Abstract

Iris recognition technology recognizes a human based on his/her iris pattern. However, the accuracy of the iris recognition technology depends on accurate iris localization. Localizing a pupil region in the presence of other low-intensity regions, such as hairs, eyebrows, and eyelashes, is a challenging task. This study proposes an iris localization technique that includes a localizing pupillary boundary in a sub-image by using an integral projection function and two-dimensional shape properties (e.g., area, geometry, and circularity). The limbic boundary is localized using gradients and an error distance transform, and the boundary is regularized with active contours. Experimental results obtained from public databases show the superiority of the proposed technique over contemporary methods.

© 2012 Chinese Optics Letters

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  8. P. Puranik, P. Bajaj, A. Abraham, P. Palsodkar, and A. Deshmukh, J. Inf. Hiding Multimedia Signal Process 2, 227 (2011).
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  10. A. Basit and M. Y. Javed, Opt. Lasers Eng. 45, 1107 (2007).
  11. S. Dey and D. Samanta, Int. J. Biol. Biomed. Med. Sci. 3, 180 (2008).
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2012 (1)

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

2011 (3)

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

G. Malathi and V. Shanthi, J. Inf. Hiding Multimedia Signal Process 2, 332 (2011).

P. Puranik, P. Bajaj, A. Abraham, P. Palsodkar, and A. Deshmukh, J. Inf. Hiding Multimedia Signal Process 2, 227 (2011).

2008 (2)

K. W. Bowyer, K. Hollingsworth, and P. J. Flynn, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 110, 281 (2008).

S. Dey and D. Samanta, Int. J. Biol. Biomed. Med. Sci. 3, 180 (2008).

2007 (3)

J. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B: Cybernetics 37, 1167 (2007).

T. C. Lin, H. C. Huang, B. Y. Liao, and J. S. Pan, Int. J. Comput. Sci. Eng. Sys. 1, 253 (2007).

A. Basit and M. Y. Javed, Opt. Lasers Eng. 45, 1107 (2007).

2006 (1)

F. C. Chang and H. M. Hang, IEICE-Trans. Inf. Syst. E89-D, 1720 (2006).

2004 (2)

L. Ma, T. Tan, Y.Wang, and D. Zhang, Pattern Recogn. 37, 1287 (2004).

Z. H. Zhou and X. Geng, Pattern Recogn. 37, 1049 (2004).

2001 (1)

J. Koh, V. Govindaraju, and V. Chaudhary, in Proceedings of 22th Int. Conf. Pattern Recognition (ICPR), 2852 (2001).

1997 (1)

R. P. Wildes, Proc. IEEE 85, 1348 (1997).

1993 (1)

J. G. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal Machine Intell. 15, 1148 (1993).

Abraham, A.

P. Puranik, P. Bajaj, A. Abraham, P. Palsodkar, and A. Deshmukh, J. Inf. Hiding Multimedia Signal Process 2, 227 (2011).

Bajaj, P.

P. Puranik, P. Bajaj, A. Abraham, P. Palsodkar, and A. Deshmukh, J. Inf. Hiding Multimedia Signal Process 2, 227 (2011).

Bashir, T.

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

Basit, A.

A. Basit and M. Y. Javed, Opt. Lasers Eng. 45, 1107 (2007).

Bowyer, K. W.

K. W. Bowyer, K. Hollingsworth, and P. J. Flynn, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 110, 281 (2008).

Chang, F. C.

F. C. Chang and H. M. Hang, IEICE-Trans. Inf. Syst. E89-D, 1720 (2006).

Chaudhary, V.

J. Koh, V. Govindaraju, and V. Chaudhary, in Proceedings of 22th Int. Conf. Pattern Recognition (ICPR), 2852 (2001).

Dar, A. H.

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

Daugman, J.

J. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B: Cybernetics 37, 1167 (2007).

Daugman, J. G.

J. G. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal Machine Intell. 15, 1148 (1993).

Deshmukh, A.

P. Puranik, P. Bajaj, A. Abraham, P. Palsodkar, and A. Deshmukh, J. Inf. Hiding Multimedia Signal Process 2, 227 (2011).

Dey, S.

S. Dey and D. Samanta, Int. J. Biol. Biomed. Med. Sci. 3, 180 (2008).

Flynn, P. J.

K. W. Bowyer, K. Hollingsworth, and P. J. Flynn, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 110, 281 (2008).

Geng, X.

Z. H. Zhou and X. Geng, Pattern Recogn. 37, 1049 (2004).

Govindaraju, V.

J. Koh, V. Govindaraju, and V. Chaudhary, in Proceedings of 22th Int. Conf. Pattern Recognition (ICPR), 2852 (2001).

Guan, L.

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

Hang, H. M.

F. C. Chang and H. M. Hang, IEICE-Trans. Inf. Syst. E89-D, 1720 (2006).

Hollingsworth, K.

K. W. Bowyer, K. Hollingsworth, and P. J. Flynn, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 110, 281 (2008).

Huang, H. C.

T. C. Lin, H. C. Huang, B. Y. Liao, and J. S. Pan, Int. J. Comput. Sci. Eng. Sys. 1, 253 (2007).

Ibrahim, M. T.

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

Javed, M. Y.

A. Basit and M. Y. Javed, Opt. Lasers Eng. 45, 1107 (2007).

Khan, M. A.

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

Khan, S. A.

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

Khan, T. M.

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

Koh, J.

J. Koh, V. Govindaraju, and V. Chaudhary, in Proceedings of 22th Int. Conf. Pattern Recognition (ICPR), 2852 (2001).

Liao, B. Y.

T. C. Lin, H. C. Huang, B. Y. Liao, and J. S. Pan, Int. J. Comput. Sci. Eng. Sys. 1, 253 (2007).

Lin, T. C.

T. C. Lin, H. C. Huang, B. Y. Liao, and J. S. Pan, Int. J. Comput. Sci. Eng. Sys. 1, 253 (2007).

Ma, L.

L. Ma, T. Tan, Y.Wang, and D. Zhang, Pattern Recogn. 37, 1287 (2004).

Malathi, G.

G. Malathi and V. Shanthi, J. Inf. Hiding Multimedia Signal Process 2, 332 (2011).

Malik, S. A.

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

Palsodkar, P.

P. Puranik, P. Bajaj, A. Abraham, P. Palsodkar, and A. Deshmukh, J. Inf. Hiding Multimedia Signal Process 2, 227 (2011).

Pan, J. S.

T. C. Lin, H. C. Huang, B. Y. Liao, and J. S. Pan, Int. J. Comput. Sci. Eng. Sys. 1, 253 (2007).

Puranik, P.

P. Puranik, P. Bajaj, A. Abraham, P. Palsodkar, and A. Deshmukh, J. Inf. Hiding Multimedia Signal Process 2, 227 (2011).

Samanta, D.

S. Dey and D. Samanta, Int. J. Biol. Biomed. Med. Sci. 3, 180 (2008).

Shanthi, V.

G. Malathi and V. Shanthi, J. Inf. Hiding Multimedia Signal Process 2, 332 (2011).

Systems, IEEE Trans.

J. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B: Cybernetics 37, 1167 (2007).

Tan, T.

L. Ma, T. Tan, Y.Wang, and D. Zhang, Pattern Recogn. 37, 1287 (2004).

Wildes, R. P.

R. P. Wildes, Proc. IEEE 85, 1348 (1997).

Zhang, D.

L. Ma, T. Tan, Y.Wang, and D. Zhang, Pattern Recogn. 37, 1287 (2004).

Zhou, Z. H.

Z. H. Zhou and X. Geng, Pattern Recogn. 37, 1049 (2004).

Comput. Vis. Image Und. (1)

K. W. Bowyer, K. Hollingsworth, and P. J. Flynn, Comput. Vis. Image Und. 110, 281 (2008).

IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal Machine Intell. (1)

J. G. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal Machine Intell. 15, 1148 (1993).

IEICE-Trans. Inf. Syst. (1)

F. C. Chang and H. M. Hang, IEICE-Trans. Inf. Syst. E89-D, 1720 (2006).

in Proceedings of 22th Int. Conf. Pattern Recognition (1)

J. Koh, V. Govindaraju, and V. Chaudhary, in Proceedings of 22th Int. Conf. Pattern Recognition (ICPR), 2852 (2001).

Int. J. Biol. Biomed. Med. Sci. (1)

S. Dey and D. Samanta, Int. J. Biol. Biomed. Med. Sci. 3, 180 (2008).

Int. J. Comput. Sci. Eng. Sys. (1)

T. C. Lin, H. C. Huang, B. Y. Liao, and J. S. Pan, Int. J. Comput. Sci. Eng. Sys. 1, 253 (2007).

J. Inf. Hiding Multimedia Signal Process (2)

G. Malathi and V. Shanthi, J. Inf. Hiding Multimedia Signal Process 2, 332 (2011).

P. Puranik, P. Bajaj, A. Abraham, P. Palsodkar, and A. Deshmukh, J. Inf. Hiding Multimedia Signal Process 2, 227 (2011).

Opt. Lasers Eng. (3)

A. Basit and M. Y. Javed, Opt. Lasers Eng. 45, 1107 (2007).

T. M. Khan, M. A. Khan, S. A. Malik, S. A. Khan, T. Bashir, and A. H. Dar, Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 177 (2011).

M. T. Ibrahim, T. M. Khan, S. A. Khan, M. A. Khan, and L. Guan, Opt. Lasers Eng. 50, 645 (2012).

Part B: Cybernetics (1)

J. Daugman, IEEE Trans. Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Part B: Cybernetics 37, 1167 (2007).

Pattern Recogn. (2)

Z. H. Zhou and X. Geng, Pattern Recogn. 37, 1049 (2004).

L. Ma, T. Tan, Y.Wang, and D. Zhang, Pattern Recogn. 37, 1287 (2004).

Proc. IEEE (1)

R. P. Wildes, Proc. IEEE 85, 1348 (1997).

Other (11)

Lower gray level saturated limit, http://www.mathworks. com/help/toolbox/images/ref/stretchlim.html (April 18, 2012).

Morphological Open-operation, http://www.mathworks. com/help/toolbox/images/ref/imopen.html (April 18, 2012).

MMU iris database, http://pesona.mmu.edu.my/~ccteo/(April 18, 2012).

CASIA iris database, http://www.idealtest.org/findTotal DbByMode.do?mode=Iris (April 18, 2012).

L. Masek, "Recognition of Human Iris Patterns for Biometric Identification", B.S. Thesis (University of Western Australia, 2003).

R. C. Gonzalez and R. E.Woods, Digital Image Processing (Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458).

http://www.mathworks.com/help/toolbox/images/ref/regionprops.html (April 18, 2012).

Mathworks, http://www.mathworks.com/ (April 18, 2012).

General purpose operating systems, http://www.enginee rsgarage.com/articles/rtos-real-time-operating-system.

A. Dasu and S. Panchanathan, in Proceedings of Int. Conf. Information Technology: Coding and Computing 300 (2001).

A. Basit, "Iris localization using graylevel texture analysis and recognition using bit planes", PhD. Thesis (National University of Sciences and Technology, Rawalpindi, 2009).

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