Abstract

The progress achieved on power scaling and compact and portable THz sources is reviewed. By reversely stacking the GaP plates, the photon conversion efficiency is improved from 25% to 40% which corresponds to the maximum value. When the number of the plates is increased from four to five, the output power decreases because of back conversion. The THz generation is also investigated by mixing the two frequencies generated by a single Nd:YLF solid-state laser. The average output power reaches 1 \mu W. The introduction of two Nd:YLF crystals significantly improves the output power to 4.5 µW. This configuration facilitates the generation of different output frequencies.

© 2011 Chinese Optics Letters

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  6. D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 284 (1984).
  7. D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555 (1984).
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  14. W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1635 (2004).
  15. W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 16, 589 (2006).
  16. W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Optics and Photonics New 57 (2002).
  17. W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 848 (2003).
  18. W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Commun. 233, 183 (2004).
  19. W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Opt. Lett. 30, 1030 (2005).
  20. Y. J. Ding and W. Shi, Sol. State Electron. 50, 1128 (2006).
  21. W. Shi, X. Mu, Y. J. Ding, and N. Fernelius, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3889 (2002).
  22. W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 560 (2004).
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  24. H. Sun, Y. J. Ding, and Y. B. Zotova, Appl. Opt. 46, 3976 (2007).
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  27. Y. Jiang, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031101 (2010).
  28. Y. Jiang, D. Li, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Opt. Lett. 36, 1608 (2011).
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2011 (2)

P. Zhao, S. Ragam, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 131106 (2011).

Y. Jiang, D. Li, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Opt. Lett. 36, 1608 (2011).

2010 (4)

P. Zhao, S. R. Ragam, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Opt. Lett. 35, 3979 (2010).

Y. Jiang, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031101 (2010).

Y. J. Ding, Opt. Lett. 35, 262 (2010).

H. Sun, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, IEEE Sens. J. 10, 621 (2010).

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

R. Song, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Proc SPIE 6949, 694903 (2008).

2007 (3)

H. Sun, Y. J. Ding, and Y. B. Zotova, Appl. Opt. 46, 3976 (2007).

R. Song, Y. J. Ding, and Y. B. Zotova, Intern. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 17, 251 (2007).

A. Bykhovski, T. Globus, T. Khromova, B. Gelmont, and D. Woolard, Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 17, 225 (2007).

2006 (4)

A. Lee, Q. Qin, S. Kumar, B. S. Williams, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141125 (2006).

H.-B. Liu, Y. Chen, G. J. Bastiaans, and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Exp. 14, 415 (2006).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 16, 589 (2006).

Y. J. Ding and W. Shi, Sol. State Electron. 50, 1128 (2006).

2005 (1)

2004 (3)

W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Commun. 233, 183 (2004).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1635 (2004).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 560 (2004).

2003 (1)

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 848 (2003).

2002 (2)

W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, N. Fernelius, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 27, 1454 (2002).

W. Shi, X. Mu, Y. J. Ding, and N. Fernelius, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3889 (2002).

2001 (1)

Y. Avetisyan, Y. Sasaki, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. B 73, 511 (2001).

2000 (1)

F. L. Madarasz, J. O. Dimmock, N. Dietz, and J. Bachmann, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1564 (2000).

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784 (1992).

1990 (1)

1989 (1)

1986 (1)

K. P. Cheung and D. H. Auston, Infrared Phys. 26, 23 (1986).

1984 (2)

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 284 (1984).

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555 (1984).

Auston, D. H.

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784 (1992).

K. P. Cheung and D. H. Auston, Infrared Phys. 26, 23 (1986).

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555 (1984).

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 284 (1984).

Avetisyan, Y.

Y. Avetisyan, Y. Sasaki, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. B 73, 511 (2001).

Bachmann, J.

F. L. Madarasz, J. O. Dimmock, N. Dietz, and J. Bachmann, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1564 (2000).

Balmer, J. E.

Bastiaans, G. J.

H.-B. Liu, Y. Chen, G. J. Bastiaans, and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Exp. 14, 415 (2006).

Boivin, L.

Bykhovski, A.

A. Bykhovski, T. Globus, T. Khromova, B. Gelmont, and D. Woolard, Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 17, 225 (2007).

Chen, T.

Chen, Y.

H.-B. Liu, Y. Chen, G. J. Bastiaans, and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Exp. 14, 415 (2006).

Cheung, K. P.

K. P. Cheung and D. H. Auston, Infrared Phys. 26, 23 (1986).

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555 (1984).

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 284 (1984).

Dietz, N.

F. L. Madarasz, J. O. Dimmock, N. Dietz, and J. Bachmann, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1564 (2000).

Dimmock, J. O.

F. L. Madarasz, J. O. Dimmock, N. Dietz, and J. Bachmann, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1564 (2000).

Ding, Y. J.

Y. Jiang, D. Li, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Opt. Lett. 36, 1608 (2011).

P. Zhao, S. Ragam, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 131106 (2011).

P. Zhao, S. R. Ragam, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Opt. Lett. 35, 3979 (2010).

Y. Jiang, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031101 (2010).

Y. J. Ding, Opt. Lett. 35, 262 (2010).

H. Sun, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, IEEE Sens. J. 10, 621 (2010).

R. Song, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Proc SPIE 6949, 694903 (2008).

R. Song, Y. J. Ding, and Y. B. Zotova, Intern. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 17, 251 (2007).

H. Sun, Y. J. Ding, and Y. B. Zotova, Appl. Opt. 46, 3976 (2007).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 16, 589 (2006).

Y. J. Ding and W. Shi, Sol. State Electron. 50, 1128 (2006).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Opt. Lett. 30, 1030 (2005).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 560 (2004).

W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Commun. 233, 183 (2004).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1635 (2004).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 848 (2003).

W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, N. Fernelius, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 27, 1454 (2002).

W. Shi, X. Mu, Y. J. Ding, and N. Fernelius, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3889 (2002).

Exter, M. van

Fattinger, C.

Fernelius, N.

W. Shi, X. Mu, Y. J. Ding, and N. Fernelius, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3889 (2002).

W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, N. Fernelius, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 27, 1454 (2002).

Frei, B.

Gelmont, B.

A. Bykhovski, T. Globus, T. Khromova, B. Gelmont, and D. Woolard, Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 17, 225 (2007).

Globus, T.

A. Bykhovski, T. Globus, T. Khromova, B. Gelmont, and D. Woolard, Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 17, 225 (2007).

Grischkowsky, D.

Hu, Q.

A. Lee, Q. Qin, S. Kumar, B. S. Williams, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141125 (2006).

Hunnsche, S.

Ito, H.

Y. Avetisyan, Y. Sasaki, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. B 73, 511 (2001).

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).

Jiang, P.

Jiang, Y.

Y. Jiang, D. Li, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Opt. Lett. 36, 1608 (2011).

Y. Jiang, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031101 (2010).

Kawase, K.

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).

Khromova, T.

A. Bykhovski, T. Globus, T. Khromova, B. Gelmont, and D. Woolard, Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 17, 225 (2007).

Kleinman, D. A.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555 (1984).

Kong, J.

Kumar, S.

A. Lee, Q. Qin, S. Kumar, B. S. Williams, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141125 (2006).

Lee, A.

A. Lee, Q. Qin, S. Kumar, B. S. Williams, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141125 (2006).

Li, D.

Liu, H.-B.

H.-B. Liu, Y. Chen, G. J. Bastiaans, and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Exp. 14, 415 (2006).

Madarasz, F. L.

F. L. Madarasz, J. O. Dimmock, N. Dietz, and J. Bachmann, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1564 (2000).

Mittleman, D. M.

Mu, X.

W. Shi, X. Mu, Y. J. Ding, and N. Fernelius, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3889 (2002).

Nuss, M. C.

Qin, Q.

A. Lee, Q. Qin, S. Kumar, B. S. Williams, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141125 (2006).

Ragam, S.

P. Zhao, S. Ragam, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 131106 (2011).

Ragam, S. R.

Reno, J. L.

A. Lee, Q. Qin, S. Kumar, B. S. Williams, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141125 (2006).

Sasaki, Y.

Y. Avetisyan, Y. Sasaki, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. B 73, 511 (2001).

Sato, M.

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).

Schunemann, P. G.

W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Commun. 233, 183 (2004).

Shen, Y.

Shi, W.

Y. J. Ding and W. Shi, Sol. State Electron. 50, 1128 (2006).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 16, 589 (2006).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Opt. Lett. 30, 1030 (2005).

W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Commun. 233, 183 (2004).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1635 (2004).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 560 (2004).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 848 (2003).

W. Shi, X. Mu, Y. J. Ding, and N. Fernelius, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3889 (2002).

W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, N. Fernelius, and K. L. Vodopyanov, Opt. Lett. 27, 1454 (2002).

Smith, P. R.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 284 (1984).

Song, R.

R. Song, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Proc SPIE 6949, 694903 (2008).

R. Song, Y. J. Ding, and Y. B. Zotova, Intern. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 17, 251 (2007).

Sun, H.

H. Sun, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, IEEE Sens. J. 10, 621 (2010).

H. Sun, Y. J. Ding, and Y. B. Zotova, Appl. Opt. 46, 3976 (2007).

Taniuchi, T.

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).

Valdmanis, J. A.

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555 (1984).

Vodopyanov, K. L.

Williams, B. S.

A. Lee, Q. Qin, S. Kumar, B. S. Williams, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141125 (2006).

Woolard, D.

A. Bykhovski, T. Globus, T. Khromova, B. Gelmont, and D. Woolard, Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 17, 225 (2007).

Wu, B.

Xu, L.

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784 (1992).

Yang, D.

Zbinden, H.

Zhang, X.-C.

H.-B. Liu, Y. Chen, G. J. Bastiaans, and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Exp. 14, 415 (2006).

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784 (1992).

Zhao, P.

P. Zhao, S. Ragam, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 131106 (2011).

P. Zhao, S. R. Ragam, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Opt. Lett. 35, 3979 (2010).

Zotova, I. B.

P. Zhao, S. Ragam, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 131106 (2011).

Y. Jiang, D. Li, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Opt. Lett. 36, 1608 (2011).

Y. Jiang, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031101 (2010).

P. Zhao, S. R. Ragam, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Opt. Lett. 35, 3979 (2010).

H. Sun, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, IEEE Sens. J. 10, 621 (2010).

R. Song, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Proc SPIE 6949, 694903 (2008).

Zotova, Y. B.

R. Song, Y. J. Ding, and Y. B. Zotova, Intern. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 17, 251 (2007).

H. Sun, Y. J. Ding, and Y. B. Zotova, Appl. Opt. 46, 3976 (2007).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

Y. Avetisyan, Y. Sasaki, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. B 73, 511 (2001).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (9)

Y. Jiang, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Appl. Phys. Lett. 96, 031101 (2010).

P. Zhao, S. Ragam, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 131106 (2011).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 84, 1635 (2004).

W. Shi, X. Mu, Y. J. Ding, and N. Fernelius, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3889 (2002).

A. Lee, Q. Qin, S. Kumar, B. S. Williams, Q. Hu, and J. L. Reno, Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 141125 (2006).

L. Xu, X.-C. Zhang, and D. H. Auston, Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 1784 (1992).

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, and P. R. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 284 (1984).

K. Kawase, M. Sato, T. Taniuchi, and H. Ito, Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2483 (1996).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 848 (2003).

IEEE Sens. J. (1)

H. Sun, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, IEEE Sens. J. 10, 621 (2010).

Infrared Phys. (1)

K. P. Cheung and D. H. Auston, Infrared Phys. 26, 23 (1986).

Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. (2)

A. Bykhovski, T. Globus, T. Khromova, B. Gelmont, and D. Woolard, Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 17, 225 (2007).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Int. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 16, 589 (2006).

Intern. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. (1)

R. Song, Y. J. Ding, and Y. B. Zotova, Intern. J. High Speed Electron. Syst. 17, 251 (2007).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. L. Madarasz, J. O. Dimmock, N. Dietz, and J. Bachmann, J. Appl. Phys. 87, 1564 (2000).

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 560 (2004).

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Shi, Y. J. Ding, and P. G. Schunemann, Opt. Commun. 233, 183 (2004).

Opt. Exp. (1)

H.-B. Liu, Y. Chen, G. J. Bastiaans, and X.-C. Zhang, Opt. Exp. 14, 415 (2006).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (8)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

D. H. Auston, K. P. Cheung, J. A. Valdmanis, and D. A. Kleinman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 1555 (1984).

Proc SPIE (1)

R. Song, Y. J. Ding, and I. B. Zotova, Proc SPIE 6949, 694903 (2008).

Sol. State Electron. (1)

Y. J. Ding and W. Shi, Sol. State Electron. 50, 1128 (2006).

Other (8)

W. Gordy and R. L. Cook, Microwave Molecular Spectra (Jchn Wiley & Sons, New York, 1984).

R. A. McClatchey, R. W. Fenn, J. E. A. Selby, F. E. Volz, and J. S. Garing, in Handbook of Optics, W. G. Driscoll (eds.), (McGraw Hill, New York, 1978).

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Optics and Photonics New 57 (2002).

L. P. Gonzalez, S. Guha, and S. Trivedi, in Proceedings of CLEO Technical Digest on CD-ROM CWA47 (2004).

D. N. Nikogosyan, Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, New York, 2005).

A. Yariv, Quantum Electronics (John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1989) p. 399.

W. Koechner and M. Bass, Solid-State Lasers (Springer, New York, 2003) pp. 63-65.

F. Trager (eds.), Handbook of Lasers and Optics (Springer, New York, 2007).

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