Abstract

In this paper, a numerical simulation of the traditional graded distributed Bragg reflector (DBR) and a design of the novel DBR with short period superlattices (SPSs DBR) used by vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) are reported. First, the optical characteristic matrix of the graded DBRs is derived using the theories of thin film optics. Second, its reflective spectrum is numerical simulated and it is found that the simulative results are similar with the experimental data. The difference of the cavity mode position between the experimental and simulative data is discussed. Finally, based on the simulative results of graded DBR, a novel DBR with 4.5-pair GaAs/AlAs SPSs is designed, and its reflective spectrumis numerical simulated and analyzed.

© 2005 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. H. Soda, K. Iga, C. Kitahara, and Y. Suematsu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 2329 (1979).
  2. Y.-K. Su, J. Zhong, and S.-J. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1388 (2002).
  3. H. C. Schneider, A. J. Fischer, W. W. Chow, and J. F. Klem, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3391 (2001).
  4. M. Zorn, A. Knigge, N.Zeimer, A. Klein, H. Kissel, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, J. Crystal Growth 248, 186 (2003).
  5. M. Osinski and G. A. Smolyakov, Proc. SPIE 3896, 143 (1999).
  6. G. A. Smolyakov, V. A. Smagley, W. Nakwaski, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, Proc. SPIE 3625, 383 (1999).
  7. W. Nakwaski and M. Osinski, Proc. SPIE 2146, 365 (1994).
  8. H. Wenzel and H.-J. Wunsche, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1156 (1997).
  9. C.-H. Lin, J. M. Meese, M. L. Wroge, and C.-J. Weng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 623 (1994).
  10. M. C. Y. Chan, P. C. K. Kwok, and E. H. Li, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 685 (1998).

2003

M. Zorn, A. Knigge, N.Zeimer, A. Klein, H. Kissel, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, J. Crystal Growth 248, 186 (2003).

2002

Y.-K. Su, J. Zhong, and S.-J. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1388 (2002).

2001

H. C. Schneider, A. J. Fischer, W. W. Chow, and J. F. Klem, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3391 (2001).

1999

M. Osinski and G. A. Smolyakov, Proc. SPIE 3896, 143 (1999).

G. A. Smolyakov, V. A. Smagley, W. Nakwaski, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, Proc. SPIE 3625, 383 (1999).

1998

M. C. Y. Chan, P. C. K. Kwok, and E. H. Li, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 685 (1998).

1997

H. Wenzel and H.-J. Wunsche, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1156 (1997).

1994

C.-H. Lin, J. M. Meese, M. L. Wroge, and C.-J. Weng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 623 (1994).

W. Nakwaski and M. Osinski, Proc. SPIE 2146, 365 (1994).

1979

H. Soda, K. Iga, C. Kitahara, and Y. Suematsu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 2329 (1979).

Chan, M. C. Y.

M. C. Y. Chan, P. C. K. Kwok, and E. H. Li, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 685 (1998).

Chang, S.-J.

Y.-K. Su, J. Zhong, and S.-J. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1388 (2002).

Chow, W. W.

H. C. Schneider, A. J. Fischer, W. W. Chow, and J. F. Klem, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3391 (2001).

Eliseev, P. G.

G. A. Smolyakov, V. A. Smagley, W. Nakwaski, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, Proc. SPIE 3625, 383 (1999).

Fischer, A. J.

H. C. Schneider, A. J. Fischer, W. W. Chow, and J. F. Klem, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3391 (2001).

Iga, K.

H. Soda, K. Iga, C. Kitahara, and Y. Suematsu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 2329 (1979).

Kissel, H.

M. Zorn, A. Knigge, N.Zeimer, A. Klein, H. Kissel, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, J. Crystal Growth 248, 186 (2003).

Kitahara, C.

H. Soda, K. Iga, C. Kitahara, and Y. Suematsu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 2329 (1979).

Klein, A.

M. Zorn, A. Knigge, N.Zeimer, A. Klein, H. Kissel, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, J. Crystal Growth 248, 186 (2003).

Klem, J. F.

H. C. Schneider, A. J. Fischer, W. W. Chow, and J. F. Klem, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3391 (2001).

Knigge, A.

M. Zorn, A. Knigge, N.Zeimer, A. Klein, H. Kissel, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, J. Crystal Growth 248, 186 (2003).

Kwok, P. C. K.

M. C. Y. Chan, P. C. K. Kwok, and E. H. Li, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 685 (1998).

Li, E. H.

M. C. Y. Chan, P. C. K. Kwok, and E. H. Li, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 685 (1998).

Lin, C.-H.

C.-H. Lin, J. M. Meese, M. L. Wroge, and C.-J. Weng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 623 (1994).

Meese, J. M.

C.-H. Lin, J. M. Meese, M. L. Wroge, and C.-J. Weng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 623 (1994).

Nakwaski, W.

G. A. Smolyakov, V. A. Smagley, W. Nakwaski, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, Proc. SPIE 3625, 383 (1999).

W. Nakwaski and M. Osinski, Proc. SPIE 2146, 365 (1994).

Osinski, M.

G. A. Smolyakov, V. A. Smagley, W. Nakwaski, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, Proc. SPIE 3625, 383 (1999).

M. Osinski and G. A. Smolyakov, Proc. SPIE 3896, 143 (1999).

W. Nakwaski and M. Osinski, Proc. SPIE 2146, 365 (1994).

Schneider, H. C.

H. C. Schneider, A. J. Fischer, W. W. Chow, and J. F. Klem, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3391 (2001).

Smagley, V. A.

G. A. Smolyakov, V. A. Smagley, W. Nakwaski, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, Proc. SPIE 3625, 383 (1999).

Smolyakov, G. A.

G. A. Smolyakov, V. A. Smagley, W. Nakwaski, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, Proc. SPIE 3625, 383 (1999).

M. Osinski and G. A. Smolyakov, Proc. SPIE 3896, 143 (1999).

Soda, H.

H. Soda, K. Iga, C. Kitahara, and Y. Suematsu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 2329 (1979).

Su, Y.-K.

Y.-K. Su, J. Zhong, and S.-J. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1388 (2002).

Suematsu, Y.

H. Soda, K. Iga, C. Kitahara, and Y. Suematsu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 2329 (1979).

Trankle, G.

M. Zorn, A. Knigge, N.Zeimer, A. Klein, H. Kissel, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, J. Crystal Growth 248, 186 (2003).

Weng, C.-J.

C.-H. Lin, J. M. Meese, M. L. Wroge, and C.-J. Weng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 623 (1994).

Wenzel, H.

H. Wenzel and H.-J. Wunsche, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1156 (1997).

Weyers, M.

M. Zorn, A. Knigge, N.Zeimer, A. Klein, H. Kissel, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, J. Crystal Growth 248, 186 (2003).

Wroge, M. L.

C.-H. Lin, J. M. Meese, M. L. Wroge, and C.-J. Weng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 623 (1994).

Wunsche, H.-J.

H. Wenzel and H.-J. Wunsche, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1156 (1997).

Zhong, J.

Y.-K. Su, J. Zhong, and S.-J. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1388 (2002).

Zorn, M.

M. Zorn, A. Knigge, N.Zeimer, A. Klein, H. Kissel, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, J. Crystal Growth 248, 186 (2003).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

H. C. Schneider, A. J. Fischer, W. W. Chow, and J. F. Klem, Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3391 (2001).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

H. Wenzel and H.-J. Wunsche, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1156 (1997).

IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron.

M. C. Y. Chan, P. C. K. Kwok, and E. H. Li, IEEE J. Select. Topics Quantum Electron. 4, 685 (1998).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

C.-H. Lin, J. M. Meese, M. L. Wroge, and C.-J. Weng, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 6, 623 (1994).

Y.-K. Su, J. Zhong, and S.-J. Chang, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1388 (2002).

J. Crystal Growth

M. Zorn, A. Knigge, N.Zeimer, A. Klein, H. Kissel, M. Weyers, and G. Trankle, J. Crystal Growth 248, 186 (2003).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

H. Soda, K. Iga, C. Kitahara, and Y. Suematsu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 18, 2329 (1979).

Proc. SPIE

M. Osinski and G. A. Smolyakov, Proc. SPIE 3896, 143 (1999).

G. A. Smolyakov, V. A. Smagley, W. Nakwaski, P. G. Eliseev, and M. Osinski, Proc. SPIE 3625, 383 (1999).

W. Nakwaski and M. Osinski, Proc. SPIE 2146, 365 (1994).

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