, 1148 (2008).

Lu, W.

D. Chen, Y. Gao, G. Wang, H. Zhang, W. Lu, and J. Li, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13163 (2007).

Ma, J.

Y. Cheng, J. Ma, G. Wu, J. Shen, and J. Wang, J. Function Mater. (in Chinese) 34, 73 (2003).

Mack, N. H.

E. D. Diebold, N. H. Mack, S. K. Doorn, and E. Mazur, Langmuir 25, 1790 (2009).

Martin, S. T.

M. R. Hoffmann, S. T. Martin, W. Choi, and D. W. Bahnemann, Chem. Rev. 95, 69 (1995).

Mazur, E.

E. D. Diebold, N. H. Mack, S. K. Doorn, and E. Mazur, Langmuir 25, 1790 (2009).

J. E. Carey, C. H. Crouch, M. Shen, and E. Mazur, Opt. Lett. 30, 1773 (2005).

C. Wu, C. Crouch, L. Zhao, J. Carey, R. Younkin, J. Levinson, E. Mazur, R. Farrell, P. Gothoskar, and A. Karger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1850 (2001).

Murabayashi, M.

H. J. Nam, T. Amemiya, M. Murabayashi, and K. Itoh, J. Phys. Chem. 108, 8254 (2004).

Nakajima, A.

K. Yasui, T. Isobe, and A. Nakajima, Mater. Lett. 64, 2036 (2010).

Nam, H. J.

H. J. Nam, T. Amemiya, M. Murabayashi, and K. Itoh, J. Phys. Chem. 108, 8254 (2004).

Okawa, Y.

T. Torimoto, Y. Okawa, N. Takeda, and H. Yoneyama, J. Photochemistry and photobiology A: Chemistry 103, 153 (1997).

Outzourhit, A.

F. Debbagh, E. Ameziane, M. Azizan, A. Outzourhit, and M. Brunel, Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 157, 19 (1996).

Pakshirajan, K.

P. Saravanan, K. Pakshirajan, and P. Saha., J. HydroEnvir. Res. 3, 45 (2009).

Saha., P.

P. Saravanan, K. Pakshirajan, and P. Saha., J. HydroEnvir. Res. 3, 45 (2009).

Sampath, S.

N. Takeda, T. Torimoto, S. Sampath, S. Kuwabata, and H. Yoneyama, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9986 (1995).

Saravanan, P.

P. Saravanan, K. Pakshirajan, and P. Saha., J. HydroEnvir. Res. 3, 45 (2009).

Shen, J.

Y. Cheng, J. Ma, G. Wu, J. Shen, and J. Wang, J. Function Mater. (in Chinese) 34, 73 (2003).

Shen, M.

Takeda, N.

T. Torimoto, Y. Okawa, N. Takeda, and H. Yoneyama, J. Photochemistry and photobiology A: Chemistry 103, 153 (1997).

N. Takeda, T. Torimoto, S. Sampath, S. Kuwabata, and H. Yoneyama, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9986 (1995).

Tanaka, K.

T. Hisanaga and K. Tanaka, J. Hazard. Mater. 93, 331 (2002).

Torimoto, T.

T. Torimoto, Y. Okawa, N. Takeda, and H. Yoneyama, J. Photochemistry and photobiology A: Chemistry 103, 153 (1997).

N. Takeda, T. Torimoto, S. Sampath, S. Kuwabata, and H. Yoneyama, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9986 (1995).

Toyoda, M.

T. Tsumura, N. Kojitani, I. Izumi, N. Iwashita, M. Toyoda, and M. Inagaki, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1391 (2002).

Tsumura, T.

T. Tsumura, N. Kojitani, I. Izumi, N. Iwashita, M. Toyoda, and M. Inagaki, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1391 (2002).

Wang, G.

D. Chen, Y. Gao, G. Wang, H. Zhang, W. Lu, and J. Li, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13163 (2007).

Wang, J.

Y. Zhang, J. Li, and J. Wang, Chem. Mater. 18, 2917 (2006).

Y. Cheng, J. Ma, G. Wu, J. Shen, and J. Wang, J. Function Mater. (in Chinese) 34, 73 (2003).

Wang, Y.

Y. Wang, S. Liu, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Mater. Lett. 63, 2718 (2009).

Y. Liu, S. Liu, Y. Wang, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 18, 1148 (2008).

Wei, J.

Wen, J.

Wu, C.

C. Wu, C. Crouch, L. Zhao, J. Carey, R. Younkin, J. Levinson, E. Mazur, R. Farrell, P. Gothoskar, and A. Karger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1850 (2001).

Wu, G.

Y. Cheng, J. Ma, G. Wu, J. Shen, and J. Wang, J. Function Mater. (in Chinese) 34, 73 (2003).

Xu, Y.

Y. Xu and C. H. Langford, J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 3115 (1997).

Yasui, K.

K. Yasui, T. Isobe, and A. Nakajima, Mater. Lett. 64, 2036 (2010).

Yoneyama, H.

T. Torimoto, Y. Okawa, N. Takeda, and H. Yoneyama, J. Photochemistry and photobiology A: Chemistry 103, 153 (1997).

N. Takeda, T. Torimoto, S. Sampath, S. Kuwabata, and H. Yoneyama, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9986 (1995).

Younkin, R.

C. Wu, C. Crouch, L. Zhao, J. Carey, R. Younkin, J. Levinson, E. Mazur, R. Farrell, P. Gothoskar, and A. Karger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1850 (2001).

Zhang, H.

D. Chen, Y. Gao, G. Wang, H. Zhang, W. Lu, and J. Li, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13163 (2007).

Zhang, Y.

Y. Zhang, J. Li, and J. Wang, Chem. Mater. 18, 2917 (2006).

Zhao, L.

Y. Wang, S. Liu, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Mater. Lett. 63, 2718 (2009).

Y. Liu, S. Liu, Y. Wang, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 18, 1148 (2008).

C. Wu, C. Crouch, L. Zhao, J. Carey, R. Younkin, J. Levinson, E. Mazur, R. Farrell, P. Gothoskar, and A. Karger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1850 (2001).

Zhong, C.

Zhu, J.

Y. Wang, S. Liu, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Mater. Lett. 63, 2718 (2009).

Y. Liu, S. Liu, Y. Wang, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 18, 1148 (2008).

Zuo, C.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Wu, C. Crouch, L. Zhao, J. Carey, R. Younkin, J. Levinson, E. Mazur, R. Farrell, P. Gothoskar, and A. Karger, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 1850 (2001).

Applied Catalysis B: Environmental (1)

X. Y. Chuan, M. Hirano, and M. Inagaki, Applied Catalysis B: Environmental 51, 255 (2004).

Chem. Mater. (1)

Y. Zhang, J. Li, and J. Wang, Chem. Mater. 18, 2917 (2006).

Chem. Rev. (1)

M. R. Hoffmann, S. T. Martin, W. Choi, and D. W. Bahnemann, Chem. Rev. 95, 69 (1995).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

J. Function Mater. (in Chinese) (1)

Y. Cheng, J. Ma, G. Wu, J. Shen, and J. Wang, J. Function Mater. (in Chinese) 34, 73 (2003).

J. Hazard. Mater. (1)

T. Hisanaga and K. Tanaka, J. Hazard. Mater. 93, 331 (2002).

J. HydroEnvir. Res. (1)

P. Saravanan, K. Pakshirajan, and P. Saha., J. HydroEnvir. Res. 3, 45 (2009).

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

T. Tsumura, N. Kojitani, I. Izumi, N. Iwashita, M. Toyoda, and M. Inagaki, J. Mater. Chem. 12, 1391 (2002).

J. Photochemistry and photobiology A: Chemistry (1)

T. Torimoto, Y. Okawa, N. Takeda, and H. Yoneyama, J. Photochemistry and photobiology A: Chemistry 103, 153 (1997).

J. Phys. Chem. (2)

N. Takeda, T. Torimoto, S. Sampath, S. Kuwabata, and H. Yoneyama, J. Phys. Chem. 99, 9986 (1995).

H. J. Nam, T. Amemiya, M. Murabayashi, and K. Itoh, J. Phys. Chem. 108, 8254 (2004).

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

Y. Xu and C. H. Langford, J. Phys. Chem. B 101, 3115 (1997).

J. Phys. Chem. C (1)

D. Chen, Y. Gao, G. Wang, H. Zhang, W. Lu, and J. Li, J. Phys. Chem. C 111, 13163 (2007).

Langmuir (1)

E. D. Diebold, N. H. Mack, S. K. Doorn, and E. Mazur, Langmuir 25, 1790 (2009).

Laser Phys. (1)

Y. Liu, S. Liu, Y. Wang, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Laser Phys. 18, 1148 (2008).

Mater. Lett. (2)

Y. Wang, S. Liu, G. Feng, J. Zhu, and L. Zhao, Mater. Lett. 63, 2718 (2009).

K. Yasui, T. Isobe, and A. Nakajima, Mater. Lett. 64, 2036 (2010).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) (1)

F. Debbagh, E. Ameziane, M. Azizan, A. Outzourhit, and M. Brunel, Phys. Stat. Sol. (a) 157, 19 (1996).

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