Abstract

A simple fiber tip sensor for refractive index (RI) measurement based on Fabry-Perot (FP) interference modulated by Fresnel reflection is proposed and demonstrated. The sensor head consists of an etching-induced micro air gap near the tip of a single-mode fiber. The microgap and the fiber tip function as two reflectors to form a FP cavity. The external RI can be unambiguously measured by monitoring the fringe contrast of the interference pattern from the reflection spectrum. The experimental results show that the proposed sensor achieves temperature-independent RI measurement with good linear response. The proposed sensor achieves a high RI resolution of up to 3.4 \times 10?5 and has advantages of low cost and easy fabrication.

© 2012 Chinese Optics Letters

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