Abstract

The performances of two liquid level sensors based on long-period fiber gratings are studied. The long-period gratings (LPGs) have similar characteristics (length and period), but are fabricated with two photosensitive B-Ge co-doped fibers with different dopant concentrations. We investigate the temperature sensitivities of LPGs and exploit their refractive index sensitivity to implement liquid level measurement. By controlling fiber parameters, such as the dopant concentrations, the measurement sensitivity of a LPG-based fiber optic liquid level sensor can be improved.

© 2012 Chinese Optics Letters

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M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, and P. Mikulic, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 025309 (2010).

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V. Bhatia, D. K. Campbell, D. Sherr, T. G. D'Alberto, N. A. Zabaronick, G. A. Ten Eyck, K. A. Murphy, and R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 36, 1872 (1997).

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V. Bhatia, D. K. Campbell, D. Sherr, T. G. D'Alberto, N. A. Zabaronick, G. A. Ten Eyck, K. A. Murphy, and R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 36, 1872 (1997).

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M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, and P. Mikulic, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 025309 (2010).

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Bucholtz, F.

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V. Bhatia, D. K. Campbell, D. Sherr, T. G. D'Alberto, N. A. Zabaronick, G. A. Ten Eyck, K. A. Murphy, and R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 36, 1872 (1997).

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J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Opt. Commun. 229, 65 (2004).

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V. Bhatia, D. K. Campbell, D. Sherr, T. G. D'Alberto, N. A. Zabaronick, G. A. Ten Eyck, K. A. Murphy, and R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 36, 1872 (1997).

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V. Bhatia, D. K. Campbell, D. Sherr, T. G. D'Alberto, N. A. Zabaronick, G. A. Ten Eyck, K. A. Murphy, and R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 36, 1872 (1997).

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V. Bhatia, D. K. Campbell, D. Sherr, T. G. D'Alberto, N. A. Zabaronick, G. A. Ten Eyck, K. A. Murphy, and R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 36, 1872 (1997).

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J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Opt. Commun. 229, 65 (2004).

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James, S. W.

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A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).

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Kamata, I.

Kersey, A. D.

Khaliq, S.

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).

Lu, C.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Opt. Commun. 229, 65 (2004).

Mikulic, P.

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, and P. Mikulic, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 025309 (2010).

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J. A. Morris and C. R. Pollock, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 920 (1987).

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V. Bhatia, D. K. Campbell, D. Sherr, T. G. D'Alberto, N. A. Zabaronick, G. A. Ten Eyck, K. A. Murphy, and R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 36, 1872 (1997).

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B. W. Northway, N. H. Hancock, and T. Tran-Cong, Meas. Sci. Technol. 6, 85 (1995).

Patrick, H. J.

Pollock, C. R.

J. A. Morris and C. R. Pollock, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 920 (1987).

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J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Opt. Commun. 229, 65 (2004).

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V. Bhatia, D. K. Campbell, D. Sherr, T. G. D'Alberto, N. A. Zabaronick, G. A. Ten Eyck, K. A. Murphy, and R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 36, 1872 (1997).

Shu, X.

X. Shu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 255 (2002).

X. Shu, T. Allsop, B. Gwandu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 818 (2001).

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J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Opt. Commun. 229, 65 (2004).

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A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).

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M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, and P. Mikulic, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 025309 (2010).

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B. W. Northway, N. H. Hancock, and T. Tran-Cong, Meas. Sci. Technol. 6, 85 (1995).

Vengsarkar, A. M.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).

Ye, C. C.

Yohana, A.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Opt. Commun. 229, 65 (2004).

Zabaronick, N. A.

V. Bhatia, D. K. Campbell, D. Sherr, T. G. D'Alberto, N. A. Zabaronick, G. A. Ten Eyck, K. A. Murphy, and R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 36, 1872 (1997).

Zhang, L.

X. Shu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 255 (2002).

X. Shu, T. Allsop, B. Gwandu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 818 (2001).

Zhu, Y.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Opt. Commun. 229, 65 (2004).

Appl. Opt.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

X. Shu, T. Allsop, B. Gwandu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 818 (2001).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. A. Morris and C. R. Pollock, J. Lightwave Technol. 5, 920 (1987).

H. J. Patrick, A. D. Kersey, and F. Bucholtz, J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 1606 (1998).

X. Shu, L. Zhang, and I. Bennion, J. Lightwave Technol. 20, 255 (2002).

A. I. Kalachev, D. N. Nikogosyan, and G. Brambilla, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2568 (2005).

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 58 (1996).

Meas. Sci. Technol.

B. W. Northway, N. H. Hancock, and T. Tran-Cong, Meas. Sci. Technol. 6, 85 (1995).

M. Smietana, W. J. Bock, and P. Mikulic, Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 025309 (2010).

Opt. Commun.

J. H. Chong, P. Shum, H. Haryono, A. Yohana, M. K. Rao, C. Lu, and Y. Zhu, Opt. Commun. 229, 65 (2004).

Opt. Eng.

V. Bhatia, D. K. Campbell, D. Sherr, T. G. D'Alberto, N. A. Zabaronick, G. A. Ten Eyck, K. A. Murphy, and R. O. Claus, Opt. Eng. 36, 1872 (1997).

Opt. Lett.

Other

F. N. Toch, G. C. M. Meijer, and M. van der Lee, in Proceedings of the Conference on Precision Electromagnetic Measurements Digest 356 (1996)

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