Abstract

A new method for laser-frequency stabilization by controlling the pulse setup time is presented. The frequency-stabilization system monitors the pulse setup time continuously, and controls it by adjusting the cavity length. Laser frequency is stabilized to the center of the gain curve when the setup time is the shortest. The system is used to stabilize a radio-frequency-excited waveguide CO<sub>2</sub> laser tuned by grating, and the shift of laser frequency is estimated to be less than ±25 MHz for an extended period. The system has the advantages of compact structure, small volume, and low cost. It can be applied for frequency stabilization of other kinds of pulsed lasers with adjustable cavity.

© 2012 Chinese Optics Letters

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2011

2010

T. T.-Y. Lam, B. J. J. Slagmolen, J. H. Chow, I. C. M. Littler, D. E. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1178 (2010).

2009

2006

Z. Tian, S. Qu, Z. Sun, and L. Li, Opt. Commun. 265, 585 (2006).

2005

Z. Tian, S. Qu, and Z. Sun, Appl. Opt. 44, 6269 (2005).

J.-W. Choi, Proc. SPIE 5777, 729 (2005).

2004

M. Marano, G. Galzerano, C. Svelto, and P. Laporta, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 571 (2004).

2003

A. C. Kuhnet and S. Dubovitsky, Proc. SPIE 4852, 531 (2003).

2002

W. Lu, M. Gao, Q. Wang, and T. Shang, Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 661 (2002).

Z. Tian, Q. Wang, and Y. Wang, Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 331 (2002).

2001

R. C. Viscovini, F. C. Cruz, E. M. Telles, A. Scalabrin, and D. Pereira, Int. J. Infraned Millimeter waves 22, 757 (2001).

F. Bertinetto, P. Cordiale, G. Galzerano, and E. Bava, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 490 (2001).

E. Canuto, in Proceedings of the American Control Conference Arlington 3, 25 (2001).

Z. Tian, Q. Wang, and C. Wang, Appl. Opt. 40, 3033 (2001).

1997

H. Talvitie, A. Pietilainen, H. Ludvigsen, and E. Ikonen, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1 (1997).

1995

S. Y. Tochitsky, C.-C. Chou, and J.-T. Shy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1223 (1995).

T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, A. Amy-Klein, C. Chardonnet, and C. Breant, Proc. SPIE 2378, 156 (1995).

1994

N. A. Gryaznov, V. M. Kiselev, and E. N. Sosnov, Proc. SPIE 2095, 161 (1994).

1991

Amy-Klein, A.

T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, A. Amy-Klein, C. Chardonnet, and C. Breant, Proc. SPIE 2378, 156 (1995).

Bava, E.

F. Bertinetto, P. Cordiale, G. Galzerano, and E. Bava, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 490 (2001).

Bernard, V.

T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, A. Amy-Klein, C. Chardonnet, and C. Breant, Proc. SPIE 2378, 156 (1995).

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F. Bertinetto, P. Cordiale, G. Galzerano, and E. Bava, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 490 (2001).

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T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, A. Amy-Klein, C. Chardonnet, and C. Breant, Proc. SPIE 2378, 156 (1995).

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E. Canuto, in Proceedings of the American Control Conference Arlington 3, 25 (2001).

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T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, A. Amy-Klein, C. Chardonnet, and C. Breant, Proc. SPIE 2378, 156 (1995).

Choi, J.-W.

J.-W. Choi, Proc. SPIE 5777, 729 (2005).

Chou, C.-C.

S. Y. Tochitsky, C.-C. Chou, and J.-T. Shy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1223 (1995).

Chow, J. H.

T. T.-Y. Lam, B. J. J. Slagmolen, J. H. Chow, I. C. M. Littler, D. E. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1178 (2010).

Cordiale, P.

F. Bertinetto, P. Cordiale, G. Galzerano, and E. Bava, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 490 (2001).

Coulombe, M. J.

Cruz, F. C.

R. C. Viscovini, F. C. Cruz, E. M. Telles, A. Scalabrin, and D. Pereira, Int. J. Infraned Millimeter waves 22, 757 (2001).

Danylov, A. A.

Dubovitsky, S.

A. C. Kuhnet and S. Dubovitsky, Proc. SPIE 4852, 531 (2003).

Durand, P. E.

T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, A. Amy-Klein, C. Chardonnet, and C. Breant, Proc. SPIE 2378, 156 (1995).

Fu, S.

Y. Sun, Z. Tian, S. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7277, 72770 (2009).

Y. Sun, S. Fu, J. Wang, Z. Sun, Y. Zhang, Z. Tian, and Q. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 127 (2009).

Galzerano, G.

M. Marano, G. Galzerano, C. Svelto, and P. Laporta, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 571 (2004).

F. Bertinetto, P. Cordiale, G. Galzerano, and E. Bava, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 490 (2001).

Gao, M.

W. Lu, M. Gao, Q. Wang, and T. Shang, Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 661 (2002).

Gatesman, A. J.

George, T.

T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, A. Amy-Klein, C. Chardonnet, and C. Breant, Proc. SPIE 2378, 156 (1995).

Giles, R. H.

Goodhue, W. D.

Goyette, T. M.

Gryaznov, N. A.

N. A. Gryaznov, V. M. Kiselev, and E. N. Sosnov, Proc. SPIE 2095, 161 (1994).

Huang, H.

Ikonen, E.

H. Talvitie, A. Pietilainen, H. Ludvigsen, and E. Ikonen, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1 (1997).

Kiselev, V. M.

N. A. Gryaznov, V. M. Kiselev, and E. N. Sosnov, Proc. SPIE 2095, 161 (1994).

Kuhnet, A. C.

A. C. Kuhnet and S. Dubovitsky, Proc. SPIE 4852, 531 (2003).

Lam, T. T.-Y.

T. T.-Y. Lam, B. J. J. Slagmolen, J. H. Chow, I. C. M. Littler, D. E. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1178 (2010).

Laporta, P.

M. Marano, G. Galzerano, C. Svelto, and P. Laporta, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 571 (2004).

Li, L.

Z. Tian, S. Qu, Z. Sun, and L. Li, Opt. Commun. 265, 585 (2006).

Lin, T.

Littler, I. C. M.

T. T.-Y. Lam, B. J. J. Slagmolen, J. H. Chow, I. C. M. Littler, D. E. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1178 (2010).

Lu, W.

W. Lu, M. Gao, Q. Wang, and T. Shang, Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 661 (2002).

Ludvigsen, H.

H. Talvitie, A. Pietilainen, H. Ludvigsen, and E. Ikonen, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1 (1997).

Marano, M.

M. Marano, G. Galzerano, C. Svelto, and P. Laporta, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 571 (2004).

McClelland, D. E.

T. T.-Y. Lam, B. J. J. Slagmolen, J. H. Chow, I. C. M. Littler, D. E. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1178 (2010).

Nicolaisen, H. W.

T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, A. Amy-Klein, C. Chardonnet, and C. Breant, Proc. SPIE 2378, 156 (1995).

Nixon, W. E.

Pereira, D.

R. C. Viscovini, F. C. Cruz, E. M. Telles, A. Scalabrin, and D. Pereira, Int. J. Infraned Millimeter waves 22, 757 (2001).

Pietilainen, A.

H. Talvitie, A. Pietilainen, H. Ludvigsen, and E. Ikonen, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1 (1997).

Qian, X.

Qu, S.

Z. Tian, S. Qu, Z. Sun, and L. Li, Opt. Commun. 265, 585 (2006).

Z. Tian, S. Qu, and Z. Sun, Appl. Opt. 44, 6269 (2005).

Scalabrin, A.

R. C. Viscovini, F. C. Cruz, E. M. Telles, A. Scalabrin, and D. Pereira, Int. J. Infraned Millimeter waves 22, 757 (2001).

Shaddock, D. A.

T. T.-Y. Lam, B. J. J. Slagmolen, J. H. Chow, I. C. M. Littler, D. E. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1178 (2010).

Shang, T.

W. Lu, M. Gao, Q. Wang, and T. Shang, Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 661 (2002).

Shieh, C.-Y.

Shy, J.-T.

S. Y. Tochitsky, C.-C. Chou, and J.-T. Shy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1223 (1995).

C.-C. Tsai, T. Lin, C.-Y. Shieh, T.-C. Yen, and J.-T. Shy, Appl. Opt. 30, 3842 (1991).

Slagmolen, B. J. J.

T. T.-Y. Lam, B. J. J. Slagmolen, J. H. Chow, I. C. M. Littler, D. E. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1178 (2010).

Sosnov, E. N.

N. A. Gryaznov, V. M. Kiselev, and E. N. Sosnov, Proc. SPIE 2095, 161 (1994).

Sun, Y.

Y. Sun, Z. Tian, S. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7277, 72770 (2009).

Y. Sun, S. Fu, J. Wang, Z. Sun, Y. Zhang, Z. Tian, and Q. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 127 (2009).

Sun, Z.

Y. Sun, S. Fu, J. Wang, Z. Sun, Y. Zhang, Z. Tian, and Q. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 127 (2009).

Y. Sun, Z. Tian, S. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7277, 72770 (2009).

Z. Tian, S. Qu, Z. Sun, and L. Li, Opt. Commun. 265, 585 (2006).

Z. Tian, S. Qu, and Z. Sun, Appl. Opt. 44, 6269 (2005).

Svelto, C.

M. Marano, G. Galzerano, C. Svelto, and P. Laporta, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 571 (2004).

Talvitie, H.

H. Talvitie, A. Pietilainen, H. Ludvigsen, and E. Ikonen, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1 (1997).

Telles, E. M.

R. C. Viscovini, F. C. Cruz, E. M. Telles, A. Scalabrin, and D. Pereira, Int. J. Infraned Millimeter waves 22, 757 (2001).

Tian, Z.

Y. Sun, Z. Tian, S. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7277, 72770 (2009).

Y. Sun, S. Fu, J. Wang, Z. Sun, Y. Zhang, Z. Tian, and Q. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 127 (2009).

Z. Tian, S. Qu, Z. Sun, and L. Li, Opt. Commun. 265, 585 (2006).

Z. Tian, S. Qu, and Z. Sun, Appl. Opt. 44, 6269 (2005).

Z. Tian, Q. Wang, and Y. Wang, Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 331 (2002).

Z. Tian, Q. Wang, and C. Wang, Appl. Opt. 40, 3033 (2001).

Tochitsky, S. Y.

S. Y. Tochitsky, C.-C. Chou, and J.-T. Shy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1223 (1995).

Tsai, C.-C.

Viscovini, R. C.

R. C. Viscovini, F. C. Cruz, E. M. Telles, A. Scalabrin, and D. Pereira, Int. J. Infraned Millimeter waves 22, 757 (2001).

Waldman, J.

Wang, C.

Wang, J.

Y. Sun, S. Fu, J. Wang, Z. Sun, Y. Zhang, Z. Tian, and Q. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 127 (2009).

Y. Sun, Z. Tian, S. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7277, 72770 (2009).

Wang, Q.

Y. Sun, S. Fu, J. Wang, Z. Sun, Y. Zhang, Z. Tian, and Q. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 127 (2009).

Z. Tian, Q. Wang, and Y. Wang, Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 331 (2002).

W. Lu, M. Gao, Q. Wang, and T. Shang, Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 661 (2002).

Z. Tian, Q. Wang, and C. Wang, Appl. Opt. 40, 3033 (2001).

Wang, Y.

H. Huang and Y. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 9, 011401 (2011).

Z. Tian, Q. Wang, and Y. Wang, Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 331 (2002).

Yen, T.-C.

Zhang, Y.

Y. Sun, Z. Tian, S. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7277, 72770 (2009).

Y. Sun, S. Fu, J. Wang, Z. Sun, Y. Zhang, Z. Tian, and Q. Wang, Chin. Opt. Lett. 7, 127 (2009).

Appl. Opt.

Chin. Opt. Lett.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

S. Y. Tochitsky, C.-C. Chou, and J.-T. Shy, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1223 (1995).

T. T.-Y. Lam, B. J. J. Slagmolen, J. H. Chow, I. C. M. Littler, D. E. McClelland, and D. A. Shaddock, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 46, 1178 (2010).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas.

M. Marano, G. Galzerano, C. Svelto, and P. Laporta, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 53, 571 (2004).

F. Bertinetto, P. Cordiale, G. Galzerano, and E. Bava, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50, 490 (2001).

in Proceedings of the American Control Conference Arlington

E. Canuto, in Proceedings of the American Control Conference Arlington 3, 25 (2001).

Int. J. Infraned Millimeter waves

R. C. Viscovini, F. C. Cruz, E. M. Telles, A. Scalabrin, and D. Pereira, Int. J. Infraned Millimeter waves 22, 757 (2001).

Opt. Commun.

Z. Tian, S. Qu, Z. Sun, and L. Li, Opt. Commun. 265, 585 (2006).

Opt. Express

Opt. Laser Technol.

W. Lu, M. Gao, Q. Wang, and T. Shang, Opt. Laser Technol. 34, 661 (2002).

Opt. Quantum Electron.

Z. Tian, Q. Wang, and Y. Wang, Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 331 (2002).

Proc. SPIE

J.-W. Choi, Proc. SPIE 5777, 729 (2005).

T. George, H. W. Nicolaisen, V. Bernard, P. E. Durand, A. Amy-Klein, C. Chardonnet, and C. Breant, Proc. SPIE 2378, 156 (1995).

N. A. Gryaznov, V. M. Kiselev, and E. N. Sosnov, Proc. SPIE 2095, 161 (1994).

A. C. Kuhnet and S. Dubovitsky, Proc. SPIE 4852, 531 (2003).

Y. Sun, Z. Tian, S. Fu, J. Wang, Y. Zhang, and Z. Sun, Proc. SPIE 7277, 72770 (2009).

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

H. Talvitie, A. Pietilainen, H. Ludvigsen, and E. Ikonen, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 1 (1997).

Other

Z. Tian, Z. Sun, and S. Qu, in Proceedings of 8th International IEEE LFNM Conference 21 (2006).

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