Abstract

A scheme for the photonic generation of frequency-tunable millimeter wave and terahertz wave signals based on a highly flat optical frequency comb is proposed and demonstrated experimentally. The frequency comb is generated using two cascaded phase modulators (PMs) and an electro-absorption modulator (EAM). The frequency comb covers a 440-GHz frequency range, with 40-GHz comb spacing and less than 2-dB amplitude variation. By filtering out two of the comb lines with 50 dB out of the band suppression ratio, high frequency-purity and low phase noise millimeter wave or terahertz wave signals are successfully generated, with frequencies ranging from 40 to 440 GHz.

© 2012 Chinese Optics Letters

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W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1325 (2007).

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S. Fukushima, C. F. C. Silva, Y. Muramoto, and A. J. Seeds, J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3043 (2003).

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H.-J. Song, N. Shimizu, T. Furuta, K. Suizu, H. Ito, and T. Nagatsuma, J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2521 (2008).

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M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, Opt. Commun. 240, 201 (2004).

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Kosugi, T.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol. 54, 1937 (2006).

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Lin, C.-T.

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S. Fukushima, C. F. C. Silva, Y. Muramoto, and A. J. Seeds, J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3043 (2003).

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M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, Opt. Commun. 240, 201 (2004).

Nagatsuma, T.

H.-J. Song, N. Shimizu, T. Furuta, K. Suizu, H. Ito, and T. Nagatsuma, J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2521 (2008).

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol. 54, 1937 (2006).

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A. Wiberg, P. Perez-Millan, M. V. Andres, and P. O. Hedekvist, J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 329 (2006).

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G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol. 53, 3090 (2005).

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Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).

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A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol. 54, 1937 (2006).

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S. Fukushima, C. F. C. Silva, Y. Muramoto, and A. J. Seeds, J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3043 (2003).

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G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol. 53, 3090 (2005).

Shih, P.-T.

C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, W.-Q. Xue, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1027 (2008).

Shimizu, N.

H.-J. Song, N. Shimizu, T. Furuta, K. Suizu, H. Ito, and T. Nagatsuma, J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2521 (2008).

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S. Fukushima, C. F. C. Silva, Y. Muramoto, and A. J. Seeds, J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3043 (2003).

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H.-J. Song, N. Shimizu, T. Furuta, K. Suizu, H. Ito, and T. Nagatsuma, J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2521 (2008).

Sugahara, H.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol. 54, 1937 (2006).

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H.-J. Song, N. Shimizu, T. Furuta, K. Suizu, H. Ito, and T. Nagatsuma, J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2521 (2008).

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Takahashi, H.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol. 54, 1937 (2006).

Ueda, A.

M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, Opt. Commun. 240, 201 (2004).

Ueda, K.

M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, Opt. Commun. 240, 201 (2004).

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).

Wang, T.

T. Wang, H. Chen, M. Chen, J. Zhang, and S. Xie, J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2044 (2009).

J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, and S. Xie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1057 (2007).

Weiner, A. M.

Wells, J.

J. Wells, IEEE Microw. Mag. 10, 104 (2009).

Wiberg, A.

A. Wiberg, P. Perez-Millan, M. V. Andres, and P. O. Hedekvist, J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 329 (2006).

Wu, Q.

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1026 (1996).

Wu, R.

Xie, S.

T. Wang, H. Chen, M. Chen, J. Zhang, and S. Xie, J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2044 (2009).

J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, and S. Xie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1057 (2007).

Xing, Y.

Xue, W.-Q.

C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, W.-Q. Xue, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1027 (2008).

Yamaguchi, R.

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol. 54, 1937 (2006).

Yao, J.

S. Pan and J. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol. 58, 1967 (2010).

X. Zou, W. Pan, and J. Yao, Chin. Opt. Lett. 8, 468 (2010).

S. Pan and J. Yao, Opt. Express 17, 5414 (2009).

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol. 53, 3090 (2005).

Zeng, F.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).

Zhang, J.

T. Wang, H. Chen, M. Chen, J. Zhang, and S. Xie, J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2044 (2009).

J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, and S. Xie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1057 (2007).

Zhang, X.-C.

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1026 (1996).

Zou, X.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Q. Wu, T. D. Hewitt, and X.-C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1026 (1996).

Chin. Opt. Lett.

IEEE Microw. Mag.

J. Wells, IEEE Microw. Mag. 10, 104 (2009).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

Q. Wang, H. Rideout, F. Zeng, and J. Yao, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2460 (2006).

J. Zhang, H. Chen, M. Chen, T. Wang, and S. Xie, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1057 (2007).

C.-T. Lin, P.-T. Shih, J. Chen, W.-Q. Xue, P.-C. Peng, and S. Chi, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 1027 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol.

S. Pan and J. Yao, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol. 58, 1967 (2010).

G. Qi, J. Yao, J. Seregelyi, S. Paquet, and C. Belisle, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol. 53, 3090 (2005).

A. Hirata, T. Kosugi, H. Takahashi, R. Yamaguchi, F. Nakajima, T. Furuta, H. Ito, H. Sugahara, Y. Sato, and T. Nagatsuma, IEEE Trans. Microw. Theor. Technol. 54, 1937 (2006).

J. Lightw. Technol.

T. Wang, H. Chen, M. Chen, J. Zhang, and S. Xie, J. Lightw. Technol. 27, 2044 (2009).

S. Fukushima, C. F. C. Silva, Y. Muramoto, and A. J. Seeds, J. Lightw. Technol. 21, 3043 (2003).

H.-J. Song, N. Shimizu, T. Furuta, K. Suizu, H. Ito, and T. Nagatsuma, J. Lightw. Technol. 26, 2521 (2008).

A. Wiberg, P. Perez-Millan, M. V. Andres, and P. O. Hedekvist, J. Lightw. Technol. 24, 329 (2006).

Opt. Commun.

M. Musha, A. Ueda, M. Horikoshi, K. Nakagawa, M. Ishiguro, K. Ueda, and H. Ito, Opt. Commun. 240, 201 (2004).

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Rep. Prog. Phys.

W. L. Chan, J. Deibel, and D. M. Mittleman, Rep. Prog. Phys. 70, 1325 (2007).

Other

J. Yu, M. Huang, Z. Jia, A. Chowdhury, H.-C. Chien, Z. Dong, W. Jian, and G.-K. Chang, in Proceedings of OFC/NFOEC 2010 OTuF2 (2010).

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