Abstract

LP<sub>01</sub> and LP<sub>11</sub> mode interferences in high-birefringence (Hi-Bi) panda fibers are theoretically and experimentally presented. The propagation characteristics of both the fundamental and second-order modes in Hi-Bi panda fibers are investigated, and the interference output intensity distribution of the LP<sub>01</sub> and LP<sub>11</sub> modes in panda fibers are thoroughly examined. An experiment is conducted to verify the feasibility of modal interference sensors. The results show that the two-lobe interference pattern of panda fibers generates energy exchanges when external strain is applied on the fiber. Moreover, Hi-Bi panda fibers can be used to design voltage sensors.

© 2012 Chinese Optics Letters

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, and R. O. Claus, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1688 (1990).
  2. A. Kumar, N. K. Goel, and R. K. Varshney, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 358 (2001).
  3. K. Bohnert, P. Gabus, J. Kostovic, and H. Brandle, Opt. Laser Eng. 43, 511 (2005).
  4. K. Bohnert, G. C. de Wit, and J. Nehring, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 94 (1995).
  5. I. Martincek, D. Pudis, D. Kacik, and K. Schuster, Optik 122, 707 (2011).
  6. Y. Wu, X. Deng, and X. Zhuang, Sens. Actuator B 122, 127 (2007).
  7. R. P. McCue, J. E. Walsh, F. Walsh, and F. Regan, Sens. Actuator B 114, 438 (2006).
  8. F. Liu, W. Bi, and X. Guo, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 219 (2009).
  9. X. Lu, W. Bi, S. Ma, and F. Liu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 38, 1105003 (2011).
  10. W. Chen, S. Lou, L. Wang, and S. Jian, Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 986 (2010).
  11. D. Kacik, I. Turek, I. Martincek, J. Canning, N. A. Issa, and K. Lyytikainen, Opt. Express 12, 3465 (2004).
  12. P. Kniazewski, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawinska, Opt. Laser Eng. 47, 259 (2009).
  13. A. Safaai-Jazi and J. C. McKeeman, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1047 (1991).
  14. I. Martincek and D. Pudis, Optik 121, 1660 (2010).
  15. T. A. Eftimov and W. J. Bock, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1925 (1993).

2011

I. Martincek, D. Pudis, D. Kacik, and K. Schuster, Optik 122, 707 (2011).

X. Lu, W. Bi, S. Ma, and F. Liu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 38, 1105003 (2011).

2010

I. Martincek and D. Pudis, Optik 121, 1660 (2010).

W. Chen, S. Lou, L. Wang, and S. Jian, Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 986 (2010).

2009

F. Liu, W. Bi, and X. Guo, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 219 (2009).

P. Kniazewski, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawinska, Opt. Laser Eng. 47, 259 (2009).

2007

Y. Wu, X. Deng, and X. Zhuang, Sens. Actuator B 122, 127 (2007).

2006

R. P. McCue, J. E. Walsh, F. Walsh, and F. Regan, Sens. Actuator B 114, 438 (2006).

2005

K. Bohnert, P. Gabus, J. Kostovic, and H. Brandle, Opt. Laser Eng. 43, 511 (2005).

2004

2001

1995

K. Bohnert, G. C. de Wit, and J. Nehring, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 94 (1995).

1993

T. A. Eftimov and W. J. Bock, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1925 (1993).

1991

A. Safaai-Jazi and J. C. McKeeman, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1047 (1991).

1990

K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, and R. O. Claus, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1688 (1990).

Bi, W.

X. Lu, W. Bi, S. Ma, and F. Liu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 38, 1105003 (2011).

F. Liu, W. Bi, and X. Guo, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 219 (2009).

Bock, W. J.

T. A. Eftimov and W. J. Bock, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1925 (1993).

Bohnert, K.

K. Bohnert, P. Gabus, J. Kostovic, and H. Brandle, Opt. Laser Eng. 43, 511 (2005).

K. Bohnert, G. C. de Wit, and J. Nehring, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 94 (1995).

Brandle, H.

K. Bohnert, P. Gabus, J. Kostovic, and H. Brandle, Opt. Laser Eng. 43, 511 (2005).

Canning, J.

Chen, W.

Claus, R. O.

K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, and R. O. Claus, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1688 (1990).

Deng, X.

Y. Wu, X. Deng, and X. Zhuang, Sens. Actuator B 122, 127 (2007).

Eftimov, T. A.

T. A. Eftimov and W. J. Bock, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1925 (1993).

Gabus, P.

K. Bohnert, P. Gabus, J. Kostovic, and H. Brandle, Opt. Laser Eng. 43, 511 (2005).

Goel, N. K.

Guo, X.

F. Liu, W. Bi, and X. Guo, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 219 (2009).

Issa, N. A.

Jian, S.

Kacik, D.

I. Martincek, D. Pudis, D. Kacik, and K. Schuster, Optik 122, 707 (2011).

D. Kacik, I. Turek, I. Martincek, J. Canning, N. A. Issa, and K. Lyytikainen, Opt. Express 12, 3465 (2004).

Kniazewski, P.

P. Kniazewski, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawinska, Opt. Laser Eng. 47, 259 (2009).

Kostovic, J.

K. Bohnert, P. Gabus, J. Kostovic, and H. Brandle, Opt. Laser Eng. 43, 511 (2005).

Kozacki, T.

P. Kniazewski, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawinska, Opt. Laser Eng. 47, 259 (2009).

Kujawinska, M.

P. Kniazewski, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawinska, Opt. Laser Eng. 47, 259 (2009).

Kumar, A.

Liu, F.

X. Lu, W. Bi, S. Ma, and F. Liu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 38, 1105003 (2011).

F. Liu, W. Bi, and X. Guo, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 219 (2009).

Lou, S.

Lu, X.

X. Lu, W. Bi, S. Ma, and F. Liu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 38, 1105003 (2011).

Lyytikainen, K.

Ma, S.

X. Lu, W. Bi, S. Ma, and F. Liu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 38, 1105003 (2011).

Martincek, I.

I. Martincek, D. Pudis, D. Kacik, and K. Schuster, Optik 122, 707 (2011).

I. Martincek and D. Pudis, Optik 121, 1660 (2010).

D. Kacik, I. Turek, I. Martincek, J. Canning, N. A. Issa, and K. Lyytikainen, Opt. Express 12, 3465 (2004).

McCue, R. P.

R. P. McCue, J. E. Walsh, F. Walsh, and F. Regan, Sens. Actuator B 114, 438 (2006).

McKeeman, J. C.

A. Safaai-Jazi and J. C. McKeeman, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1047 (1991).

Miller, M. S.

K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, and R. O. Claus, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1688 (1990).

Murphy, K. A.

K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, and R. O. Claus, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1688 (1990).

Nehring, J.

K. Bohnert, G. C. de Wit, and J. Nehring, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 94 (1995).

Pudis, D.

I. Martincek, D. Pudis, D. Kacik, and K. Schuster, Optik 122, 707 (2011).

I. Martincek and D. Pudis, Optik 121, 1660 (2010).

Regan, F.

R. P. McCue, J. E. Walsh, F. Walsh, and F. Regan, Sens. Actuator B 114, 438 (2006).

Safaai-Jazi, A.

A. Safaai-Jazi and J. C. McKeeman, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1047 (1991).

Schuster, K.

I. Martincek, D. Pudis, D. Kacik, and K. Schuster, Optik 122, 707 (2011).

Turek, I.

Varshney, R. K.

Vengsarkar, A. M.

K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, and R. O. Claus, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1688 (1990).

Walsh, F.

R. P. McCue, J. E. Walsh, F. Walsh, and F. Regan, Sens. Actuator B 114, 438 (2006).

Walsh, J. E.

R. P. McCue, J. E. Walsh, F. Walsh, and F. Regan, Sens. Actuator B 114, 438 (2006).

Wang, L.

Wit, G. C. de

K. Bohnert, G. C. de Wit, and J. Nehring, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 94 (1995).

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu, X. Deng, and X. Zhuang, Sens. Actuator B 122, 127 (2007).

Zhuang, X.

Y. Wu, X. Deng, and X. Zhuang, Sens. Actuator B 122, 127 (2007).

Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese)

F. Liu, W. Bi, and X. Guo, Acta Opt. Sin. (in Chinese) 29, 219 (2009).

Chin. Opt. Lett.

Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese)

X. Lu, W. Bi, S. Ma, and F. Liu, Chinese J. Lasers (in Chinese) 38, 1105003 (2011).

J. Lightwave Technol.

A. Safaai-Jazi and J. C. McKeeman, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 1047 (1991).

K. Bohnert, G. C. de Wit, and J. Nehring, J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 94 (1995).

T. A. Eftimov and W. J. Bock, J. Lightwave Technol. 11, 1925 (1993).

K. A. Murphy, M. S. Miller, A. M. Vengsarkar, and R. O. Claus, J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 1688 (1990).

A. Kumar, N. K. Goel, and R. K. Varshney, J. Lightwave Technol. 19, 358 (2001).

Opt. Express

Opt. Laser Eng.

K. Bohnert, P. Gabus, J. Kostovic, and H. Brandle, Opt. Laser Eng. 43, 511 (2005).

P. Kniazewski, T. Kozacki, and M. Kujawinska, Opt. Laser Eng. 47, 259 (2009).

Optik

I. Martincek and D. Pudis, Optik 121, 1660 (2010).

I. Martincek, D. Pudis, D. Kacik, and K. Schuster, Optik 122, 707 (2011).

Sens. Actuator B

Y. Wu, X. Deng, and X. Zhuang, Sens. Actuator B 122, 127 (2007).

R. P. McCue, J. E. Walsh, F. Walsh, and F. Regan, Sens. Actuator B 114, 438 (2006).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.