Abstract

We investigate the diffusion interaction and quantitative analysis of zinc dialkyldithiophosphate (ZDDP) mixed with lube base oil (LBO) at different concentrations using terahertz time-domain spectroscopy (THz-TDS). When the concentration exceeds 6.78%, the characteristic absorption peaks exhibit significantly shift, and the absorption coefficient peak value is nonlinear against concentration. Moreover, the absorption coefficients of mixed samples follow the Beer's law at a concentration below 6.78%. The quantitative analysis enables a strategy for monitoring the formulation of lubricating oil in real time.

© 2011 Chinese Optics Letters

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  1. H. Spikes, Tribol. Lett. 17, 469 (2004).
  2. N. J. Mosey and T. K. Woo, J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5058 (2003).
  3. S. J. Asadauskas, G. Biresaw, and T. G. McClure, Tribol. Lett. 37, 111 (2010).
  4. N. T. Hunt, L. Kattner, R. P. Shanks, and K. Wynne, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 3168 (2007).
  5. E. Freysz and J. Degert, Nature Photon. 4, 131 (2010).
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  8. S. Goren°o, U. Tauer, I. Hinkov, A. Lambrecht, R. Buchner, and H. Helm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 421, 494 (2006).
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  10. Q. Zhou, Y. Shi, B. Jin, and C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 102103 (2008).
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  12. N. Nagai, R. Kumazawa, and R. Fukasawa, Chem. Phys. Lett. 413, 495 (2005).
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  15. P. Dutta and K. Tominaga, J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 8235 (2009).
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  17. T. Ohkulo, M. Onuma, J. Kitagawa, and Y. Kadoya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 212511 (2006).
  18. Y. Ueno, R. Rungsawang, I. Tomita, and K. Ajito, Anal. Chem. 78, 5424 (2006).

2010 (2)

S. J. Asadauskas, G. Biresaw, and T. G. McClure, Tribol. Lett. 37, 111 (2010).

E. Freysz and J. Degert, Nature Photon. 4, 131 (2010).

2009 (2)

P. Dutta and K. Tominaga, J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 8235 (2009).

L. Tian, Q. Zhou, B. Jin, K. Zhao, S. Zhao, Y. Shi, and C. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 7835, 783513 (2009).

2008 (1)

Q. Zhou, Y. Shi, B. Jin, and C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 102103 (2008).

2007 (2)

K. L. Nguyen, T. Friscic, G. M. Day, L. F. Gladden, and W. Jones, Nature Material. 6, 206 (2007).

N. T. Hunt, L. Kattner, R. P. Shanks, and K. Wynne, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 3168 (2007).

2006 (5)

S. Goren°o, U. Tauer, I. Hinkov, A. Lambrecht, R. Buchner, and H. Helm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 421, 494 (2006).

M. Naftaly, A. P. Foulds, R. E. Miles, and A. G. Davies, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 26, 55 (2006).

A. Oka and K. J. Tominaga, J. Non-cryst. Solids 352, 4606 (2006).

T. Ohkulo, M. Onuma, J. Kitagawa, and Y. Kadoya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 212511 (2006).

Y. Ueno, R. Rungsawang, I. Tomita, and K. Ajito, Anal. Chem. 78, 5424 (2006).

2005 (1)

N. Nagai, R. Kumazawa, and R. Fukasawa, Chem. Phys. Lett. 413, 495 (2005).

2004 (1)

H. Spikes, Tribol. Lett. 17, 469 (2004).

2003 (1)

N. J. Mosey and T. K. Woo, J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5058 (2003).

1996 (1)

B. N. Flanders, R. A. Cheville, A. Grischkowsky, and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 11824 (1996).

Ajito, K.

Y. Ueno, R. Rungsawang, I. Tomita, and K. Ajito, Anal. Chem. 78, 5424 (2006).

Asadauskas, S. J.

S. J. Asadauskas, G. Biresaw, and T. G. McClure, Tribol. Lett. 37, 111 (2010).

Biresaw, G.

S. J. Asadauskas, G. Biresaw, and T. G. McClure, Tribol. Lett. 37, 111 (2010).

Buchner, R.

S. Goren°o, U. Tauer, I. Hinkov, A. Lambrecht, R. Buchner, and H. Helm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 421, 494 (2006).

Cheville, R. A.

B. N. Flanders, R. A. Cheville, A. Grischkowsky, and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 11824 (1996).

Davies, A. G.

M. Naftaly, A. P. Foulds, R. E. Miles, and A. G. Davies, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 26, 55 (2006).

Day, G. M.

K. L. Nguyen, T. Friscic, G. M. Day, L. F. Gladden, and W. Jones, Nature Material. 6, 206 (2007).

Degert, J.

E. Freysz and J. Degert, Nature Photon. 4, 131 (2010).

Dutta, P.

P. Dutta and K. Tominaga, J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 8235 (2009).

Flanders, B. N.

B. N. Flanders, R. A. Cheville, A. Grischkowsky, and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 11824 (1996).

Foulds, A. P.

M. Naftaly, A. P. Foulds, R. E. Miles, and A. G. Davies, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 26, 55 (2006).

Freysz, E.

E. Freysz and J. Degert, Nature Photon. 4, 131 (2010).

Friscic, T.

K. L. Nguyen, T. Friscic, G. M. Day, L. F. Gladden, and W. Jones, Nature Material. 6, 206 (2007).

Fukasawa, R.

N. Nagai, R. Kumazawa, and R. Fukasawa, Chem. Phys. Lett. 413, 495 (2005).

Gladden, L. F.

K. L. Nguyen, T. Friscic, G. M. Day, L. F. Gladden, and W. Jones, Nature Material. 6, 206 (2007).

Goren°o, S.

S. Goren°o, U. Tauer, I. Hinkov, A. Lambrecht, R. Buchner, and H. Helm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 421, 494 (2006).

Grischkowsky, A.

B. N. Flanders, R. A. Cheville, A. Grischkowsky, and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 11824 (1996).

Helm, H.

S. Goren°o, U. Tauer, I. Hinkov, A. Lambrecht, R. Buchner, and H. Helm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 421, 494 (2006).

Hinkov, I.

S. Goren°o, U. Tauer, I. Hinkov, A. Lambrecht, R. Buchner, and H. Helm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 421, 494 (2006).

Hunt, N. T.

N. T. Hunt, L. Kattner, R. P. Shanks, and K. Wynne, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 3168 (2007).

Jin, B.

L. Tian, Q. Zhou, B. Jin, K. Zhao, S. Zhao, Y. Shi, and C. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 7835, 783513 (2009).

Q. Zhou, Y. Shi, B. Jin, and C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 102103 (2008).

Jones, W.

K. L. Nguyen, T. Friscic, G. M. Day, L. F. Gladden, and W. Jones, Nature Material. 6, 206 (2007).

Kadoya, Y.

T. Ohkulo, M. Onuma, J. Kitagawa, and Y. Kadoya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 212511 (2006).

Kattner, L.

N. T. Hunt, L. Kattner, R. P. Shanks, and K. Wynne, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 3168 (2007).

Kitagawa, J.

T. Ohkulo, M. Onuma, J. Kitagawa, and Y. Kadoya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 212511 (2006).

Kumazawa, R.

N. Nagai, R. Kumazawa, and R. Fukasawa, Chem. Phys. Lett. 413, 495 (2005).

Lambrecht, A.

S. Goren°o, U. Tauer, I. Hinkov, A. Lambrecht, R. Buchner, and H. Helm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 421, 494 (2006).

McClure, T. G.

S. J. Asadauskas, G. Biresaw, and T. G. McClure, Tribol. Lett. 37, 111 (2010).

Miles, R. E.

M. Naftaly, A. P. Foulds, R. E. Miles, and A. G. Davies, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 26, 55 (2006).

Mosey, N. J.

N. J. Mosey and T. K. Woo, J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5058 (2003).

Naftaly, M.

M. Naftaly, A. P. Foulds, R. E. Miles, and A. G. Davies, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 26, 55 (2006).

Nagai, N.

N. Nagai, R. Kumazawa, and R. Fukasawa, Chem. Phys. Lett. 413, 495 (2005).

Nguyen, K. L.

K. L. Nguyen, T. Friscic, G. M. Day, L. F. Gladden, and W. Jones, Nature Material. 6, 206 (2007).

Ohkulo, T.

T. Ohkulo, M. Onuma, J. Kitagawa, and Y. Kadoya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 212511 (2006).

Oka, A.

A. Oka and K. J. Tominaga, J. Non-cryst. Solids 352, 4606 (2006).

Onuma, M.

T. Ohkulo, M. Onuma, J. Kitagawa, and Y. Kadoya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 212511 (2006).

Rungsawang, R.

Y. Ueno, R. Rungsawang, I. Tomita, and K. Ajito, Anal. Chem. 78, 5424 (2006).

Scherer, N. F.

B. N. Flanders, R. A. Cheville, A. Grischkowsky, and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 11824 (1996).

Shanks, R. P.

N. T. Hunt, L. Kattner, R. P. Shanks, and K. Wynne, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 3168 (2007).

Shi, Y.

L. Tian, Q. Zhou, B. Jin, K. Zhao, S. Zhao, Y. Shi, and C. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 7835, 783513 (2009).

Q. Zhou, Y. Shi, B. Jin, and C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 102103 (2008).

Spikes, H.

H. Spikes, Tribol. Lett. 17, 469 (2004).

Tauer, U.

S. Goren°o, U. Tauer, I. Hinkov, A. Lambrecht, R. Buchner, and H. Helm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 421, 494 (2006).

Tian, L.

L. Tian, Q. Zhou, B. Jin, K. Zhao, S. Zhao, Y. Shi, and C. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 7835, 783513 (2009).

Tominaga, K.

P. Dutta and K. Tominaga, J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 8235 (2009).

Tominaga, K. J.

A. Oka and K. J. Tominaga, J. Non-cryst. Solids 352, 4606 (2006).

Tomita, I.

Y. Ueno, R. Rungsawang, I. Tomita, and K. Ajito, Anal. Chem. 78, 5424 (2006).

Ueno, Y.

Y. Ueno, R. Rungsawang, I. Tomita, and K. Ajito, Anal. Chem. 78, 5424 (2006).

Woo, T. K.

N. J. Mosey and T. K. Woo, J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5058 (2003).

Wynne, K.

N. T. Hunt, L. Kattner, R. P. Shanks, and K. Wynne, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 3168 (2007).

Zhang, C.

L. Tian, Q. Zhou, B. Jin, K. Zhao, S. Zhao, Y. Shi, and C. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 7835, 783513 (2009).

Q. Zhou, Y. Shi, B. Jin, and C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 102103 (2008).

Zhao, K.

L. Tian, Q. Zhou, B. Jin, K. Zhao, S. Zhao, Y. Shi, and C. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 7835, 783513 (2009).

Zhao, S.

L. Tian, Q. Zhou, B. Jin, K. Zhao, S. Zhao, Y. Shi, and C. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 7835, 783513 (2009).

Zhou, Q.

L. Tian, Q. Zhou, B. Jin, K. Zhao, S. Zhao, Y. Shi, and C. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 7835, 783513 (2009).

Q. Zhou, Y. Shi, B. Jin, and C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 102103 (2008).

Anal. Chem. (1)

Y. Ueno, R. Rungsawang, I. Tomita, and K. Ajito, Anal. Chem. 78, 5424 (2006).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

T. Ohkulo, M. Onuma, J. Kitagawa, and Y. Kadoya, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 212511 (2006).

Q. Zhou, Y. Shi, B. Jin, and C. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 102103 (2008).

Chem. Phys. Lett. (2)

N. Nagai, R. Kumazawa, and R. Fukasawa, Chem. Phys. Lett. 413, 495 (2005).

S. Goren°o, U. Tauer, I. Hinkov, A. Lambrecht, R. Buchner, and H. Helm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 421, 494 (2006).

Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves (1)

M. Naftaly, A. P. Foulds, R. E. Miles, and A. G. Davies, Int. J. Infrared Milli. Waves 26, 55 (2006).

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

N. T. Hunt, L. Kattner, R. P. Shanks, and K. Wynne, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 3168 (2007).

J. Non-cryst. Solids (1)

A. Oka and K. J. Tominaga, J. Non-cryst. Solids 352, 4606 (2006).

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

B. N. Flanders, R. A. Cheville, A. Grischkowsky, and N. F. Scherer, J. Phys. Chem. 100, 11824 (1996).

J. Phys. Chem. A (2)

P. Dutta and K. Tominaga, J. Phys. Chem. A 113, 8235 (2009).

N. J. Mosey and T. K. Woo, J. Phys. Chem. A 107, 5058 (2003).

Nature Material. (1)

K. L. Nguyen, T. Friscic, G. M. Day, L. F. Gladden, and W. Jones, Nature Material. 6, 206 (2007).

Nature Photon. (1)

E. Freysz and J. Degert, Nature Photon. 4, 131 (2010).

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. Tian, Q. Zhou, B. Jin, K. Zhao, S. Zhao, Y. Shi, and C. Zhang, Proc. SPIE 7835, 783513 (2009).

Tribol. Lett. (2)

H. Spikes, Tribol. Lett. 17, 469 (2004).

S. J. Asadauskas, G. Biresaw, and T. G. McClure, Tribol. Lett. 37, 111 (2010).

Other (2)

F. M. Al-Douseri, Y. Chen, and X. Zhang, in Proceeding of the Joint 30th International Conference on Infrared and Millimeter Waves and 13th International Conference on Terahertz Electronics 598 (2005).

D. A. McQuarrie, Statistical Mechanics (University Science Books, Sausalito, 2000).

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