Abstract

Optical performance monitoring using asynchronous optical or electrical sampling has gained considerable attention. Relative clock wander between data signal and sampling source is a typical occurrence in such systems. A method for the quantitative monitoring of the relative clock wander in asynchronous optical under-sampling system is presented. With a series of simulations, the clock wanders recovered using this method are in good agreement with the preset clock wanders of different amounts and frequencies for both RZ and NRZ signals. Hence, the reliability and robustness of the method are proven.

© 2012 Chinese Optics Letters

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2010

2005

M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1088 (2005).

C. Schmidt-Langhorst and H.-G. Weber, J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep. 2, 86 (2005).

C. Dorrer, C. R. Doerr, I. Kang, R. Ryf, J. Leuthold, and P. J. Winzer, J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 178 (2005).

2004

M. Shirane,Y. Hashimoto, H. Yamada, and H. Yokoyama, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1173 (2004).

N. Yamada, S. Nogiwa, and H. Ohta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1125 (2004).

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).

2001

S. Kawanishi, T. Yamamoto, M. Nakawawa, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 37, 842 (2001).

J. Li, J. Hansryd, P. O. Hedekvist, P. A. Andrekson, and S. N. Knudsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 987 (2001).

1999

S. Nogiwa, H. Ohta, Y. Kawaguchi, and Y. Endo, Electron. Lett. 35, 917 (1999).

S. Diez, R. Ludwwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402 (1999).

Andrekson, P.

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).

Andrekson, P. A.

M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1088 (2005).

J. Li, J. Hansryd, P. O. Hedekvist, P. A. Andrekson, and S. N. Knudsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 987 (2001).

Diez, S.

S. Diez, R. Ludwwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402 (1999).

Doerr, C. R.

Dorrer, C.

Endo, Y.

S. Nogiwa, H. Ohta, Y. Kawaguchi, and Y. Endo, Electron. Lett. 35, 917 (1999).

Feiste, U.

S. Diez, R. Ludwwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402 (1999).

Fejer, M. M.

S. Kawanishi, T. Yamamoto, M. Nakawawa, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 37, 842 (2001).

Hansryd, J.

J. Li, J. Hansryd, P. O. Hedekvist, P. A. Andrekson, and S. N. Knudsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 987 (2001).

Hashimoto, Y.

M. Shirane,Y. Hashimoto, H. Yamada, and H. Yokoyama, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1173 (2004).

Hedekvist, P. O.

J. Li, J. Hansryd, P. O. Hedekvist, P. A. Andrekson, and S. N. Knudsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 987 (2001).

Kang, I.

Karlsson, M.

M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1088 (2005).

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).

Kawaguchi, Y.

S. Nogiwa, H. Ohta, Y. Kawaguchi, and Y. Endo, Electron. Lett. 35, 917 (1999).

Kawanishi, S.

S. Kawanishi, T. Yamamoto, M. Nakawawa, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 37, 842 (2001).

Knudsen, S. N.

J. Li, J. Hansryd, P. O. Hedekvist, P. A. Andrekson, and S. N. Knudsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 987 (2001).

Leuthold, J.

Li, J.

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).

J. Li, J. Hansryd, P. O. Hedekvist, P. A. Andrekson, and S. N. Knudsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 987 (2001).

Liu, Y.

Ludwwig, R.

S. Diez, R. Ludwwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402 (1999).

Nakawawa, M.

S. Kawanishi, T. Yamamoto, M. Nakawawa, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 37, 842 (2001).

Nogiwa, S.

N. Yamada, S. Nogiwa, and H. Ohta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1125 (2004).

S. Nogiwa, H. Ohta, Y. Kawaguchi, and Y. Endo, Electron. Lett. 35, 917 (1999).

Ohta, H.

N. Yamada, S. Nogiwa, and H. Ohta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1125 (2004).

S. Nogiwa, H. Ohta, Y. Kawaguchi, and Y. Endo, Electron. Lett. 35, 917 (1999).

Olsson, B.-E.

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).

Ryf, R.

Schmidt, C.

S. Diez, R. Ludwwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402 (1999).

Schmidt-Langhorst, C.

C. Schmidt-Langhorst and H.-G. Weber, J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep. 2, 86 (2005).

Shirane, M.

M. Shirane,Y. Hashimoto, H. Yamada, and H. Yokoyama, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1173 (2004).

Sunnerud, H.

M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1088 (2005).

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).

Tang, D.

Weber, H. G.

S. Diez, R. Ludwwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402 (1999).

Weber, H.-G.

C. Schmidt-Langhorst and H.-G. Weber, J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep. 2, 86 (2005).

Westlund, M.

M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1088 (2005).

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).

Winzer, P. J.

Yamada, H.

M. Shirane,Y. Hashimoto, H. Yamada, and H. Yokoyama, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1173 (2004).

Yamada, N.

N. Yamada, S. Nogiwa, and H. Ohta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1125 (2004).

Yamamoto, T.

S. Kawanishi, T. Yamamoto, M. Nakawawa, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 37, 842 (2001).

Yokoyama, H.

M. Shirane,Y. Hashimoto, H. Yamada, and H. Yokoyama, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1173 (2004).

Zhang, J.

Zhao, W.

Chin. Opt. Lett.

Electron. Lett.

S. Kawanishi, T. Yamamoto, M. Nakawawa, and M. M. Fejer, Electron. Lett. 37, 842 (2001).

S. Nogiwa, H. Ohta, Y. Kawaguchi, and Y. Endo, Electron. Lett. 35, 917 (1999).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

N. Yamada, S. Nogiwa, and H. Ohta, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1125 (2004).

J. Li, J. Hansryd, P. O. Hedekvist, P. A. Andrekson, and S. N. Knudsen, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 987 (2001).

S. Diez, R. Ludwwig, C. Schmidt, U. Feiste, and H. G. Weber, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1402 (1999).

J. Li, M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, B.-E. Olsson, M. Karlsson, and P. Andrekson, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 566 (2004).

IEICE Trans. Electron.

M. Shirane,Y. Hashimoto, H. Yamada, and H. Yokoyama, IEICE Trans. Electron. E87-C, 1173 (2004).

J. Lightw. Technol.

M. Westlund, H. Sunnerud, M. Karlsson, and P. A. Andrekson, J. Lightw. Technol. 23, 1088 (2005).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep.

C. Schmidt-Langhorst and H.-G. Weber, J. Opt. Fiber Commun. Rep. 2, 86 (2005).

Other

G. Moustakides, F. Cerou, O. Audouin, and L. Noirie, in Proceedings of 11th European Signal Processing Conference 375 (2002).

G. P. Agrawal, "Nonlinear Fiber Optics" (Academic Press Inc., San Diego, 1995) chap.3.

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