Abstract

A simple fiber tip sensor for refractive index (RI) measurement based on Fabry-Perot (FP) interference modulated by Fresnel reflection is proposed and demonstrated. The sensor head consists of an etching-induced micro air gap near the tip of a single-mode fiber. The microgap and the fiber tip function as two reflectors to form a FP cavity. The external RI can be unambiguously measured by monitoring the fringe contrast of the interference pattern from the reflection spectrum. The experimental results show that the proposed sensor achieves temperature-independent RI measurement with good linear response. The proposed sensor achieves a high RI resolution of up to 3.4 \times 10?5 and has advantages of low cost and easy fabrication.

© 2012 Chinese Optics Letters

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2012 (1)

S. Silva, O. Frazao, J. L. Santos, and F. X. Malcata, Sensor Actuator B Chem. 161, 88 (2012).

2011 (4)

T. Zhao, Y. Gong, Y. Rao, Y. Wu, Z. Ran, and H. Wu, Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 050602 (2011).

P. A. R. Tafulo, P. A. S. Jorge, J. Santos, F. M. Araujo, and O. Frazao, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 8 (2011).

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, Sensors 11, 1078 (2011).

M. S. Ferreira, L. Coelho, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, J. L. Santos, and O. Frazao, Opt. Lett. 36, 4029 (2011).

2010 (2)

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1708 (2010).

H. Y. Choi, G. Mudhana, K. S. Park, U. Paek, and B. H. Lee, Opt. Express 18, 141 (2010).

2008 (3)

2007 (3)

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

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G. Z. Xiao, A. Adnet, Z. Zhang, F. G. Sun, and C. P. Grover, Sensor Actuator A Phys. 118, 177 (2005).

Araujo, F. M.

P. A. R. Tafulo, P. A. S. Jorge, J. Santos, F. M. Araujo, and O. Frazao, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 8 (2011).

S. F. O. Silva, P. Caldas, J. L. Santos, and F. M. Araujo, Opt. Eng. 47, 054403 (2008).

Badcock, R. A.

V. R. Machavaram, R. A. Badcock, and G. F. Fernando, Sensor Actuator A Phys. 138, 248 (2007).

Caldas, P.

S. F. O. Silva, P. Caldas, J. L. Santos, and F. M. Araujo, Opt. Eng. 47, 054403 (2008).

Chen, X. P.

Chiang, K. S.

Choi, H. Y.

Cibula, E.

Coelho, L.

Cooper, K. L.

Donlagic, D.

Fernando, G. F.

V. R. Machavaram, R. A. Badcock, and G. F. Fernando, Sensor Actuator A Phys. 138, 248 (2007).

Ferreira, M. S.

Frazao, O.

S. Silva, O. Frazao, J. L. Santos, and F. X. Malcata, Sensor Actuator B Chem. 161, 88 (2012).

P. A. R. Tafulo, P. A. S. Jorge, J. Santos, F. M. Araujo, and O. Frazao, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 8 (2011).

M. S. Ferreira, L. Coelho, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, J. L. Santos, and O. Frazao, Opt. Lett. 36, 4029 (2011).

Gong, Y.

T. Zhao, Y. Gong, Y. Rao, Y. Wu, Z. Ran, and H. Wu, Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 050602 (2011).

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1708 (2010).

Grover, C. P.

G. Z. Xiao, A. Adnet, Z. Zhang, F. G. Sun, and C. P. Grover, Sensor Actuator A Phys. 118, 177 (2005).

Guo, Y.

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1708 (2010).

Guthy, C.

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, Sensors 11, 1078 (2011).

Han, Y.

Jorge, P. A. S.

P. A. R. Tafulo, P. A. S. Jorge, J. Santos, F. M. Araujo, and O. Frazao, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 8 (2011).

Kobelke, J.

Lee, B. H.

Li, Y.

Liao, X.

Liu, W. J.

Machavaram, V. R.

V. R. Machavaram, R. A. Badcock, and G. F. Fernando, Sensor Actuator A Phys. 138, 248 (2007).

Malcata, F. X.

S. Silva, O. Frazao, J. L. Santos, and F. X. Malcata, Sensor Actuator B Chem. 161, 88 (2012).

Mudhana, G.

Paek, U.

Park, K. S.

Pickrell, G. R.

Ran, Z.

Ran, Z. L.

Rao, Y.

Rao, Y. J.

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1708 (2010).

Z. L. Ran, Y. J. Rao, W. J. Liu, X. Liao, and K. S. Chiang, Opt. Express 16, 2252 (2008).

Santos, J.

P. A. R. Tafulo, P. A. S. Jorge, J. Santos, F. M. Araujo, and O. Frazao, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 8 (2011).

Santos, J. L.

S. Silva, O. Frazao, J. L. Santos, and F. X. Malcata, Sensor Actuator B Chem. 161, 88 (2012).

M. S. Ferreira, L. Coelho, K. Schuster, J. Kobelke, J. L. Santos, and O. Frazao, Opt. Lett. 36, 4029 (2011).

S. F. O. Silva, P. Caldas, J. L. Santos, and F. M. Araujo, Opt. Eng. 47, 054403 (2008).

Schuster, K.

Silva, S.

S. Silva, O. Frazao, J. L. Santos, and F. X. Malcata, Sensor Actuator B Chem. 161, 88 (2012).

Silva, S. F. O.

S. F. O. Silva, P. Caldas, J. L. Santos, and F. M. Araujo, Opt. Eng. 47, 054403 (2008).

Sun, F. G.

G. Z. Xiao, A. Adnet, Z. Zhang, F. G. Sun, and C. P. Grover, Sensor Actuator A Phys. 118, 177 (2005).

Tafulo, P. A. R.

P. A. R. Tafulo, P. A. S. Jorge, J. Santos, F. M. Araujo, and O. Frazao, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 8 (2011).

Tian, Y.

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, Sensors 11, 1078 (2011).

Tsai, H.

Wang, A.

Wang, W.

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, Sensors 11, 1078 (2011).

Wang, X.

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, Sensors 11, 1078 (2011).

Wang, Y. X.

Wei, T.

Wu, H.

Wu, N.

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, Sensors 11, 1078 (2011).

Wu, Y.

T. Zhao, Y. Gong, Y. Rao, Y. Wu, Z. Ran, and H. Wu, Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 050602 (2011).

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1708 (2010).

Xiao, G. Z.

G. Z. Xiao, A. Adnet, Z. Zhang, F. G. Sun, and C. P. Grover, Sensor Actuator A Phys. 118, 177 (2005).

Xiao, H.

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Z.

G. Z. Xiao, A. Adnet, Z. Zhang, F. G. Sun, and C. P. Grover, Sensor Actuator A Phys. 118, 177 (2005).

Zhao, T.

T. Zhao, Y. Gong, Y. Rao, Y. Wu, Z. Ran, and H. Wu, Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 050602 (2011).

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1708 (2010).

Zhu, Y. Z.

Zou, X.

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, Sensors 11, 1078 (2011).

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. Gong, Y. Guo, Y. J. Rao, T. Zhao, and Y. Wu, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1708 (2010).

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

P. A. R. Tafulo, P. A. S. Jorge, J. Santos, F. M. Araujo, and O. Frazao, IEEE Sens. J. 12, 8 (2011).

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Opt. Eng. (1)

S. F. O. Silva, P. Caldas, J. L. Santos, and F. M. Araujo, Opt. Eng. 47, 054403 (2008).

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sensor Actuator A Phys. (2)

V. R. Machavaram, R. A. Badcock, and G. F. Fernando, Sensor Actuator A Phys. 138, 248 (2007).

G. Z. Xiao, A. Adnet, Z. Zhang, F. G. Sun, and C. P. Grover, Sensor Actuator A Phys. 118, 177 (2005).

Sensor Actuator B Chem. (1)

S. Silva, O. Frazao, J. L. Santos, and F. X. Malcata, Sensor Actuator B Chem. 161, 88 (2012).

Sensors (1)

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, Sensors 11, 1078 (2011).

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