Optical design of nested conical Wolter I X-ray telescope covering energy band from 1 to 30 keV is investigated systematically. Recurrence relation of the nested structure is deduced, and the impact of the initial parameters on the performance is analyzed. Due to the need for hard X-ray astronomical observations in China, the initial structure is presented, for which six groups of W/B<sub>4</sub>C aperiodic multilayer coatings between the innermost and the outermost shell of the mirror are designed. The effective area, resolution, and field of view are calculated in the simulation. The results show that the effective area can achieve 71 cm<sup>2</sup> and the field of view can achieve 13' at 30 keV. The resolution is estimated to be ~10" in half-power diameter.
© 2012 Chinese Optics LettersPDF Article